Joseph Rudyard Kipling was an English author, journalist and poet who wrote the famous fiction The Jungle Book. Born in the British India, Bombay, he worked in India with a much renowned newspaper The Pioneer, Allahabad before taking up writing as a profession. Best known for his works such as The Jungle Book , Kim and Just So Stories for Little Children, Kipling ranks among the greatest English novelists and authors and regarded as the leader of the art of the short stories. The author has written a number of stories including the famous The Man Who Would Be King and several poems and short stories and contributed greatly in the English literature during the 19th and 20th century. The author received the honorary Nobel Peace Prize in Literature in 1907 and became the first English writer and the youngest recipient to have received the award till this day.
Several significant things happened in the next two years of his life, he wrote his first novel, The Light That Failed in 1891, and also met an American author and publishing agent, Wolcott Ballisterwith whom he worked together on a novel, The Naulahka. In the mean time, he also suffered from a nervous breakdown. Due to his continuously deteriorating health, his doctors advised him for a sea voyage, which he eventually embarked on in 1891 with an intention of visiting South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and India once again.However, his plans were cut short on account of the sudden demise of Wolcott Balestier from typhoid fever, and he immediately decided to return to London. Meanwhile, he wrote a collection of short stories about the British India called Life's Handicap which was published in 1891 in London.
Marriage & Children
In 1896, couple's second daughter Elsie was born. After the British-American crisis broke out in 1895, the couple decided to move out of America where they underwent a series of embitter behavior from the natives. The couple left America for good in 1896.
Back in England, Kipling began to work more actively and fiercely. Recessional and The White Man's Burden his two poems were published in 1897 and 1899 respectively and gave rise to huge controversies that will last for long. In 1897, the couple was overjoyed when their first and only son John Kipling was born in the month of August. However, a tragedy befell the family when their elder daughter died of pneumonia in 1899.
The Road to Success
After this great accomplishment, came two great poetry and story compendiums: Puck of Pook’s hill and Reward and Fairies which were published in 1906 and 1910 respectively. The latter contained one of the most favorite poems of all times in English literature called “If…” This marvelous poem inciting readers for self-command and phlegm became Kipling’s one of the most famous poetry creation of all the times.
Despite his intellectual asset and enormous popularity, he was never made Poet Laureate. Different people quote different reasons behind it, some are of the view that he himself turned down the offer while others are of the opinion that Queen Victoria didn’t approve of him. However, this never came as a hurdle in Kipling’s literary career, he is still regarded as the best author and poet, English Language could ever get.
Later years & Death
In year 1922, Kipling was elected the Lord Rector of St Andrews University in Scotland and remained on the position till 1925. Towards the end of his life, Kipling chose to take a backseat with his writing career, though he did not completely abandon it, the output was lesser. He died of a hemorrhage on 18 January 1936 and was cremated at Golden Green Crematorium.
RUDYARD KIPLING TIMELINE
Joseph Rudyard Kipling was born on 30 December 1865.
Rudyard was sent to study at the United Service College at Westward Ho in Devon.
His first prose collection Plain Tales from the Hills was published in Calcutta.
He left the newspaper and moved to London.
He wrote his first novel, The Light That Failed in 1891.
Carrie and Rudyard were married.
Their first daughter Josephine was born on 29 December 1892.
Couple's second daughter Elsie was born.
The couple left America for good in 1896.
When their first and only son John Kipling was born.
Their elder daughter died of pneumonia in 1899.
He was awarded the Noble Prize for Literature.
His only son John Kipling died in 1915.
Kipling was elected the Lord Rector of St Andrews University in Scotland.
He died of a hemorrhage on 18 January 1936.
People Also Viewed
Quotes By Rudyard Kipling
Books by Rudyard Kipling
Books About Rudyard Kipling