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List of the famous scientists of the 19th century who unlocked the secrets of the world with their discoveries.

Imagine the world sans Thomas Alva Edison, Alfred Nobel, Alexander Graham Bell Louis Pasteur or Joseph Gayetty? There would have been no light bulb, no dynamite, no telephone, no pasteurization and no toilet paper even! Hard to believe isn’t it? These things that have been a regular part of our existence today have evolved over the years but they were first invented by scientists’ way back in the 19th century. And not just this, 19th century was home to a long list of other eminent scientists, Samuel Morse who invented the telegraph and Morse Code, John Froehlich who gave the world its first as powered tractor, Luther Burbank who discovered hundreds of new plant varieties, Humphry Davy who is best known for discovering sodium, potassium calcium and first electric light and so on. Did you know Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction in 1831 and Christian Doppler gave the world knowledge about the Doppler Effect in 1842? When James Clark Maxwell defined the theory of electromagnetism, the world saw physics in new light. Check this section to know more about famous 19th century scientists.
Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace

10 December 1815

27 November 1852

London

British

Sagittarius

Adolf von BaeyerAdolf von Baeyer

31 October 1835

20 August 1917

Berlin

German

Scorpio

Agnes ArberAgnes Arber

23 February 1879

22 March 1960

London

British

Pisces

Albert Abraham MichelsonAlbert A. Michelson

19 December 1852

09 May 1931

Strzelno, Kingdom of Prussia (modern Poland)

American

Sagittarius

Albert ClaudeAlbert Claude

24 August 1899

22 May 1983

Longlier, Neufchâteau, Belgium

Belgian

Virgo

Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein

14 March 1879

18 April 1955

Ulm, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire

German,American

Pisces

Albert von Szent-Györgyi Albert Szent-Györgyi

16 September 1893

22 October 1986

Budapest, Austria-Hungary

Austrian,Hungarian,American

Virgo

Albrecht KosselAlbrecht Kossel

16 September 1853

05 July 1927

Rostock, Germany

German

Virgo

Aldo LeopoldAldo Leopold

11 January 1887

21 April 1948

Burlington

American

Capricorn

Aleksandr BorodinAleksandr Borodin

12 November 1833

27 February 1887

Saint Petersburg

Soviet Russian,Russian

Scorpio

Alexander BainAlexander Bain

01 October 1811

02 January 1877

Watten

Scottish

Libra

Alexander FlemingAlexander Fleming

06 August 1881

11 March 1955

Lochfield, Ayrshire, Scotland

British

Leo

Alexander Graham BellAlexander Graham Bell

03 March 1847

02 August 1922

Edinburgh

British,American

Pisces

Alexandre Émile John YersinAlexandre Yersin

22 September 1863

01 March 1943

Aubonne, Canton of Vaud, Switzerland

Swiss,French

Virgo

Alexis CarrelAlexis Carrel

28 June 1873

05 November 1944

Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, Rhône, France

French

Cancer

Alfred KinseyAlfred Kinsey

23 June 1894

25 August 1956

Hoboken

American

Cancer

Alfred NobelAlfred Nobel

21 October 1833

10 December 1896

Stockholm, Sweden

Swedish

Libra

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead

15 February 1861

30 December 1947

Ramsgate, Kent, England

British,American

Aquarius

Alfred Russel WallaceAlfred Russel Wallace

08 January 1823

07 November 1913

Llanbadoc

British

Capricorn

Alfred WegenerAlfred Wegener

01 November 1880

31 October 1930

Berlin

German

Scorpio

Alfred WernerAlfred Werner

12 December 1866

15 November 1919

Mulhouse, Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France

Swiss

Sagittarius

Annie Jump CannonAnnie Jump Cannon

11 December 1863

13 April 1941

Dover

American

Sagittarius

Archibald HillArchibald Hill

26 September 1886

03 June 1977

Bristol

British

Libra

Arnold SommerfeldArnold Sommerfeld

05 December 1868

26 April 1951

Königsberg

German

Sagittarius

Arthur CayleyArthur Cayley

16 August 1821

26 January 1895

Richmond, Surrey, UK

British

Leo

Arthur ComptonArthur Compton

10 September 1892

15 March 1962

Wooster, Ohio, USA

American

Virgo

Arthur EddingtonArthur Eddington

28 December 1882

22 November 1944

Kendal

British

Capricorn

Arthur Harden Arthur Harden

12 October 1865

17 June 1940

Manchester, Lancashire, England, United Kingdom

British

Libra

August KroghAugust Krogh

15 November 1874

13 September 1949

Grenå

Danish

Scorpio

Bernhard RiemannBernhard Riemann

17 September 1826

20 July 1866

Breselenz

German

Virgo

Birbal SahniBirbal Sahni

1891 AD

10 April 1949

Saharanpur district

Indian

C.V. RamanC.V. Raman

07 November 1888

21 November 1970

Tiruchirappalli, Madras Province

Indian

Scorpio

Camillo GolgiCamillo Golgi

07 July 1843

21 January 1926

Corteno, Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, Italy

Italian

Cancer

Carl Bosch Carl Bosch

27 August 1874

26 April 1940

Cologne, Germany

German

Virgo

Carl Ferdinand CoriCarl Ferdinand Cori

05 December 1896

20 October 1984

Prague, Czech Republic

Australian

Sagittarius

Carl Gustav Jacob JacobiCarl Gustav Jacob Jacobi

10 December 1804

18 February 1851

Potsdam

German

Sagittarius

Carl Ludwig SiegelCarl Ludwig Siegel

31 December 1896

04 April 1981

Berlin, German Empire

German

Capricorn

Chaim WeizmannChaim Weizmann

27 November 1874

09 November 1952

Motal

British

Sagittarius

Charles BestCharles Best

27 February 1899

31 March 1978

Washington County, Maine

Canadian,American

Pisces

Charles DarwinCharles Darwin

12 February 1809

19 April 1882

Shrewsbury

British

Aquarius

Charles Édouard GuillaumeCharles Édouard Guillaume

15 February 1861

13 May 1938

Fleurier

Swiss

Aquarius

Charles Glover BarklaCharles Glover Barkla

07 June 1877

23 October 1944

Widnes, Lancashire, England

British

Gemini

Charles Greeley AbbotCharles Greeley Abbot

31 May 1872

17 December 1973

Wilton

American

Gemini

Charles HermiteCharles Hermite

24 December 1822

14 January 1901

Dieuze

French

Capricorn

Charles NicolleCharles Nicolle

21 September 1866

28 February 1936

Rouen

French

Virgo

Charles Robert Richet Charles Richet

25 August 1850

04 December 1935

Paris, France

French

Virgo

Charles Scott SherringtonCharles Scott Sherrington

27 November 1857

04 March 1952

Islington

British

Sagittarius

Charles Thomson Rees WilsonCharles Thomson Rees Wilson

14 February 1869

15 November 1959

Midlothian, Scotland

British

Aquarius

Christiaan EijkmanChristiaan Eijkman

11 August 1858

05 November 1930

Nijkerk

Dutch

Leo

Christian DopplerChristian Doppler

29 November 1803

17 March 1853

Salzburg, Austria

Austrian

Sagittarius

Claude BernardClaude Bernard

12 July 1813

10 February 1878

Saint-Julien, Rhône

French

Cancer

Clinton DavissonClinton Davisson

22 October 1881

01 February 1958

Bloomington, Illinois, USA

American

Libra

David HilbertDavid Hilbert

23 January 1862

14 February 1943

Königsberg or Wehlau, Province of Prussia (today Znamensk, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia)

German

Aquarius

Dmitri MendeleevDmitri Mendeleev

08 February 1834

02 February 1907

Tobolsk

Russian

Aquarius

Douglas MawsonDouglas Mawson

05 May 1882

14 October 1958

Shipley

Australian

Taurus

Eduard BuchnerEduard Buchner

20 May 1860

13 August 1917

Munich

German

Taurus

Edward Arthur MilneEdward Arthur Milne

14 February 1896

21 September 1950

Kingston upon Hull

British

Aquarius

Edward Calvin KendallEdward Calvin Kendall

08 March 1886

04 May 1972

South Norwalk, Connecticut, USA

American

Pisces

Edward Victor AppletonEdward Victor Appleton

06 September 1892

21 April 1965

Bradford

British

Virgo

Edwin Powell HubbleEdwin Powell Hubble

20 November 1889

28 September 1953

Marshfield, Missouri, USA

American

Scorpio

Emil Adolf von BehringEmil Adolf von Behring

15 March 1854

31 March 1917

Ławice

German

Pisces

Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether

23 March 1882

14 April 1935

Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany

German

Aries

Ernest RutherfordErnest Rutherford

30 August 1871

19 October 1937

Brightwater, New Zealand

New Zealander,British

Virgo

Ernst HaeckelErnst Haeckel

16 February 1834

09 August 1919

Potsdam

German

Aquarius

Ernst MachErnst Mach

18 February 1838

19 February 1916

Brno

Austrian

Aquarius

Erwin SchrödingerErwin Schrödinger

12 August 1887

04 January 1961

Vienna

Austrian

Leo

Évariste GaloisÉvariste Galois

25 October 1811

31 May 1832

Bourg-la-Reine, French Empire

French

Scorpio

Felix Christian KleinFelix Christian Klein

25 April 1849

22 June 1925

Düsseldorf

German

Taurus

Ferdinand CohnFerdinand Cohn

24 January 1828

25 June 1898

Wrocław, Poland

Polish

Aquarius

Ferdinand von MuellerFerdinand von Mueller

30 June 1825

10 October 1896

Rostock, Germany

Australian,German

Cancer

Ferdinand Freiherr von Richthofen Ferdinand von Richthofen

05 May 1833

06 October 1905

Carlsruhe, Prussian Silesia

German

Taurus

Francis William AstonFrancis William Aston

01 September 1877

20 November 1945

Harborne, Birmingham

British

Virgo

Frank Macfarlane BurnetFrank Macfarlane Burnet

03 September 1899

31 August 1985

Traralgon

Australian

Virgo

Frederick BantingFrederick Banting

14 November 1891

21 February 1941

Alliston

Canadian

Scorpio

Frederick Gowland HopkinsFrederick Gowland Hopkins

20 June 1861

16 May 1947

Eastbourne

British

Gemini

Frederick SoddyFrederick Soddy

02 September 1877

22 September 1956

Eastbourne

British

Virgo

Friedrich Karl Rudolf Bergius Friedrich Bergius

11 October 1884

30 March 1949

Breslau (Wrocław), Germany

German

Libra

Fritz ZernikeFrits Zernike

16 July 1888

10 March 1966

Amsterdam, Netherlands

Dutch

Cancer

Fritz HaberFritz Haber

09 December 1868

29 January 1934

Wrocław

German

Sagittarius

G. H. HardyG. H. Hardy

07 February 1877

01 December 1947

Cranleigh, Surrey, England

British

Aquarius

Gabriel LippmannGabriel Lippmann

16 August 1845

13 July 1921

Bonnevoie/Bouneweg, Luxembourg (since 1921 part of Luxembourg City)

French

Leo

Georg CantorGeorg Cantor

03 March 1845

06 January 1918

Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire

German

Pisces

Georg WittigGeorg Wittig

16 June 1897

26 August 1987

Berlin, Germany

German

Gemini

George BooleGeorge Boole

02 November 1815

08 December 1864

Lincoln

British

Scorpio

George Paget ThomsonGeorge Paget Thomson

03 May 1892

10 September 1975

Cambridge

British

Taurus

George Washington CarverGeorge Washington Carver

01 January 1864

05 January 1943

Diamond, Missouri, U.S.

American

Capricorn

Georges LemaîtreGeorges Lemaître

17 July 1894

20 June 1966

Charleroi, Belgium

Belgian

Cancer

Gerty CoriGerty Cori

15 August 1896

26 October 1957

Prague

American

Leo

Gregor MendelGregor Mendel

22 July 1822

06 January 1884

Heinzendorf bei Odrau, Austrian Empire

Austrian

Cancer

Gustav KirchhoffGustav Kirchhoff

12 March 1824

17 October 1887

Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia

German

Pisces

Gustav Ludwig HertzGustav Ludwig Hertz

22 July 1887

30 October 1975

Hamburg

German

Cancer

Hans Fischer Hans Fischer

27 July 1881

31 March 1945

Höchst on Main, Germany

German

Leo

Harold UreyHarold Urey

29 April 1893

05 January 1981

Walkerton

American

Taurus

Heike Kamerlingh OnnesHeike Kamerlingh Onnes

21 September 1853

21 February 1926

Groningen, Netherlands

Dutch

Virgo

Heinrich HertzHeinrich Hertz

22 February 1857

01 January 1894

Hamburg

German

Pisces

Heinrich Otto WielandHeinrich Otto Wieland

04 June 1877

05 August 1957

Pforzheim

German

Gemini

Hendrik LorentzHendrik Lorentz

18 July 1853

04 February 1928

Arnhem

Dutch

Cancer

Henri BecquerelHenri Becquerel

15 December 1852

25 August 1908

Paris, France

French

Sagittarius

Henri MoissanHenri Moissan

28 September 1852

20 February 1907

Paris

French

Libra

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