Top

List of famous people of the 19th century who changed the world with their great deeds. Check out their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

The 19th century was a period marked by major political upheavals in several parts of the world. The era also witnessed increased industrialization and fast development of science and technology. The century is however best remembered as the era which witnessed the birth of some of the greatest—and most notorious—political figures to have ever emerged in human history. On one hand, the much revered pacifist Mahatma Gandhi was born in India during this century, while continents away, the would-be dictator and Nazi leader Adolf Hitler took birth in Europe. The 19th century also saw rampant war, widespread violence, and systematic abuse of certain sections of the society. This in turn gave birth to social rights activists, civil rights activists, and feminists like Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, Harriet Beecher Stowe, and Margaret Fuller who fought for the betterment of the society. Great scientists like Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, Thomas Edison, and Louis Pasteur were also born in this century as were the famous writers Charles Dickens, Walt Whitman, Oscar Wilde, and Emily Bronte. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 19th century.
A. A. MilneA. A. Milne
(Novelist, Playwright, Poet)

18 January 1882

31 January 1956

Kilburn, London

British

Capricorn

A. C. BensonA. C. Benson

24 April 1862

17 June 1925

British

Taurus

A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami PrabhupadaA. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
(Founder of ISKCON)

01 September 1896

14 November 1977

Kolkata

Indian

Virgo

A. E. HousmanA. E. Housman

26 March 1859

30 April 1936

Bromsgrove, Worcestershire

British

Aries

A. J. MusteA. J. Muste
(Clergyman & Political Activist)

08 January 1885

11 February 1967

Zierikzee

American

Capricorn

A. Phillip RandolphA. Philip Randolph
(Leader of the African-American civil-rights movement,)

15 April 1889

16 May 1979

Crescent City

American

Aries

A.P. HerbertA.P. Herbert
(Humorist, Novelist, Playwright & Law Reform Activist)

24 September 1890

11 November 1971

Ashtead, Surrey

British

Libra

Abraham FlexnerAbraham Flexner
(Educator)

13 November 1866

21 September 1959

Louisville

American

Scorpio

Abraham LincolnAbraham Lincoln
(American President.)

12 February 1809

15 April 1865

Hodgenville, Kentucky, U.S.

American

Aquarius

Abraham ValdelomarAbraham Valdelomar
(Narrator)

27 April 1888

03 November 1919

Pisco

Peruvian

Taurus

Ada CambridgeAda Cambridge

21 November 1844

19 July 1926

St Germans

Australian

Scorpio

Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace
(Countess of Lovelace)

10 December 1815

27 November 1852

London

British

Sagittarius

Adlai Stevenson IAdlai Stevenson I
(23rd Vice President of the United States)

23 October 1835

14 June 1914

Christian County

American

Libra

Adolf HitlerAdolf Hitler
(Nazi Leader, German Dictator and Chancellor of Germany)

20 April 1889

30 April 1945

Braunau am Inn

German

Aries

Adolf von BaeyerAdolf von Baeyer
(Chemist)

31 October 1835

20 August 1917

Berlin

German

Scorpio

Adolf von HenseltAdolf von Henselt
(Composer)

12 May 1814

10 October 1889

Schwabach

German

Taurus

Adolphe SaxAdolphe Sax
(Inventor of Saxophone)

06 November 1814

07 February 1894

Dinant

Belgian

Scorpio

Agatha ChristieAgatha Christie

15 September 1890

12 January 1976

Torquay, Devon, England

British

Virgo

Agnes ArberAgnes Arber
(Botanist)

23 February 1879

22 March 1960

London

British

Pisces

Agnes MacphailAgnes Macphail
(Canadian Politician)

24 March 1890

13 February 1954

Proton Township, Grey County, Ontario

Canadian

Aries

Ahmad JavadAhmad Javad
(Poet)

05 May 1892

13 October 1937

Shamkir District

Azerbaijani

Taurus

Al CaponeAl Capone
(Gangster)

17 January 1899

25 January 1947

Brooklyn, New York, United States

American

Capricorn

Alban BergAlban Berg
(Composer)

09 February 1885

24 December 1935

Vienna

Austrian

Aquarius

Alben W. BarkleyAlben W. Barkley
(35th Vice President of the U.S)

24 November 1877

30 April 1956

Lowes, Kentucky

American

Sagittarius

Albert Abraham MichelsonAlbert A. Michelson
(Physicist)

19 December 1852

09 May 1931

Strzelno, Kingdom of Prussia (modern Poland)

American

Sagittarius

Albert AnkerAlbert Anker
(Painter)

01 April 1831

16 July 1910

Ins

Swiss

Aries

Albert ClaudeAlbert Claude
(Cell Biologist)

24 August 1899

22 May 1983

Longlier, Neufchâteau, Belgium

Belgian

Virgo

Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein
(Father of Modern Physics)

14 March 1879

18 April 1955

Ulm, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire

German,American

Pisces

Albert JackaAlbert Jacka
(Victoria Cross Winner)

10 January 1893

17 January 1932

Winchelsea

Australian

Capricorn

Albert John LuthuliAlbert John Luthuli
(African Politician and the President of African National Congress (ANC))

04 June 1898

21 July 1967

Bulawayo, Southern Rhodesia

South African

Gemini

Albert SchweitzerAlbert Schweitzer
(Theologian, Organist, Philosopher, Physician, Medical Missionary)

14 January 1875

04 September 1965

Kaysersberg

French

Capricorn

Albert von Szent-Györgyi Albert Szent-Györgyi
(Physiologist)

16 September 1893

22 October 1986

Budapest, Austria-Hungary

Austrian,Hungarian,American

Virgo

Albert, Prince ConsortAlbert, Prince Consort
(Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha)

26 August 1819

14 December 1861

Coburg

German

Virgo

Alberta HunterAlberta Hunter

01 April 1895

17 October 1984

Memphis

American

Aries

Alberto Santos DumontAlberto Santos Dumont

20 July 1873

23 July 1932

Santos Dumont

Brazilian

Cancer

Albrecht KosselAlbrecht Kossel
(Biochemist)

16 September 1853

05 July 1927

Rostock, Germany

German

Virgo

Aldo LeopoldAldo Leopold

11 January 1887

21 April 1948

Burlington

American

Capricorn

Aldous HuxleyAldous Huxley
(Writer)

26 July 1894

22 November 1963

Godalming

British,American

Leo

Aleister CrowleyAleister Crowley

12 October 1875

01 December 1947

Leamington Spa

British

Libra

Aleksa ŠantićAleksa Šantić
(Poet)

27 May 1868

02 February 1924

Mostar

Bosniak

Gemini

Aleksandr BorodinAleksandr Borodin
(Composer, Chemist)

12 November 1833

27 February 1887

Saint Petersburg

Soviet Russian,Russian

Scorpio

Aleksandr ScriabinAleksandr Scriabin
(Russian Symbolist Composer)

06 January 1872

01 January 1970

Moscow

Soviet Russian,Russian

Capricorn

Alexander AlekhineAlexander Alekhine

31 October 1892

24 March 1946

Moscow

Soviet Russian,Russian

Scorpio

Alexander BainAlexander Bain

01 October 1811

02 January 1877

Watten

Scottish

Libra

Alexander Bain - PhilosopherAlexander Bain - Philosopher

11 June 1818

18 September 1903

Aberdeen

Scottish

Gemini

Alexander BerkmanAlexander Berkman

21 November 1870

28 June 1936

Vilnius

Soviet Russian,Russian

Scorpio

Alexander FlemingAlexander Fleming
(Biologist, Pharmacologist, Discovered Penicillin)

06 August 1881

11 March 1955

Lochfield, Ayrshire, Scotland

British

Leo

Alexander Graham BellAlexander Graham Bell
(Inventor of Telephone)

03 March 1847

02 August 1922

Edinburgh

British,American

Pisces

Alexander HerzenAlexander Herzen
(Father of Russian socialism)

06 April 1812

21 January 1870

Moscow

Russian

Aries

Alexander III of RussiaAlexander III of Russia
(Former Emperor of All Russia)

10 March 1845

01 November 1894

Saint Petersburg

Russian

Pisces

Alexander Turney StewartAlexander Turney Stewart
(Entrepreneur)

12 October 1803

10 April 1876

Lisburn

American

Libra

Alexander WoollcottAlexander Woollcott

19 January 1887

23 January 1943

Red Bank, New Jersey

American

Capricorn

Alexandra FeodorovnaAlexandra Feodorovna
(Saint)

06 June 1872

17 July 1918

Darmstadt

German

Gemini

Alexandre Auguste Ledru-RollinAlexandre Auguste Ledru-Rollin

02 February 1807

31 December 1874

Paris

French

Aquarius

Alexandre DumasAlexandre Dumas

24 July 1802

05 December 1870

French

Leo

Alexandre Émile John YersinAlexandre Yersin
(Discoverer of Yersinia Pestis)

22 September 1863

01 March 1943

Aubonne, Canton of Vaud, Switzerland

Swiss,French

Virgo

Alexis CarrelAlexis Carrel
(Surgeon, Biologist)

28 June 1873

05 November 1944

Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, Rhône, France

French

Cancer

Alexis de TocquevilleAlexis de Tocqueville

29 July 1805

16 April 1859

Paris, France

French

Leo

Alf LandonAlf Landon
(Governor of Kansas)

09 September 1887

12 October 1987

Pennsylvania

American

Virgo

Alfred AdlerAlfred Adler

07 February 1870

28 May 1937

Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus

Austrian

Aquarius

Alfred BlalockAlfred Blalock
(Surgeon)

05 April 1899

15 September 1964

Culloden

American

Aries

Alfred de MussetAlfred de Musset
(Dramatist, Poet, Novelist)

11 December 1810

02 May 1857

Paris

French

Sagittarius

Alfred DeakinAlfred Deakin
(Former Prime Minister of Australia)

03 August 1856

07 October 1919

Melbourne

Australian

Leo

Alfred DoblinAlfred Doblin
(Writer, Doctor)

10 August 1878

26 June 1957

Szczecin

German

Leo

Alfred EisenstaedtAlfred Eisenstaedt
(Father of Photojournalism)

06 December 1898

23 April 1995

Tczew, Germany

German

Sagittarius

Alfred Emanuel SmithAlfred Emanuel Smith
(Governor of New York)

30 December 1873

04 October 1944

New York City

American

Capricorn

Alfred HitchcockAlfred Hitchcock
(Film Director and Producer)

13 August 1899

29 April 1980

Leytonstone, England

British

Leo

Alfred JodlAlfred Jodl
(Military Commander, Nazi War Criminal)

10 May 1890

16 October 1946

Würzburg

German

Taurus

Alfred KinseyAlfred Kinsey
(Sexologist)

23 June 1894

25 August 1956

Hoboken

American

Cancer

Alfred KorzybskiAlfred Korzybski
(Scholar who developed the field of General Semantics)

03 July 1879

01 March 1950

Warsaw

Cancer

Alfred KroeberAlfred L. Kroeber
(Cultural Anthropologist)

11 June 1876

05 October 1960

Hoboken, New Jersey

American

Gemini

Alfred LoisyAlfred Loisy
(Priest)

28 February 1857

01 June 1940

Ambrières

French

Pisces

Alfred Lord TennysonAlfred Lord Tennyson
(Poet Laureate)

05 August 1809

06 October 1892

Somersby, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom

British

Leo

Alfred Marshall Alfred Marshall
(Economist)

26 July 1842

13 July 1924

Bermondsey

British

Leo

Alfred NobelAlfred Nobel

21 October 1833

10 December 1896

Stockholm, Sweden

Swedish

Libra

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead
(Mathematician, Philosopher)

15 February 1861

30 December 1947

Ramsgate, Kent, England

British,American

Aquarius

Alfred NoyesAlfred Noyes
(Poet)

16 September 1880

28 June 1958

Wolverhampton

British

Virgo

Alfred SloanAlfred P. Sloan
(CEO of General Motors Corporation)

23 May 1875

17 February 1966

New Haven

American

Gemini

Alfred RosenbergAlfred Rosenberg
(Nazi Party Ideologue)

12 January 1893

16 October 1946

Tallinn

German

Capricorn

Alfred Russel WallaceAlfred Russel Wallace
(Naturalist, Explorer, Geographer, Anthropologist and Biologist)

08 January 1823

07 November 1913

Llanbadoc

British

Capricorn

Alfred SisleyAlfred Sisley
(Impressionist Landscape Painter)

30 October 1839

29 January 1899

Paris

British

Scorpio

Alfred Stieglitz Alfred Stieglitz
(Photographer)

01 January 1864

13 July 1946

Hoboken

American

Capricorn

Alfred WegenerAlfred Wegener
(Researcher)

01 November 1880

31 October 1930

Berlin

German

Scorpio

Alfred WernerAlfred Werner
(Chemist)

12 December 1866

15 November 1919

Mulhouse, Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France

Swiss

Sagittarius

Alice JamesAlice James

07 August 1848

06 March 1892

American

Leo

Alice PaulAlice Paul
(Suffragist and Feminist)

11 January 1885

09 July 1977

Mount Laurel Township

American

Capricorn

Alice Roosevelt LongworthAlice Roosevelt Longworth

12 February 1884

20 February 1980

New York City

American

Aquarius

Allan DwanAllan Dwan
(Director)

03 April 1885

28 December 1981

Toronto

American

Aries

Allan PinkertonAllan Pinkerton
(American Detective)

25 August 1819

01 July 1884

Glasgow, Scotland

American,Scottish

Virgo

Allen AllensworthAllen Allensworth
(Baptist Minister, Educator, Army Officer)

07 April 1842

14 September 1914

Louisville, Kentucky

American

Aries

Allen DullesAllen Dulles
(Former Diplomat & Head of CIA)

07 April 1893

29 January 1969

Watertown, New York

American

Aries

Allen TateAllen Tate
(Poet)

19 November 1899

09 February 1979

Winchester

American

Scorpio

Allvar GullstrandAllvar Gullstrand
(Ophthalmologist)

05 June 1862

28 July 1930

Landskrona, Sweden

Swedish

Gemini

Alma GluckAlma Gluck
(Soprano)

11 May 1884

27 October 1938

Ias,i, Bucharest, Romania

American

Taurus

Almeida JuniorAlmeida Junior
(Painter)

08 May 1850

13 November 1899

Itu

Brazilian

Taurus

Alphonse DaudetAlphonse Daudet
(Novelist, Short story writer, playwright, poet)

13 May 1840

16 December 1897

Nîmes, France

French

Taurus

Alvar AaltoAlvar Aalto
(Architect)

03 February 1898

11 May 1976

Kuortane

Finnish

Aquarius

Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce Ambrose Bierce
(Journalist & Writer)

24 June 1842

01 December 1914

Meigs County, Ohio, United States

American

Cancer

Amedeo ModiglianiAmedeo Modigliani
(Painter & Sculptor)

12 July 1884

24 January 1920

Livorno

Italian

Cancer

Quote Of The Day

Famous People By Profession
Buzzing Talents
Famous People