India has never had a dearth of people who possess powers of logical reasoning and remonstration. The world’s first university at Takshashila was founded by a group of Indian intellectuals. It is because of Aryabhatta, that India can proudly lay claim to ‘Zero’, a mammoth contribution to the number system. India’s freedom from the shackles of colonial rule would not have been possible, if not for intellectuals like Gandhi and Tagore. The country’s economy would have continued to suffer had it not been for economists like Amartya Sen or Bimal Jalan. Indian intellectuals and academics are recognized globally for their contribution to the society in general. Many of them have made their mark on Indian and foreign soils alike. Be it philosophers, writers, professors, researchers, film and theatre personalities, activists or scientists, the Indian society needs such people at every step. These are the people who have been paving the way for India to touch the peak of holistic development. Here we bring you a collection of biographies of some of the most famous Indian intellectuals and academicians. Read on and find out all about their life stories, timelines and also some interesting facts & trivia related to their lives.

Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883
Independence Activist, Reformer
Manmohan SinghManmohan Singh
26 September 1932
Former Prime Minister of India

Amartya SenAmartya Sen
03 November 1933
Economist & Philosopher

0371 BC

Raghuram RajanRaghuram Rajan
03 February 1963

Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanSarvepalli Radhakrishnan
05 September 1888
Confident, Ambitious
Ishwar Chandra VidyasagarIshwar Chandra Vidyasagar
26 September 1820
Social Reformer, Philosopher

Adi ShankaraAdi Shankara
0788 AD
Advaita Philosopher

Jiddu KrishnamurtiJiddu Krishnamurti
12 May 1895
Public Speaker & Philosopher

Ramana MaharshiRamana Maharshi
30 December 1879
Ahmed Raza Khan BarelviAhmed Raza Khan Barelvi
14 June 1856
Islamic Scholar, Reformer

Mahadev Govind RanadeMahadev Govind Ranade
18 January 1842
Judge, Social Reformer
Debendranath TagoreDebendranath Tagore
15 May 1817

Abhijit BanerjeeAbhijit Banerjee
21 February 1961

Sir Syed Ahmad KhanSir Syed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817
Founder of Aligarh Muslim University
Vallabhbhai PatelVallabhbhai Patel
31 October 1875
Politician, Lawyer, Economist

Ram Mohan RoyRam Mohan Roy
22 May 1772
Philosopher, Social reformer
Subramanian SwamySubramanian Swamy
15 September 1939
Economist, Politician, Author

Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
19 May 1938
Linguist, Author, Film director, Actor,

Syed Ahmad KhanSyed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817
Judge, Philosopher, Knight, Lawyer
18 February 1836

Dayananda SaraswatiDayananda Saraswati
12 February 1824
Philosopher, Autobiographer
Ramachandra GuhaRamachandra Guha
29 April 1958
Author, Historian, Teacher, Journalist

29 December 1904
Writer, Poet, Professor


Urjit PatelUrjit Patel
28 October 1963
Satish DhawanSatish Dhawan
25 September 1920
Aerospace engineer, Engineer
1017 AD

Vandana ShivaVandana Shiva
05 November 1952
Philosopher, Physicist, Writer, University teacher

Rajmohan GandhiRajmohan Gandhi
1935 AD
writer, university teacher

Gayatri Chakravorty SpivakGayatri Chakravorty Spivak
24 February 1942
Writer, Philosopher, University teacher,
0150 AD

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Pranav MistryPranav Mistry
14 May 1981
Computer scientist

Irfan HabibIrfan Habib
1931 AD
historian, writer

Akka MahadeviAkka Mahadevi

M. N. RoyM. N. Roy
21 March 1887
Politician, Philosopher
Romila ThaparRomila Thapar
30 November 1931
Historian, University teacher

K. Pattabhi JoisK. Pattabhi Jois
26 July 1915
Jairam RameshJairam Ramesh
09 April 1954

Ahmed DeedatAhmed Deedat
01 July 1918
Philosopher, Writer

Ramchandra GandhiRamchandra Gandhi
09 June 1937
Author, Philosopher, University teacher, Writer
Chinmayananda SaraswatiChinmayananda Saraswati
08 May 1916

J. B. S. HaldaneJ. B. S. Haldane
05 November 1892
Biologist, Geneticist, University teacher
Anandamayi MaAnandamayi Ma
30 April 1896

Sugata BoseSugata Bose
07 September 1956
Historian, Author, Politician

Nanabhoy PalkhivalaNanabhoy Palkhivala
16 January 1920
Lawyer, Economist, Diplomat

1380 AD

Ashraf Ali ThanwiAshraf Ali Thanwi
19 August 1863
Mufassir, Theologian
Masti Venkatesha IyengarMasti Venkatesha Iyengar
06 June 1891

Jagdish BhagwatiJagdish Bhagwati
26 July 1934

Abdullah Yusuf AliAbdullah Yusuf Ali
14 April 1872

Jayachamarajendra WadiyarJayachamarajendra Wadiyar
18 July 1919
Poet, Composer, Philosopher, Philanthropist,
Bagha JatinBagha Jatin
07 December 1879

Arjun AppaduraiArjun Appadurai
04 February 1949
anthropologist, sociologist
Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
03 August 1886
Linguist, Poet, Politician, Translator

Kaushik BasuKaushik Basu
09 January 1952

Nitin NohriaNitin Nohria
1962 AD
engineer, professor
Raghunath Anant MashelkarRaghunath Anant Mashelkar
01 January 1943
Engineer, Scientist

Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
09 April 1893
Linguist, Author, Autobiographer, Biographer
Ashfaq AhmedAshfaq Ahmed
22 August 1925
Philosopher, Literary critic

Yellapragada SubbarowYellapragada Subbarow
12 January 1895

C. K. PrahaladC. K. Prahalad
08 August 1941
Economist, University teacher
G. Madhavan NairG. Madhavan Nair
31 October 1943
Aerospace engineer, Engineer

Bimal JalanBimal Jalan
17 August 1941
Economist, Politician
Shibli NomaniShibli Nomani
03 June 1857

Prabhat Ranjan SarkarPrabhat Ranjan Sarkar
21 May 1921

Bibek DebroyBibek Debroy
25 January 1955

Shishunala SharifShishunala Sharif
1819 AD
poet, teacher
Vijay PrashadVijay Prashad
Ram Sharan SharmaRam Sharan Sharma
26 November 1919
Author, Historian, University teacher

Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
03 April 1929
Linguist, Translator, Writer, Literary critic


1560 AD
Dipesh ChakrabartyDipesh Chakrabarty
Historian, Professor, Author

K. M. PanikkarK. M. Panikkar
03 June 1895

Anu AgaAnu Aga
03 August 1942
Politician, Social worker

Helena RoerichHelena Roerich
12 February 1879
Russian writer

31 August 1925
Poet, Songwriter, Writer, Historian, Author,
Bede GriffithsBede Griffiths
17 December 1906
Theologian, Catholic priest

0902 AD
Swami SivanandaSwami Sivananda
08 September 1887
Spiritual & Yoga Teacher

0570 AD

E.M.S. NamboodiripadE.M.S. Namboodiripad
13 June 1909
Bhai Vir SinghBhai Vir Singh
05 December 1882

William DalrympleWilliam Dalrymple
20 March 1965
historian, writer
Keshab Chunder SenKeshab Chunder Sen
19 November 1838

Rajneesh Chandra MohanRajneesh Chandra Mohan
11 December 1931

T. R. PachamuthuT. R. Pachamuthu