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A comprehensive directory of world famous scientists highlighting their works and achievements.

A typical view of a scientist is that of a person in a white coat, conducting experiments. The truth is that a scientists can be defined as a person who is involved in the systematic and documented study of the phenomena that occur in nature but are not limited to just physics, chemistry or biology. They even indulge in studies related to the makeup of the earth and social scenarios where they study and try to understand the behavior of a group of individual of a particular species, sub-species or any other such classification. They can be classified into various categories based on the branch of science that they are involved in. Some such categories are social scientists, astronomers, physicist, biologists, chemical engineers or chemists, agriculturists and earth scientists. There are many more branches of science which a person can become a specialist of. Some of the notable people from this field are people like Charles Darwin, Marie Curie, Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr. Scientists have always led the way in understand the environment we live in and this is a collection of the biographies of these studious people, along with information about their professional and personal lives, including their life stories, timelines and trivia.
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

Little did Jainulabdeen and Ashiamma know that their son would grow up to be the first citizen of India. An Indian scientist and administrator, ...

Aaron Klug Aaron Klug

A Nobel laureate in Chemistry, Aaron Klug needs no introduction of any kind. He is the man behind the development of crystallographic electron ...

Abdus Salam Abdus Salam

One person who had made the Asian sub-continental nation of Pakistan famous for a reason other than cricket and politics, is Abdus Salam. This ...

Ada Yonath Ada Yonath

Ada Yonath is one of the most revered global scientific personalities, who dedicated her life towards the study of the structure of ribosome. ...

Adrien-Marie Legendre Adrien-Marie Legendr...

French mathematician Adrien-Marie Legendre invented mathematical theories of Legendre transformation and elliptic functions. He worked on ...

Alan Kay Alan Kay

Alan Curtis Kay is an American computer scientist best known for his pioneering work on object-oriented programming and windowing graphical user ...

Albert Einstein Albert Einstein

Do you fondly call the whiz kid in your class/ organization ‘Einstein’? If yes, then you aren’t the only one who does so. People around ...

Alberto Santos Dumont Alberto Santos Dumon...

Alberto Santos Dumont was a Brazilian aviation pioneer. Dedicating his life to aeronautical study and experimentation, he was the inventor of ...

Aldo Leopold Aldo Leopold

Aldo Leopold was a well known ecologist, forester, environmentalist, scientist and a well-known American author. Besides teaching at the ...

Alexander Bain Alexander Bain

Alexander Bain was a renowned inventor and clockmaker, who invented many instruments including the electric clock, chemical telegraph receivers, ...

Alexander Fleming Alexander Fleming

Alexander Fleming was a great Scottish biologist and pharmacologist who made way for antibiotic medicines with his discovery of penicillin from ...

Alexander Graham Bell Alexander Graham Bel...

One of the greatest inventors of the late 19th century, Alexander Graham Bell is probably most famous for the invention of the telephone and the ...

Alexander Grothendieck Alexander Grothendie...

One of the foremost mathematicians of 20th century, Alexander Grothendieck is a pioneer of modern algebraic geometry. His contributions to ...

Alfred Day Hershey Alfred Day Hershey

Alfred Day Hershey was an American bacteriologist and geneticist who won the 1969 Noble Prize in Medicine, which he shared with Max Delbrück ...

Alfred Kinsey Alfred Kinsey

Alfred Charles Kinsey was an American professor, biologist and sexologist who is credited to have ushered in the “Sexual Revolution” through ...

Alfred Nobel Alfred Nobel

Alfred Bernhard Nobel was a Swedish inventor, engineer and industrialist who had obtained a total of 355 patents in his lifetime. He was most ...

Alfred North Whitehead Alfred North Whitehe...

Alfred North Whitehead was a British Mathematician who is known for his tremendous contributions in algebra, logic, foundations of mathematics, ...

Amadeo Avogadro Amedeo Avogadro

Lorenzo Romano Amedeo Carlo Avogadro de Quaregna e di Cerreto, more popularly known as Amedeo Avogadro was born on August 9, 1776, in Turin, ...

Andre Marie Ampère Andre Marie Ampere

. André Marie Ampère is usually considered the first person to discover electromagnetism. He is credited for the invention of the astatic ...

Archimedes Archimedes

Archimedes of Syracuse was an outstanding Greek mathematician, inventor, physicist, engineer and also an astronomer. Although not much is known ...

Arthur Cayley Arthur Cayley

Arthur Cayley was a British mathematician who helped founding the British school of pure mathematics. He is most famous for developing the ...

Aryabhata Aryabhata

Aryabhata was an acclaimed mathematician-astronomer. He was born in Kusumapura (present day Patna) in Bihar, India. His contribution to ...

Augustin-Jean Fresnel Augustin-Jean Fresne...

Fresnel was a French physicist and is best remembered for his invention of compound lenses that transform the radiance of lighthouses and helped ...

Augustin-Louis Cauchy Augustin-Louis Cauch...

Augustin-Louis Cauchy was a French mathematician. He was famous for the countless contributions he made to the domain of mathematics. He made ...

Avicenna Avicenna

Avicenna was the most influential and renowned philosopher and scientist of the Islamic world. Popularly known as the father of modern medicine, ...

Barry Marshall Barry Marshall

A Nobel Prize laureate, Barry James Marshall is an Australian physician, who along with Dr Robin Warren made the historic scientific discovery, ...

Benjamin Franklin Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin was a distinguished human being, who possessed uncanny mind and sharp wit, which he used tirelessly for the betterment of his ...

Bernhard Riemann Bernhard Riemann Bio...

Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann was a prominent German mathematician who bestowed the world with his brilliant contributions to analysis, ...

Blaise Pascal Blaise Pascal

Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic philosopher. He did pioneering works in calculating machines ...

C.V. Raman C.V. Raman

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, the Indian physicist who made his motherland proud by becoming the first Indian to win the Nobel Prize for ...

Carl David Anderson Carl David Anderson

Carl David Anderson was a renowned American physicists, who is best remembered for the discovery of positron in 1932. Born to Swedish immigrant ...

Carl F. Gauss Carl F. Gauss

Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician and physical scientist par excellence who made his invaluable contributions in several ...

Carl Ludwig Siegel Carl Ludwig Siegel

The man behind the number theory, Carl Ludwig Siegel was a significant mathematician of the 20th century. Son of a postal worker, Siegel, in ...

Carl Sagan Carl Sagan

Carl Sagan was a multifaceted scientist who left his mark in astronomy, astrophysics, Extra-Terrestrial Science, the space and natural sciences ...

Carlo Urbani Carlo Urbani

Italian epidemiologist Carlo Urbani was the first person who identified SARS as a highly contagious disease. He worked as an infectious disease ...

Caroline Herschel Caroline Herschel

Caroline Herschel was a German-British astronomer who contributed significantly in the field of astronomy. Even though she was only four foot ...

Charles Augustin De Coulomb Charles Augustin De ...

Coulomb was an astounding physicist, engineer and mathematician, who served his nation in many areas and brought about the culture of ...

Charles Babbage Charles Babbage

Charles Babbage, a brilliant polymath, is remembered today as the first man to build a computing machine. He helped found the Astronomical ...

Charles Best Charles Best

Charles Herbert Best was an American-Canadian scientist who is remembered as the co-discoverer of insulin, one of the most important milestones ...

Charles Darwin Charles Darwin

The evolution of homo sapiens from apes, a form of animal, is a concept that is widely recognized today but back in the 19th century when ...

Charles Hermite Charles Hermite

Charles Hermite was one of the most famous French mathematicians of the nineteenth century, who researched on orthogonal polynomials, algebra, ...

Charles Messier Charles Messier

In the eighteenth century, when the astronomers of France and other parts of the world were engrossed in making new discoveries about the ...

Christian Doppler Christian Doppler

Ambitious and indomitable are two words that perfectly describe Christian Doppler’s personality. A leading mathematician and physicist of his ...

Claudius Ptolemy Claudius Ptolemy

Claudius Ptolemy was an influential mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, geographer and also a poet. He was a Greek-Roman citizen and lived in ...

Count Alessandro Volta Count Alessandro Vol...

Known for his extraordinary work in the field of electricity, Volta invented the voltaic pile, which became the world’s first electric ...

Cyril Domb Cyril Domb

Can religion and science ever be reconciled? This age-old question has had many a great mind baffled, but not Cyril Domb. The theoretical ...

Dan Shechtman Dan Shechtman

Dan Shechtman is an Israeli scientist, who was bestowed with the highly-esteemed Nobel Prize for his discovery of quasiperiodic crystals. Born ...

David Hilbert David Hilbert

David Hilbert was the perfect example of a celebrated, established and meticulous mathematician. His works helped pave the path for modern ...

David Karoly David Karoly

David Karoly is an internationally acclaimed Australian atmospheric scientist, who has greatly contributed to the field of atmospheric sciences. ...

Edmond Halley Edmond Halley

Edmond Halley, a brilliant British astronomer is hailed as one of the greatest minds in the history of British astronomy. As Halley lived in the ...

Edward Teller Edward Teller

A controversial figure and one of the most brilliant nuclear and molecular physicists, Edward Teller left an unparalleled legacy in the field of ...

Edwin Powell Hubble Edwin Powell Hubble

"I knew that even if I were second or third rate, it was astronomy that mattered" — these words reflect the stubborn and ambitious nature of ...

Elizabeth Blackburn Elizabeth Blackburn

Elizabeth Helen Blackburn is an Australian-American researcher who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology for her path-breaking work that led ...

Emmy Noether Emmy Noether

Born on March 23, 1882 in Bavaria Germany, Amalie Emmy Noether made several contributions in the field of Mathematics. She is best known for her ...

Enrico Fermi Enrico Fermi

Enrico Fermi was an Italian physicist who made major contributions to the development of nuclear energy. He is counted amongst the men who are ...

Ernest Rutherford Ernest Rutherford

Ernest Rutherford is a prominent figure in the field of nuclear physics. He is known for his discoveries of chemical relations between ...

Ernst Haeckel Ernst Haeckel

A renowned biologist, physician, philosopher and artist, Ernst Haeckel identified many new species of living beings and gave names to thousands ...

Euclid Euclid

Although little is known about Euclid’s early and personal life, he was known as the forerunner of geometrical knowledge and went on to ...

Évariste Galois Évariste Galois...

Evariste Galois has been hailed by many as the father of modern algebra. In his short lifetime, he did some phenomenal research work on ...

Felix Christian Klein Felix Christian Klei...

Felix Christian Klein is appreciated and well-known for his significant works in the field of Geometry. He obtained his Doctorate degree from ...

Frank Fenner Frank Fenner

Australian scientist Frank John Fenner is one of the most distinguished names in the field of virology across the globe. Bestowed with several ...

GH Hardy G. H. Hardy

G.H. Hardy was a great British mathematician. He was the person who made the mathematics world look up to England for his massive contributions ...

Galileo Galilei Galileo Galilei

Often remembered as the Father of Modern Astronomy, Galileo Galilei was one of the most celebrated and illustrious astronomers, mathematicians ...

Georg Cantor Georg Cantor

A popular German mathematician, Georg Cantor is famous for discovering and building a hierarchy of infinite sets according to their cardinal ...

Georg Ohm Georg Ohm

A German physicist and mathematician, Georg Simon Ohm is best remembered for his formulation of Ohm’s Law, which defines the relationship ...

George Boole George Boole

British mathematician and logician George Boole discovered Boolean logic. This logical theory acts as the basis of modern digital computer and ...

George Washington Carver George Washington Ca...

Often referred to as the ‘Father of Chemurgy’, George Washington Carver was an African-American scientist, botanist and inventor who ...

Gottfried Leibniz Gottfried W. Leibniz

Gottfried W. Leibniz holds a prominent position in the domains of mathematics and philosophy. Famed as the developer of infinitesimal calculus, ...

Gregor Mendel Gregor Mendel

Gregor Mendel, born as Johann Mendel, was an Austrian scientist and monk hailed as the “Father of modern genetics” for his pioneering ...

Gustav Kirchhoff Gustav Kirchhoff

Gustav Robert Kirchhoff was a German physicist who made major contributions to the fields of thermochemistry and electrochemistry. His findings ...

Gustav Nossal Gustav Nossal

Gustav Nossal is one of Australia’s most celebrated scientists and research biologists. A pioneering researcher, his accomplishments in the ...

Har Gobind Khorana Har Gobind Khorana

The man who formed a part of the team which successfully deciphered the genetic code—the mother of all codes—Har Gobind Khorana was an ...

Henri Poincare Henri Poincare

Apart from being a well-known mathematician, Jules Henri Poincare also indulged in the study of philosophy. He learned much during his lifetime ...

Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl Hermann Klaus Hugo W...

Hermann K. H. Weyl, famous as Peter among his close associates, was one of the greatest mathematicians of the 20th century. His contributions in ...

Hermann Minkowski Hermann Minkowski

Hermann Minkowski was a renowned German mathematician. His contribution to the development of modern mathematics is immense. The development of ...

Hippocrates Hippocrates

Hippocrates is a radiant name in the history of medicine. The outstanding individual brought a new form into the field of ancient Greek ...

Homi Bhabha Homi Bhabha

The man who pioneered the Indian nuclear research programme, Homi Jahangir Bhabha was a nuclear physicist who laid the foundation for nuclear ...

Howard Florey Howard Florey

Though Sir Alexander Fleming is credited with the discovery of a mould which developed on some germ culture plates, had it not been for Sir ...

Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell ForMemRS - Swedish Scientist Hugo Theorell

Nobel laureate Hugo Theorell was a scientist of Swedish origin. He received Nobel Prize in Physiology of Medicine for his important discoveries ...

Ian Frazer Ian Frazer

A Scottish-born Australian scientist, Ian Frazer is one of the most recognized names in the field of immunology. His eminent service in medical ...

Issac Newton Isaac Newton

An extraordinary genius and proficient physicist, mathematician, astronomer and alchemist, Sir Isaac Newton is considered to be the greatest and ...

J. Robert Oppenheimer J. Robert Oppenheime...

J. Robert Oppenheimer is fondly remembered as the founding father of the American School of Theoretical Physics. His significant contributions ...

Jacob Bernoulli Jacob Bernoulli

Jacob Bernoulli can be rightly called the initiator of the Bernoulli family’s mathematical dynasty. A class of his own, Jacob was bright and ...

Jagadish Chandra Bose Jagadish Chandra Bos...

The first person to prove that plants also have the ability to feel pain and affection, Jagadish Chandra Bose was an Indian polymath whose ...

James Maxwell James Maxwell

Who introduced the concept of electromagnetic theory? Who presented the first durable color photograph? Who was the man behind the kinetic ...

James Prescott Joule James Prescott Joule

James Prescott Joule was an English physicist, best known for establishing the relationship between mechanical work and heat transfer. This ...

Janet Lane-Claypon Janet Lane-Claypon

Janet Lane-Claypon is known as one of the earliest physician to have received a DSc, MD and PhD from the London School of Medicine for Women. ...

Jean le Rond d'Alembert Jean le Rond d'Alemb...

Jean le Rond d'Alembert was a brilliant mathematician after whom the D'Alembert's formula for calculating solutions to the wave equation is ...

Jean Le Rond d’Alembert Jean Le Rond d’Ale...

A great mathematician, philosopher and music theoretician, Jean Le Rond d’Alembert was among the most influential men of his time. His ...

Johann Heinrich Lambert Johann Heinrich Lamb...

Johann Heinrich Lambert was a man with a vision. Despite coming from a family of tailors, Lambert acclaimed a great deal of success in his life, ...

Johannes Kepler Johannes Kepler

Johannes Kepler was a famous German mathematician and astronomer who discovered the ovoid movements of the planets around the sun. The first ...

Johannes Rydberg Johannes Rydberg

The brilliant physicist who devised the Rydberg formula, for predicting the wavelengths of photons, Johannes Rydberg was a Swedish scientist who ...

John Bardeen John Bardeen

The only person to have won the Nobel Prize in Physics twice, John Bardeen was an American physicist and one of the co-inventors of the ...

John Cornforth John Cornforth

Sir John Warcup Cornforth Jr. was an Australian-British chemist who won the 1975 Nobel Prize in Chemistry along with Vladimir Prelog. He was ...

John Dalton John Dalton

Considered to be the father of ‘modern atomic theory’, John Dalton was also a pioneer of weather forecast and was one of the first ...

John Napier John Napier

David Hume’s personification of the title “a great man” more than aptly describes the prominence and distinction of John Napier. A ...

John von Neumann John von Neumann

John von Neumann was a famous Hungarian-American mathematician, who is still revered for his unparalleled contributions to disciplines like ...

Joseph Fourier Joseph Fourier

A French mathematician and physicist, Joseph Fourier is renowned for showing how the conduction of heat in solid bodies could be analyzed in ...

Joseph Henry Joseph Henry

In an era, when American science was restricted as a hobby of the elite or an answer to the nation’s need for development in the field of ...

Joseph Lister Joseph Lister

Sir Joseph Lister is a renowned English surgeon who discovered antiseptic surgery. He is distinguished as the ‘Father of Modern Surgery’ for ...