Born: 450 BC
Born In: Athens
Alcibiades was a renowned Athenian statesman, orator, and general who lived in Classical Greece during the 5th century BC. The son of the prominent soldier Cleinias and his wife Deinomache, a member of the powerful Alcmaeonidae family, Alcibiades had a vital part in the second half of the Peloponnesian War as a strategic advisor, military commander, and politician. Throughout the conflict, he swapped allegiance multiple times. In Athens, in the early years of his career, he pushed for aggressive foreign policy and was a prolific advocate of the Sicilian Expedition. After he defected to Sparta, he acted as a military adviser and helped Sparta accumulate several crucial successes. In both Sparta and his native state, he made powerful enemies, who hounded him throughout his life. Later, Alcibiades defected to the Achaemenid Empire before eventually returning to Athens. However, his joy of homecoming was short-lived, as he went to another exile in the Achaemenid Empire. It was there that he would be ultimately assassinated in 404 BC.