Charles Sturt Biography
Birthday: April 28, 1795 (Taurus)
Born In: Bengal
Charles Sturt was an English military officer and explorer who led three major expeditions towards the interior of eastern Australia. Born in India, as the eldest son of an East India Company judge, he received his education in England and was enlisted in the British army at the age of 18. After serving in the military for the next 13 years, he was appointed the military secretary to the governor of New South Wales. While serving on the post, he developed a keen interest in exploring the interiors of Australia, especially its rivers. He was driven by a conviction that it was his destiny to discover a great salt water lake, known as 'the inland sea', in the middle of Australia. Subsequently, he led the first of his major expeditions, tracing the Macquarie, Bogan, and Castlereagh rivers and discovered the Darling River. He followed this with another voyage down the Murrumbidgee river, discovering the Murray River and the Lake Alexandrina. After being completely exhausted and nearly blinded because of poor diet and overexertion on his trip, he spent the next few years recovering in England. Later, he led his last expedition in search of an inland sea but extreme weather and bad health prevented his crew from traveling much farther on the voyage. Although they discovered no fertile land and were eventually driven back, his party was the first to penetrate the center of the continent.