Gerard ’t Hooft Biography
(Dutch Theoretical Physicist and Winner of the 1999 Nobel Prize in Physics)
Birthday: July 5, 1946 (Cancer)
Born In: Den Helder, Netherlands
Gerard 't Hooft is a Dutch theoretical physicist who won a share of the 1999 Nobel Prize in Physics which he shared with his thesis advisor Martinus J. G. Veltman for their joint work on elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions. An internationally renowned expert in the field of quantum mechanics, he has performed significant research on gauge theory, black holes, and quantum gravity. Born in the Netherlands into a family of scholars, he grew up in an intellectually stimulating atmosphere surrounded by family members with scientific inclinations. He decided early on that he wanted to be a scientist—bright and curious from a young age, all he ever wanted to do was decipher the myriad mysteries of nature. He attended the Dalton Lyceum where he excelled in science and mathematics but struggled with languages. He proceeded to study physics at Utrecht University where his uncle was a professor. He began his doctorate with Martinus Veltman as his advisor and the two men formed a long and productive collaboration that led to important research in the renormalization of Yang–Mills theories. Working together, the two scientists also formulated the electroweak theory which eventually won the duo the 1999 Nobel Prize in Physics.