Ľudovít Štúr Biography
Birthday: October 28, 1815 (Scorpio)
Born In: Uhrovec, Slovakia
Ľudovít Štúr was a Slovak politician, poet and philosopher who served as the leader of the Slovak national revival in the 19th century. He was also the author of the Slovak language standard which gave rise to the contemporary Slovak literary language. Born into a teaching family, he received his basic education from his father and later attended the prestigious Lutheran Lýceum. During this period, he also became a member of the Czecho-Slovak Literary Society, and was later elected to the post of its chairman which led to a steady increase in the members of the society. After completing his theological studies, he remained at the Lyceum, teaching the history of Slavic literature and writing poetry. He emphasized on the fact that Slovaks were one nation and that they therefore had a right to their own language, culture, schools, and particularly political autonomy within Hungary. Subsequently, he and his friends decided to codify the Slovak language standard, based on central Slovak dialects, which is used even today.Towards the end of his life, he encountered several personal tragedies and lived in Modra under police surveillance where he focused on literary, scholarly, and publicist activities.