Ramana Maharshi Biography
(Indian Hindu Sage and Jivanmukta)
Birthday: December 30, 1879 (Capricorn)
Born In: Tiruchuzhi, Virudhunagar, India
Ramana Maharshi, better known as Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi, was an Indian Hindu sage, philosopher, and “jivan mukta” (“the enlightened one”). Also known as “the Sage of Arunachala,” “Bhagavan” (“the Lord”), and the “Great Master,” Ramana originally contributed the technique of “vichara” (“self-pondering inquiry”) in yogic philosophy. He read spiritual and mystical literature from an early age and got drawn toward the sacred Mt. Arunachala in Tiruvannamalai and the 63 Nayanmars. A sudden “death experience” led him to become cognizant of a “force” (“avesam”), or “current,” which he identified as his actual “self,” or “I.” He later identified this with Shiva. He eventually renounced his worldly life and traveled to the sacred mountain Arunachala, where he became a “sannyasin,” although not initiated formally, and stayed there till his death. With time, the number of his followers grew. They considered him an incarnation of God and visited Arunachala to have his “darshan” (“auspicious sight”). His “ashram,” developed later, was where he imparted his “upadesa” (“spiritual instruction”) to his devotees and visitors. His “upadesas” gradually gained popularity in the West, marking him as an enlightened one across the globe.