Joseph E. Johnston Biography
Birthday: February 3, 1807 (Aquarius)
Born In: Farmville, Virginia, United States
Joseph E. Johnston was an American military officer who had served as a ‘Confederate’ general during the American Civil War (1861 to 1865). He had previously fought in the Mexican–American War (1846 to 1848) and had joined the Civil War as a senior officer. Due to his exploits at various wars, Johnston became a full general early in his career. He won the First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) in July 1861, but his early retreat during the initial part of the Peninsula Campaign in 1862 drew a lot of criticism. Johnston was badly injured at the Battle of Seven Pines in 1862 and was replaced by Robert E. Lee. He was later put in charge of the ‘Confederate’ army in the Western Theater. He had a long-standing feud with President Jefferson Davis due to his defensive strategy during the conflicts of Vicksburg and Atlanta. In April 1865, Johnston surrendered to General William T. Sherman of the ‘Union’ army. Following the war, Johnston spent his final years working as an insurance agent and a railroad executive. He also served the ‘U.S. Congress’ for a term. He died of pneumonia in 1891, aged 84.