Erich Maria Remarque Biography
(German Writer Best Known for His Novel ‘All Quiet on the Western Front’)
Birthday: June 22, 1898 (Cancer)
Born In: Osnabrück, Germany
Erich Maria Remarque was a German writer. He started writing his first novel “The Dream Room” at the age of 16. During World War I, he was wounded by shrapnel, and sent to an army hospital in Germany where he spent the rest of the war. He then held various jobs including teacher, librarian, businessman, journalist and editor. He shot to prominence with his novel, “All Quiet on the Western Front” (“Im Westen nichts Neues”), which describes the experiences of German soldiers during World War I. His other novels include “The Road Back”, “Flotsam”, “Arch of Triumph” and “The Night in Lisbon” amongst others. He was persecuted in his own country on account of his writings, and fled to Switzerland. The German government arrested his sister, Elfriede Scholz, and beheaded her. The cost of her prosecution, imprisonment and execution was billed to her sister Erna. Remarque married actress Ilse Jutta Zambona, divorced her, and later remarried her when she faced the threat of being sent back to Germany. They moved to the US, and became naturalised citizens. He married actress Paulette Goddard after divorcing Ilse Zambona yet again.