Human lives are undoubtedly filled with infinite complexities. Philosophy can be termed as a study of such complexities revolving around our lives, and an attempt to deal with them better. Many countries around the world have produced great philosophers, who have influenced the world with their thoughts, and like any other country France has its own list of great philosophers. 'Prejudices are what fools use for reason', is one such famous saying by French writer and philosopher, Voltaire. Philosophy makes a positive impact on human beings, since it changes their approach towards life. Philosophy has also indirectly paved way for better literature, since many writers started weaving their tales around philosophical theories.  Over the years France has produced some of the greatest thinkers comprising of names such as Peter Abelard, Pierre d'Ailly, Émile Chartier and Ferdinand Alquié. Some of the famous works of these individuals include ‘Petit Traité d'Harmonie pour les aveugles’, ‘Logica Ingredientibus’ and ‘Histoire littéraire de la France’. Here we bring you a collection of biographies of some of the most famous French philosophers. Read on and find out all about their life stories, timelines and also few interesting facts & trivia related to their lives.

VoltaireVoltaire

21 November 1694

Michel FoucaultMichel Foucault

15 October 1926

Albert CamusAlbert Camus

07 November 1913

Jean-Paul SartreJean-Paul Sartre

21 June 1905

Simone de BeauvoirSimone de Beauvoir

09 January 1908

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal

19 June 1623

Jacques DerridaJacques Derrida

15 July 1930

Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu

18 January 1689

Albert SchweitzerAlbert Schweitzer

14 January 1875

Auguste ComteAuguste Comte

19 January 1798

Michel de MontaigneMichel de Montaigne

28 February 1533

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Roland BarthesRoland Barthes

12 November 1915

Henri BergsonHenri Bergson

18 October 1859

Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet

17 September 1743

Emile DurkheimEmile Durkheim

15 April 1858

René DéscartesRené Déscartes

31 March 1596

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Pierre BourdieuPierre Bourdieu

01 August 1930

Gilles DeleuzeGilles Deleuze

18 January 1925

Denis DiderotDenis Diderot

05 October 1713

Jean BaudrillardJean Baudrillard

27 July 1929

Louis AlthusserLouis Althusser

16 October 1918

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Alain FinkielkrautAlain Finkielkraut

30 June 1949

Olympe de GougesOlympe de Gouges

07 May 1748

Pierre-Joseph ProudhonPierre-Joseph Proudhon

15 January 1809

Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto

15 July 1848

Emil CioranEmil Cioran

08 April 1911

René GirardRené Girard

25 December 1923

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Georges BatailleGeorges Bataille

10 September 1897

Guy DebordGuy Debord

28 December 1931

Julia KristevaJulia Kristeva

24 June 1941

Charles FourierCharles Fourier

07 April 1772

Bruno LatourBruno Latour

22 June 1947

Maurice Merleau-PontyMaurice Merleau-Ponty

14 March 1908

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Henri LefebvreHenri Lefebvre

16 June 1901

Alain BadiouAlain Badiou

17 January 1937

Emmanuel LevinasEmmanuel Levinas

12 January 1906

Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard

10 August 1924

Arthur de GobineauArthur de Gobineau

14 July 1816

Eliphas LeviEliphas Levi

08 February 1810

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Jacques EllulJacques Ellul

06 January 1912

Ernest RenanErnest Renan

27 February 1823

Joseph de MaistreJoseph de Maistre

Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon

07 May 1841

Georges SorelGeorges Sorel

02 November 1847

Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray

03 May 1930

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Gaston BachelardGaston Bachelard

27 June 1884

Alain de BenoistAlain de Benoist

11 December 1943

Allan KardecAllan Kardec

03 October 1804

Félix GuattariFélix Guattari

30 April 1930

Marcel MaussMarcel Mauss

10 May 1872

Jacques MaritainJacques Maritain

18 November 1882

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Jean BodinJean Bodin

1529 AD

Michel OnfrayMichel Onfray

01 January 1959

Bernard StieglerBernard Stiegler

01 April 1952

Raymond AronRaymond Aron

14 March 1905

George SteinerGeorge Steiner

23 April 1929

Cornelius CastoriadisCornelius Castoriadis

11 March 1922

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Benjamin ConstantBenjamin Constant

25 October 1767

François QuesnayFrançois Quesnay

04 June 1694

Tzvetan TodorovTzvetan Todorov

01 March 1939

Michel HenryMichel Henry

10 January 1922

Maurice BlanchotMaurice Blanchot

22 September 1907

Nicolas MalebrancheNicolas Malebranche

06 August 1638

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Gabriel MarcelGabriel Marcel

07 December 1889

Paul VirilioPaul Virilio

04 January 1932

Louis Auguste BlanquiLouis Auguste Blanqui

08 February 1805

Michel de CerteauMichel de Certeau

17 May 1925

Jean-Luc NancyJean-Luc Nancy

26 July 1940

Nicole OresmeNicole Oresme

1320 AD

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Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi

22 January 1592

Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne

08 September 1588

Jacques BarzunJacques Barzun

30 November 1907

Michel SerresMichel Serres

01 September 1930

Pierre BaylePierre Bayle

18 November 1647

Raphaël EnthovenRaphaël Enthoven

09 November 1975

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Edgar MorinEdgar Morin

08 July 1921

Jean-Luc MarionJean-Luc Marion

03 July 1946

Roger GaraudyRoger Garaudy

17 July 1913