Leipzig University

Discover the notable alumni of Leipzig University. The list includes people like Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Luz Long, Prince Maximilian of Baden, Karl Liebknecht & Thomas Müntzer. This list of notable alumni is loosely sorted by popularity and has people from different domains of life, such as miscellaneous, intellectuals & academics, writers, leaders and scientists etc.
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 1 
Angela Merkel
(First Female Chancellor of Germany (2005 - 2021))
Angela Merkel
130
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 17, 1954
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany

The current chancellor of Germany, Angela Merkel is widely described as the world's most powerful woman. Also considered the de facto leader of the European Union (EU), Angela Merkel has played an important role in strengthening international trade agreements. In 2020, she was named in Time magazine's list of 100 Most Influential People.

 2 
Friedrich Nietzsche
(German Philosopher, Cultural Critic and Philologist)
Friedrich Nietzsche
48
Birthdate: October 15, 1844
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Röcken, Lützen, Germany
Died: August 25, 1900

German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, and poet Friedrich Nietzsche has had a profound influence on modern intellectual history. He held the Chair of Classical Philology at the University of Basel. His work spanned philosophical polemics, poetry, cultural criticism, and fiction. He suffered from numerous health problems from a young age and died at the age of 55.

 3 
Richard Wagner
(Known for His Operas and Music Dramas ‘Der Ring des Nibelungen’ and ‘Tristan und Isolde’)
Richard Wagner
36
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: May 22, 1813
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: February 13, 1883
German composer and conductor Richard Wagner is best remembered for his operas and music dramas. He explored the concept of Gesamtkunstwerk, which combined many forms of art, including the visual, poetic, and musical. He also established the opera house Bayreuth Festspielhaus, which hosted his works The Ring and Parsifal.
 4 
Tycho Brahe
(16th Century Danish Astronomer Who is Known for His Accurate and Comprehensive Astronomical Observations)
Tycho Brahe
20
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: December 14, 1546
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Knutstorp Manor, Sweden
Died: October 24, 1601
Danish astronomer and writer Tycho Brahe, an heir to a noble family, was one of the last greatest naked-eye astronomers. According to the Tychonic system of astronomy, the Sun orbited the Earth. His assistant Johannes Kepler used Tycho's astronomical data to form his laws of planetary motion.
 5 
Robert Schumann
(One of the Greatest Composer of the Romantic Era which include 'Carnaval, Symphonic Studies and Kinderszenen')
Robert Schumann
11
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: June 8, 1810
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Zwickau, Germany
Died: July 29, 1856
Robert Schumann was a German pianist, music critic, and composer. An influential musician of the Romantic era, Schumann is considered one of the greatest composers of the era. Schumann was initially focused on becoming the finest pianist in Europe. However, a hand injury brought an end to his dream, forcing him to focus on composing.
 6 
Gottfried W. Leibniz
(German Mathematician Who Developed the Present Day Notation for the Differential and Integral Calculus)
Gottfried W. Leibniz
30
Birthdate: July 1, 1646
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: November 14, 1716
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was a significant logician, mathematician, and philosopher of the Enlightenment era. He laid down his own concepts of differential and integral calculus. He was behind the invention of the mass-produced mechanical calculator and modified the binary number system. He also laid down a separate library cataloging system.
 7 
Luz Long
(Olympic long-jumper)
Luz Long
3
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: April 27, 1913
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: July 14, 1943
Height: 6'0" (183 cm)
 8 
Leopold von Ranke
(German Historian and a Founder of Modern Source-Based History)
Leopold von Ranke
1
Birthdate: December 21, 1795
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Wiehe, Roßleben-Wiehe, Germany
Died: May 23, 1886

Leopold von Ranke was a German historian who had a major influence on Western historiography. A respected historian, Ranke is credited with founding modern source-based history. When he was ennobled in 1865, honors poured in from several historians and scholars across the world.

 9 
Edmund Husserl
(German Philosopher, Mathematician and Founder of Phenomenology)
Edmund Husserl
6
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: April 8, 1859
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Prostějov, Czechia
Died: April 27, 1938

Edmund Husserl was a German philosopher of Moravian origin. He established the school of phenomenology. He studied mathematics, physics, and astronomy at the University of Leipzig and worked as an assistant to mathematician Karl Weierstrass. He later became a professor of philosophy and taught for several years. He is considered a major figure in 20th-century philosophy.  

 10 
Hjalmar Schacht
(Reichsminister of Economics (1934 - 1937))
Hjalmar Schacht
3
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: January 22, 1877
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tinglev, Denmark
Died: June 3, 1970

German banker Hjalmar Schacht was appreciated for his role in saving the Weimar Republic from inflation and later served as the Reichsminister of Economics under Adolf Hitler. Following as assassination attempt on Hitler, her was imprisoned, but was later freed and then set up his own bank in Düsseldorf.

 11 
Georg Philipp Telemann
(Composer)
Georg Philipp Telemann
1
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: March 14, 1681
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Magdeburg, Germany
Died: June 25, 1767
 12 
Louis Le Prince
(French Inventor Who Was the First Person to Shoot a Moving Picture Sequence Using a Single Lens Camera)
Louis Le Prince
2
Birthdate: August 28, 1841
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Metz, France
Died: September 16, 1890

Louis Le Prince was a French inventor and artist. He is credited with inventing an early motion-picture camera and is often referred to as the Father of Cinematography. However, Louis Le Prince's work failed to influence the commercial development of motion picture because of the secrecy surrounding his invention.

 13 
Novalis
(German Romantic Poet and Philosopher Known for His Poems ‘Hymns to the Night’ and ‘Spiritual Songs’)
Novalis
5
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: May 2, 1772
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Wiederstedt, Germany
Died: March 25, 1801

Poet and philosopher Friedrich Leopold, better known as Novalis, was a significant figure of German Romanticism. He narrated the loss of his 15-year-old fiancé to tuberculosis in his Hymns to the Night. He himself died of the disease a few years later. He was also well-versed in natural sciences.

 14 
Prince Maximilian of Baden
(Last Chancellor of the German Empire and Minister-President of Prussia (1918))
Prince Maximilian of Baden
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 10, 1867
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Baden-Baden, Germany
Died: November 6, 1929

Prince Maximilian of Baden was a German politician and general. Maximilian, who belonged to the German aristocracy, was the last chancellor of the German Empire. He also played an important role in the events leading up to the creation of the Weimar Republic.

 15 
Erich Kästner
(Known Primarily for His Humorous, Socially Astute Poems and the Children’s Book 'Emil and the Detectives')
Erich Kästner
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: February 23, 1899
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: July 29, 1974

Four-time Nobel Prize-nominated German author Erich Kästne is best remembered for his children’s books such as Emil and the Detectives. Initially aspiring to be a teacher, he later had stints as a journalist and a freelance author. A leading satirist, he contributed to Die Weltbühne and also headed PEN.

 16 
Miklós Rózsa
(Composer)
Miklós Rózsa
2
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: April 18, 1907
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
Died: July 27, 1995

Born in Hungary, Miklós Rózsa was a music prodigy and learned to play the violin at age 5. After studying music in Germany, he pursued his music career in France, the UK, and the US. He is remembered for his Academy Award-winning scores in movies such as Ben-Hur and Spellbound.

 17 
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
(German Writer, Dramatist, Art Critic and a Spokesperson of the Enlightenment Era)
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: January 22, 1729
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kamenz, Germany
Died: February 15, 1781

Gotthold Ephraim Lessing was a noted German dramatist, critic, and author, remembered especially for his contribution towards liberating German theatre from the influence of its classical and French counterpart. Known for such literary masterpieces like Miss Sara Sampson; Emilia Galotti; Minna von Barnhelm; Nathan the Wise; Laocoön; Hamburg Dramaturgy, he is now considered an outstanding representative of the Enlightenment era.

 18 
Lin Yutang
(One of the Most Well-Known Twentieth-Century Chinese Writers)
Lin Yutang
0
Birthdate: October 10, 1895
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Banzai, Fujian, Zhangzhou, China
Died: March 26, 1976

Son of a Christian minister, Lin Yutang was initially supposed to join the ministry but later rejected Christianity to become a professor. His works include several Chinese and English books, such as Moment in Peking. He also introduced the concept of satire magazines in China with Lunyu banyuekan.

 19 
Hans-Dietrich Genscher
(Former Vice-Chancellor of Germany)
Hans-Dietrich Genscher
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 21, 1927
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Reideburg, Germany
Died: March 31, 2016
 20 
Hans von Bülow
(Virtuoso Pianist and Romantic-Era Musician Who Became One of the 19th Century’s Most Authoritative Conductors)
Hans von Bülow
1
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: January 8, 1830
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: February 12, 1894

German composer and conductor Hans von Bülow was one of the greatest musical figures of the Romantic era. Known for his work with composers such as Richard Wagner, he eventually lost his wife, Cosima, to him. In his final years, his failing health made him retire to Cairo, where he eventually died.

 21 
Nicolae Iorga
(34th Prime Minister of Romania (1931 - 1932))
Nicolae Iorga
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 17, 1871
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Botoșani, Romania
Died: November 27, 1940

Nicolae Iorga was a Romanian politician, historian, memoirist, poet, playwright, literary critic, and Albanologist. He is credited with co-founding the Democratic Nationalist Party. Nicolae Iorga is best remembered for his service as the Prime Minister of Romania from 19 April 1931 to 6 June 1932. 

 22 
Ellen Churchill Semple
(American Geographer Who Made Immense Contributions to the Development of Geography as Discipline in the US)
Ellen Churchill Semple
1
Birthdate: January 8, 1863
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Louisville, Kentucky, United States
Died: May 8, 1932

Ellen Churchill Semple was an American geographer best remembered for her association with the Association of American Geographers, where she served as the first female president. Semple made immense contributions to the development of geography as discipline in the US, especially studies of human geography. In 1914, Semple was honored by the American Geographical Society with the Cullum Geographic Medal.

 23 
Wilhelm Friedemann Bach
(Composer)
Wilhelm Friedemann Bach
1
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: November 22, 1710
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Weimar, Germany
Died: July 1, 1784
 24 
Johann Tetzel
(Former Preacher known for selling indulgences)
Johann Tetzel
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1465 AD
Birthplace: Pirna, Germany
Died: August 11, 1519
 25 
Johann Gottlieb Fichte
(Former Philosopher who became a founding figure of the philosophical movement known as German idealism)
Johann Gottlieb Fichte
2
Birthdate: May 19, 1762
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rammenau, Germany
Died: January 29, 1814
 26 
Sándor Márai
(Hungarian Writer, Poet, and Journalist)
Sándor Márai
3
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: April 11, 1900
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Košice, Slovakia
Died: February 21, 1989

A descendant of a Hungarian noble family, Sándor Márai grew up to become a celebrated journalist. He was the first to review the works of Franz Kafka. He neither liked the Nazis nor the Communists. His best-known works include the novel Embers, which was later made into a stage play.

 27 
Georgius Agricola
(Former Humanist scholar, mineralogist and metallurgist known for his groundbreaking work De Natura Fossilium published in 1546, he is generally referred to as the Father of Mineralogy)
Georgius Agricola
0
Birthdate: March 24, 1494
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Glauchau, Germany
Died: November 21, 1555
 28 
Charles Spearman
(Psychologist)
Charles Spearman
0
Birthdate: September 10, 1863
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: September 17, 1945
 29 
Emil Artin
(Austrian Mathematician Best Known for His Work on Algebraic Number Theory)
Emil Artin
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: March 3, 1898
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: December 20, 1962

Considered a pioneer in the field of abstract algebra, Austro-German mathematician Emil Artin reached great heights in academics in spite of losing his father to syphilis at age 8. He's best remembered for his contribution to the class field theory and his theorems and concepts such as the Artin rings.

 30 
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
(Philosopher)
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
3
Birthdate: January 27, 1775
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Leonberg, Germany
Died: August 20, 1854
 31 
Ernst Jünger
(German Soldier and Author Known for His World War I Memoir 'Storm of Steel')
Ernst Jünger
3
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: March 29, 1895
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Heidelberg, Germany
Died: February 17, 1998

Though Ernst Jünger was part of the German Army in both the World Wars, he was against the Nazi dictatorship and was accused of being involved in a plot to kill Hitler. He authored the diary-novel The Storm of Steel and also made a mark as an entomologist.

 32 
Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg
(Chancellor of the German Empire From 1909 to 1917)
Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 29, 1856
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hohenfinow, Germany
Died: January 1, 1921
 33 
Felix Hausdorff
(German Mathematician)
Felix Hausdorff
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: November 8, 1868
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland
Died: January 26, 1942

While German mathematician Felix Hausdorff initially wished to become a musician, parental pressure led him to choose math. Considered one of the pioneers of modern topology, he made major contributions to set theory and functional analysis. He died of suicide, along with his wife and sister-in-law, instead of moving to a Nazi camp.

 34 
Kurt Schumacher
(Politician)
Kurt Schumacher
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 13, 1895
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chełmno, Poland
Died: August 20, 1952
 35 
Otto von Guericke
(German Scientist, Inventor, Mathematician and Physicist)
Otto von Guericke
1
Birthdate: November 30, 1602
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Magdeburg, Germany
Died: May 21, 1686

Otto von Guericke was a German inventor, scientist, and politician. He made several significant contributions to the development of the Scientific Revolution. He is also credited with inventing the first air pump which he used effectively to study the phenomenon of vacuum. His studies and observation helped reveal the fact that light unlike sound can travel through a vacuum.

 36 
Karl Liebknecht
(German Socialist and One of the Founders of the 'Communist Party of Germany')
Karl Liebknecht
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 13, 1871
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: January 15, 1919

German socialist radical Karl Liebknecht is best remembered for co-founding the Spartacus League, an underground group that was declared illegal but later led to the formation of the Communist Party of Germany. He was shot to death on the orders of German commander Waldemar Pabst in the 1919 Spartacus Revolt.

 37 
Ernst Heinrich Weber
(German Physician)
Ernst Heinrich Weber
1
Birthdate: June 24, 1795
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Wittenberg, Germany
Died: January 26, 1878
 38 
Wolfgang Iser
(Literary critic)
Wolfgang Iser
0
Birthdate: July 22, 1926
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Marienberg, Germany
Died: January 24, 2007
 39 
Georg Michaelis
(Chancellor of the German Empire for a few months in 1917)
Georg Michaelis
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: September 8, 1857
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Chojnów, Poland
Died: July 24, 1936
 40 
Ferdinand Tönnies
(One of the Founding Fathers of Classical German Sociology)
Ferdinand Tönnies
1
Birthdate: July 26, 1855
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Oldenswort, Germany
Died: April 9, 1936

Ferdinand Tönnies was a German economist, sociologist, and philosopher. He is credited with co-founding the German Society for Sociology where he served as the president from 1909 to 1933. Widely regarded as the first prominent German sociologist, Tönnies contributed significantly to field studies and sociological theory. Ferdinand Tönnies is often counted among the founders of classical German sociology. 

 41 
Constantin von Tischendorf
(German Biblical Scholar Known for Discovering World's Oldest and Most Complete Bible)
Constantin von Tischendorf
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 18, 1815
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Saxony, Germany
Died: December 7, 1874

Although best remembered for his discovery of the world's oldest handwritten Bible, known as Codex Sinaiticus or Sinai Bible, Konstantin Von Tischendorf, a renowned Biblical scholar, worked chiefly on recension of the New Testament text. A prolific writer making extensive contributions to biblical textual criticism, he is today best known for his magnum opus, Critical Edition of the New Testament.

 42 
Thomas Müntzer
(German Preacher and Theologian of the Early Reformation)
Thomas Müntzer
1
Birthdate: 1489 AD
Birthplace: Stolberg, Südharz, Germany
Died: May 27, 1525

Remembered as a radical reformer, Thomas Müntzer was a major force in the German Peasants' War of 1525. Initially a priest and a linguistic specialist, he gradually began representing the middle class and worked toward church reforms. He was eventually executed, and his head wad displayed as a warning.

 43 
Philipp, Prince of Eulenburg
(Diplomat)
Philipp, Prince of Eulenburg
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: February 12, 1847
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kaliningrad, Prussia
Died: September 17, 1921
 44 
Friedrich Schlegel
(Poet)
Friedrich Schlegel
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: March 10, 1772
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hannover, Germany
Died: January 12, 1829
 45 
Günter Schabowski
(Politician)
Günter Schabowski
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 4, 1929
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Anklam, Germany
Died: November 1, 2015
 46 
Nicholas Miklouho-Maclay
(Russian Anthropologist Known for Being One of the First to Explore New Guinea and Oppose Slavery)
Nicholas Miklouho-Maclay
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: July 17, 1846
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Yazykovo, Russia
Died: April 14, 1888

Russian explorer and anthropologist Nicholas Miklouho-Maclay was one of the first scientists to live with the indigenous community of New Guinea. Named the Moon Man by the Papuans for his ability to produce light through his lantern, he fought against slavery. He was idolized by both Russia and Australia.

 47 
Karl August Wittfogel
(Playwright)
Karl August Wittfogel
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: September 6, 1896
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Woltersdorf, Lüchow, Province of Hanover, Free State of Prussia, German Empire
Died: May 25, 1988
 48 
Regiomontanus
(Mathematician & Astrologer Known for Founding the World’s First Scientific Printing Press and the First Trigonometric Tables)
Regiomontanus
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: June 6, 1436
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Königsberg, Germany
Died: July 6, 1476

Regiomontanus was an astrologer, astronomer, and mathematician of the German Renaissance. The development of Copernican heliocentrism was possible because of Regiomontanus' significant contributions to the field of astronomy. Regiomontanus is also credited with designing his own astrological house system which went on to become one of the most famous systems in Europe.

 49 
Leonard Bloomfield
(American Linguist and Author)
Leonard Bloomfield
1
Birthdate: April 1, 1887
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States
Died: April 18, 1949
 50 
Martin Broszat
(Historian)
Martin Broszat
0
Birthdate: August 14, 1928
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: October 14, 1989