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Winston Churchill was a British politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Read this brief biography to find more on his life.
Also Listed In: Political Leaders
Famous as: Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
political ideology: Conservative (1900–04, 1924–64), Liberal (1904–24)
Born on: 30 November 1874 AD Famous 30th November Birthdays
Zodiac Sign: Sagittarius Famous Sagitarians
Born in: Blenheim Palace
Died on: 24 January 1965 AD
place of death: Hyde Park Gate
epitaphs: I am ready to meet my Maker. Whether my Maker is prepared for the great ordeal of meeting me is another matter.
father: Lord Randolph Churchill
mother: Lady Randolph Churchill
siblings: John Strange Spencer-Churchill
Spouse: Clementine Churchill (1908–1965)
children: Diana Churchill, Randolph Churchill, Sarah Tuchet-Jesson, Marigold Churchill, Mary Soames
education: Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (1894), Harrow School, St. George's School Ascot
Works & Achievements: PM of the United Kingdom
awards: 1953 - Nobel Prize in Literature
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill was one of the greatest politicians of the United Kingdom who went on to become the Prime Minister of the country in 1940, serving till 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. Winston enjoyed an exceptional success in his political life from the very beginning and held many important positions such as President of the Board of Trade, Home Secretary and First Lord of the Admiralty in the Asquith Liberal government. Before chosen to the premiership of the country, Winston was appointed the Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1924. He also served in the British Army for a short period, where he witnessed the second Boer war and penned his experience as British officer in books such as The Second World War and A History of the English Speaking Peoples. Winston Churchill was a prolific writer, historian and artist.
With the declaration of war between Britain and the Boer Republics, Winston was appointed as a war correspondent for the newspaper the Morning Post. While working there, he was captured and imprisoned for his involvement in a scouting team. He was put in a POW camp in Pretoria, from where he succeeded to escape just a few weeks after. Upon his return to England, he rejoined the army. In 1900, Winston took retirement from the army and joined the Imperial Yeomanry as a captain in the Queen’s Own Oxfordshire Hussars on 4 January 1902. He moved to the rank of Major in 1905 and took charge as a commander of the Henley Squadron of the Queen’s Own Oxfordshire Hussars. Churchill, then the first Lord of the Admiralty, was appointed Lieutenant-colonel of Royal Scots Fusiliers on 1 January 1916.
WINSTON CHURCHILL TIMELINE
Winston Churchill was born on 30 November 1874.
He was admitted to Harrow School in 1888.
Churchill left Harrow in 1893 and enrolled into the Royal Military Academy.
He graduated from the Royal Military Academy in December 1895.
His father died on 24 January 1895.
He was appointed as a Second Lieutenant on 20 February 1895.
Winston Churchill was sent to Cuba in 1895.
He was transferred to Bombay.
Churchill fought against a Pashtun tribe in Malakand.
Churchill was next sent to Egypt in 1898.
He resigned from the Army.
Churchill won the Oldham seat at the 1900 general election.
Winston was made Under-Secretary of State.
He won the Manchester seat at the 1906 general election.
He was appointed as President of the Board of Trade.
He introduced the Trade Bill.
Winston Churchill married Clementine Hozier on 12 September 1908.
Their first child was born in London on 11 July 1909.
Winston Churchill was appointed as Home Secretary.
Their son Randolph was born on 28 May 1911.
Their third child Sarah came on 7 October 1914.
He was appointed Lieutenant-colonel of Royal Scots Fusiliers on 1 January 1916.
Clementine gave birth to Marigold Frances Churchill on 15 November 1918.
Marigold died from illness on 23 August 1921.
The couple’s fifth and last child Mary was born next year on 15 September 1922.
Churchill’s was appointment as Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1924.
He formally rejoined the Conservative Party.
Britain declared war against Germany on 3 September.
He was elected Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
He was awarded the honor of the Hussars in 1941.
The Morgenthau Plan was signed at the second Quebec conference in 1944.
He was again elected Prime Minister for a second term.
Winston Churchill suffered his first major stroke in 1953.
He resigned as Prime Minister in 1955.
He died on 24 January 1965.
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