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Archimedes

(One of the Leading Scientists in Classical Antiquity and the Greatest Mathematician of Ancient History)

**Birthdate:**0287 BC

**Birthplace:**Syracuse, Italy

**Died:**0212 BC

Archimedes of Syracuse was an accomplished Ancient Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, astronomer, and inventor. His pioneering work in mathematics laid the foundation for modern calculus and analysis by utilizing the concept of the infinitely small and the method of exhaustion to prove various geometrical theorems. He made significant contributions to the fields of geometry, physics, and engineering, including defining the Archimedean spiral, deriving an approximation of pi, and developing the principle of buoyancy. Archimedes also designed innovative machines and devices, such as the screw pump and compound pulleys, showcasing his ingenuity and practical skill.