Human lives are undoubtedly filled with infinite complexities. Philosophy can be termed as a study of such complexities revolving around our lives, and an attempt to deal with them better. Many countries around the world have produced great philosophers, who have influenced the world with their thoughts, and like any other country France has its own list of great philosophers. 'Prejudices are what fools use for reason', is one such famous saying by French writer and philosopher, Voltaire. Philosophy makes a positive impact on human beings, since it changes their approach towards life. Philosophy has also indirectly paved way for better literature, since many writers started weaving their tales around philosophical theories.  Over the years France has produced some of the greatest thinkers comprising of names such as Peter Abelard, Pierre d'Ailly, Émile Chartier and Ferdinand Alquié. Some of the famous works of these individuals include ‘Petit Traité d'Harmonie pour les aveugles’, ‘Logica Ingredientibus’ and ‘Histoire littéraire de la France’. Here we bring you a collection of biographies of some of the most famous French philosophers. Read on and find out all about their life stories, timelines and also few interesting facts & trivia related to their lives.

Albert CamusAlbert Camus
07 November 1913
Philosopher
VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694
Writer

Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau
28 June 1712
Philosopher, Writer, & Composer

Michel FoucaultMichel Foucault
15 October 1926
French philosopher

Jean-Paul SartreJean-Paul Sartre
21 June 1905
Philosopher

Simone de BeauvoirSimone de Beauvoir
09 January 1908
Writer
Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
19 June 1623
French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer

Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
18 January 1689
Philosopher

Jacques DerridaJacques Derrida
15 July 1930
Philosopher

Albert SchweitzerAlbert Schweitzer
14 January 1875
Philosopher, Theologian
Auguste ComteAuguste Comte
19 January 1798
Philosopher

Michel de MontaigneMichel de Montaigne
28 February 1533
Philosopher
Denis DiderotDenis Diderot
05 October 1713
Philosopher

Roland BarthesRoland Barthes
12 November 1915
French Literary Theorist & Philosopher

Henri BergsonHenri Bergson
18 October 1859
Philosopher and Writer
Louis AlthusserLouis Althusser
16 October 1918
Philosopher

Pierre Teilhard de ChardinPierre Teilhard de Chardin
01 May 1881
Philosopher
René GirardRené Girard
25 December 1923
Philosopher

Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet
17 September 1743
Mathematician, Philosopher

Emile DurkheimEmile Durkheim
15 April 1858
Sociologist & Philosopher
Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert
16 November 1717
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher And Musical

René DéscartesRené Déscartes
31 March 1596
Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer
Pierre BourdieuPierre Bourdieu
01 August 1930
Philosopher, Sociologist, Anthropologist,

Gilles DeleuzeGilles Deleuze
18 January 1925
Philosopher, Historian, Writer, University

Jean BaudrillardJean Baudrillard
27 July 1929
Philosopher, photographer,Sociologist, Professor

Pierre-Joseph ProudhonPierre-Joseph Proudhon
15 January 1809
Economist, Sociologist, Politician, Journalist,
Georges BatailleGeorges Bataille
10 September 1897
Philosopher, Librarian, Poet, Novelist, Writer,
Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto
15 July 1848
Economist, Writer, Philosopher, Sociologist,

Peter AbelardPeter Abelard
1079 AD
Theologian, Philosopher, Composer, Linguist, Poet,

Guy DebordGuy Debord
28 December 1931
Film maker, Artist, Philosopher, Film director,

Savitri DeviSavitri Devi
30 September 1905
Writer, Poet
Charles FourierCharles Fourier
07 April 1772
Economist, Sociologist, Philosopher

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Alain BadiouAlain Badiou
17 January 1937
Philosopher, Novelist, Playwright, Editor,

Maurice Merleau-PontyMaurice Merleau-Ponty
14 March 1908
Philosopher, Professor

Julia KristevaJulia Kristeva
24 June 1941
Philosopher, Writer, Feminist

Bruno LatourBruno Latour
22 June 1947
Philosopher, Anthropologist, Sociologist,
Henri LefebvreHenri Lefebvre
16 June 1901
Philosopher, Politician, Sociologist, University

Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
10 August 1924
Philosopher, Philologist, Writer, Linguist,
Michel SerresMichel Serres
01 September 1930
Philosopher, Writer

Arthur de GobineauArthur de Gobineau
14 July 1816
Racial theorist, Philosopher, Writer, Diplomat,

Jacques EllulJacques Ellul
06 January 1912
Theologian, Philosopher, Writer, Sociologist,
Emmanuel LevinasEmmanuel Levinas
12 January 1906
Philosopher, University teacher, Ethicist, Writer

Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon
07 May 1841
Physician, Anthropologist, Archaeologist,
Ernest RenanErnest Renan
27 February 1823
philosopher, historian, professor, archaeologist,

HéloïseHéloïse
1101 AD
French nun

Jean BodinJean Bodin
1529 AD
jurist, philosopher, economist, historian,

Allan KardecAllan Kardec
03 October 1804
Writer, Teacher, Philosopher

Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
03 May 1930
Philosopher, Linguist, University teacher,
Georges SorelGeorges Sorel
02 November 1847
Philosopher, Engineer, Sociologist, Writer, Trade

Jacques MaritainJacques Maritain
18 November 1882
Philosopher, Educationist, Writer

Marcel MaussMarcel Mauss
10 May 1872
Politician, Sociologist, Ethnologist,

Félix GuattariFélix Guattari
30 April 1930
Psychiatrist, Philosopher, Psychanalyst,
Germaine de StaëlGermaine de Staël
22 April 1766
Philosopher

Joseph de MaistreJoseph de Maistre
 
Gaston BachelardGaston Bachelard
27 June 1884
Philosopher, Poet, Writer, University teacher

François QuesnayFrançois Quesnay
04 June 1694
Philosopher, Economist, Physician,

Alain de BenoistAlain de Benoist
11 December 1943
Journalist, Philosopher
Benjamin ConstantBenjamin Constant
25 October 1767
Philosopher, Politician, Writer, Diarist

Raymond AronRaymond Aron
14 March 1905
Journalist, Philosopher, Writer, Political
Nicolas MalebrancheNicolas Malebranche
06 August 1638
Philosopher, Writer, Theologian

Michel OnfrayMichel Onfray
01 January 1959
Philosopher, Writer, Historian, Essayist, Audio

Eliphas LeviEliphas Levi
08 February 1810
Philosopher, Non-fiction writer, Occultist
Cornelius CastoriadisCornelius Castoriadis
11 March 1922
Philosopher, Economist, Writer, University

George SteinerGeorge Steiner
23 April 1929
Philosopher, Novelist, Writer, University teacher,
Gabriel MarcelGabriel Marcel
07 December 1889
Playwright, Philosopher, Writer, University

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi
22 January 1592
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Professor,

Bernard StieglerBernard Stiegler
01 April 1952
Philosopher

Maurice BlanchotMaurice Blanchot
22 September 1907
Philosopher, Writer, Journalist, Literary critic
Michel HenryMichel Henry
10 January 1922
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher
Tzvetan TodorovTzvetan Todorov
01 March 1939
Non-fiction writer, Historian, Semiologist,

Pierre JanetPierre Janet
30 May 1859
Psychologist

Pierre BaylePierre Bayle
18 November 1647
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher,

Paul VirilioPaul Virilio
04 January 1932
Philosopher, Writer, Architect, Urban planner,
Nicole OresmeNicole Oresme
1320 AD
Philosopher

Jean-Luc MarionJean-Luc Marion
03 July 1946
Philosopher, Theologian, Writer, University

Edgar MorinEdgar Morin
08 July 1921
Politician, Philosopher, Sociologist, Director of

Alain FinkielkrautAlain Finkielkraut
30 June 1949
Philosopher, Radio personality, Writer, University

Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne
08 September 1588
Philosopher, Theologian, Mathematician,
Michel de CerteauMichel de Certeau
17 May 1925
Historian, Philosopher, University teacher

Jean-Luc NancyJean-Luc Nancy
26 July 1940
Philosopher, Historian
Jacques BarzunJacques Barzun
30 November 1907
Cultural historian, Historian, Philosopher,

Louis Auguste BlanquiLouis Auguste Blanqui
08 February 1805
Philosopher, Politician, Journalist, Communard

Édouard GlissantÉdouard Glissant
21 September 1928
Writer
Étienne GilsonÉtienne Gilson
13 June 1884
Philosopher, Historian, Politician, Professor,

Raphaël EnthovenRaphaël Enthoven
09 November 1975
Radio personality, Television presenter,
Julien Offray de La MettrieJulien Offray de La Mettrie
 

Roger GaraudyRoger Garaudy
17 July 1913
Politician, Philosopher, Writer, Holocaust denial,

Quentin MeillassouxQuentin Meillassoux
26 October 1967
philosopher

Georges DumézilGeorges Dumézil
04 March 1898
French philologist
Claude Adrien HelvétiusClaude Adrien Helvétius
26 January 1715
Philosopher, Writer, French moralists

Jean BuridanJean Buridan
1295 AD
philosopher, theologian, professor, logician
Maurice HalbwachsMaurice Halbwachs
11 March 1877
Sociologist, Psychologist, Philosopher, Professor,

Claude Henri de Rouvroy, comte de Saint-SimonClaude Henri de Rouvroy, comte de Saint-Simon
17 October 1760
Political and economic theorist
GersonidesGersonides
1288 AD
Philosopher

Bernard Le Bovier de FontenelleBernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle
11 February 1657
Philosopher, Poet, Writer, Playwright, Satirist,
Jean de La BruyèreJean de La Bruyère
16 August 1645
Author