Human lives are undoubtedly filled with infinite complexities. Philosophy can be termed as a study of such complexities revolving around our lives, and an attempt to deal with them better. Many countries around the world have produced great philosophers, who have influenced the world with their thoughts, and like any other country France has its own list of great philosophers. 'Prejudices are what fools use for reason', is one such famous saying by French writer and philosopher, Voltaire. Philosophy makes a positive impact on human beings, since it changes their approach towards life. Philosophy has also indirectly paved way for better literature, since many writers started weaving their tales around philosophical theories.  Over the years France has produced some of the greatest thinkers comprising of names such as Peter Abelard, Pierre d'Ailly, Émile Chartier and Ferdinand Alquié. Some of the famous works of these individuals include ‘Petit Traité d'Harmonie pour les aveugles’, ‘Logica Ingredientibus’ and ‘Histoire littéraire de la France’. Here we bring you a collection of biographies of some of the most famous French philosophers. Read on and find out all about their life stories, timelines and also few interesting facts & trivia related to their lives.

21 November 1694
Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau
28 June 1712
Philosopher, Writer, & Composer

Michel FoucaultMichel Foucault
15 October 1926
French philosopher

Albert CamusAlbert Camus
07 November 1913

Jean-Paul SartreJean-Paul Sartre
21 June 1905

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
19 June 1623
French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer
Simone de BeauvoirSimone de Beauvoir
09 January 1908

Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
18 January 1689

Jacques DerridaJacques Derrida
15 July 1930

Auguste ComteAuguste Comte
19 January 1798
Albert SchweitzerAlbert Schweitzer
14 January 1875
Philosopher, Theologian

Michel de MontaigneMichel de Montaigne
28 February 1533
Roland BarthesRoland Barthes
12 November 1915
French Literary Theorist & Philosopher

René GirardRené Girard
25 December 1923

Henri BergsonHenri Bergson
18 October 1859
Philosopher and Writer
Pierre Teilhard de ChardinPierre Teilhard de Chardin
01 May 1881
Philosopher & Jesuit Priest

Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet
17 September 1743
Mathematician, Philosopher
Emile DurkheimEmile Durkheim
15 April 1858
Sociologist & Philosopher

René DéscartesRené Déscartes
31 March 1596
Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert
16 November 1717
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher And Musical
Bruno LatourBruno Latour
22 June 1947
Philosopher, Anthropologist, Sociologist,

Allan KardecAllan Kardec
03 October 1804
Writer, Teacher, Philosopher
Gilles DeleuzeGilles Deleuze
18 January 1925
Philosopher, Historian, Writer, University

Jean BaudrillardJean Baudrillard
27 July 1929
Philosopher, photographer,Sociologist, Professor

Pierre BourdieuPierre Bourdieu
01 August 1930
Philosopher, Sociologist, Anthropologist,

Denis DiderotDenis Diderot
05 October 1713
Philosopher, Novelist, Essayist, Encyclopédistes,
Louis AlthusserLouis Althusser
16 October 1918
Philosopher, Politician, University teacher
Pierre-Joseph ProudhonPierre-Joseph Proudhon
15 January 1809
Economist, Sociologist, Politician, Journalist,

Maurice Merleau-PontyMaurice Merleau-Ponty
14 March 1908
Philosopher, Professor

Georges BatailleGeorges Bataille
10 September 1897
Philosopher, Librarian, Poet, Novelist, Writer,

Emil CioranEmil Cioran
08 April 1911
Philosopher, Writer, Diarist, Aphorist
Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto
15 July 1848
Economist, Writer, Philosopher, Sociologist,

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Guy DebordGuy Debord
28 December 1931
Film maker, Artist, Philosopher, Film director,

Olympe de GougesOlympe de Gouges
07 May 1748
Playwright, Journalist, Philosopher, Writer,

Michel SerresMichel Serres
01 September 1930
Philosopher, Writer

Charles FourierCharles Fourier
07 April 1772
Economist, Sociologist, Philosopher
Alain BadiouAlain Badiou
17 January 1937
Philosopher, Novelist, Playwright, Editor,

Julia KristevaJulia Kristeva
24 June 1941
Philosopher, Writer, Feminist
Henri LefebvreHenri Lefebvre
16 June 1901
Philosopher, Politician, Sociologist, University

Emmanuel LevinasEmmanuel Levinas
12 January 1906
Philosopher, University teacher, Ethicist, Writer

Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
10 August 1924
Philosopher, Philologist, Writer, Linguist,
Jacques EllulJacques Ellul
06 January 1912
Theologian, Philosopher, Writer, Sociologist,

Arthur de GobineauArthur de Gobineau
14 July 1816
Racial theorist, Philosopher, Writer, Diplomat,
Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon
07 May 1841
Physician, Anthropologist, Archaeologist,

Eliphas LeviEliphas Levi
08 February 1810
Philosopher, Non-fiction writer, Occultist

Ernest RenanErnest Renan
27 February 1823
philosopher, historian, professor, archaeologist,

Joseph de MaistreJoseph de Maistre

Georges SorelGeorges Sorel
02 November 1847
Philosopher, Engineer, Sociologist, Writer, Trade
Alain de BenoistAlain de Benoist
11 December 1943
Journalist, Philosopher

Jacques MaritainJacques Maritain
18 November 1882
Philosopher, Educationist, Writer

Jean BodinJean Bodin
1529 AD
jurist, philosopher, economist, historian,

Michel OnfrayMichel Onfray
01 January 1959
Philosopher, Writer, Historian, Essayist, Audio
Félix GuattariFélix Guattari
30 April 1930
Psychiatrist, Philosopher, Psychanalyst,

Gaston BachelardGaston Bachelard
27 June 1884
Philosopher, Poet, Writer, University teacher
Cornelius CastoriadisCornelius Castoriadis
11 March 1922
Philosopher, Economist, Writer, University

Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
03 May 1930
Philosopher, Linguist, University teacher,

Marcel MaussMarcel Mauss
10 May 1872
Politician, Sociologist, Ethnologist,
François QuesnayFrançois Quesnay
04 June 1694
Philosopher, Economist, Physician,

Raymond AronRaymond Aron
14 March 1905
Journalist, Philosopher, Writer, Political
Michel HenryMichel Henry
10 January 1922
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher

Benjamin ConstantBenjamin Constant
25 October 1767
Philosopher, Politician, Writer, Diarist

Nicolas MalebrancheNicolas Malebranche
06 August 1638
Philosopher, Writer, Theologian
Gabriel MarcelGabriel Marcel
07 December 1889
Playwright, Philosopher, Writer, University

George SteinerGeorge Steiner
23 April 1929
Philosopher, Novelist, Writer, University teacher,
Bernard StieglerBernard Stiegler
01 April 1952

Maurice BlanchotMaurice Blanchot
22 September 1907
Philosopher, Writer, Journalist, Literary critic

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi
22 January 1592
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Professor,

Edgar MorinEdgar Morin
08 July 1921
Politician, Philosopher, Sociologist, Director of
Pierre BaylePierre Bayle
18 November 1647
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher,
Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne
08 September 1588
Philosopher, Theologian, Mathematician,

Nicole OresmeNicole Oresme
1320 AD

Paul VirilioPaul Virilio
04 January 1932
Philosopher, Writer, Architect, Urban planner,

Louis Auguste BlanquiLouis Auguste Blanqui
08 February 1805
Philosopher, Politician, Journalist, Communard
Tzvetan TodorovTzvetan Todorov
01 March 1939
Non-fiction writer, Historian, Semiologist,

Jacques BarzunJacques Barzun
30 November 1907
Cultural historian, Historian, Philosopher,

Jean-Luc MarionJean-Luc Marion
03 July 1946
Philosopher, Theologian, Writer, University

Raphaël EnthovenRaphaël Enthoven
09 November 1975
Radio personality, Television presenter,

Michel de CerteauMichel de Certeau
17 May 1925
Historian, Philosopher, University teacher
Roger GaraudyRoger Garaudy
17 July 1913
Politician, Philosopher, Writer, Holocaust denial,

Jean-Luc NancyJean-Luc Nancy
26 July 1940
Philosopher, Historian
Étienne GilsonÉtienne Gilson
13 June 1884
Philosopher, Historian, Politician, Professor,

Alain FinkielkrautAlain Finkielkraut
30 June 1949
Philosopher, Radio personality, Writer, University

Julien Offray de La MettrieJulien Offray de La Mettrie
Quentin MeillassouxQuentin Meillassoux
26 October 1967

Georges DumézilGeorges Dumézil
04 March 1898
French philologist
Claude Adrien HelvétiusClaude Adrien Helvétius
26 January 1715
Philosopher, Writer, French moralists

Jean BuridanJean Buridan
1295 AD
philosopher, theologian, professor, logician

Maurice HalbwachsMaurice Halbwachs
11 March 1877
Sociologist, Psychologist, Philosopher, Professor,

Claude Henri de Rouvroy, comte de Saint-SimonClaude Henri de Rouvroy, comte de Saint-Simon
17 October 1760
Political and economic theorist
1288 AD
astronomer, rabbi, mathematician, philosopher

Bernard Le Bovier de FontenelleBernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle
11 February 1657
Philosopher, Poet, Writer, Playwright, Satirist,
Jean de La BruyèreJean de La Bruyère
16 August 1645

Nicholas FlamelNicholas Flamel
1340 AD
Joseph JoubertJoseph Joubert
07 May 1754
Philosopher, Essayist, Writer

Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
14 November 1898
Linguist, Poet, Librarian, Film director,
Julien BendaJulien Benda
26 December 1867
Philosopher, Writer