19th Century Soldiers

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite 19th Century Soldiers

 1 
Davy Crockett
(U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee (1827-31, 1833-35))

Davy Crockett
5
Birthdate: August 17, 1786
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Limestone, Tennessee, United States
Died: March 6, 1836
American folk hero Davy Crockett, or the "King of the Wild Frontier,” was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee and part of the Texas Revolution. He opposed the Indian Removal Act. He was killed by the Mexican army the Battle of the Alamo.

 2 
Buffalo Bill
(Hunter, Soldier)

Buffalo Bill
4
Birthdate: February 26, 1846
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Scott County, Iowa, United States
Died: January 10, 1917
William Frederick "Buffalo Bill" Cody was a legendary showman and bison hunter who had also been a Union soldier. He began working as a freight carrier at 11 and later performed in Wild West-themed shows. He later formed Buffalo Bill's Wild West and toured across the U.S. and Europe.

 3 
Newton Knight
(Military Leader)

Newton Knight
4
Birthdate: November 10, 1829
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Jones County
Died: 1922 AD

Newton Knight was an American soldier, farmer, and Southern Unionist in Mississippi. He is best remembered for leading a band of Confederate army deserters known as the Knight Company, who opposed the Confederacy during the American Civil War. His life and work have inspired films, such as Tap Roots and Free State of Jones.

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 4 
Crazy Horse
(Military Leader, Folk Hero)

Crazy Horse
4
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Rapid City, South Dakota
Died: September 5, 1877

Nineteenth-century Lakota war lord Crazy Horse, of the Oglala subtribe, is remembered as a legendary hero who fought against white encroachment of Native American territories. He was part of the Black Hills War and the Battle of the Little Bighorn. He died fighting at Camp Robinson, in modern-day Nebraska.

 5 
Kit Carson
(Explorer & Soldier)

Kit Carson
4
Birthdate: December 24, 1809
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Madison County
Died: May 23, 1868

A frontiersman and a fur-trapper, Kit Carson played a major role in the US’s westward expansion. Mostly known for guiding explorer John C. Frémont, he was criticized for his contribution to the displacement of native Americans as an Indian agent. He became part of folk legend for his exploits as a fighter, too.

 6 

Wilfred Owen
5
Birthdate: March 18, 1893
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Oswestry
Died: November 4, 1918

Wilfred Owen was an English soldier and poet. One of the most important poets during World War I, Owen wrote about the horrors of gas warfare. His life and career inspired a docudrama titled Wilfred Owen: A Remembrance Tale where he was portrayed by Samuel Barnett. In 1989, the Wilfred Owen Association was established to commemorate his life and poetry.

 7 
Richard E. Byrd
(Naval officer)

Richard E. Byrd
4
Birthdate: October 25, 1888
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Winchester, Virginia, United States
Died: March 11, 1957

American naval officer Richard E. Byrd is remembered for his pioneering expeditions to Antarctica, using airplanes. Though he was awarded a US Congressional Medal of Honor for completing the first flight over the North Pole, it was later revealed that he had returned when he was 150 miles away from the destination.

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 8 
George Halas
(American football player)

George Halas
5
Birthdate: February 2, 1895
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, USA
Died: October 31, 1983

 9 

Henry Morton Stanley
4
Birthdate: January 28, 1841
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Denbigh, Wales
Died: May 10, 1904

Henry Morton Stanley was a Welsh-American explorer, journalist, colonial administrator, soldier, politician, and author. He is remembered for his exploration of central Africa and his search for the source of the River Nile. Stanley received an honorary title of knighthood in 1899. His life and career inspired the 1939 movie Stanley and Livingstone, where Stanley was played by Spencer Tracy.

Siegfried Sassoon
4
Birthdate: September 8, 1886
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Matfield, Kent, England
Died: September 1, 1967

Siegfried Sassoon was an English writer, poet, and soldier. One of the most popular poets during the First World War, Sassoon's works satirized the patriotic pretensions of those accountable for the war as well as described the horrors of the war. Siegfried Sassoon's works and ideology greatly influenced another leading poet of the First World War, Wilfred Owen.

 11 
John Franklin
(Explorer, Royal Navy officer)

John Franklin
4
Birthdate: April 16, 1786
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Spilsby, England
Died: June 11, 1847

 12 
Joshua Chamberlain
(Educator & War Hero)

Joshua Chamberlain
4
Birthdate: September 8, 1828
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Brewer
Died: February 24, 1914

 13 

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
4
Birthdate: August 1, 1744
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bazentin, France
Died: December 18, 1829

French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck acquired his love for plants while serving as a soldier in the French army. Following an injury, he quit his military career but retained his love for botany. He later taught zoology, studied the classification of invertebrates, and also coined the term biology.

 14 

Richard Francis Burton
4
Birthdate: March 19, 1821
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Torquay
Died: October 20, 1890

Richard Francis Burton was a British explorer, soldier, and scholar. He is best remembered for his explorations in Africa, Asia, and the Americas. Along with John Hanning Speke, Burton was the first European to witness the Great Lakes of Africa. A prolific writer, Burton wrote several scholarly articles about numerous subjects like sexual practices, falconry, human behavior, travel, and ethnography.

 15 
Roger Casement
(Diplomat)

Roger Casement
4
Birthdate: September 1, 1864
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Sandycove, Ireland
Died: August 3, 1916

Roger Casement was an Irish nationalist and diplomat. Also a well-known humanitarian activist, Casement is remembered for the Casement Report, a 1904 document in which he wrote about the abuses in the Congo Free State. His investigations of human rights abuses earned him a knighthood in 1911. However, Casement was stripped of his knighthood after being charged with high treason.

 16 
Banastre Tarleton
(Former lieutenant colonel at the end of the American Revolution)

Banastre Tarleton
4
Birthdate: August 21, 1754
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Liverpool, Lancashire, England
Died: January 15, 1833

Banastre Tarleton was a British politician and general. He served in the American Revolutionary War where he was a lieutenant colonel. An iconic figure, Tarleton has been portrayed in several films, such as Sweet Liberty, The Patriot, and Amazing Grace. He has also been depicted in many TV series and novels.   

 17 
John C. Frémont
(Former Governor of California)

John C. Frémont
4
Birthdate: January 21, 1813
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Savannah, Georgia, United States
Died: July 13, 1890

John C. Frémont is best remembered for his role in the expansion of US settlements in the West and also for the development of what is now known as California. A military officer, he became one of the first senators from California and had also been the 5th governor of Arizona.

 18 
Henry H. Arnold
(Military Leader)

Henry H. Arnold
4
Birthdate: June 25, 1886
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Gladwyne, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: January 15, 1950

 19 
Henry Tandey
(Soldier)

Henry Tandey
4
Birthdate: August 30, 1891
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Royal Leamington Spa
Died: December 20, 1977

Henry Tandey was a British soldier who played an important role during the First World War. In 1918, Tandey was honored with the Distinguished Conduct Medal for his efforts during the second Battle of Cambrai. The same year, Henry Tandey was also honored with the prestigious Victoria Cross for exhibiting bravery in the face of death.

 20 
Horatio Gates
(Army General)

Horatio Gates
4
Birthdate: July 26, 1727
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Maldon, England
Died: April 10, 1806

 21 
Franz Halder
(Former general, chief of staff of the Army High Command (OKH) in Nazi Germany from 1938 until September 1942)

Franz Halder
3
Birthdate: June 30, 1884
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Würzburg, Germany
Died: April 2, 1972

Franz Halder, the son of an army officer, became the Chief of General Staff of the German army, replacing General Ludwig Beck. He later became the Commander in Chief but was replaced due to disagreements with Hitler. He later testified against major Nazi officials in the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial.

 22 
Deborah Sampson
(Military woman)

Deborah Sampson
3
Birthdate: December 17, 1760
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Plympton, Massachusetts, USA
Died: April 29, 1827

 23 
George Washington Williams
(Soldier, Historian, Diplomat, Writer, Minister, Politician, Journalist)

George Washington Williams
3
Birthdate: October 16, 1849
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bedford
Died: August 2, 1891

A laborer’s son, George Washington Williams had been a Union Army soldier during the American Civil War, when he was barely 14. He had then been a Baptist minister, a politician, a lecturer, a lawyer, and a journalist, but is best remembered for being the first to write about Black history.

 24 
Joseph Hooker
(Officer, Soldier)

Joseph Hooker
3
Birthdate: November 13, 1814
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Massachusetts
Died: October 31, 1879

 25 
Harry Patch
(Soldier)

Harry Patch
3
Birthdate: June 17, 1898
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Somerset
Died: July 25, 2009

Harry Patch was an English soldier who served during the First World War. A supercentenarian, Patch was the last surviving combat soldier to have fought in the trenches during the First World War. At the time of his death, Harry Patch was the world's third oldest man and the oldest man in Europe.

 26 
Arthur Phillip
(Navy officer)

Arthur Phillip
3
Birthdate: October 11, 1738
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cheapside, London, England
Died: August 31, 1814

British admiral Arthur Phillip was a pioneering leader of the colonization of Australia. He established the first permanent European colonial settlement in Australia. He had also served as the first governor of New South Wales but was unable to establish peace. He was part of the Seven Years' War, too.

 27 

John McCrae
3
Birthdate: November 30, 1872
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Guelph, Ontario, Canada
Died: January 28, 1918

Best known for his iconic war poems such as In Flanders Fields, Canadian poet John McCrae was also an army physician. He was the first Canadian to serve as a consulting surgeon for the British Army and had earned the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the Canadian Army.

Helmuth von Moltke the Younger
3
Birthdate: May 23, 1848
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Parchim
Died: June 18, 1916

Helmuth von Moltke the Younger was a German military officer who served as a general. Moltke the Younger became the Chief of the German General Staff and led the German Army between 1906 and 1914. His influence on Germany's decision to enter World War I has tarnished his legacy. The failure of his Schlieffen Plan has also earned him criticisms.

 29 

Breaker Morant
4
Birthdate: December 9, 1864
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: England
Died: February 27, 1902

Anglo-Australian bush poet and military officer Breaker Morant was one of the first war criminals who was court-martialled, convicted and executed in British military history for murder during the Second Anglo-Boer War. A folk hero in modern Australia, Morant became subject of several books, a play and an award-winning film.

 30 

Cedric Hardwicke
3
Birthdate: February 19, 1893
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lye, England
Died: August 6, 1964

English actor Cedric Hardwicke is mostly remembered for his roles in the plays of Shakespeare and Shaw. Nicknamed Butch and Badger, he was one of the finest character actors of the initial days of talkies. He was also known for his baritone voice and later moved to the US permanently.

 31 

Carlos P. Romulo
3
Birthdate: January 14, 1899
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Intramuros, Manila, Philippines
Died: December 15, 1985

 32 
Hans Speidel
(Career soldier, Military personnel)

Hans Speidel
3
Birthdate: October 28, 1897
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Metzingen
Died: November 28, 1984

A West German military leader of the post WWII period, General Hans Speidel is best remembered for his contributions to German rearmament and integration into NATO. The only leading member of the 20 July Plot to survive the war, he later played an important role in the international defense cooperation, eventually being appointed Commander of Allied Land Forces Central Europe.

 33 
Daniel Sickles
(Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York (1893-95, 1857-61))

Daniel Sickles
3
Birthdate: October 20, 1819
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: May 3, 1914

 34 
Winfield Scott Hancock
(Military officer)

Winfield Scott Hancock
3
Birthdate: February 14, 1824
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Montgomeryville, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: February 9, 1886

 35 
Kurt Student
(Aviator, Officer)

Kurt Student
3
Birthdate: May 12, 1890
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Birkholz
Died: July 1, 1978

A pioneer in developing airborne operations, Kurt Student was a German general and commander of the Luftwaffe's paratroop branch. Assigned to military research and development in interwar years, he became interested in gliders and paratroopers, eventually helping to develop Germany's airborne forces. He masterminded airborne attacks in places like Netherlands and Crete, forcing the Allies to develop their own airborne troops.

 36 

Arthur MacArthur Jr.
3
Birthdate: June 2, 1845
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Chicopee, Massachusetts, United States
Died: September 5, 1912

 37 
William J. Donovan
(Military Leader)

William J. Donovan
3
Birthdate: January 1, 1883
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Buffalo, New York, United States
Died: February 8, 1959

 38 
Friedrich Olbricht
(Military personnel, Officer)

Friedrich Olbricht
3
Birthdate: October 4, 1888
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Leisnig
Died: July 21, 1944

German general Friedrich Olbricht was part of the First World War but is best remembered for his association with the July Plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler. Eventually arrested for the conspiracy, he and the other plotters were executed, and Olbricht was the first to be shot.

 39 
John Bowes-Lyon
(Stockbroker, Cricketer)

John Bowes-Lyon
3
Birthdate: April 1, 1886
Sun Sign: Aries
Died: February 7, 1930

John Bowes-Lyon was a British stockbroker and cricketer. He was the son of the Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne and the 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne. He was also Queen Elizabeth II's uncle. He is also remembered for being a part of the Black Watch during World War I.

 40 

William Avery Bishop
3
Birthdate: February 8, 1894
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ontario, Canada
Died: September 11, 1956

 41 
Dietrich von Choltitz
(Military personnel)

Dietrich von Choltitz
3
Birthdate: November 9, 1894
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Łąka Prudnicka
Died: November 5, 1966

Dietrich von Choltitz, the last commander of Nazi-occupied Paris, is best remembered for disobeying Adolf Hitler’s orders of burning Paris down, an action that earned him the nickname of the Savior of Paris. His many awards include the Knight's Cross and the German Cross. His exploits inspired the film Is Paris Burning?

 42 
Jules Brunet
(Officer, Military personnel)

Jules Brunet
3
Birthdate: January 2, 1838
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Belfort
Died: August 12, 1911

 43 
Shunroku Hata
(Military personnel)

Shunroku Hata
3
Birthdate: July 26, 1879
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Fukushima Prefecture
Died: May 10, 1962

John Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher
3
Birthdate: January 25, 1841
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Sri Lanka
Died: July 10, 1920

John Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher, was 13 when he first joined the navy. The British admiral later became the First Sea Lord. He is remembered for introducing torpedo-boat destroyers and for improving the naval gunnery. He retired over bitter disagreements with the likes of Winston Churchill and their naval expedition plans.

 45 

James Wilkinson
3
Birthdate: March 24, 1757
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Charles County, Maryland, United States
Died: December 28, 1825

James Wilkinson served the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War and also revealed Aaron Burr’s conspiracy to the U.S. government. While he worked against the Spanish people as part of the U.S. army, he was later revealed to be a Spanish spy, also known as Number Thirteen.

 46 
Stewart Menzies
(Intelligence officer)

Stewart Menzies
3
Birthdate: January 30, 1890
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London
Died: May 29, 1968

Stewart Menzies led the British secret service, the MI6, for over a decade. Born into an affluent family and educated at Eton, he excelled in academics and had a brief military career. He is remembered for his role in the forging of The Zinoviev Letter and for his multiple high-profile marriages.

 47 

Chevalier d'Éon
3
Birthdate: October 5, 1728
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Tonnere, France
Died: May 21, 1810

Chevalier d'Éon not just fought for France in the Seven Years' War but was also a spy. Interestingly, he led the first half of his life as a man and the second half as a woman. In his unpublished memoir, he claimed he was a woman raised as a man.

Dahomey Amazons
0
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Benin

 49 
Werner von Blomberg
(First Minister of War in Adolf Hitler's government)

Werner von Blomberg
3
Birthdate: September 2, 1878
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Stargard, Poland
Died: March 13, 1946

Werner von Blomberg was a German military officer who served as a German General Staff officer. Blomberg also served as Nazi Germany's first Minister of War. As the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces, Werner von Blomberg played a key role in Germany's preparation in the years leading to the Second World War.

 50 
Jim Beckwourth
(Explorer)

Jim Beckwourth
3
Birthdate: April 6, 1798
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Frederick County, Virginia, United States
Died: October 29, 1866

Born to a white man and a mulatto slave woman, Jim Beckwourth was practically born into slavery. While he looked like an American Indian, he was known as a “free Negro” after being released. Known as Bloody Arm, he is credited with exploring the Beckwourth Pass.