Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Writers, including Lucy Maud Montgomery, Ernest Hemingway, Edgar Allan Poe, Charles Dickens and Mark Twain

19th century was a period of writer’s paradise – with so many literary giants and eminent authors who penned classics one after the other, how else can one describe the period? Literature flourished and burgeoned in its full bloom during the century with the world having some of the most influential writers take to pen to churn out archetypal books that have defined various literary genres. Their body of work are today considered magnum opuses. Though a century has passed on from thence, their greatness can still be felt in their books and volumes that mirror their outstanding capabilities and their monumental achievements. When Charles Dickens took to pen, out came classics such as ‘Oliver Twist’, ‘David Copperfield’ and ‘Great Expectations’ that depicted the social condition of Victorian Britain. Walt Whitman dodged convention when he came up with his literary masterpiece ‘Leaves of Grass’. Have you grown up reading the tales of the characters of Rip Van Winkle or Ichabod Crane? If yes, then you have Washington Irving to thank for your first literary experience. Ralph Waldo Emerson started what eventually became known as Era of Transcendentalism in literature when he penned his essays. However, these are just a handful of the numerous magnificent writers that 19th century bestowed upon us. It is to these great legendary litterateurs that we have this segment here. Read on to find out more about famous writers of the 19th century.
Lucy Maud MontgomeryLucy Maud Montgomery

30 November 1874

24 April 1942

Clifton, Prince Edward Island

Canadian

Sagittarius

Ernest HemingwayErnest Hemingway

21 July 1899

02 July 1961

Oak Park

American

Cancer

Edgar Allan PoeEdgar Allan Poe

19 January 1809

07 October 1849

Boston, Massachusetts, United States

American

Capricorn

Charles DickensCharles Dickens

07 February 1812

09 June 1870

Landport

British

Aquarius

Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore

07 May 1861

07 August 1941

India

Indian

Taurus

Helen KellerHelen Keller

27 June 1880

01 June 1968

Tuscumbia

American

Cancer

Mark TwainMark Twain

30 November 1835

21 April 1910

Florida

American

Sagittarius

J R R TolkienJ. R. R. Tolkien

03 January 1892

02 September 1973

Bloemfontein, Orange Free State

British

Capricorn

Oscar WildeOscar Wilde

16 October 1854

30 November 1900

Dublin, Republic of Ireland

Irish

Libra

H. P. LovecraftH. P. Lovecraft

20 August 1890

15 March 1937

Providence

American

Leo

C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis

29 November 1898

22 November 1963

Belfast

Irish,British,Welsh

Sagittarius

Lord ByronLord Byron

22 January 1788

19 April 1824

Dover, United Kingdom

British

Aquarius

Franz KafkaFranz Kafka

03 July 1883

03 June 1924

Prague, Austria-Hungary

Austrian

Cancer

Jose RizalJose Rizal

19 June 1861

30 December 1896

Calamba, Laguna

Filipino

Gemini

Aldous HuxleyAldous Huxley

26 July 1894

22 November 1963

Godalming

British,American

Leo

Agatha ChristieAgatha Christie

15 September 1890

12 January 1976

Torquay, Devon, England

British

Virgo

Aleister CrowleyAleister Crowley

12 October 1875

01 December 1947

Leamington Spa

British

Libra

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky

07 November 1879

21 August 1940

Kherson Oblast

Soviet Russian,Russian

Scorpio

Leo TolstoyLeo Tolstoy

09 September 1828

20 November 1910

Yasnaya Polyana

Soviet Russian,Russian

Virgo

Virginia WoolfVirginia Woolf

25 January 1882

28 March 1941

England

British

Aquarius

Rudyard KiplingRudyard Kipling

30 December 1865

18 January 1936

India

British

Capricorn

F. Scott FitzgeraldF. Scott Fitzgerald

24 September 1896

21 December 1940

Saint Paul

American

Libra

Henry David ThoreauHenry David Thoreau

12 July 1817

06 May 1862

Concord

American

Cancer

Sarojini NaiduSarojini Naidu

13 February 1879

02 March 1949

India

Indian

Aquarius

Ralph Waldo EmersionRalph Waldo Emerson

25 May 1803

27 April 1882

U.S.

American

Gemini

Robert FrostRobert Frost

26 March 1874

29 January 1963

San Francisco, California,, United States

American

Aries

Lewis CarrollLewis Carroll

27 January 1832

14 January 1898

England

British

Aquarius

Walt WhitmanWalt Whitman

31 May 1819

26 March 1892

U.S.

American

Gemini

Victor HugoVictor Hugo

26 February 1802

22 May 1885

France

French

Pisces

Muhammad IqbalMuhammad Iqbal

09 November 1877

21 April 1938

Sialkot, Punjab, British India

Pakistani

Scorpio

James JoyceJames Joyce

02 February 1882

13 January 1941

Rathgar, Dublin

Irish

Aquarius

George Bernard ShawGeorge Bernard Shaw

26 July 1856

02 November 1950

Dublin

Irish

Leo

Hans Christian AndersenHans Christian Andersen

02 April 1805

04 August 1875

Odense

Danish

Aries

Emily DickinsonEmily Dickinson

10 December 1830

15 May 1886

Amherst

American

Sagittarius

William FaulknerWilliam Faulkner

25 September 1897

06 July 1962

New Albany, Mississippi, U.S

American

Libra

Jules VerneJules Verne

08 February 1828

24 March 1905

Nantes

French

Aquarius

Robert Louis StevensonRobert Louis Stevenson

13 November 1850

03 December 1894

Edinburgh, Scotland

Scottish

Scorpio

Herman MelvilleHerman Melville

01 August 1819

28 September 1891

New York City

American

Leo

Ezra PoundEzra Pound

30 October 1885

01 November 1972

Hailey, Idaho, United States

American

Scorpio

Nathaniel HawthorneNathaniel Hawthorne

04 July 1804

19 May 1864

Salem, Massachusetts, United States

American

Cancer

Jack LondonJack London

12 January 1876

22 November 1916

San Francisco

American

Capricorn

Marquis de SadeMarquis de Sade

02 June 1740

02 December 1814

Paris

French

Gemini

Thomas HardyThomas Hardy

02 June 1840

11 January 1928

England

British

Gemini

Anton ChekhovAnton Chekhov

29 January 1860

15 July 1904

Taganrog, Russian Empire

Soviet Russian,Russian

Aquarius

Vladimir NabokovVladimir Nabokov

22 April 1899

02 July 1977

Saint Petersburg

American,Russian

Taurus

Alexandre DumasAlexandre Dumas

24 July 1802

05 December 1870

French

Leo

Jorge Luis BorgesJorge Luis Borges

24 August 1899

14 June 1986

Buenos Aires

Argentine

Virgo

Bertolt BrechtBertolt Brecht

10 February 1898

14 August 1956

Augsburg, German Empire

German

Aquarius

William Morris William Morris

24 March 1834

03 October 1896

Walthamstow, England

British

Aries

Charlotte BronteCharlotte Bronte

21 April 1816

31 March 1855

Thornton, Yorkshire, England

British

Taurus

Marcel ProustMarcel Proust

10 July 1871

18 November 1922

Auteuil-Neuilly-Passy

French

Cancer

Joseph ConradJoseph Conrad

03 December 1857

03 August 1924

Berdychiv

Polish,British

Sagittarius

Gertrude SteinGertrude Stein

03 February 1874

27 July 1946

Allegheny, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States

American

Aquarius

John RuskinJohn Ruskin

08 February 1819

20 January 1900

England

British

Aquarius

D. H. LawrenceD. H. Lawrence

11 September 1885

02 March 1930

Eastwood

British

Virgo

Bram StokerBram Stoker

08 November 1847

20 April 1912

Clontarf, Dublin, Ireland

Irish

Scorpio

George EliotGeorge Eliot

22 November 1819

22 December 1880

Warwickshire, England

British

Scorpio

Emile ZolaEmile Zola

02 April 1840

29 September 1902

Paris

French

Aries

O. HenryO. Henry

11 September 1862

05 June 1910

Greensboro, North Carolina

American

Virgo

Upton SinclairUpton Sinclair

20 September 1878

25 November 1968

Baltimore, Maryland

American

Virgo

Wilfred OwenWilfred Owen

18 March 1893

04 November 1918

Oswestry

British

Pisces

Henry JamesHenry James

15 April 1843

28 February 1916

New York City

American

Aries

Guy de MaupassantGuy de Maupassant

05 August 1850

06 July 1893

château de Miromesnil, France

French

Leo

P L TraversP. L. Travers

09 August 1899

23 April 1996

Maryborough, Queensland, Australia

Australian

Leo

Hermann HesseHermann Hesse

02 July 1877

09 August 1962

Calw

Swiss,German

Cancer

Charles BaudelaireCharles Baudelaire

09 April 1821

31 August 1867

Paris

French

Aries

Laura Ingalls WilderLaura Ingalls Wilder

07 February 1867

10 February 1957

Pepin

American

Aquarius

Emma GoldmanEmma Goldman

27 June 1869

14 May 1940

Kaunas

American

Cancer

Emily BrontëEmily Brontë

30 July 1818

19 December 1848

Thornton, West Yorkshire

British

Leo

Henrik IbsenHenrik Ibsen

20 March 1828

23 May 1906

Skien

Norwegian

Pisces

Paul Thomas MannThomas Mann

06 June 1875

12 August 1955

Lübeck, Germany

German,American

Gemini

Harriet Beecher StoweHarriet Beecher Stowe

14 June 1811

01 July 1896

Litchfield

American

Gemini

Henry Wadsworth LongfellowHenry Wadsworth Longfellow

27 February 1807

24 March 1882

Portland, Maine, U.S.

American

Pisces

Arthur RimbaudArthur Rimbaud

20 October 1854

10 November 1891

Charleville-Mézières

French

Libra

Enid BlytonEnid Blyton

11 August 1897

28 November 1968

East Dulwich, London, England

British

Leo

Federico García LorcaFederico García Lorca

05 June 1898

19 August 1936

Fuente Vaqueros

Spanish

Gemini

E. E. CummingsE. E. Cummings

14 October 1894

03 September 1962

Cambridge, Massachusetts

American

Libra

Beatrix PotterBeatrix Potter

28 July 1866

22 December 1943

Kensington

British

Leo

SakiSaki

18 December 1870

13 November 1916

Sittwe

British

Sagittarius

Robert BrowningRobert Browning

07 May 1812

12 December 1889

Camberwell

British

Taurus

Louisa May AlcottLouisa May Alcott

29 November 1832

06 March 1888

Germantown, Pennsylvania, United States

American

Sagittarius

Zora Neale HurstonZora Neale Hurston

07 January 1891

28 January 1960

Notasulga

American

Capricorn

Edgar Rice BurroughsEdgar Rice Burroughs

01 September 1875

19 March 1950

Chicago

American

Virgo

A. A. MilneA. A. Milne

18 January 1882

31 January 1956

Kilburn, London

British

Capricorn

Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori

31 August 1870

06 May 1952

Chiaravalle (Ancona), Italy

Italian

Virgo

Ishwar Chandra VidyasagarIshwar Chandra Vidyasagar

26 September 1820

29 July 1891

Paschim Midnapore District, West Bengal, India

Indian

Libra

Raymond ChandlerRaymond Chandler

23 July 1888

26 March 1959

Chicago

American

Cancer

George SandGeorge Sand

01 July 1804

08 June 1876

French

Cancer

Edith WhartonEdith Wharton

24 January 1862

11 August 1937

New York City

American

Aquarius

Napoleon HillNapoleon Hill

26 October 1883

08 November 1970

Pound, Virginia

American

Scorpio

Rainer Maria RilkeRainer Maria Rilke

04 December 1875

29 December 1926

Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary

Austrian

Sagittarius

Siegfried SassoonSiegfried Sassoon

08 September 1886

01 September 1967

Matfield, Kent, England

British

Virgo

Elizabeth Barrett BrowningElizabeth Barrett Browning

06 March 1806

29 June 1861

Kelloe, Durham, England

British

Pisces

E. M. ForsterE. M. Forster

01 January 1879

07 June 1970

Marylebone

British

Capricorn

Jean CocteauJean Cocteau

05 July 1889

11 October 1963

Maisons-Laffitte

French

Cancer

Maxim GorkyMaxim Gorky

28 March 1868

18 June 1936

Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Empire

Russian

Aries

George SantayanaGeorge Santayana

16 December 1863

26 September 1952

Madrid

Spanish,American

Sagittarius

Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce Ambrose Bierce

24 June 1842

01 December 1914

Meigs County, Ohio, United States

American

Cancer

Munshi PremchandMunshi Premchand

31 July 1880

08 October 1936

Lamhi

Indian,British

Leo

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