19th Century Soldiers

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 William Tecumseh Sherman

William Tecumseh Sherman.
Famous As: General in the Union Army During the American Civil War
Birthdate: February 8, 1820
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lancaster
Died: February 14, 1891
William Tecumseh Sherman served as the Union Army general during the American Civil War. He is best remembered for his “scorched earth” military policy and was known as "the first modern general.” His 1875 book Memoir, related his war experiences. He was associated with wildlife conservation in his later years.

 2 Buffalo Bill

Buffalo Bill.
Famous As: Hunter
Birthdate: February 26, 1846
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Scott County
Died: January 10, 1917
William Frederick "Buffalo Bill" Cody was a legendary showman and bison hunter who had also been a Union soldier. He began working as a freight carrier at 11 and later performed in Wild West-themed shows. He later formed Buffalo Bill's Wild West and toured across the U.S. and Europe.
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 3 Newton Knight

Newton Knight.
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: November 10, 1829
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Jones County
Died: 1922 AD

Newton Knight was an American soldier, farmer, and Southern Unionist in Mississippi. He is best remembered for leading a band of Confederate army deserters known as the Knight Company, who opposed the Confederacy during the American Civil War. His life and work have inspired films, such as Tap Roots and Free State of Jones.

 4 Crazy Horse

Crazy Horse.
Famous As: Military Leader, Folk Hero
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Rapid City, South Dakota
Died: September 5, 1877

Nineteenth-century Lakota war lord Crazy Horse, of the Oglala subtribe, is remembered as a legendary hero who fought against white encroachment of Native American territories. He was part of the Black Hills War and the Battle of the Little Bighorn. He died fighting at Camp Robinson, in modern-day Nebraska.

 5 Kit Carson

Kit Carson.
Famous As: Explorer & Soldier
Birthdate: December 24, 1809
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Madison County
Died: May 23, 1868

 6 Wilfred Owen

Wilfred Owen.
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: March 18, 1893
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Oswestry
Died: November 4, 1918

Wilfred Owen was an English soldier and poet. One of the most important poets during World War I, Owen wrote about the horrors of gas warfare. His life and career inspired a docudrama titled Wilfred Owen: A Remembrance Tale where he was portrayed by Samuel Barnett. In 1989, the Wilfred Owen Association was established to commemorate his life and poetry.

 7 Siegfried Sassoon

Siegfried Sassoon.
Birthdate: September 8, 1886
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Matfield, Kent, England
Died: September 1, 1967

Siegfried Sassoon was an English writer, poet, and soldier. One of the most popular poets during the First World War, Sassoon's works satirized the patriotic pretensions of those accountable for the war as well as described the horrors of the war. Siegfried Sassoon's works and ideology greatly influenced another leading poet of the First World War, Wilfred Owen.

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 8 John C. Frémont

John C. Frémont
Famous As: Former Governor of California
Birthdate: January 21, 1813
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Savannah, Georgia, United States
Died: July 13, 1890

 9 Joshua Chamberlain

Joshua Chamberlain.
Famous As: Educator & War Hero
Birthdate: September 8, 1828
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Brewer
Died: February 24, 1914

 10 Richard Francis Burton

Richard Francis Burton.
Famous As: Translator
Birthdate: March 19, 1821
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Torquay
Died: October 20, 1890

Richard Francis Burton was a British explorer, soldier, and scholar. He is best remembered for his explorations in Africa, Asia, and the Americas. Along with John Hanning Speke, Burton was the first European to witness the Great Lakes of Africa. A prolific writer, Burton wrote several scholarly articles about numerous subjects like sexual practices, falconry, human behavior, travel, and ethnography.

 11 Adrian Carton de Wiart

Adrian Carton de Wiart
Famous As: Military personnel
Birthdate: May 5, 1880
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Brussels
Died: June 5, 1963

Adrian Carton de Wiart was a British Army officer who served in the Boer War, World War I, and World War II. He suffered several injuries during his service; he was shot in the face, ankle, leg, stomach, head, hip, and ear. He also lost vision in his left eye. He was honored with many awards, including the Victoria Cross.

 12 Horatio Gates

Horatio Gates
Famous As: Army General
Birthdate: July 26, 1727
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Maldon, England
Died: April 10, 1806

 13 Henry Tandey

Henry Tandey
Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: August 30, 1891
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Royal Leamington Spa
Died: December 20, 1977

Henry Tandey was a British soldier who played an important role during the First World War. In 1918, Tandey was honored with the Distinguished Conduct Medal for his efforts during the second Battle of Cambrai. The same year, Henry Tandey was also honored with the prestigious Victoria Cross for exhibiting bravery in the face of death.

 14 Franz Halder

Franz Halder
Famous As: Soldier, Writer, Diarist
Birthdate: June 30, 1884
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Würzburg
Died: April 2, 1972

Franz Halder, the son of an army officer, became the Chief of General Staff of the German army, replacing General Ludwig Beck. He later became the Commander in Chief but was replaced due to disagreements with Hitler. He later testified against major Nazi officials in the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial.

 15 Winfield Scott Hancock

Winfield Scott Hancock
Famous As: Military officer
Birthdate: February 14, 1824
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Montgomeryville, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: February 9, 1886

 16 Dietrich von Choltitz

Dietrich von Choltitz
Famous As: Military personnel
Birthdate: November 9, 1894
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Łąka Prudnicka
Died: November 5, 1966

Dietrich von Choltitz, the last commander of Nazi-occupied Paris, is best remembered for disobeying Adolf Hitler’s orders of burning Paris down, an action that earned him the nickname of the Savior of Paris. His many awards include the Knight's Cross and the German Cross. His exploits inspired the film Is Paris Burning?

 17 John Monash

John Monash.
Famous As: Civil engineer
Birthdate: June 27, 1865
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Melbourne, Australia
Died: October 8, 1931

John Monash was an Australian military commander during World War I. He played a major role in the Gallipoli campaign, which took place from February 1915 to January 1916 on the Gallipoli peninsula. John Monash is widely regarded as the most popular commander in Australian history and one of the most prominent allied generals of World War I.

 18 Joseph Hooker

Joseph Hooker
Famous As: Officer, Soldier
Birthdate: November 13, 1814
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Massachusetts
Died: October 31, 1879

 19 John Bowes-Lyon

John Bowes-Lyon
Famous As: Stockbroker, Cricketer
Birthdate: April 1, 1886
Sun Sign: Aries
Died: February 7, 1930

John Bowes-Lyon was a British stockbroker and cricketer. He was the son of the Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne and the 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne. He was also Queen Elizabeth II's uncle. He is also remembered for being a part of the Black Watch during World War I.

 20 Roman von Ungern-Sternberg

Roman von Ungern-Sternberg
Famous As: officer
Birthdate: December 29, 1885
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Graz
Died: September 15, 1921

Russian baron Roman von Ungern-Sternberg gained fame as an anticommunist general during the Russian Civil War. Also known as the Mad Baron for his cruelty toward his enemies, he had converted to Buddhism but retained strains of Christianity in his faith. He was eventually executed by a firing squad.

 21 Robert E. Lee

Robert E. Lee.
Famous As: Confederate General in the American Civil War
Birthdate: January 19, 1807
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Stratford Hall, Stratford, Virginia, United States
Died: October 12, 1870

A commander of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War, Robert E. Lee commanded the Army of Northern Virginia. He was a skilled tactician who served in the US Army for 32 years. Brilliant from a young age, he was a top graduate of the US Military Academy. In his later years, he became president of Washington College.

 22 Harry Patch

Harry Patch
Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: June 17, 1898
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Somerset
Died: July 25, 2009

Harry Patch was an English soldier who served during the First World War. A supercentenarian, Patch was the last surviving combat soldier to have fought in the trenches during the First World War. At the time of his death, Harry Patch was the world's third oldest man and the oldest man in Europe.

 23 Deborah Sampson

Deborah Sampson
Famous As: Military woman
Birthdate: December 17, 1760
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Plympton, Massachusetts, USA
Died: April 29, 1827

 24 George Washington Williams

George Washington Williams
Famous As: Soldier, Historian, Diplomat, Writer, Minister, Politician, Journalist
Birthdate: October 16, 1849
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bedford
Died: August 2, 1891

A laborer’s son, George Washington Williams had been a Union Army soldier during the American Civil War, when he was barely 14. He had then been a Baptist minister, a politician, a lecturer, a lawyer, and a journalist, but is best remembered for being the first to write about Black history.

 25 Helmuth von Moltke the Younger

Helmuth von Moltke the Younger
Famous As: officer
Birthdate: May 23, 1848
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Parchim
Died: June 18, 1916

Helmuth von Moltke the Younger was a German military officer who served as a general. Moltke the Younger became the Chief of the German General Staff and led the German Army between 1906 and 1914. His influence on Germany's decision to enter World War I has tarnished his legacy. The failure of his Schlieffen Plan has also earned him criticisms.

 26 Arthur Phillip

Arthur Phillip
Famous As: Navy officer
Birthdate: October 11, 1738
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cheapside, London, England
Died: August 31, 1814

British admiral Arthur Phillip was a pioneering leader of the colonization of Australia. He established the first permanent European colonial settlement in Australia. He had also served as the first governor of New South Wales but was unable to establish peace. He was part of the Seven Years' War, too.

 27 Erwin von Witzleben

Erwin von Witzleben
Famous As: Military personnel, Officer
Birthdate: December 4, 1881
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Wrocław
Died: August 8, 1944

German field marshal Erwin von Witzleben was one of the main conspirators of the 20 July plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler. Arrested for his crimes, he was later forced to appear in court without his false teeth and eventually executed and hung from a meat hook by a piano wire.

 28 Breaker Morant

Breaker Morant
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: December 9, 1864
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: England
Died: February 27, 1902

Anglo-Australian bush poet and military officer Breaker Morant was one of the first war criminals who was court-martialled, convicted and executed in British military history for murder during the Second Anglo-Boer War. A folk hero in modern Australia, Morant became subject of several books, a play and an award-winning film.

 29 Cedric Hardwicke

Cedric Hardwicke
Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: February 19, 1893
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lye, England
Died: August 6, 1964

English actor Cedric Hardwicke is mostly remembered for his roles in the plays of Shakespeare and Shaw. Nicknamed Butch and Badger, he was one of the finest character actors of the initial days of talkies. He was also known for his baritone voice and later moved to the US permanently.

 30 Erhard Milch

Erhard Milch
Famous As: Politician, Military personnel
Birthdate: March 30, 1892
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Wilhelmshaven
Died: January 25, 1972

Known for playing a key role in establishing Luftwaffe, Erhard Milch joined civil aviation industry after a brief army career during WWI and eventually became State Secretary of Reich Ministry of Aviation. Soon, he started building up Luftwaffe and quickly reaching a high position. Tried as war criminal after WWII, he was sentenced to life imprisonment, but was released within seven years.

 31 Ernst Jünger

Ernst Jünger.
Famous As: Soldier, Author, Entomologist
Birthdate: March 29, 1895
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Heidelberg, Germany
Died: February 17, 1998

Though Ernst Jünger was part of the German Army in both the World Wars, he was against the Nazi dictatorship and was accused of being involved in a plot to kill Hitler. He authored the diary-novel The Storm of Steel and also made a mark as an entomologist.

 32 Adam Worth

Adam Worth
Famous As: art thief
Birthdate: 1844 AD
Birthplace: Kingdom of Prussia
Died: January 8, 1902

Adam Worth was a German-born American thief whose short stature earned him the nickname Napoleon of the criminal world. It is widely believed that he was the inspiration behind Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's character Professor James Moriarty. In the 1976 period comedy film Harry and Walter Go to New York, Adam Worth was portrayed by English actor Sir Michael Caine.

 33 Ludwig Beck

Ludwig Beck
Famous As: Writer, Military personnel
Birthdate: June 29, 1880
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Wiesbaden-Biebrich
Died: July 20, 1944

Initially the head of the Truppenamt and then the Chief of Army General Staff, Ludwig Beck tried to influence Adolf Hitler’s foreign policy, although never an official Nazi Party member. He was part of a plot to assassinate Hitler and bring about an alternate power but was shot dead after it failed.

 34 Arthur Percival

Arthur Percival
Famous As: Military personnel
Birthdate: December 26, 1887
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Aspenden
Died: January 31, 1966

Blamed for undermining the British Imperial prestige by surrendering to the Japanese Army during the Battle of Singapore, Arthur Percival was actually a distinguished military officer, known for his successful campaigns in interwar period.  Plagued with underequipped garrison from the beginning, he was forced to surrender in order to save the lives of his 100,000 men and became the scapegoat.

 35 Kurt Student

Kurt Student
Famous As: Aviator, Officer
Birthdate: May 12, 1890
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Birkholz
Died: July 1, 1978

A pioneer in developing airborne operations, Kurt Student was a German general and commander of the Luftwaffe's paratroop branch. Assigned to military research and development in interwar years, he became interested in gliders and paratroopers, eventually helping to develop Germany's airborne forces. He masterminded airborne attacks in places like Netherlands and Crete, forcing the Allies to develop their own airborne troops.

 36 Hans Krebs

Hans Krebs
Famous As: soldier, military personnel
Birthdate: March 4, 1898
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Helmstedt
Died: May 1, 1945

German Army general Hans Krebs was the last OKH Chief of Staff during the last phase of World War II. He was part of the Fuehrer’s entourage during his final days in the Fuehrerbunker. Following Hitler’s suicide, he was sent to deliver the surrender terms to the Soviets but eventually committed suicide.

 37 Brian Horrocks

Brian Horrocks
Famous As: Athletics competitor, Military personnel
Birthdate: September 7, 1895
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: India
Died: January 4, 1985

Born to an army doctor in India, Brian Horrocks was educated at Sandhurst and later became a British Army officer. He was skilled in modern pentathlon and had also participated in the 1924 Olympic Games in Paris. Post-retirement, he penned a memoir and was featured in several BBC programs.

 38 Jürgen Stroop

Jürgen Stroop
Famous As: military personnel
Birthdate: September 24, 1895
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Detmold
Died: March 6, 1952

Jürgen Stroop was a German military officer who served in the Nazi regime's Schutzstaffel (SS) where he was a SS and Police Leader in Poland. Stroop is credited with suppressing the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, an act of Jewish resistance in German-occupied Poland in 1943. Jürgen Stroop was convicted during the Dachau Trials and executed in Poland for crimes against humanity.

 39 Hans Speidel

Hans Speidel
Famous As: Career soldier, Military personnel
Birthdate: October 28, 1897
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Metzingen
Died: November 28, 1984

A West German military leader of the post WWII period, General Hans Speidel is best remembered for his contributions to German rearmament and integration into NATO. The only leading member of the 20 July Plot to survive the war, he later played an important role in the international defense cooperation, eventually being appointed Commander of Allied Land Forces Central Europe.

 40 Jules Brunet

Jules Brunet
Famous As: Officer, Military personnel
Birthdate: January 2, 1838
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Belfort
Died: August 12, 1911

 41 Alferd Packer

Alferd Packer
Famous As: Criminal, Serial killer
Birthdate: January 21, 1842
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Allegheny County
Died: April 23, 1907

 42 James Wilkinson

James Wilkinson
Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: March 24, 1757
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Charles County, Maryland, United States
Died: December 28, 1825

James Wilkinson served the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War and also revealed Aaron Burr’s conspiracy to the U.S. government. While he worked against the Spanish people as part of the U.S. army, he was later revealed to be a Spanish spy, also known as Number Thirteen.

 43 John Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher

John Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 25, 1841
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Sri Lanka
Died: July 10, 1920

John Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher, was 13 when he first joined the navy. The British admiral later became the First Sea Lord. He is remembered for introducing torpedo-boat destroyers and for improving the naval gunnery. He retired over bitter disagreements with the likes of Winston Churchill and their naval expedition plans.

 44 Gonville Bromhead

Gonville Bromhead
Famous As: Military personnel
Birthdate: August 29, 1845
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Versailles
Died: February 9, 1891

Recipient of the Victoria Cross, Gonville Bromhead was a British army officer, hailed for his role in the defence of Rorke's Drift during 1879 Anglo-Zulu War. He not only played an important part in repulsing the Zulu assault, but also stayed back to defend the area from future attacks until he was sent back to England to receive his award.  

 45 Shunroku Hata

Shunroku Hata
Famous As: Military personnel
Birthdate: July 26, 1879
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Fukushima Prefecture
Died: May 10, 1962

 46 Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby

Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby
Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: April 23, 1861
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Nottinghamshire, England
Died: May 14, 1936

Known for his distinguish services during WWI, Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, is especially hailed for his decisive victory over the Turks at Gaza, leading to the capture of Jerusalem. Later, he also captured Damascus and Aleppo, thus ending Ottoman power in Syria. Later appointed Special High Commissioner of Egypt, he governed the country firmly, until its independence in 1922.

 47 John Colter

John Colter
Famous As: Military Person
Birthdate: 1774 AD
Birthplace: Stuarts Draft, Virginia, United States
Died: November 22, 1813

 48 Hans Oster

Hans Oster
Famous As: Military personnel
Birthdate: August 9, 1887
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Dresden
Died: April 9, 1945

Hans Oster was a German military officer who served as a general in Wehrmacht, the unified armed forces of Nazi Germany. Oster was one of the most important members involved in the German resistance to Nazism. One of the key participants of the Oster Conspiracy, Oster was also involved in the assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler on 20 July 1944.

 49 Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke

Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke
Famous As: Military Officer
Birthdate: July 23, 1883
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bragnieres-de-Bigorre, France
Died: June 17, 1963

Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, also known as Brookie and Colonel Shrapnel, was a senior British Army officer and a military advisor to Winston Churchill. He had received multiple knighthood honors. An ornithologist, too, he was a skilled bird photographer and had led the Zoological Society of London.

 50 Fritz Todt

Fritz Todt
Famous As: Engineer, Politician, Civil engineer, Architect
Birthdate: September 4, 1891
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Pforzheim
Died: February 8, 1942

Fritz Todt was a German civil engineer and architect. A senior Nazi, Todt oversaw the construction of Reichsautobahnen, a controlled-access highway, and also served as the Reich Minister for Armaments and Ammunition. Before the start of the Second World War, Todt initiated a military-engineering company called Organisation Todt that oversaw the construction of many Nazi concentration camps.