List of famous leaders of the 19th century who ably led their countries in an era of great political transformation. Check out their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

19th century was a period of great political transformation. The Spanish, Napoleonic, Holy Roman and Mughal Empire gave way to the British, Russian, and French empires to take over. United States of America rose at a formidable rate, becoming the new World Leader. As much as the political landscape of the world witnessed a huge makeover, so did the economic policies as Industrial Revolution and globalisation grew on a large scale. In a period of rapid accelerating growth, the advancements that the century made would barely had been possible had it not been for the eminent leaders. Be it French military and political leader Napoleon Bonaparte who revolutionized Europe in his autocratic style and cemented the ideas of French Revolution or Queen Victoria who brought about a rapid social and political change in ever expanding British Empire, 19th century boasts of having a long list of significant rulers who changed the panorama of the world. While Abraham Lincoln took over the reign of United States of America for the better part of the 19th century, Italy was led by Giuseppe Mazzini and Kaiser Wilhelm II served as the last emperor of Germany. However, these are just a handful of many more prolific leaders that the century had. Explore this section to know more about the famous leaders of the 19th century.
Adolf HitlerAdolf Hitler

20 April 1889

30 April 1945

Braunau am Inn

German

Aries

Mahatma GandhiMahatma Gandhi

02 October 1869

30 January 1948

Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency, British Indian Empire

Indian

Libra

Abraham LincolnAbraham Lincoln

12 February 1809

15 April 1865

Hodgenville, Kentucky, U.S.

American

Aquarius

Theodore RooseveltTheodore Roosevelt

27 October 1858

06 January 1919

New York City

American

Scorpio

Joseph StalinJoseph Stalin

18 December 1878

05 March 1953

Gori, Georgia

Russian

Sagittarius

Queen Victoria Queen Victoria

24 May 1819

22 January 1901

Kensington Palace

British

Gemini

Swami VivekanandaSwami Vivekananda

12 January 1863

04 July 1902

Kolkata

Indian

Capricorn

Winston ChurchillWinston Churchill

30 November 1874

24 January 1965

Blenheim Palace

British

Sagittarius

Dwight D. EisenhowerDwight D. Eisenhower

14 October 1890

28 March 1969

Denison

American

Libra

Mao ZedongMao Zedong

26 December 1893

09 September 1976

Shaoshan

Chinese

Capricorn

Jawaharlal NehruJawaharlal Nehru

14 November 1889

27 May 1964

Allahabad

Indian

Scorpio

Charles de GaulleCharles de Gaulle

22 November 1890

09 November 1970

Lille

French

Scorpio

Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin

22 April 1870

21 January 1924

Ulyanovsk

Russian

Taurus

Woodrow WilsonWoodrow Wilson

28 December 1856

03 February 1924

Staunton city

American

Capricorn

Benjamin DisraeliBenjamin Disraeli

21 December 1804

19 April 1881

Bloomsbury, London

British

Sagittarius

Annie BesantAnnie Besant

01 October 1847

20 September 1933

Clapham

British

Libra

Benito MussoliniBenito Mussolini

29 July 1883

28 April 1945

Predappio

Italian

Leo

Grover ClevelandGrover Cleveland

18 March 1837

24 June 1908

Caldwell

American

Pisces

Harry S. TrumanHarry S. Truman

08 May 1884

26 December 1972

Lamar

American

Taurus

Ulysses S. GrantUlysses S. Grant

27 April 1822

23 July 1885

Point Pleasant

American

Taurus

Subhas Chandra BoseSubhas Chandra Bose

23 January 1897

18 August 1945

Cuttack

Indian

Aquarius

Otto von BismarckOtto von Bismarck

01 April 1815

30 July 1898

Schönhausen

German

Aries

Joseph GoebbelsJoseph Goebbels

29 October 1897

01 May 1945

Rheydt

German

Scorpio

B. R. AmbedkarB. R. Ambedkar

14 April 1891

06 December 1956

Mhow

Indian

Aries

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky

07 November 1879

21 August 1940

Kherson Oblast

Soviet Russian,Russian

Scorpio

Nikita KhrushchevNikita Khrushchev

15 April 1894

11 September 1971

Kalinovka, Dmitriyevsky Uyezd, Kursk Governorate, Russian Empire

Soviet Russian,Russian

Aries

Robert E. LeeRobert E. Lee

19 January 1807

12 October 1870

Stratford Hall

American

Capricorn

Herbert HooverHerbert Hoover

10 August 1874

20 October 1964

West Branch

American

Leo

Francisco FrancoFrancisco Franco

04 December 1892

20 November 1975

Ferrol

Spanish

Sagittarius

William McKinleyWilliam McKinley

29 January 1843

14 September 1901

Niles

American

Aquarius

Douglas MacArthurDouglas MacArthur

26 January 1880

05 April 1964

Little Rock

American

Aquarius

Eleanor RooseveltEleanor Roosevelt

11 October 1884

07 November 1962

New York City, New York, USA

American

Libra

Harriet TubmanHarriet Tubman

1820 AD

10 March 1913

Maryland, USA

American

Warren G. HardingWarren G. Harding

02 November 1865

02 August 1923

Blooming Grove

American

Scorpio

Chiang Kai-shekChiang Kai-shek

31 October 1887

05 April 1975

Xikou

Chinese

Scorpio

William Howard TaftWilliam Howard Taft

15 September 1857

08 March 1930

Cincinnati

American

Virgo

Jose RizalJose Rizal

19 June 1861

30 December 1896

Calamba, Laguna

Filipino

Gemini

Andrew Johnson - 17 President of the United States of America From April 15, 1865 to March 4, 1869Andrew Johnson

29 December 1808

31 July 1875

Raleigh, North Carolina, U.S.

American

Capricorn

Calvin CoolidgeCalvin Coolidge

04 July 1872

05 January 1933

Plymouth Notch, Vermont

American

Cancer

Muhammad Ali JinnahMuhammad Ali Jinnah

25 December 1876

11 September 1948

Karachi

Pakistani

Capricorn

Haile SelassieHaile Selassie

23 July 1892

27 August 1975

Ejersa Goro

Ethiopian

Cancer

Ho Chi MinhHo Chi Minh

19 May 1890

02 September 1969

Nghe An Province

Vietnamese

Taurus

James A. GarfieldJames A. Garfield

19 November 1831

19 September 1881

Moreland Hills

American

Scorpio

Jefferson DavisJefferson Davis

03 June 1808

06 December 1889

Fairview

American

Gemini

Booker T. WashingtonBooker T. Washington

05 April 1856

14 November 1915

Hale's Ford, Virginia, U.S.

American

Aries

Pancho VillaPancho Villa

05 June 1878

20 July 1923

Durango

Mexican

Gemini

Ibn SaudIbn Saud

15 January 1876

09 November 1953

Riyadh

Saudi Arabian

Capricorn

Neville ChamberlainNeville Chamberlain

18 March 1869

09 November 1940

Birmingham

British

Pisces

Josip Broz TitoJosip Broz Tito

07 May 1892

04 May 1980

Kumrovec

Yugoslav

Taurus

Marcus Mosiah Garvey JrMarcus Garvey

17 August 1887

10 June 1940

Jamaican

Leo

Pope John XXIIIPope John XXIII

25 November 1881

03 June 1963

Sotto il Monte

Italian

Sagittarius

William Tecumseh ShermanWilliam Tecumseh Sherman

08 February 1820

14 February 1891

Lancaster

American

Aquarius

Sitting BullSitting Bull

1831 AD

15 December 1890

Grand River

American

Franklin PierceFranklin Pierce

23 November 1804

08 October 1869

Hillsborough

American

Sagittarius

Sai Baba of ShirdiSai Baba of Shirdi

28 September 1835

15 October 1918

Pathri

Indian

Libra

Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of AlameinBernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein

17 November 1887

24 March 1976

Kennington

British

Scorpio

Philippe PétainPhilippe Pétain

24 April 1856

23 July 1951

Cauchy-à-la-Tour

French

Taurus

Rutherford B. HayesRutherford B. Hayes

04 October 1822

17 January 1893

Delaware

American

Libra

Alexander III of RussiaAlexander III of Russia

10 March 1845

01 November 1894

Saint Petersburg

Russian

Pisces

Millard FillmoreMillard Fillmore

07 January 1800

08 March 1874

Summerhill

American

Capricorn

Chester A. ArthurChester A. Arthur

05 October 1829

18 November 1886

Fairfield, Vermont

American

Libra

Benjamin HarrisonBenjamin Harrison

20 August 1833

13 March 1901

North Bend

American

Leo

Brigham Young Brigham Young

01 June 1801

29 August 1877

Whitingham

American

Gemini

David Lloyd GeorgeDavid Lloyd George

17 January 1863

26 March 1945

Chorlton-on-Medlock

British,Welsh

Capricorn

Golda MeirGolda Meir

03 May 1898

08 December 1978

Kiev, Russian Empire

Israeli,Soviet Russian

Taurus

William Jennings BryanWilliam Jennings Bryan

19 March 1860

26 July 1925

Salem

American

Pisces

Juan PerónJuan Perón

08 October 1895

01 July 1974

Lobos

Argentine

Libra

Bal Gangadhar TilakBal Gangadhar Tilak

23 July 1856

01 August 1920

Ratnagiri, British India (present-day Maharashtra, India)

Indian

Cancer

Jiddu KrishnamurtiJiddu Krishnamurti

12 May 1895

17 February 1986

Madanapalle

Indian

Taurus

Clement AttleeClement Attlee

03 January 1883

08 October 1967

Putney

British

Capricorn

Eugene V. DebsEugene V. Debs

05 November 1855

20 October 1926

Terre Haute

American

Scorpio

Michael CollinsMichael Collins

16 October 1890

22 August 1922

County Cork, Republic of Ireland

Irish

Libra

Huey LongHuey Long

30 August 1893

10 September 1935

Winnfield

American

Virgo

Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanSarvepalli Radhakrishnan

05 September 1888

17 April 1975

Thiruttani

Indian

Virgo

Isoroku YamamotoIsoroku Yamamoto

04 April 1884

18 April 1943

Nagaoka, Niigata, Japan

Japanese

Aries

Nathan Bedford ForrestNathan Bedford Forrest

13 July 1821

29 October 1877

Chapel Hill

American

Cancer

Georgy ZhukovGeorgy Zhukov

01 December 1896

18 June 1974

Zhukov, Kaluga Oblast

Russian

Sagittarius

David Ben-GurionDavid Ben-Gurion

16 October 1886

01 December 1973

Płonsk, Poland

Israeli

Libra

Omar N BradleyOmar Bradley

12 February 1893

08 April 1981

Clark

American

Aquarius

Giuseppe GaribaldiGiuseppe Garibaldi

04 July 1807

02 June 1882

Nice

Italian

Cancer

Konrad AdenauerKonrad Adenauer

05 January 1876

19 April 1967

Cologne

German

Capricorn

Emiliano ZapataEmiliano Zapata

08 August 1879

10 April 1919

Anenecuilco, Mexico

Mexican

Leo

Earl WarrenEarl Warren

19 March 1891

09 July 1974

Los Angeles

American

Pisces

Rosa LuxemburgRosa Luxemburg

05 March 1871

15 January 1919

Zamos'c'

German,Polish

Pisces

Lester B. PearsonLester B. Pearson

23 April 1897

27 December 1972

Newtonbrook, Toronto, Ontario

Canadian

Taurus

Smedley ButlerSmedley Butler

30 July 1881

21 June 1940

West Chester, Pennsylvania, US

American

Leo

George MarshallGeorge Marshall

31 December 1880

16 October 1959

Uniontown

American

Capricorn

Rajendra PrasadRajendra Prasad

03 December 1884

28 February 1963

Ziradei, Siwan, Bihar

Indian

Sagittarius

William Ewart GladstoneWilliam Ewart Gladstone

29 December 1809

19 May 1898

Liverpool

British

Capricorn

Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-PowellRobert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

22 February 1857

08 January 1941

Paddington

British

Pisces

Madan Mohan MalaviyaMadan Mohan Malaviya

25 December 1861

12 November 1946

Allahabad, India

Indian

Capricorn

Charles George GordonCharles George Gordon

28 January 1833

26 January 1885

London

British

Aquarius

Éamon de ValeraÉamon de Valera

14 October 1882

29 August 1975

New York City

American

Libra

Paramahansa YoganandaParamahansa Yogananda

05 January 1893

07 March 1952

Gorakhpur

Indian

Capricorn

Chief JosephChief Joseph

03 March 1840

21 September 1904

Wallowa River

American

Pisces

Anthony EdenAnthony Eden

12 June 1897

14 January 1977

Windlestone Hall

British

Gemini

Bernadette SoubirousBernadette Soubirous

07 January 1844

16 April 1879

Lourdes

French

Capricorn

H. H. AsquithH. H. Asquith

12 September 1852

15 February 1928

Morley

British

Virgo

Alfred JodlAlfred Jodl

10 May 1890

16 October 1946

Würzburg

German

Taurus

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