Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan Biography
(Political & Spiritual Leader and Founder of the 'Khudai Khidmatgar' Resistance Movement against British Colonial Rule in India)
Birthday: February 6, 1890 (Aquarius)
Born In: Utmānzai, Pakistan
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan was a Pashtun independence activist and a spiritual leader nicknamed as “Frontier Gandhi” due to his political activities and close association with the Indian leader, Mahatma Gandhi. He was a lifelong pacifist who advocated non-violent opposition and founded the Khudai Khidmatgar ("Servants of God") in order to protest against the British-controlled army by means of peaceful protests and political activism. He was a devout Muslim with an unwavering faith in the compatibility of Islam and nonviolence. He held liberal views and championed for women’s rights which made him much popular among the masses. He was strongly against the partition of India and dreamed of creating a united, independent and secular India. However, this was not to be and India was partitioned in 1947, causing him great distress and made him utter to the Congress his now-famous words of despair—“You have thrown us to the wolves.” After the partition he remained active in social and political activism and was frequently arrested for his activities which many Pakistanis felt were pro-Indian. The government even offered him a Ministry in the government in an attempt to reconcile with him, but nothing could stop him from fighting for the causes he believed in.