Famous British Mathematicians

The contribution of mathematicians towards the evolution of the modern world is immense. Over the years, the world has seen innumerable mathematicians who with their theories and formula have brought about great scientific advancements which in turn have shaped the society as whole. Mathematicians belonging to Great Britain too have not left any stone unturned in paving the way for significant development in the field of mathematics. Apart from algorithm and calculus, British mathematicians have also offered great contribution to new age subjects like cryptography and computer programming thus pioneering a new era of scientific research and development. Some of the most prominent British names in this field are Frank Adcock, William Ernest Jonson, Ernst Fetterlein, William Jones and Keith Batey. Jones was responsible for coining the famous symbol ‘pi’, which is being widely used in mathematical calculations today. The works of these eminent personalities have also been a great source of inspiration for many modern-day mathematicians. The numerous books penned by these mathematicians from Britain serve as the basis for many modern day scientific endeavors. Explore this section to find biographies of some of the most famous mathematicians from Britain. Learn everything about their life stories, timelines and few interesting facts & trivia related to their lives.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Alan Turing

Alan Turing
26
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: June 23, 1912
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: June 7, 1954

Regarded as the father of computer science and artificial intelligence, Alan Turing was a distinguished mathematician and logician. During WWII, he successfully broke the challenging German Enigma machine codes thereby reducing the duration of war by a couple of years. The scientist, who was convicted for being gay, has been an inspiration for numerous films, plays and novels.

 2 Lewis Carroll

Lewis Carroll
2
Famous As: Author, Mathematician and Photographer
Birthdate: January 27, 1832
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: January 14, 1898
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, better known by his pseudonym, Lewis Carroll, is remembered for his iconic children’s fiction such as Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass. He explored the genre of literary nonsense with his poems such as Jabberwocky. He was also a photographer, a mathematician, and an inventor.

 3 Charles Babbage

Charles Babbage
0
Famous As: Father of the computer
Birthdate: December 26, 1791
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: October 18, 1871
Charles Babbage, or the “father of the computer,” invented the prototype of the world’s first mechanical calculator, the Difference Engine. With the help of mathematician Ada Lovelace, he also created the Analytical Engine, the first general-purpose computer and a precursor of the modern computer, with its looping and sequential mechanism.

 4 Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Russell
4
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: May 18, 1872
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British, Welsh
Died: February 2, 1970

Bertrand Russell was a British polymath and Nobel laureate. His work, which is spread across various fields, has had a considerable influence on philosophy, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, mathematics, linguistics, and logic. Russell is also credited with leading the revolt against idealism in Britain and is regarded as one of the founders of analytic philosophy.

 5 Roger Penrose

Roger Penrose
5
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: August 8, 1931
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British

Roger Penrose’s contribution to the research related to the black hole and general relativity earned him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2020. The Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics at Oxford, Roger is also a fellow of Wadham College, St John's College of Cambridge, and University College London.

 6 Freeman Dyson

Freeman Dyson
0
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 15, 1923
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British, American
Died: February 28, 2020
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 7 Paul Dirac

Paul Dirac
0
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: August 8, 1902
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: October 20, 1984
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 8 John Horton Conway

John Horton Conway
0
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 26, 1937
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: April 11, 2020

 9 George Boole

George Boole
5
Famous As: Mathematician, Philosopher and Logician
Birthdate: November 2, 1815
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British
Died: December 8, 1864

 10 G. H. Hardy

G. H. Hardy
5
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: February 7, 1877
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: December 1, 1947

 11 Andrew Wiles

Andrew Wiles
11
Famous As: Mathematician, University teacher
Birthdate: April 11, 1953
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British, American

 12 Lord Kelvin

Lord Kelvin
0
Famous As: Mathematician, Physicist
Birthdate: June 26, 1824
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: December 17, 1907

 13 Edmond Halley

Edmond Halley
0
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: November 8, 1656
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British
Died: January 14, 1742

 14 Michael Atiyah

Michael Atiyah
0
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: April 22, 1929
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: January 11, 2019

 15 Mary Somerville

Mary Somerville
0
Famous As: Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer, Scientist
Birthdate: December 26, 1780
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British, Scottish
Died: November 28, 1872

 16 Karl Pearson

Karl Pearson
0
Famous As: Mathematician, Historian of mathematics, Statistician, Historian, Philosopher, Biographer
Birthdate: March 27, 1857
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
Died: April 27, 1936

 17 Arthur Eddington

Arthur Eddington
0
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: December 28, 1882
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: November 22, 1944

 18 Ronald Ross

Ronald Ross
0
Famous As: Medical doctor
Birthdate: May 13, 1857
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: September 16, 1932

 19 Oliver Heaviside

Oliver Heaviside
0
Famous As: Mathematician, Physicist, Engineer, Telegraphy
Birthdate: May 18, 1850
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: February 3, 1925

 20 John Edensor Littlewood

John Edensor Littlewood
0
Famous As: Mathematician, University teacher
Birthdate: June 9, 1885
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: September 6, 1977

 21 John Herschel

John Herschel
0
Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: March 7, 1792
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: May 11, 1871

 22 Thomas Bayes

Thomas Bayes
0
Famous As: Mathematician, Statistician
Birthdate: 1702 AD
Nationality: British
Died: April 7, 1761

 23 Frank P. Ramsey

Frank P. Ramsey
0
Famous As: Mathematician, Philosopher, Economist
Birthdate: February 22, 1903
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: January 19, 1930

 24 John Venn

John Venn
0
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: August 4, 1834
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: April 4, 1923

 25 Marcus du Sautoy

Marcus du Sautoy
0
Famous As: Mathematician, Academic, University teacher, Writer
Birthdate: August 26, 1965
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British

 26 Jacob Bronowski

Jacob Bronowski
0
Famous As: Mathematician, Poet, Non-fiction writer
Birthdate: January 18, 1908
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: August 22, 1974

 27 Sir George Stokes, 1st Baronet

Sir George Stokes, 1st Baronet
0
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: August 13, 1819
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: February 1, 1903

 28 Alastair Denniston

Alastair Denniston
0
Famous As: Field hockey player, Cryptographer, Mathematician
Birthdate: December 1, 1881
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: January 1, 1961

 29 Ruth Lawrence

Ruth Lawrence
0
Famous As: Mathematician, Topologist, University teacher
Birthdate: August 2, 1971
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British

 30 William Whewell

William Whewell
0
Famous As: Economist, Physicist, Historian, Philosopher, Writer, University teacher, Mathematician
Birthdate: May 24, 1794
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: March 6, 1866

 31 Timothy Gowers

Timothy Gowers
0
Famous As: Mathematician, University teacher
Birthdate: November 20, 1963
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British

 32 David Brewster

David Brewster
0
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: December 11, 1781
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British, Scottish
Died: February 10, 1868

 33 John Wallis

John Wallis
0
Famous As: mathematician, philosopher, musicologist, cryptologist
Birthdate: November 23, 1616
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: October 28, 1703

 34 William Playfair

William Playfair
0
Famous As: Economist, Mathematician, Engineer, Statistician
Birthdate: September 22, 1759
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British
Died: February 11, 1823

 35 John Maynard Smith

John Maynard Smith
0
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: February 6, 1920
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: April 19, 2004

 36 Brook Taylor

Brook Taylor
0
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: August 18, 1685
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: December 29, 1731

 37 William Henry Bragg

William Henry Bragg
0
Famous As: Nobel Prize Winner in Physics
Birthdate: July 2, 1862
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: March 10, 1942

 38 Robert Fludd

Robert Fludd
0
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: January 17, 1574
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: September 8, 1637

 39 Arthur Cayley

Arthur Cayley
0
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: August 16, 1821
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: January 26, 1895

 40 William Petty

William Petty
0
Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: May 26, 1623
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: December 16, 1687

 41 Ian Stewart

Ian Stewart
0
Famous As: mathematician, novelist, writer, university teacher, science fiction writer
Birthdate: September 24, 1945
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British

 42 Peter Hilton

Peter Hilton
0
Famous As: mathematician, topologist, university teacher
Birthdate: April 7, 1923
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
Died: November 6, 2010

 43 Thomas Harriot

Thomas Harriot
0
Famous As: Mathematician, explorer, astronomer
Birthdate: 1560 AD
Nationality: British
Died: July 2, 1621

 44 George Green

George Green
0
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: July 14, 1793
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: May 31, 1841

 45 Richard Price

Richard Price
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: February 23, 1723
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British, Welsh
Died: April 19, 1791

 46 I. J. Good

I. J. Good
0
Famous As: Mathematician, Cryptographer, Computer scientist, Philosopher, Statistician, University teacher
Birthdate: December 9, 1916
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: April 5, 2009

 47 Isaac Barrow

Isaac Barrow
0
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: September 30, 1630
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British
Died: May 4, 1677

 48 William Kingdon Clifford

William Kingdon Clifford
0
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: May 4, 1845
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: March 3, 1879

 49 George Biddell Airy

George Biddell Airy
0
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: July 27, 1801
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: January 2, 1892

 50 George Darwin

George Darwin
0
Famous As: Barrister
Birthdate: July 9, 1845
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: December 7, 1912