Childhood & Early Life
Simon van der Meer was born on November 24, 1925, in The Hague, the Netherlands was the third child of Pieter van der Meer and Jetske Groeneveld. His father was a teacher and his mother’s family was in the teaching profession as well.
His parents were a constant source of encouragement and made considerable sacrifices to give him and his three sisters a quality education.
He was enrolled in the science section of the Gymnasium in The Hague and graduated in 1943. During the German occupation of the Netherlands, Dutch universities were closed and therefore, he continued attending the humanities section of the Gymnasium for the next two years.
A growing interest in Physics and technology had him assisting his physics teacher, U.Ph. Lely, with the preparation of numerous demonstrations. He loved electronics and filled his house with various gadgets.
In 1945, he enrolled at the “University of Technology”, Delft choosing to study Technical Physics. He graduated with an engineering degree in 1952.
Continue Reading Below
Soon after his graduation in 1952, Van der Meer worked in the “Philips Research Laboratory” at Eindhoven. His job mainly involved developmental work on high-voltage equipment and electronics for electron microscopes.
The recently founded “European Organization for Nuclear Research, CERN” (ConseilEuropéen pour la RechercheNucléaire) laboratory in Geneva caught his fancy and he joined the organization in 1956. He remained active at CERN until his retirement in 1990.
His first task at CERN was under the leadership of J.B. Adams and C.A. Ramm. It concerned the design of the pole-face windings and multipole correction lenses for the 26 GeV Proton Synchrotron (PS).
For a year, in 1960, he worked on a separated antiproton beam which triggered the idea of the magnetic horn. This was a pulsed focusing device necessary for long-base-line neutrino facilities. This device has numerous applications in neutrino physics and the production of antiprotons.
In 1965, he joined a small group of physicists, led by F.J.M. Farley, working on the second “g-2” experiment for the precision measurement of the magnetic moment of the muon. Van der Meer designed a small storage ring (the g-2 ring) and was a participant throughout the experiment.
From 1967 to 1976, he was responsible for the “Intersecting Storage Rings” (ISR) and the “400 GeV Super Proton Synchrotron” (SPS). He was in charge of regulation and control of their magnet power supplies.
Sometime during 1976, as his work with SPS power supplies had come to an end, he joined a study group that was involved in the pp project. This project was helmed by Carlo Rubbia and proposed the use of the SPS or the Fermilab ring as a pp collider. He was also part of an experimental team that was studying cooling in a small ring called the Initial Cooling Experiment (ICE).
On approval of the collider project in 1978, he was chosen to be the joint project lead with R. Billinge. Their responsibilities included the construction of the “Antiproton Accumulator” (AA).
Two years later, in 1980, the first antiproton accumulator started up as was the circulation of the first beam. Over a year later, about 1011 particles had been achieved.
Continue Reading Below
His stochastic cooling technique was used to accumulate intense beams of antiprotons for head-on collision with counter-rotating proton beams at 540 GeV centre-of-mass energy or 270 GeV per beam in the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS). The first sign of “W” and “Z” bosons was detected in 1983 by the “UA1 experiment”.
The discovery of the W and Z particles, two of the most fundamental constituents of matter, earned him a Nobel Prize in 1984. He was the co-recipient of the award along with Carlo Rubbia.
His work led to the discovery of the ‘top quark’, the final piece of matter in the ‘Standard Mode’, in 1994. The method of stochastic cooling was added to the ‘Tevatron collider’ to enable this. The stochastic extraction method proposed by him is used in the ‘Low-Energy Antiproton Ring’ (LEAR) that was succeeded by the ‘Antiproton Decelerator’ (AD) to decelerate and store antiprotons.
After more than 30 years at CERN and a significant contribution to the world of Physics, Simon van der Meer retired in 1990. Instead of indulging in lecture tours, he chose to devote his time to gardening and catching up with friends.
Awards & Achievements
In 1982, Simon van der Meer was honored with the ‘Duddell Medal and Prize’ for his contributions in the world of Physics.
Van der Meer was responsible for the discovery of W and Z particles, two of the most fundamental constituents of matter. This was crucial to the unified ‘electroweak theory’ that was put forward in the 1970s. In 1984, he, along with Carlo Rubbia, was awarded the “Nobel Prize in Physics”.
Personal Life & Legacy
In 1966, on a skiing trip with his friends in the Swiss Alps, Simon van der Meer met his future wife-to-be, Catharina M. Koopman. A short interval after their meeting, they married. He described this decision as the best he ever made.
He had two children; a daughter, Esther, in 1968, and a son, Mathijs in 1970.
He passed away on March 4, 2011, in Geneva, Switzerland at the age of 85.