Luis Alberto Lacalle Biography
Sun Sign: Cancer
Also Known As: Luis Alberto Lacalle de Herrera
Born in: Montevideo
Famous as: Former President of Uruguay
political ideology: Political party-National Party (Uruguay)
Spouse/Ex-: Julia Pou
father: Carlos Pedro Lacalle Nuñez
mother: María Hortensia de Herrera de Lacalle
children: Juan José Lacalle Pou, Luis Alberto Lacalle Pou, Manuel Lacalle Pou, Pilar Lacalle Pou
City: Montevideo, Uruguay
education: University of the Republic
Luis Alberto Lacalle was the President of Uruguay from 1990 to 1995. He played a prominent role in the politics of Uruguay which is not surprising given his family background. Born to María Hortensia de Herrera de Lacalle, the daughter of the Blanco political leader Luis Alberto de Herrera, politics runs in his blood and he was interested in this field from a young age. He was just 17 when he ventured into political activism and joined the National Party. During his student days he aspired to be a lawyer and pursued a degree from the University of the Republic's law school. He also worked as a journalist and wrote columns on political analysis. Over the years, his interest in politics developed further and he was elected deputy for Montevideo, a post he held until a coup dissolved the existing parliament. When democracy was restored in the country after a few years, he again became politically active. His successful political career so far, motivated him to run for the presidency and he became the President of Uruguay in 1990. As the president he implemented many reforms in order to encourage economic development of his country.
- Luis Alberto Lacalle was born on July 13, 1941 in Montevideo, Uruguay, to Carlos Pedro Lacalle Nuñez and María Hortensia de Herrera de Lacalle. His mother was the daughter of the famous political leader, Luis Alberto de Herrera, after whom Lacalle was named. He has a sister, Agnes.
- Being from a political background, he was naturally inclined towards politics from a young age. He joined the National Party when he was just 17. He accompanied his grandfather Luis Alberto de Herrera in the campaign for the 1958 elections.
- He loved to write and started working as a journalist for ‘Clarin’ in 1961. He wrote columns on political analysis, combining his love for writing with his interest in politics.
- He aspired to be a lawyer and enrolled at the University of the Republic's law school from where he graduated in 1964.
- Luis Alberto Lacalle decided to enter into politics and was elected deputy for Montevideo in 1971. However, he could remain in this position only till 1973 when the then President Juan María Bordaberry dissolved the parliament in a coup and formed the National Security Council, which led to the military rule.
- Luis Alberto Lacalle was a strong supporter of democracy and vehemently opposed the dictatorship rule that had overtaken the country. After the coup, he was arrested and jailed for a few weeks.
- Upon his release, he became actively involved in underground activities and political activism aimed at opposing the military regime.
- In 1981 he worked as a guest columnist for the weekly ‘Courier Friday and Review’. He also embarked on a career in broadcast journalism in the early 1980s and led his own program, ‘Country and Party’, on Radio Carve of Montevideo.
- He founded the National Council Herrerista in 1981 and was made its Secretary General. The Council was one of three internal factions of the White Party.
- He earned a respectable vote in the internal elections of 1982 and became a member of the Board of the party. After a couple of years he began leading the nationalist radio program, ‘Patria and Party’ which propagated the ideals of the herreristas.
- Democracy was eventually restored in the country in 1984 and following this, he was elected as tor. Later on he became the Vice President of the Senate.
- He ran for the presidency for his faction, Herrerismo, with running-mate, Gonzalo Aguirre in 1989. The National Party won and Lacalle got the most votes within his party, defeating Carlos Julio Pereyra and Alberto Zumarán.
- He was thus elected the President of Uruguay and assumed office on March 1, 1990 for a five year-term. He immediately set to work on implementing taxation reforms—sales tax and income taxes were increased and a few other taxes were introduced.
- As president he encouraged free market regime and had ambitious plans to implement certain economic reforms. However ,one of his major initiatives, a plan to privatize Uruguay's state-owned companies, was rejected by referendum.
- He selected his Interior Minister, Juan Andrés Ramírez to be the presidential candidate of the Herrerismo faction in the 1994 national elections. However, the National Party lost the elections to the Colorado Party by a narrow margin. His tenure as the president ended on March 1, 1995.
- Luis Alberto Lacalle received many honours in the year 1991: Grand Collar of the Order of Merit of Chile, Grand Collar of the Condor of the Andes in Bolivia, Collar of the Order of the Liberator General San Martín of Argentina, and Grand Cross of the Order of Cruzeiro do Sul in Brazil.
- He was awarded the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George in 1993.
- Luis Alberto Lacalle is married to María Julia Pou Brito del Pino with whom he has four children: Pilar, Luis Alberto, Juan Jose and Manuel. He is also a grandfather.
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