Famous People Born In 1766

Discover the most famous people born in 1766. The list includes people like Thomas Robert Malthus, John Dalton, José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia, Samuel Wilson, Germaine de Staël and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include composers, inventors, poets and physicists born in 1766. This list includes people from England, France, United States & Austria and many more countries.
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 1 
John Dalton
(Chemist, Physicist and Meteorologist Best Known for Developing the 'Atomic Theory')
John Dalton
12
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 6th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Eaglesfield, Cumberland, England
Died: July 27, 1844

John Dalton was an English chemist, physicist, and meteorologist most famous for introducing the atomic theory into chemistry. He also contributed a lot to the study of color blindness, sometimes referred to as Daltonism in his honor. He was the first scientist to refer to the smallest particle of matter as an “atom.” He was a Quaker and lived modestly. 

 2 
Thomas Robert Malthus
(Political Economist)
Thomas Robert Malthus
7
Listed In: Economists
Birthdate: 13th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Surrey, England
Died: December 23, 1834

Thomas Robert Malthus was an English economist and demographer, who viewed poverty as man’s unavoidable destiny. Author of An Essay on the Principle of Population; he believed that increase in national food production results in feeling of well-being, leading to population growth, which in turn results in poverty. Commonly referred as Malthusianism, it made immediate impact on British social policy.

 3 
Charles Macintosh
(Chemist, Inventor)
Charles Macintosh
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 29th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Glasgow
Died: July 25, 1843
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 4 
Joseph Radetzky von Radetz
(Governor-General of Lombardy–Venetia)
Joseph Radetzky von Radetz
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 2nd November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Sedlčany, Czechia
Died: January 5, 1858

Joseph Radetzky von Radetz had almost become a national hero in Austria for his military successes. Known as Vater, or Father Radetzky, in the army circle, the field marshal had also served as the Habsburg Empire’s chief of the general staff. One of his iconic victories was at the Battle of Custoza.  

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 5 
Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin
(British Nobleman, Soldier, Politician and Diplomat Known Primarily for the Controversial Procurement of Marble Sculptures)
Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 20th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Broomhall, Fife, Scotland
Died: November 14, 1841

Part of the Scottish royal Bruce family, Thomas Bruce, became the 7th Earl of Elgin at age 5. He later joined the army and became a Lieutenant General. A classical art lover, he later became famous for his collection of Greek marble sculptures, mainly acquired from the Parthenon in Athens.

 6 
William Hyde Wollaston
(Chemist, Physicist, Engineer, Metallurgist)
William Hyde Wollaston
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 6th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Norfolk
Died: December 22, 1828

William Hyde Wollaston was a pioneer of powder metallurgy and the first to develop malleable platinum from its ore. He is also credited with the discoveries of palladium and rhodium. A Fellow of the Royal Society, he dictated his last Bakerian lecture, as he was too ill to deliver it.

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 7 
Rodolphe Kreutzer
(French Violinist and Composer Known for Her Opera 'La mort d'Abel')
Rodolphe Kreutzer
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 15th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Versailles, France
Died: January 6, 1831
A pioneer of the French school of violin playing and a co-author of Méthode du violon, Rodolphe Kreutzer was also a fine music teacher at the Paris Conservatory. La mort d'Abel remains one of his best-known operas. He had also been a chamber musician of both Napoleon and Louis XVIII.
 8 
Franz Xaver Süssmayr
(Composer)
Franz Xaver Süssmayr
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 22nd July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Schwanenstadt, Oberösterreich, Austria
Died: September 17, 1803
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 9 
Dominique Jean Larrey
(French Military Doctor and Surgeon Who is Widely Regarded as the First Modern Military Surgeon)
Dominique Jean Larrey
0
Listed In: Surgeons
Birthdate: 8th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Beaudéan, France
Died: July 25, 1842

Dominique Jean Larrey was a French military doctor and surgeon. He is best remembered for his service during the Napoleonic Wars and the French Revolutionary Wars. A prominent innovator in triage and battlefield medicine, Dominique Jean Larrey is widely regarded as the first modern military surgeon.

 10 
Nguyễn Du
(Vietnamese poet)
Nguyễn Du
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 3rd January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hanoi, Vietnam
Died: September 16, 1820
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 11 
Germaine de Staël
(Philosopher)
Germaine de Staël
1
Birthdate: 22nd April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 14, 1817

Germaine de Staël was a French political theorist and woman of letters. She is best remembered for her collaboration with the popular  Swiss-French political thinker Benjamin Constant. Germaine, who was way ahead of her time, is widely regarded as a precursor of feminism.

 12 
Jacob Perkins
(American Inventor, Mechanical Engineer and Physicist Known for His Inventing of 'Refrigerator')
Jacob Perkins
1
Birthdate: 9th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Newburyport, Massachusetts, United States
Died: July 30, 1849

Known as the father of the refrigerator, American inventor, mechanical engineer and physicist Jacob Perkins made several useful mechanical inventions. He created improved nail machines and some of the best steel plates for engraving, invented a bathometer, became the first person in Britain to use a uniflow steam engine, and most notably built the world’s first working vapor-compression refrigeration system.

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 13 
Charlotte, Princess Royal
(Queen)
Charlotte, Princess Royal
1
Birthdate: 29th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Buckingham House, London, England
Died: October 5, 1828
 14 
Samuel Wilson
(Meat-packer)
Samuel Wilson
1
Birthdate: 13th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Arlington, Massachusetts Menotomy, Province of Massachusetts Bay
Died: July 31, 1854
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 15 
Robert Ross
(officer)
Robert Ross
1
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Rostrevor
Died: September 12, 1814
José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia
6
Listed In: Dictators
Birthdate: 6th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Yaguarón
Died: September 20, 1840

José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia went down in history as the first dictator of Paraguay. Although he had initially studied theology, he later deviated to law. Known as El Supremo, he banned all foreign trade in his bid to make Paraguay self-sufficient, thus eventually weaking it and curbing personal freedom.

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 17 
Thomas Charles Hope
(Chemist)
Thomas Charles Hope
0
Listed In: Chemists
Birthdate: 21st July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: June 13, 1844

The third son of physician and botanist John Hope, Thomas Charles Hope began his career teaching chemistry and medicine and eventually chaired medicine at the University of Glasgow. He is remembered for discovering the element strontium and also explained why icebergs float. He eventually became a Fellow of The Royal Society.

 18 
Nikolay Karamzin
(Writer)
Nikolay Karamzin
0
Birthdate: 12th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mikhaylovka, Russia
Died: June 3, 1826
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 19 
Emmanuel, comte de Las Cases
(Author)
Emmanuel, comte de Las Cases
0
Listed In: Biographers
Birthdate: 21st June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Revel, France
Died: May 15, 1842
 20 
John Leslie
(Scottish Mathematician and Physicist Who First Created 'Artificial Ice')
John Leslie
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 10th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Lower Largo, Scotland
Died: November 3, 1832

Sir John Leslie, 4th Baronet, was a Scottish physicist and mathematician remembered for conducting research into heat. In 1802, he became the first person to give the first modern account of capillary action. In 1810, Leslie froze water using an air-pump, becoming the first person to produce ice artificially. He is also known for developing a device called Leslie cube.

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 21 
Arthur Woolf
(British Engineer Famous for Inventing a High-Pressure 'Compound Steam Engine')
Arthur Woolf
0
Listed In: Engineers
Birthdate: 31st October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Camborne, England
Died: October 16, 1837

British engineer Arthur Woolf was a pioneer of the compound steam engine. Starting his career as a carpenter, he later worked for Joseph Bramah. While working at a London brewery, he began working with steam power and ended up inventing the Woolf high-pressure compound engine, almost twice efficient as James Watt’s engine.

 22 
Carlo Giuseppe Guglielmo Botta
(Historian)
Carlo Giuseppe Guglielmo Botta
0
Listed In: Historians
Birthdate: 6th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: San Giorgio Canavese, Italy
Died: August 10, 1837
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 23 
Johanna Schopenhauer
(Writer)
Johanna Schopenhauer
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 9th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Gdańsk, Poland
Died: April 17, 1838
 24 
Pierre Hyacinthe Azaïs
(Philosopher)
Pierre Hyacinthe Azaïs
0
Birthdate: 1st March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sorèze, France
Died: January 22, 1845
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 25 
Adam Laxman
(Finnish-Swedish Military Officer and Russian Envoy Who Explored Japan)
Adam Laxman
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Russia
Died: 1806 AD

Finnish-Swedish military officer and Russian envoy Adam Laxman was one of the first Imperial Russian people to explore Japan. He made a lot of effort to develop trade between Japan and Russia. However, his efforts were not too fruitful, as Japan still was not ready to open up to foreign trade or accept Christianity.

 26 
John Jones
(Lexicographer)
John Jones
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Llandovery, Wales
Died: January 10, 1827
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 27 
Samuel Wesley
(Organist)
Samuel Wesley
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 24th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bristol, England
Died: October 11, 1837
 28 
Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, duc de Richelieu
(Statesman)
Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, duc de Richelieu
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 14th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 17, 1822

Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, duc de Richelieu was a French statesman. He served as an officer in the Russian Imperial Army during the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars. He was a royalist and actively supported monarchy during the Bourbon Restoration, following which he became the prime minister of France. He was married to Alexandrine Rosalie Sabine de Rochechouart-Faudoas.  

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 29 
Agonglo
(Monarch)
Agonglo
0
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Dahomey
Died: 1797 AD
 30 
Friedrich Dionysus Weber
(Bohemian Musicologist and Composer Who Served as the First Director of the 'Prague Conservatory')
Friedrich Dionysus Weber
0
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 9th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Velichov, Czeh Republic
Died: December 25, 1842

Friedrich Dionys Weber was a musicologist and composer best remembered for his service as the first director of the famous Prague Conservatory. He controlled higher musical education in Prague and was considered the most influential musicologist of Prague at that time. Friedrich Dionys Weber also wrote many music theory textbooks, which were considered important.

 31 
Maine de Biran
(Philosopher)
Maine de Biran
0
Birthdate: 29th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bergerac, France
Died: July 20, 1824
 32 
Juste Chanlatte
(Writer)
Juste Chanlatte
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Died: 1828 AD
 33 
Robert Bloomfield
(Poet)
Robert Bloomfield
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 3rd December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Honington, England
Died: August 19, 1823
 34 
Albertine Necker de Saussure
(Genevan Educationist Known for Her Work 'l'Education Progressive')
Albertine Necker de Saussure
0
Listed In: Educators
Birthdate: 9th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Geneva, Switzerland
Died: April 13, 1841

The daughter of renowned Genevan scientist Horace-Bénédict de Saussure, Albertine Necker de Saussure conducted experiments and maintained journals in her childhood. Following her marriage to a university lecturer, she remained a strong supporter of women’s education and even penned notes for her husband’s lectures. She is remembered for her iconic work l'Education Progressive.

 35 
Barbara Fritchie
(Patriot)
Barbara Fritchie
0
Birthdate: 3rd December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Lancaster, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: December 18, 1862
 36 
Friedrich Bouterwek
(Critic)
Friedrich Bouterwek
0
Birthdate: 15th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Germany
Died: August 9, 1828
 37 
Hans Christoph Ernst von Gagern
(Freiherr)
Hans Christoph Ernst von Gagern
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 25th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kleinniedesheim, Germany
Died: October 22, 1852
 38 
Jean Charles Dominique de Lacretelle
(Historian)
Jean Charles Dominique de Lacretelle
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 3rd September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Metz, France
Died: March 26, 1855
 39 
Yaakov Yitzchak Rabinowicz
(Religious leader)
Yaakov Yitzchak Rabinowicz
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Przedbórz, Poland
Died: 1813 AD

Yaakov Yitzchak Rabinowicz was the founder and first Grand Rabbi of the Peshischa movement of Hasidic philosophy. Also known as Yehudi, he was an important figure of Polish Hasidism. He was the leading disciple of Yaakov Yitzchak of Lublin and encouraged individuality of thought and critical judgment of religious routine. His teachings had a great influence on modern Hasidism. 

 40 
Marie Thérèse de Choiseul
(Noblewoman)
Marie Thérèse de Choiseul
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 8th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 27, 1794
 41 
Carolina Nairne
(Songwriter)
Carolina Nairne
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 16th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Perthshire, Scotland
Died: October 26, 1845
 42 
Halvor Hoel
(Farmer)
Halvor Hoel
1
Birthdate: 4th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ringsaker, Norway
Died: March 5, 1852