Albrecht Altdorfer Biography
(German Painter, Engraver, Architect and One of the Founders of Landscape Painting)
Born In: Regensburg, Germany
Albrecht Altdorfer was a German painter, engraver, as well as an architect, who is remembered as one of the founders of landscape painting, and also as the one who established landscape as an independent genre of painting. Best known for his paintings of biblical and historical subjects, he is also regarded as the creator of probably the scariest painting in the world, ‘The Battle of Alexander at Issus.’ He was mostly inspired by his father Ulrich Altdorfer, who was also a painter and a miniaturist. The forests of Germany and Austria used to intrigue him, and were his favorite subjects in most of his works. Though most of his paintings were done in black with white highlights, they had a fantastic element in them. Though there is no official record or evidence of him visiting Italy, an ‘Italian influence’ can be seen in some of his works, like the ‘St. Florian Legend of St. Sebastian’ and the ‘Passion of Christ’ panels. His engravings and woodcuts, especially miniatures, can be distinguished as they have a certain playful inventiveness. He is also known for creating a landscape series by using a new medium known as etching. He was also an outstanding politician of his time. Being a member of the ‘Ausseren Rates’, the council on external affairs, he is believed to have been involved in the expulsion of the Jews, as well as destruction of a synagogue and building a church in its place.