Xi Jinping Biography

Xi Jinping is the current President of the world’s populous republic nation. The Chinese leader aims to establish the country as a super-power. To know more about his childhood, career, timeline and profile read on.

Quick Facts

Birthday: June 15, 1953

Nationality: Chinese

Famous: Quotes By Xi Jinping Presidents

Age: 66 Years, 66 Year Old Males

Sun Sign: Gemini

Born in: Beijing

Famous as: General Secretary of the Communist Party of China

Height: 5'11" (180 cm), 5'11" Males


Spouse/Ex-: Ke Lingling, Peng Liyuan

father: Xi Zhongxun

mother: Qi Xin

siblings: Qi Qiaoqiao, Xi Yuanping

children: Xi Mingze

City: Beijing, China

Ideology: Communists, Socialists

More Facts

education: 1979 - Tsinghua University, 2002 - Tsinghua University, Beijing 101 Middle School

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President Xi Jinping of the 'People’s Republic of China' (PRC) is sometimes referred to as a “princeling” within Communist Party power centers. This moniker is reserved for those senior government officials who can credit their lofty positions to influential relatives. Whatever factors landed Xi at the top of the Chinese political heap, he is evidently planning to make the most of the opportunity. His aspirations are to rid the political system of corruption and to grow the economy to the point of world dominance. This, he says, is the “China Dream”. Xi is known and respected for his integrity, which he managed to keep intact despite the party being named in scandals. The Socialist leader dedicates his life for the betterment of the country and its people. His vision to establish China as a super-power is the driving force behind his actions. With 1.3 billion people, China would have major difficulty in conducting a direct election for head of state. Accordingly, the PRC begins with its most basic political components—villages in rural parts; work units in urban centers—and works its way up. The president is also the top man in the party leadership and ensures the directives are followed perfectly as he believes the people will only be impressed if his actions lead to the development of nation.

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Childhood & Early Life
  • While occasionally dismissed as a princeling, Xi Jinping’s journey to the top was not an easy one. He is the son of Xi Zhongxun, a leader in the 1949 Communist takeover of China.
  • In 1962, the elder Xi was removed from his position of Vice-Premier and later imprisoned. The teenaged son was sent to the rural village of Liangjiahe to work and live among the locals, with whom he was very popular.
  • While in Liangjiahe, he lived in a typical cave-like dwelling, fetched water from a well, and subsisted mainly on rice gruel.
  • After seven years, he went to 'Tsinghua University' in the capital city of Beijing to study chemical engineering. 'Tsinghua University' produces much of China’s governing elite.
  • Throughout his youth, Xi had tried to join the 'Communist Party' several times. He was consistently rejected due to his father’s broken relationship with the party.
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  • In 1974, he was finally received into the party, beginning his political career as an aide to Geng Biao. Geng was a top leader of the 'People’s Liberation Army’. Xi served three years as the party secretary in the Hebei province of China.
  • Transferred to Fujian in 1985, he worked in various party posts, beginning as Deputy Mayor of Xiamen. He proposed several infrastructure improvements, all of which were rejected by the provincial authorities.
  • In 1987, Xi transferred to Ningde, where he served as a district party chief. He launched a conservation campaign that beautified the major artery connecting Ningde to the greater Fujian province.
  • He was the party leader in Fuzhou, the provincial capital, from 1998 to 2000. Credited with stimulating foreign investment, Xi revitalized the historical ‘Three Lanes and Seven Alleys’ section.
  • His reputation as an honest and efficient politician rose steadily during his time in Fujian province. In 2000, he was named Fujian’s provincial governor.
  • In 2003, he moved to the province of Zhejiang, where he served as governor and party secretary. During his tenure, private industry quadrupled its research and development investment in the province.
  • In 2007, he was picked to lead the party in Shanghai. As with his other appointments, this was made on account of his reputed integrity in the wake of scandal.
  • 2008 was a watershed year for Xi Jinping. He was named to the 'Standing Committee of the Communist Party' and—shortly thereafter—Vice President of the PRC.
  • In 2012, he assumed the position of 'General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.' As China is a one-party state, this is functionally the most powerful position in the country.
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  • Later that same year, Xi was elected President, a title that confers upon him the position of head of state. Together with his political supremacy, he qualifies for the designation of ‘Paramount Leader.’
Major Works
  • Among his writings is 'The Governance of China,' a compilation of political philosophy released in 2014 by 'ICP Intercultural Press.' It places among the top 50 in the ‘politics and government—Asian’ category of the Amazon rankings.
  • In the same year, 'Shanghai Jiao Tong University Press' published 'Approachable: The Charm of Xi Jinping’s Words' – a collection of quotes by President Xi.
Awards & Achievements
  • President Xi Jinping was honored by the Cuban government in 2014 with the 'Order of José Marti,' the highest honor Cuba can confer. Named for a revered revolutionary and writer, this award was given in recognition of Xi’s efforts to strengthen Cuban-Chinese ties, and to strengthen the socialist cause.
Personal Life & Legacy
  • In 1987, he married folk singer Peng Liyuan. She is renowned for her performances on state television and as a fashion trend-setter. In addition, she holds the rank of General in the 'People’s Liberation Army.'
  • In 1992, the couple had their only child, a daughter named Xi Mingze. She received her college education at 'Harvard University.' Since graduating, she maintains a low profile.
  • Until his ascendency to the presidency, this famous politician’s wife was better known nationally.
  • In 1985, this famous politician made a trip to the U.S., where he stayed with a rural family in Iowa.

See the events in life of Xi Jinping in Chronological Order

How To Cite

Article Title
- Xi Jinping Biography
- Editors, TheFamousPeople.com
- TheFamousPeople.com
Last Updated
- July 24, 2017
Xi Jinping

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