Famous Pakistani Leaders

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Often blanched by political instability, turbulent history and continuous hostility and conflicts with India, Pakistan has more to itself than what the world sees. The country is home to world’s largest mosque, tallest cliff, unlimited natural resources, greatest irrigation system and biggest mountain face. That apart, topographically, it boasts of rich cultural heritage and fascinating natural beauty. Ever since its independence, Pakistan has been suffering from political instability but in such extreme circumstances, there have been leaders who have helped Pakistan become one amongst the developing nations of the world. And any discussion regarding Pakistani leader cannot start without the mention of Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan. Some other eminent Pakistani leaders who helped the country gain prominence in the world platform include Liaqat Ali Khan, Khawaja Nazimuddin, Ayub Khan, Asif Ali Zardari, Pervez Musharraf, Benazir Bhutto or current Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. At various junctures, these Pakistani leaders helped the country not just surface from its problems but steep high up, politically, socially, economically and militarily. Also, it was under the leadership of these elite leaders that Pakistan became a strong nation and developed close international ties with leading countries of the world. Know more about the life and works of famous Pakistani leaders with this section.
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 1 
Imran Khan
(22nd Prime Minister of Pakistan)
Imran Khan
486
Birthdate: October 5, 1952
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lahore, Pakistan

Imran Khan is the former Prime Minister of Pakistan who was in office from 2018 to 2022. He is also the founder and chairman of the political party Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf. Before making an entry into politics, Imran Khan was an extremely popular international cricketer who led Pakistan to its first ever Cricket World Cup title in 1992. As a philanthropist, he established Pakistan’s first cancer hospital in Lahore.

 2 
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
(Founder of Pakistan, 1st Governor-General of Pakistan (1947-48))
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
102
Birthdate: December 25, 1876
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Karachi, Pakistan
Died: September 11, 1948
Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Pakistan’s Father of the Nation, was an All-India Muslim League leader who led to the formation of Pakistan in 1947. Educated in England, Jinnah was a barrister and had worked at the Bombay High Court. He had helped pass the 1916 Lucknow Pact, too.
Benazir Bhutto
251
Birthdate: June 21, 1953
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Karachi
Died: December 27, 2007

Benazir Bhutto was a Pakistani politician who served as Pakistan's prime minister in two separate terms and became the first woman in a Muslim majority nation to lead a democratic government. She was assassinated, at the age of 54, and after her death has been revered by many as an icon for women's rights.

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Pervez Musharraf
138
Birthdate: August 11, 1943
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Daryaganj, New Delhi

Pervez Musharraf is a former Pakistani President and army chief who overthrew his country’s elected government in a coup to assume power as its chief executive. Kargil infiltration, confrontation with India and a steep rise in Pakistan’s GDP marked the presidency of the now-retired four-star general. He was awarded capital punishment for treason, but the court order was annulled later.

 5 
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
(Prime Minister of Pakistan (1973-77))
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
131
Birthdate: January 5, 1928
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Larkana, Pakistan
Died: April 4, 1979

Pakistani barrister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto served as the prime minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977. He had also been the president of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973. He founded and chaired the Pakistan People's Party. His reign witnessed the formation of Bangladesh and the signing of the Simla Agreement.

 6 
Liaquat Ali Khan
(First Prime Minister of Pakistan)
Liaquat Ali Khan
44
Birthdate: October 1, 1895
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Karnal
Died: October 17, 1951
Born to a landowner, Liaquat Ali Khan received an elite education at Oxford. The lawyer-turned-politician was Pakistan’s first prime minister. The place where he was assassinated by an Afghan, the Company Bagh, was later renamed Liaquat Bagh, and years later, witnessed the assassination of prime minister Benazir Bhutto.
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 7 
Aga Khan III
(Political Leader)
Aga Khan III
37
Birthdate: November 2, 1877
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Karachi, Pakistan
Died: July 11, 1957
Though born into a family of imams, Aga Khan III surprisingly had an elite Western education, with him attending Eton and Cambridge. He took over as the imam of Shi'a Isma'ili Muslims at 7 and grew up to form the All-India Muslim League. His disinherited his son Prince Aly Khan.
 8 
Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
(Former President of Pakistan)
Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
40
Birthdate: August 12, 1924
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Jalandhar, Punjab, British India
Died: August 17, 1988
Pakistani military general Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq became the president of Pakistan after he deposed the erstwhile prime minister, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, and declared martial law in 1977. He subsequently became longest-tenured head of state, reigning from 1978 to 1988. He died in a plane crash in Bahawalpur.
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 9 
Fatima Jinnah
(Sister of Muhammad Ali Jinnah)
Fatima Jinnah
25
Birthdate: July 31, 1893
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Karachi
Died: July 8, 1967

Fatima Jinnah was a Pakistani politician, stateswoman, and dental surgeon. She was the younger sister of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan. Fatima worked closely with her elder brother, who often sought the advice of his sister. Fatima Jinnah is also credited with co-founding the All Pakistan Women's Association, which aims at promoting the welfare of Pakistani women. 

 10 
Nawaz Sharif
(Prime Minister of Pakistan)
Nawaz Sharif
1076
Birthdate: December 25, 1949
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lahore
Pakistani entrepreneur-turned-politician Nawaz Sharif became the longest-tenured prime minister of Pakistan. His steel construction business made him one of the richest men in the country. He was ousted by a military coup in 1999. He was imprisoned for a plane hijacking case and later dragged into the Panama Papers case.
 11 
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
(Political Leader & Freedom Fighter)
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
94
Birthdate: February 6, 1890
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Utmānzai, Pakistan
Died: January 20, 1988

Abdul Ghaffar Khan was a Pashtun independence activist who opposed the British rule in India. A spiritual and political leader, Khan called for Hindu-Muslim unity in India and opposed the partition of India. Khan is still revered by many in India and Pakistan for his pacifist ideology. Many places in India are named in his honor.

 12 
Ayub Khan
(2nd President of Pakistan)
Ayub Khan
56
Birthdate: May 14, 1907
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rehana, Pakistan
Died: April 19, 1974

Ayub Khan was a Pakistani politician who served as the President of Pakistan from 1958 to 1969. He also served as the Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Army from 1951 to 1958. 

 13 
Hina Rabbani Khar
(Diplomat, Politician, Entrepreneur, Economist)
Hina Rabbani Khar
328
Birthdate: November 19, 1977
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Multan

Hina Rabbani Khar is a Pakistani politician who became the first woman and the youngest person to serve as the Foreign Minister of Pakistan; she was in the office from 2011 to 2013. Prior to serving as the Foreign Minister, Hina Rabbani Khar also became the first female politician to present the national budget in 2009 while serving as the Minister of Finance of Pakistan.   

 14 
Maryam Nawaz
(Politician)
Maryam Nawaz
790
Birthdate: October 28, 1973
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lahore
 15 
Asif Ali Zardari
(Former President of Pakistan)
Asif Ali Zardari
636
Birthdate: July 26, 1955
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Karachi

Asif Ali Zardari is a Pakistani politician who served as the president of Pakistan from 9 September 2008 to 9 September 2013. His tenure was widely criticized for his inability to control terrorism in Pakistan. He is the current president of a popular Pakistani political party called Pakistan Peoples Party Parliamentarians (PPPP).

 16 
Tikka Khan
(Pakistan's 1st Chief of Army Staff (1972 - 1976))
Tikka Khan
49
Birthdate: July 7, 1915
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rawalpindi
Died: March 28, 2002

Tikka Khan, first Chief of Army Staff of Pakistan Army, is noted for his military service during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 and the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. He is regarded as one of the chief architects of the 1971 Bangladesh genocide. His role in the Operation Searchlight led the Time magazine to dub him as the Butcher of Bengal.      

 17 
Khawaja Nazimuddin
(Former Prime Minister of Pakistan)
Khawaja Nazimuddin
43
Birthdate: July 19, 1894
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Dhaka
Died: October 22, 1964

The second governor-general and the second prime minister of Pakistan, Khawaja Nazimuddin had a short tenure due to his ineffective handling of the tense situation in his country. Born in Dacca, he had an elite education at Cambridge and was a qualified lawyer. He was also knighted by the British.

 18 
Yahya Khan
(Former President of Pakistan)
Yahya Khan
107
Birthdate: February 4, 1917
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Punjab, Pakistan
Died: August 10, 1980

A descendant of Persian ruler Nāder Shah, Yahya Khan started his career as a military man during World War II. At 34, following his participation in Pakistan’s war against India over Kashmir, he became Pakistan’s youngest brigadier general. He took over as the president in 1969 and imposed martial law.

 19 
Iskander Mirza
(Former President of Pakistan)
Iskander Mirza
107
Birthdate: November 15, 1899
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Murshidabad
Died: November 15, 1969

Iskander Mirza was a Pakistani civil servant and general who served as the first president of Pakistan. Mirza played an important role in the newly-created Pakistan in 1974. After the Partition of India, Mirza served as the first Defence Secretary and oversaw the military efforts during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947–1948.

 20 
Choudhry Rahmat Ali
11
Birthdate: November 16, 1897
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Garhshankar, Punjab, India
Died: February 3, 1951

Choudhry Rahmat Ali was a Pakistani nationalist best remembered for playing a key role in the creation of Pakistan. Regarded as the pioneer of Pakistan Movement, Rahmat Ali is credited with coining the name Pakistan. Rahmat Ali is also credited with conceptualizing the idea of Pakistan and for publishing the Pakistan Declaration in the form of a pamphlet in 1933.

 21 
Shehbaz Sharif
(Politician)
Shehbaz Sharif
571
Birthdate: September 23, 1951
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lahore, West Punjab Punjab, Dominion of Pakistan Pakistan
 22 
Bilawal Bhutto Zardari
590
Birthdate: September 21, 1988
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Karachi
 23 
Jogendra Nath Mandal
37
Birthdate: January 29, 1904
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bengal Presidency
Died: October 5, 1968
Shaikh Rasheed Ahmad
52
Birthdate: November 6, 1950
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rawalpindi

Shaikh Rasheed Ahmad is a Pakistani politician who has served many important positions. After serving as the Federal Minister for Information and Broadcasting from 2004 to 2006, Ahmad served as Minister of Railways from 2006 to 2007. He served as the Minister of Railways again from 2018 to 2020. He served as the Minister of Interior from 2020 to 2022.

 25 
Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy
(Former Prime Minister of Pakistan)
Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy
25
Birthdate: September 8, 1892
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Midnapore, Bengal, British India
Died: December 5, 1963

Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy was a Pakistani statesman who served as the fifth prime minister of Pakistan from 1956 to 1957. A lawyer by profession, Suhrawardy played an important role in the Indian independence movement before the partition of India. Suhrawardy's influential role in the 1946 Calcutta Killings made him extremely unpopular in West Bengal, India. 

 26 
Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi
(Former Pakistani Military General Who Led the Pakistani Army in the Bangladesh Liberation War)
Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi
38
Birthdate: 1915 AD
Birthplace: Lahore
Died: February 1, 2004
Aamir Liaquat Hussain
301
Birthdate: July 5, 1971
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Karachi
 28 
Mamnoon Hussain
(Politician, Entrepreneur)
Mamnoon Hussain
183
Birthdate: December 23, 1940
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Agra

Mamnoon Hussain was a Pakistani politician who served as the 12th president of Pakistan from 2013 to 2018. He was nominated for the presidency by the Pakistan Muslim League party (PML(N)) and was elected through an indirect presidential election. As president, he maintained a very low-key profile and was rarely seen in the country’s political scene.  

 29 
Nusrat Bhutto
(Wife of Former Pakistan Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto)
Nusrat Bhutto
5
Birthdate: March 23, 1929
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Isfahan, Iran
Died: October 23, 2011

Nusrat Bhutto was the wife of the former Prime Minister of Pakistan, Zulfikar Ali Bhurro. She was the First Lady of Pakistan from 1971 to 1977.  Nusrat Bhutto also served as a senior member of the federal cabinet between 1988 and 1990.

 30 
Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
(Pakistani–Canadian Islamic scholar and Former Politician)
Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
44
Birthdate: February 19, 1951
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Jhang, Pakistan

Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri is a Pakistani–Canadian Islamic scholar who founded the non-governmental organization Minhaj-ul-Quran. A former politician, he is also credited with founding a political party called Pakistan Awami Tehreek. Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri has also served as a professor of constitutional law at the Punjab University in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.

 31 
Yousaf Raza Gillani
(18th Prime Minister of Pakistan (2008 - 2012))
Yousaf Raza Gillani
281
Birthdate: July 9, 1952
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Multan, Punjab, Pakistan

Yousaf Raza Gillani is a Pakistani politician who served as the Prime Minister of Pakistan from 2008 to 2012. One of the most controversial leaders in Pakistan, Yousaf Raza Gillani was stripped of his position as the Prime Minister by the Supreme Court of Pakistan in 2012. His government was accused of corruption among other charges.

 32 
Malik Ghulam Muhammad
(Financier, Politician)
Malik Ghulam Muhammad
27
Birthdate: April 20, 1895
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Lahore
Died: September 12, 1956
 33 
Kalsoom Nawaz Sharif
(Pakistani Politician)
Kalsoom Nawaz Sharif
220
Birthdate: 1950 AD
Birthplace: Lahore
 34 
Hafiz Muhammad Saeed
(Politician, Terrorist)
Hafiz Muhammad Saeed
22
Birthdate: March 10, 1950
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sargodha
 35 
Akbar Bugti
(Politician)
Akbar Bugti
101
Birthdate: July 12, 1927
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Barkhan
Died: August 26, 2006
 36 
Muhammad Rafiq Tarar
38
Birthdate: November 2, 1929
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ghakhar Mandi, Pakistan

Muhammad Rafiq Tarar was a Pakistani politician who served as the President of Pakistan from 1998 to 2001. He is remembered for signing the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan. Tarar also served as the Supreme Court’s Senior Justice from 1991 to 1994. From 1989 to 1991, he was the Chief Justice of Lahore High Court.

 37 
Muhammad Ali Bogra
(Former Prime Minister of Pakistan)
Muhammad Ali Bogra
22
Birthdate: October 19, 1909
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bogra
Died: July 15, 1963

Muhammad Ali Bogra was a diplomat, politician, and statesman. He served as the prime minister of Pakistan from 1953 to 1955, during which he worked towards strengthening the bilateral relations between the United States and Pakistan. He also aimed at achieving peace with India by strengthening the military. Later in his career, he served as the foreign minister of Pakistan.

 38 
Ghulam Ishaq Khan
(Politician, Financier)
Ghulam Ishaq Khan
21
Birthdate: January 20, 1915
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bannu District
Died: October 27, 2006

Ghulam Ishaq Khan was a Pakistani bureaucrat and politician. He served as the seventh president of Pakistan from1988 to 1993. He graduated from Peshawar University and began a successful bureaucratic career, eventually venturing into politics. He was unpopular as a president and was forced to resign. He founded the Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute, a private research university. 

 39 
Shah Mehmood Qureshi
10
Birthdate: June 22, 1956
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Multan, Pakistan
 40 
Salmaan Taseer
(Businessman)
Salmaan Taseer
35
Birthdate: May 31, 1944
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Simla, India
Died: January 4, 2011
 41 
Shahnawaz Bhutto
(Politician)
Shahnawaz Bhutto
33
Birthdate: November 21, 1958
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Died: July 18, 1985
 42 
Murtaza Bhutto
(Politician)
Murtaza Bhutto
68
Birthdate: September 18, 1954
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Larkana
Died: September 20, 1996

Murtaza Bhutto was a Pakistani politician best remembered as the founder and leader of a left-wing militant organization called Al-Zulfiqar. In 1981, Bhutto claimed responsibility for the hijacking of an airplane and the murder of fellow politician Chaudhry Zahoor Elahi. Murtaza Bhutto was shot dead in a police encounter on 20 September 1996 in Karachi.

 43 
Asma Jahangir
(Human rights activist, Lawyer)
Asma Jahangir
89
Birthdate: January 27, 1952
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Karachi

Asma Jahangir was a Pakistani human rights lawyer and social activist. She was a co-founder of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan. A lawyer by profession, she played a prominent role in the Lawyers' Movement and also served as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief. She was posthumously awarded the Nishan-e-Imtiaz. 

 44 
Shaukat Aziz
(Former Prime Minister of Pakistan)
Shaukat Aziz
75
Birthdate: March 6, 1949
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Karachi

Shaukat Aziz is a Pakistani politician, former banker, and financier. He served as the 17th prime minister of Pakistan and was in the office August 2004 to November 2007. He was also the finance minister from 1999 to 2007.  His tenure brought about political stability and economic progress in Pakistan. He also oversaw the expansion of military reforms and police reforms. 

 45 
Ghulam Mustafa Khar
37
Birthdate: 1937 AD
Birthplace: Kot Addu Tehsil
 46 
Muhammad Mian Soomro
(politician,Prime Minister)
Muhammad Mian Soomro
29
Birthdate: August 19, 1950
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Karachi, Pakistan

Muhammad Mian Soomro is a Pakistani banker and politician who served as the Minister for Privatization from 2018 to 2022. Previously, he had served as the Caretaker Prime Minister as well as the Acting President of Pakistan. An internationally recognized banker, Muhammad Mian Soomro has held top positions in national and international organizations like Bank of America and MCB Bank.

 47 
Ashfaq Parvez Kayani
(8th Chief of Army Staff of Pakistan (2007 – 2013))
Ashfaq Parvez Kayani
98
Birthdate: April 20, 1952
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Jhelum

Ashfaq Parvez Kayani is a Pakistani retired army general best known for his service as the Chief of Army Staff from 2007 to 2013. Kayani also served as the Directorate-General of Military Operations and the Director-General of ISI, overseeing war efforts in the Global War on Terrorism. In 2012, Ashfaq Parvez Kayani was named in Forbes’ most powerful person list. 

 48 
Shah Nawaz Bhutto
(politician)
Shah Nawaz Bhutto
41
Birthdate: 1888 AD
Died: 1957 AD
 49 
Nisar Ali Khan
(Former Federal Minister for Interior & Narcotics Control of Pakistan)
Nisar Ali Khan
41
Birthdate: July 31, 1954
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Chakri Wakeelan, Pakistan
 50 
Farooq Leghari
(8th President of Pakistan (1993 - 1997))
Farooq Leghari
34
Birthdate: May 29, 1940
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Choti, Pakistan
Died: October 20, 2010

Farooq Leghari was a Pakistani politician best remembered for serving as the eighth President of the country from 1993 until his resignation in 1997. Farooq Leghari also served as the Minister for Water and Power from 1988 to 1990.