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A comprehensive directory of world famous scientists highlighting their works and achievements.

Scientists

A typical view of a scientist is that of a person in a white coat, conducting experiments. The truth is that a scientists can be defined as a person who is involved in the systematic and documented study of the phenomena that occur in nature but are not limited to just physics, chemistry or biology. They even indulge in studies related to the makeup of the earth and social scenarios where they study and try to understand the behavior of a group of individual of a particular species, sub-species or any other such classification. They can be classified into various categories based on the branch of science that they are involved in. Some such categories are social scientists, astronomers, physicist, biologists, chemical engineers or chemists, agriculturists and earth scientists. There are many more branches of science which a person can become a specialist of. Some of the notable people from this field are people like Charles Darwin, Marie Curie, Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr. Scientists have always led the way in understand the environment we live in and this is a collection of the biographies of these studious people, along with information about their professional and personal lives, including their life stories, timelines and trivia.
A.P.J. Abdul KalamA.P.J. Abdul Kalam
Little did Jainulabdeen and Ashiamma know that their son would grow up to be the first citizen of India. An Indian scientist and administrator, ...
Aaron KlugAaron Klug
A Nobel laureate in Chemistry, Aaron Klug needs no introduction of any kind. He is the man behind the development of crystallographic electron ...
Adrien-Marie LegendreAdrien-Marie Legendr...
French mathematician Adrien-Marie Legendre invented mathematical theories of Legendre transformation and elliptic functions. He worked on ...
Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein
Do you fondly call the whiz kid in your class/ organization ‘Einstein’? If yes, then you aren’t the only one who does so. People around the ...
Alberto Santos DumontAlberto Santos Dumon...
Alberto Santos Dumont was a Brazilian aviation pioneer. Dedicating his life to aeronautical study and experimentation, he was the inventor of ...
Aldo LeopoldAldo Leopold
Aldo Leopold was a well known ecologist, forester, environmentalist, scientist and a well-known American author. Besides teaching at the ...
Alexander BainAlexander Bain
Alexander Bain was a renowned inventor and clockmaker, who invented many instruments including the electric clock, chemical telegraph receivers, ...
Alexander FlemingAlexander Fleming
Alexander Fleming was a great Scottish biologist and pharmacologist who made way for antibiotic medicines with his discovery of penicillin from ...
Alexander GrothendieckAlexander Grothendie...
One of the foremost mathematicians of 20th century, Alexander Grothendieck is a pioneer of modern algebraic geometry. His contributions to ...
Alfred NobelAlfred Nobel
Alfred Bernhard Nobel was a Swedish inventor, engineer and industrialist who had obtained a total of 355 patents in his lifetime. He was most ...
Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehe...
Alfred North Whitehead was a British Mathematician who is known for his tremendous contributions in algebra, logic, foundations of mathematics, ...
Amadeo AvogadroAmedeo Avogadro
Lorenzo Romano Amedeo Carlo Avogadro de Quaregna e di Cerreto, more popularly known as Amedeo Avogadro was born on August 9, 1776, in Turin, ...
Andre Marie AmpèreAndre Marie Ampere
. André Marie Ampère is usually considered the first person to discover electromagnetism. He is credited for the invention of the astatic ...
ArchimedesArchimedes
Archimedes of Syracuse was an outstanding Greek mathematician, inventor, physicist, engineer and also an astronomer. Although not much is known ...
Arthur CayleyArthur Cayley
Arthur Cayley was a British mathematician who helped founding the British school of pure mathematics. He is most famous for developing the ...
Augustin-Jean FresnelAugustin-Jean Fresne...
Fresnel was a French physicist and is best remembered for his invention of compound lenses that transform the radiance of lighthouses and helped ...
Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauch...
Augustin-Louis Cauchy was a French mathematician. He was famous for the countless contributions he made to the domain of mathematics. He made ...
AvicennaAvicenna
Avicenna was the most influential and renowned philosopher and scientist of the Islamic world. Popularly known as the father of modern medicine, ...
Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin was a distinguished human being, who possessed uncanny mind and sharp wit, which he used tirelessly for the betterment of his ...
Bernhard RiemannBernhard Riemann Bio...
Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann was a prominent German mathematician who bestowed the world with his brilliant contributions to analysis, ...
Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic philosopher. He did pioneering works in calculating machines ...
Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician and physical scientist par excellence who made his invaluable contributions in several ...
Carl Ludwig SiegelCarl Ludwig Siegel
The man behind the number theory, Carl Ludwig Siegel was a significant mathematician of the 20th century. Son of a postal worker, Siegel, in ...
Carl Sagan Carl Sagan
Carl Sagan was a multifaceted scientist who left his mark in astronomy, astrophysics, Extra-Terrestrial Science, the space and natural sciences ...
Caroline HerschelCaroline Herschel
Caroline Herschel was a German-British astronomer who contributed significantly in the field of astronomy. Even though she was only four foot ...
Charles Augustin De CoulombCharles Augustin De ...
Coulomb was an astounding physicist, engineer and mathematician, who served his nation in many areas and brought about the culture of ...
Charles DarwinCharles Darwin
The evolution of homo sapiens from apes, a form of animal, is a concept that is widely recognized today but back in the 19th century when ...
Charles HermiteCharles Hermite
Charles Hermite was one of the most famous French mathematicians of the nineteenth century, who researched on orthogonal polynomials, algebra, ...
Charles MessierCharles Messier
In the eighteenth century, when the astronomers of France and other parts of the world were engrossed in making new discoveries about the ...
Christian DopplerChristian Doppler
Ambitious and indomitable are two words that perfectly describe Christian Doppler’s personality. A leading mathematician and physicist of his ...
Claudius PtolemyClaudius Ptolemy
Claudius Ptolemy was an influential mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, geographer and also a poet. He was a Greek-Roman citizen and lived in ...
Count Alessandro VoltaCount Alessandro Vol...
Known for his extraordinary work in the field of electricity, Volta invented the voltaic pile, which became the world’s first electric battery; ...
David HilbertDavid Hilbert
David Hilbert was the perfect example of a celebrated, established and meticulous mathematician. His works helped pave the path for modern ...
Edmond HalleyEdmond Halley
Edmond Halley, a brilliant British astronomer is hailed as one of the greatest minds in the history of British astronomy. As Halley lived in the ...
Edward TellerEdward Teller
A controversial figure and one of the most brilliant nuclear and molecular physicists, Edward Teller left an unparalleled legacy in the field of ...
Edwin Powell HubbleEdwin Powell Hubble
"I knew that even if I were second or third rate, it was astronomy that mattered" — these words reflect the stubborn and ambitious nature of ...
Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether
Born on March 23, 1882 in Bavaria Germany, Amalie Emmy Noether made several contributions in the field of Mathematics. She is best known for her ...
Ernest RutherfordErnest Rutherford
Ernest Rutherford is a prominent figure in the field of nuclear physics. He is known for his discoveries of chemical relations between ...
Ernst HaeckelErnst Haeckel
A renowned biologist, physician, philosopher and artist, Ernst Haeckel identified many new species of living beings and gave names to thousands ...
EuclidEuclid
Although little is known about Euclid’s early and personal life, he was known as the forerunner of geometrical knowledge and went on to ...
Évariste GaloisÉvariste Galois...
Evariste Galois has been hailed by many as the father of modern algebra. In his short lifetime, he did some phenomenal research work on ...
Felix Christian KleinFelix Christian Klei...
Felix Christian Klein is appreciated and well-known for his significant works in the field of Geometry. He obtained his Doctorate degree from ...
GH HardyG. H. Hardy
G.H. Hardy was a great British mathematician. He was the person who made the mathematics world look up to England for his massive contributions ...
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
Often remembered as the Father of Modern Astronomy, Galileo Galilei was one of the most celebrated and illustrious astronomers, mathematicians ...
Georg CantorGeorg Cantor
A popular German mathematician, Georg Cantor is famous for discovering and building a hierarchy of infinite sets according to their cardinal ...
Georg OhmGeorg Ohm
A German physicist and mathematician, Georg Simon Ohm is best remembered for his formulation of Ohm’s Law, which defines the relationship ...
George BooleGeorge Boole
British mathematician and logician George Boole discovered Boolean logic. This logical theory acts as the basis of modern digital computer and ...
Gottfried LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
Gottfried W. Leibniz holds a prominent position in the domains of mathematics and philosophy. Famed as the developer of infinitesimal calculus, ...
Gregor MendelGregor Mendel
Gregor Mendel, born as Johann Mendel, was an Austrian scientist and monk hailed as the “Father of modern genetics” for his pioneering research ...
Henri PoincareHenri Poincare
Apart from being a well-known mathematician, Jules Henri Poincare also indulged in the study of philosophy. He learned much during his lifetime ...
Hermann Klaus Hugo WeylHermann Klaus Hugo W...
Hermann K. H. Weyl, famous as Peter among his close associates, was one of the greatest mathematicians of the 20th century. His contributions in ...
Hermann MinkowskiHermann Minkowski
Hermann Minkowski was a renowned German mathematician. His contribution to the development of modern mathematics is immense. The development of ...
Hippocrates Hippocrates
Hippocrates is a radiant name in the history of medicine. The outstanding individual brought a new form into the field of ancient Greek ...
Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell ForMemRS - Swedish ScientistHugo Theorell
Nobel laureate Hugo Theorell was a scientist of Swedish origin. He received Nobel Prize in Physiology of Medicine for his important discoveries ...
Issac NewtonIsaac Newton
An extraordinary genius and proficient physicist, mathematician, astronomer and alchemist, Sir Isaac Newton is considered to be the greatest and ...
J. Robert OppenheimerJ. Robert Oppenheime...
J. Robert Oppenheimer is fondly remembered as the founding father of the American School of Theoretical Physics. His significant contributions ...
Jacob BernoulliJacob Bernoulli
Jacob Bernoulli can be rightly called the initiator of the Bernoulli family’s mathematical dynasty. A class of his own, Jacob was bright and ...
James MaxwellJames Maxwell
Who introduced the concept of electromagnetic theory? Who presented the first durable color photograph? Who was the man behind the kinetic ...
Janet Lane-ClayponJanet Lane-Claypon
Janet Lane-Claypon is known as one of the earliest physician to have received a DSc, MD and PhD from the London School of Medicine for Women. ...
Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alemb...
A great mathematician, philosopher and music theoretician, Jean Le Rond d’Alembert was among the most influential men of his time. His “Traité ...
Johann Heinrich LambertJohann Heinrich Lamb...
Johann Heinrich Lambert was a man with a vision. Despite coming from a family of tailors, Lambert acclaimed a great deal of success in his life, ...
Johannes KeplerJohannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler was a famous German mathematician and astronomer who discovered the ovoid movements of the planets around the sun. The first ...
John DaltonJohn Dalton
Considered to be the father of ‘modern atomic theory’, John Dalton was also a pioneer of weather forecast and was one of the first scientists to ...
John NapierJohn Napier
David Hume’s personification of the title “a great man” more than aptly describes the prominence and distinction of John Napier. A distinguished ...
John von NeumannJohn von Neumann
John von Neumann was a famous Hungarian-American mathematician, who is still revered for his unparalleled contributions to disciplines like ...
Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier
A French mathematician and physicist, Joseph Fourier is renowned for showing how the conduction of heat in solid bodies could be analyzed in ...
Joseph HenryJoseph Henry
In an era, when American science was restricted as a hobby of the elite or an answer to the nation’s need for development in the field of ...
Joseph ListerJoseph Lister
Sir Joseph Lister is a renowned English surgeon who discovered antiseptic surgery. He is distinguished as the ‘Father of Modern Surgery’ for his ...
Joseph Louis LagrangeJoseph Louis Lagrang...
Joseph Louis Lagrange, originally considered a French Mathematician, was actually of an Italian descent. He was largely self-taught and pushed ...
Karl W. T. WeierstrassKarl Weierstrass
Karl Theodor Wilhelm Weierstrass, who is known as the Father of modern analysis, was a great German mathematician. With is mathematical ...
Kurt GödelKurt Gödel
Kurt Friedrich Gödel was known for his mathematical work in the 20th century, which was the time when most mathematicians were concentrating on ...
Larry PageLarry Page
Larry Page, born as Lawrence Page, is an American entrepreneur and computer scientist who, along with Sergey Brin, co-founded Google Inc., the ...
Leonardo da VinciLeonardo da Vinci
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci is known to the world as a polymath, architect, mathematician, musician and architect and, most of all, an ...
Leonhard EulerLeonhard Euler
Leonhard Euler was a leading Swiss mathematician and physicist who made significant discoveries in varied fields such as graph theory and ...
Linus PaulingLinus Pauling
One of the greatest scientists of the 20th century and the most influential chemist in history, Linus Pauling is the only person to have been ...
Lord KelvinLord Kelvin
William Thomson is popularly known as 1st Baron Kelvin, the creator of ‘absolute zero’ which are low limit temperature units now represented in ...
Louis PasteurLouis Pasteur
Pasteurization (a process of toning and treating milk free of damage causing microbes) is the most common reference to the great chemist and ...
Marie CurieMarie Curie
Marie Curie has a number of ‘firsts’ and ‘only’ to her credit – she was the first woman ever to win a Nobel Prize, the first female professor at ...
Michael FaradayMichael Faraday
Michael Faraday was one of the most prolific scientists of the 19th century. A British physicist and chemist, Faraday is best known for his ...
Owen ChamberlainOwen Chamberlain
Nobel Laureate American physicist Owen Chamberlain discovered the existence of antiprotons. The founding of antiprotons has great significance ...
PythagorasPythagoras
Pythagoras of Samos was a well-known mathematician, scientist and a religious teacher. He was born in Samos and is often hailed as the first ...
René DéscartesRené Déscartes...
René Descartes was an eminent French Mathematician, philosopher and writer, who has been popularly referred to as ‘Father of Modern Philosophy’. ...
Richard AxelRichard Axel
One of world’s leading scientists, Richard Axel is the professor of molecular biophysics and pathology at Columbia University. He is well-known ...
Richard DedekindRichard Dedekind
A well known German mathematician, Richard Dedekind made immense contribution in the field of abstract algebra, especially, algebraic number ...
Sadi CarnotSadi Carnot
Popularly described as the "Father of Thermodynamics", Sadi Carnot was the man behind the first successful theoretical account of heat engine, ...
Samuel ColtSamuel Colt
Samuel Colt was an American inventor and industrialist who designed and developed the world’s first handgun—better known as the ‘Revolver’—a ...
Sergey BrinSergey Brin
Sergey Brin is an American computer scientist and internet entrepreneur, who, along with Larry Page, co-founded Google Inc in 1998. Brin ...
Seymour KetySeymour Kety
Seymour Kety was a popular American neuroscientist who made psychiatry a rigorous branch of medicine. As a child, Kety couldn’t participate in ...
Sir William Rowan HamiltonSir William Rowan Ha...
One of the most significant Irish scientists, William Rowan Hamilton made noteworthy contributions in the field of classical mechanics, algebra ...
Srinivasa RamanujanSrinivasa Ramanujan
Rightly regarded as ‘natural genius’ by the English mathematician G.H. Hardy, Srinivasa Ramanujan displayed an amazing talent in mathematics, ...
Stephen Jay Gould Stephen Jay Gould
Stephen Jay Gould was a famous paleontologist widely recognized for his contributions to evolutionary theory and history of science. A prolific ...
Steven WeinbergSteven Weinberg
Steven Weinberg is a theoretical physicist who along with Abdus Salam and Sheldon Glashow won the Nobel Prize in physics "for their ...
Thomas KuhnThomas Kuhn
One of the most influential ‘philosophers of science’ of the 20th century, Thomas Kuhn is regarded as the man who changed the way the world ...
Tom LehrerTom Lehrer
Tom Lehrer, born as Thomas Andrew Lehrer, is an American singer-songwriter and mathematician. He is known for his dark humour and satire. As a ...
Tycho BraheTycho Brahe
A Danish nobleman, Tycho Brahe made important contribution to astronomy. He devised his own instrument, even before the invention of the ...
Wernher Von BraunWernher Von Braun
Wernher von Braun was one of most important figures who earned unparalleled achievements in the field of rocketry, and has been hailed as the ...
Wilbur WrightWilbur Wright
Wilbur Wright was an aviator and inventor who along with his brother Orville Wright developed the world's first successful airplane. The Wright ...
Wilhelm Weber Wilhelm Weber
Popularly known as the co-inventor of the first electromagnetic telegraph, Wilhelm Weber was a man blessed with exceptional intelligence and ...
Willebrord SnellWillebrord Snell
Willebrord van Royen Snell was a prominent mathematician and astronomer. His name and works had been associated with the law of refraction for ...
William GilbertWilliam Gilbert
William Gilbert, also known as ‘Gilberd’, was a famous researcher in magnetism. He was famous during the time of Queen Elizabeth I and is best ...