India has never had a dearth of people who possess powers of logical reasoning and remonstration. The world’s first university at Takshashila was founded by a group of Indian intellectuals. It is because of Aryabhatta, that India can proudly lay claim to ‘Zero’, a mammoth contribution to the number system. India’s freedom from the shackles of colonial rule would not have been possible, if not for intellectuals like Gandhi and Tagore. The country’s economy would have continued to suffer had it not been for economists like Amartya Sen or Bimal Jalan. Indian intellectuals and academics are recognized globally for their contribution to the society in general. Many of them have made their mark on Indian and foreign soils alike. Be it philosophers, writers, professors, researchers, film and theatre personalities, activists or scientists, the Indian society needs such people at every step. These are the people who have been paving the way for India to touch the peak of holistic development. Here we bring you a collection of biographies of some of the most famous Indian intellectuals and academicians. Read on and find out all about their life stories, timelines and also some interesting facts & trivia related to their lives.

Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanSarvepalli Radhakrishnan
05 September 1888
Confident, Ambitious
Jaggi VasudevJaggi Vasudev
03 September 1957
Yoga Guru

Manmohan SinghManmohan Singh
26 September 1932
Former Prime Minister of India

ChanakyaChanakya
0371 BC
Philosopher

Jiddu KrishnamurtiJiddu Krishnamurti
12 May 1895
Public Speaker & Philosopher

Adi ShankaraAdi Shankara
0788 AD
Advaita Philosopher
Amartya SenAmartya Sen
03 November 1933
Economist & Philosopher

Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883
Independence Activist, Reformer

Ishwar Chandra VidyasagarIshwar Chandra Vidyasagar
26 September 1820
Social Reformer, Philosopher
Raghuram RajanRaghuram Rajan
03 February 1963
Adviser

Abhijit BanerjeeAbhijit Banerjee
21 February 1961
Economist
Ramana MaharshiRamana Maharshi
30 December 1879
Philosopher

Ahmed Raza Khan BarelviAhmed Raza Khan Barelvi
14 June 1856
Islamic Scholar, Reformer

Allan Octavian HumeAllan Octavian Hume
04 June 1829
Founder of Indian National Congress

NagarjunaNagarjuna
0150 AD
Philosopher

M. N. RoyM. N. Roy
22 March 1887
Indian Revolutionary
Gayatri Chakravorty SpivakGayatri Chakravorty Spivak
24 February 1942
Scholar

Ramachandra GuhaRamachandra Guha
29 April 1958
Writer

Mahadev Govind RanadeMahadev Govind Ranade
18 January 1842
Judge, Social Reformer

Debendranath TagoreDebendranath Tagore
15 May 1817
Philosopher

Sir Syed Ahmad KhanSir Syed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817
Founder of Aligarh Muslim University
Vallabhbhai PatelVallabhbhai Patel
31 October 1875
Politician, Lawyer, Economist

Subramanian SwamySubramanian Swamy
15 September 1939
Economist, Politician, Author

Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
19 May 1938
Linguist, Author, Film director, Actor,
VyasaVyasa
Author

RamakrishnaRamakrishna
18 February 1836
Philosopher
Dayananda SaraswatiDayananda Saraswati
12 February 1824
Philosopher, Autobiographer

PatanjaliPatanjali
Hindu author, mystic, and philosopher

RamanujaRamanuja
1017 AD
Philosopher
BasavaBasava
1105 AD
Hindu religious leader

Continue Reading Below
Rajmohan GandhiRajmohan Gandhi
1935 AD
writer, university teacher
Vandana ShivaVandana Shiva
05 November 1952
Philosopher, Physicist, Writer, University teacher

Shah Waliullah DehlawiShah Waliullah Dehlawi
21 February 1703
Muslim Scholar

Urjit PatelUrjit Patel
28 October 1963
Economist

Satish DhawanSatish Dhawan
25 September 1920
Aerospace engineer, Engineer
Romila ThaparRomila Thapar
30 November 1931
Historian, University teacher
J. B. S. HaldaneJ. B. S. Haldane
05 November 1892
Biologist, Geneticist, University teacher

MadhvacharyaMadhvacharya
1238 AD
Philosopher

Pranav MistryPranav Mistry
14 May 1981
Computer scientist

Krishnaswamy KasturiranganKrishnaswamy Kasturirangan
24 October 1940
Scientist
Ziauddin BaraniZiauddin Barani
1284 AD
Historian

Ramchandra GandhiRamchandra Gandhi
09 June 1937
Author, Philosopher, University teacher, Writer

Chinmayananda SaraswatiChinmayananda Saraswati
08 May 1916
Philosopher

Nanabhoy PalkhivalaNanabhoy Palkhivala
16 January 1920
Jurist

Pandurang Shastri AthavalePandurang Shastri Athavale
19 October 1920
Philosopher
Anandamayi MaAnandamayi Ma
30 April 1896
Philosopher

Akka MahadeviAkka Mahadevi
 
Ashraf Ali ThanwiAshraf Ali Thanwi
19 August 1863
Mufassir, Theologian

K. Pattabhi JoisK. Pattabhi Jois
26 July 1915
 

Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
03 August 1886
Linguist, Poet, Politician, Translator
Nitin NohriaNitin Nohria
1962 AD
engineer, professor

Bagha JatinBagha Jatin
07 December 1879
Philosopher
RamanandaRamananda
1380 AD
Poet

Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
09 April 1893
Linguist, Author, Autobiographer, Biographer

YajnavalkyaYajnavalkya
Philosopher

Jairam RameshJairam Ramesh
09 April 1954
Economist

AarudhraAarudhra
31 August 1925
Poet, Songwriter, Writer, Historian, Author,
Abdullah Yusuf AliAbdullah Yusuf Ali
14 April 1872
Translator

Irfan HabibIrfan Habib
1931 AD
historian, writer

Shibli NomaniShibli Nomani
03 June 1857
Philosopher

VallabhaVallabha
27 April 1479
Philosopher
UddhavaUddhava
Intellectual

Yellapragada SubbarowYellapragada Subbarow
12 January 1895
Biochemist
Jayachamarajendra WadiyarJayachamarajendra Wadiyar
18 July 1919
Poet, Composer, Philosopher, Philanthropist,

Vijay PrashadVijay Prashad
 

AbhinavaguptaAbhinavagupta
0950 AD
Philosopher
Masti Venkatesha IyengarMasti Venkatesha Iyengar
06 June 1891
Writer

Ashfaq AhmedAshfaq Ahmed
22 August 1925
Philosopher, Literary critic
Kaushik BasuKaushik Basu
09 January 1952
Economist

Arjun AppaduraiArjun Appadurai
04 February 1949
anthropologist, sociologist

Ram Sharan SharmaRam Sharan Sharma
26 November 1919
Author, Historian, University teacher
Vedanta DesikaVedanta Desika
1267 AD
Religious leader

Bimal JalanBimal Jalan
17 August 1941
Economist, Politician
C. K. PrahaladC. K. Prahalad
08 August 1941
Economist, University teacher

Raghunath Anant MashelkarRaghunath Anant Mashelkar
01 January 1943
Engineer, Scientist

Prabhat Ranjan SarkarPrabhat Ranjan Sarkar
21 May 1921
Philosopher

Sugata BoseSugata Bose
07 September 1956
Historian, Author, Politician
AśvaghoṣaAśvaghoṣa
0080 AD
Philosopher
Bibek DebroyBibek Debroy
25 January 1955
Economist

Shishunala SharifShishunala Sharif
1819 AD
poet, teacher

Jagdish BhagwatiJagdish Bhagwati
26 July 1934
Economist

G. Madhavan NairG. Madhavan Nair
31 October 1943
Aerospace engineer, Engineer
VidyaranyaVidyaranya
 

Dadu DayalDadu Dayal
1544 AD
Hindu saint

Dipesh ChakrabartyDipesh Chakrabarty
Historian, Professor, Author

S. R. Srinivasa VaradhanS. R. Srinivasa Varadhan
02 January 1940
Mathematician

BuddhaghosaBuddhaghosa
Buddhist scholar
Jadunath SarkarJadunath Sarkar
10 December 1870
Historian

K. M. PanikkarK. M. Panikkar
03 June 1895
Diplomat
FirishtaFirishta
1560 AD
Historian

Anu AgaAnu Aga
03 August 1942
Politician, Social worker
Bede GriffithsBede Griffiths
17 December 1906
Theologian, Catholic priest
Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
03 April 1929
Linguist, Translator, Writer, Literary critic