Italy has given the world some of the best-known physicists – their revolutionary work greatly contributing to the physical phenomenon or natural science involving the study of matter and related concepts. Galileo Galilee was a famous Italian physicist whose achievements include improvising the telescope. He was also responsible for some radical astronomical observation which is why he is often referred to as the ‘Father of Modern Physics’. The Avogadro number or Avogadro law or Avogadro principle that we study today is the result of the study and research of Amedeo Avogadro and his contribution to molecular theory. He was also an Italian by origin. Forty-three years prior to being granted an American citizenship, Enrico Fermi had his roots well laid in the Italian soil. The famous physicists started his journey for the love of physics in Italy. He is considered one of the greatest 20th century Italian physicists. He is responsible for developing the first nuclear reactor. Also, his contribution to the development of quantum theory, nuclear and particle physics and statistical mechanics is magnanimous. These are just a handful of the bucket-load of supremely talented Italian physicists that the world takes pride in. Check this section to get an overview of the life, works and contributions made by some of the greatest Italian physicists.
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564
Astronomer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Rebel
Enrico FermiEnrico Fermi
29 September 1901
Nobel Laureate in Physics

Evangelista TorricelliEvangelista Torricelli
15 October 1608
Physicist

Amedeo AvogadroAmedeo Avogadro
09 August 1776
Chemist and Physicist

Emilio Gino SegrèEmilio Segrè
30 January 1905
Physicist

Carlo Rubbia Carlo Rubbia
31 March 1934
Physicist
Count Alessandro VoltaCount Alessandro Volta
18 February 1745
 

Alessandro VoltaAlessandro Volta
18 February 1745
Physicist, Inventor, University teacher

Luigi GalvaniLuigi Galvani
09 September 1737
Anatomist, Physicist, Physician, University

Carlo RovelliCarlo Rovelli
03 May 1956
Physicist, Writer
Ettore MajoranaEttore Majorana
05 August 1906
Physicist

Laura BassiLaura Bassi
31 October 1711
Italian physicist, Academic
Federico FagginFederico Faggin
01 December 1941
Physicist, Inventor, Computer scientist, Engineer,

Fabiola GianottiFabiola Gianotti
29 October 1962
physicist

Bruno PontecorvoBruno Pontecorvo
22 August 1913
Physicist, Nuclear scientist
Chiara NappiChiara Nappi
 

Galileo FerrarisGalileo Ferraris
30 October 1847
physicist, engineer, inventor
Giovanni Alfonso BorelliGiovanni Alfonso Borelli
28 January 1608
Physicist, Mathematician, Astronomer, Historian of

Emilio G. SegrèEmilio G. Segrè
30 January 1905
American-Italian physicist