Tsai Ing-wen Biography

(7th President of the Republic of China)

Birthday: August 31, 1956 (Virgo)

Born In: Taipei, Taiwan

Tsai Ing-wen is the current President of Taiwan (officially the Republic of China), in office since May 2016. She is the first woman elected to the office and also the first president to be of aboriginal descent. The incumbent chairperson of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), she was the party's presidential candidate in 2012 as well. She was born in the mid-1950s; merely years after Mao Zedong’s communist troops took Beijing and forced Chiang Kai-shek’s nationalists to flee across the Taiwan Strait. A bright girl, she graduated in law from the National Taiwan University and moved abroad for her higher studies. She returned home after earning a Ph.D. in law from the London School of Economics and embarked on an academic career. After teaching law at School of Law at Soochow University and National Chengchi University for several years, she held a series of high-profile governmental positions under the then-ruling Kuomintang (KMT). Her involvement in politics intensified over time and in 2004 she joined the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP). Tsai was appointed to the post of vice president of the Executive Yuan in 2006 and was made the chairperson of the DPP a couple of years later.
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Quick Facts

Age: 67 Years, 67 Year Old Females

Family:

father: Tsai Chieh-sheng

mother: Chang Chin-feng

Presidents Political Leaders

Height: 5'5" (165 cm), 5'5" Females

Notable Alumni: London School Of Economics, Soochow University, National Chengchi University, Taipei Municipal Zhongshan Girls High School, National Taiwan University

City: Taipei, Taiwan

More Facts

education: Cornell University, National Taiwan University, University Of London, London School Of Economics, Soochow University, National Chengchi University, Taipei Municipal Zhongshan Girls High School

  • 1

    What is Tsai Ing-wen known for?

    Tsai Ing-wen is known for being the first female president of Taiwan and the leader of the Democratic Progressive Party.

  • 2

    What are Tsai Ing-wen's political views?

    Tsai Ing-wen is known for her moderate and progressive political views, advocating for Taiwan's sovereignty and independence from China.

  • 3

    What is Tsai Ing-wen's stance on cross-strait relations?

    Tsai Ing-wen supports maintaining peace and stability in cross-strait relations while also upholding Taiwan's sovereignty and democratic values.

  • 4

    What are Tsai Ing-wen's key policies as president?

    Tsai Ing-wen's key policies include promoting social justice, environmental sustainability, gender equality, and strengthening Taiwan's international presence.

  • 5

    How has Tsai Ing-wen handled international relations during her presidency?

    Tsai Ing-wen has focused on strengthening Taiwan's diplomatic ties with like-minded countries and international organizations, despite pressure from China.

Childhood & Early Life
Tsai Ing-wen was born on 31 August 1956, in Taipei, Taiwan, to Chang Jin-feng and Tsai Jie-sheng. She was the youngest of the nine children of her parents. Her father had a car repair business.
As the youngest child in her family, she spent much of her leisure time caring for her father. No one in her family expected the girl to grow up to have a professional career.
Her father encouraged her to study and on his advice she enrolled at the College of Law, National Taiwan University, and earned her bachelor’s degree in 1978. She then moved to the Cornell University in New York to earn a Master of Laws in 1980. In 1984, she earned a Ph.D. in law at the London School of Economics.
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Career
She returned home and began her career as an educator, teaching law at School of Law at Soochow University and National Chengchi University, both in Taipei.
A highly ambitious woman, she had ventured into governmental positions by the early 1990s. Working under the then-ruling Kuomintang (KMT), she served as a key trade negotiator involved in Taiwan’s entry into the World Trade Organization and was also one of the chief drafters of the special state-to-state relations doctrine of then President Lee Teng-hui.
In 2000, Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) came into power and President Chen Shui-bian took office. Under his administration, she served as Minister of the Mainland Affairs Council.
She became a member of DPP in 2004. In 2006, she was appointed to the post of vice president of the Executive Yuan, a position commonly referred to as vice premier under the Premier Su Tseng-chang. During this time she also served as chairwoman of the Consumer Protection Commission.
In 2007, Tsai, along with the rest of the cabinet resigned when Premier Su Tseng-chang left his post. She was then replaced by Chiou I-jen, the incumbent secretary-general of the Presidential Office as vice premier.
Tsai was made the DPP chairperson in 2008 after she defeated Koo Kwang-ming in the election for DPP chairperson, following her party's defeat in the 2008 presidential election.
Soon after taking office she said that DPP would work to deepen the Taiwanese localization movement while defending social justice. She proved to be popular in this position and was re-elected as the chairperson of the DPP in 2010.
In 2010, she ran for New Taipei City mayorship in the municipal elections but was defeated by Eric Chu of KMT. By this time she had set her aims high and in 2011 she won the DPP’s primary to become her party’s presidential candidate. It was the first time a woman had become the presidential candidate of a major party in the history of the Republic of China. She lost the presidential election in 2012.
Tsai has strong beliefs about maintaining economic and trade links with mainland China, and generally supports the diversification of Taiwan's economic partners. However, she spoke out against the Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA), a preferential trade agreement that increased economic links between Taiwan and mainland China.
She supports the disadvantaged groups in society, including the poor, women and children, Taiwanese aborigines, and LGBT groups, and believes that the government should take initiates to reduce poverty, provide employment opportunities, and expand public housing. She supports LGBT rights and endorses same-sex marriage.
In 2015, she officially registered for the DPP’s presidential nomination primary and was nominated the party’s presidential candidate. As a part of her presidential campaign, she visited the US and addressed Taiwanese diaspora there. In 2016, she won the presidential election with 56% of the vote, beating her opponent Eric Chu by a margin of 25.04%. She assumed the office of the President of Taiwan on 20 May 2016.
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Personal Life & Legacy
She is not married and is the first unmarried president of her nation.
Facts About Tsai Ing-wen

Tsai Ing-wen is an accomplished scholar, holding a PhD in law from the London School of Economics and Political Science.

She is known for her love of cats and has been spotted wearing cat-themed accessories during public appearances.

Tsai Ing-wen is a talented baker and has shared photos of her homemade desserts on social media.

She is an avid hiker and often takes time to explore Taiwan's beautiful mountains and trails.

Tsai Ing-wen is a strong advocate for gender equality and has worked to promote women's rights and representation in politics.

See the events in life of Tsai Ing-wen in Chronological Order

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Article Title
- Tsai Ing-wen Biography
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- Editors, TheFamousPeople.com
Website
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URL
https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/tsai-ing-wen-7434.php

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