Famous Russian Political Leaders

Russian political system is a framework styled in federal semi-presidential republic that is laid under the rules of the Constitution of Russia. As per the Constitution, the executive powers of running the country lies with the Prime Minister of Russia, as the President takes up a largely ceremonial role. Russian politics has witnessed a strong influx of political leaders ever since its inception. While some failed to exert great political control, there were others who exceled with their sharp acumen and administrative skills and still others who became a dominant political figure not just in Russia but the world over. Boris Yeltin was one such political figure of Russia. He served as the head of the government of the Russian Federation. Some other powerful political figures of Russia include Sergei Vladilenovich Kiriyenko, Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, Viktor Borisovich Khristenko, Mikhail Yefimovich Fradkov, current Prime Minister Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev and so on. Each of them and others pushed Russia towards becoming a prosperous nation thus advancing its socio-economic and political structure and defending its national interests. To know more about the Russian political leaders, their life and their administrative and political powers, read through this section.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Vladimir Putin

Vladimir Putin
31
Famous As: President of Russia
Birthdate: October 7, 1952
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Russian

The current President of Russia, Vladimir Putin is a popular politician, with the highest approval rating of any leader in the world as of July 2020. As a high-level politician who has the support of his citizens, he is a powerful figure in world politics. He has been accused by human rights organizations of persecuting political critics and activists.

 2 Mikhail Gorbachev

Mikhail Gorbachev
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Famous As: Former General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Birthdate: March 2, 1931
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Russian

Born into a poor peasant family, Mikhail Gorbachev went on to become one of the most influential figures of the Soviet Union. He served in various positions, most notably as the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. He is regarded as one of the most prominent personalities of the 20th century.

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 3 Dmitry Medvedev

Dmitry Medvedev
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Famous As: Jurist, Politician, Photographer, Blogger, Lawyer, Actor, Businessperson
Birthdate: September 14, 1965
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Russian

 4 Leonid Brezhnev

Leonid Brezhnev
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Birthdate: December 19, 1906
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Ukrainian, Russian
Died: November 10, 1982
Leonid Brezhnev served as the leader of the Soviet Union, as the general secretary of the Communist Party, from 1964 to 1982, and as the chairman of the presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1977 to 1982. His reign is significant for its rampant corruption and economic stagnation. 

 5 Vyacheslav Molotov

Vyacheslav Molotov
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: March 9, 1890
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Russian
Died: November 8, 1986

Vyacheslav Molotov was a Soviet diplomat and politician. An Old Bolshevik, Molotov played a key role in bringing the Bolsheviks to power. He also played a major role during the Great Purge, signing 373 execution lists. Molotov was portrayed by actor Michael Palin in the 2017 political satire black comedy film The Death of Stalin.

 6 Ramzan Kadyrov

Ramzan Kadyrov
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 5, 1976
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Russian

 7 Yuri Andropov

Yuri Andropov
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Famous As: Former General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Birthdate: June 15, 1914
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Russian
Died: February 9, 1984

Yuri Andropov served as the general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1982 until his death in 1984. As the leader of the Soviet Union, Yuri Andropov worked towards improving the nation's economy and dismissed 18 ministers in an attempt to minimize corruption. His work and life have inspired several television documentaries.

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 8 Georgy Malenkov

Georgy Malenkov
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 8, 1902
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Russian
Died: January 14, 1988

Georgy Malenkov was a Soviet politician who succeeded Joseph Stalin as the leader of the Soviet Union. He also played a major role during World War II as he was given sole responsibility of Soviet Union's missile program during the war. Almost inseparable from any account of Stalin's biographies, Malenkov was played by Jeffrey Tambor in The Death of Stalin.

 9 Konstantin Chernenko

Konstantin Chernenko
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Famous As: General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Birthdate: September 24, 1911
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Ukrainian, Russian
Died: March 10, 1985

Soviet politician Konstantin Chernenko was the fifth General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Born to a poor family from Siberia, he developed an early interest in politics. He joined the Communist Party as a young man and rose through the ranks in the ensuing decades. He was awarded Hero of Socialist Labour in 1984. 

 10 Alexander Kerensky

Alexander Kerensky
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Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: April 22, 1881
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Russian
Died: June 11, 1970

Alexander Kerensky was a Russian revolutionary and lawyer who played a major role in the Russian Revolution of 1917. Alexander Kerensky is often portrayed in films and TV series. In the 1971 epic historical drama film Nicholas and Alexandra, he was played by John McEnery. In the 2019 series The Last Czars, he was portrayed by Kestutis Cicenas.

 11 Grigory Potemkin

Grigory Potemkin
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: October 11, 1739
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Russian
Died: October 16, 1791

Grigory Potemkin was a Russian statesman, military leader, and nobleman. A favorite of Catherine the Great, Grigory Potemkin was appointed governor-general of Russia's southern provinces in 1775. An influential personality, Potemkin supervised the construction of several important edifices, such as the Tauride Palace. He is also credited with founding the towns of Ekaterinoslav, Sevastopol, Kherson, and Nikolayev.

 12 Mikhail Prokhorov

Mikhail Prokhorov
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Famous As: Business Tycoon
Birthdate: May 3, 1965
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Russian

Mikhail Prokhorov is a Russian billionaire, former owner of the American professional basketball team Brooklyn Nets, and politician. One of Russia's most prominent industrialists, Prokhorov is credited with helping Norilsk Nickel become the largest producer of palladium and nickel in the world. 

 13 Aleksandr Dugin

Aleksandr Dugin
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Famous As: Analyst
Birthdate: January 7, 1962
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Russian

 14 Vitaly Kaloyev

Vitaly Kaloyev
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: January 15, 1956
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Russian

 15 Nikolai Bulganin

Nikolai Bulganin
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Famous As: Former Premier of the Soviet Union
Birthdate: June 11, 1895
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Russian
Died: February 24, 1975
Soviet premier Nikolai Bulganin had been a high-ranking Red Army official and was known for his close association with Nikita Khrushchev. However, he was later stripped of his Central Committee membership and marshal’s rank after it became clear he had been part of a group that attempted to oust Khrushchev.

 16 Nikolai Bukharin

Nikolai Bukharin
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 9, 1888
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Russian
Died: March 15, 1938
Marxist economist Nikolai Bukharin was drawn toward the Bolshevik ideology while studying economics. Though a staunch communist and a chief ally of Joseph Stalin, Bukharin was later falsely accused of spying and engaging in counter-revolutionary activities. Following his execution, he was posthumously made a party member in 1988.

 17 Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya

Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya
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Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: February 26, 1869
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Russian
Died: February 27, 1939

 18 Boris Nemtsov

Boris Nemtsov
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: October 9, 1959
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Russian
Died: February 27, 2015

 19 Vladimir Zhirinovsky

Vladimir Zhirinovsky
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Famous As: Jurist, Politician, Lawyer
Birthdate: April 25, 1946
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Kazakh, Russian

 20 Boris Godunov

Boris Godunov
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Famous As: Tsar of Russia
Birthdate: 1551 AD
Nationality: Russian
Died: April 23, 1605

 21 Lazar Kaganovich

Lazar Kaganovich
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 22, 1893
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Ukrainian, Russian
Died: July 25, 1991

Lazar Kaganovich was a Soviet administrator and politician remembered for his close association with popular politician and revolutionary, Joseph Stalin. Kaganovich helped Stalin reach the peak of his success by eliminating those who were considered a threat to Stalin's regime. He also played a key role during the Great Purge, signing over 180 lists that caused the deaths of many.

 22 Kliment Voroshilov

Kliment Voroshilov
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Famous As: Military Officer
Birthdate: February 4, 1881
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Russian
Died: December 2, 1969

Kliment Voroshilov was an important Soviet politician and military officer during the Stalin era. He also played an important role in postwar Hungary as he oversaw the establishment of the Hungarian People's Republic between 1945 and 1947. From 1953 to 1960, Voroshilov served as the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet.

 23 Mikhail Kalinin

Mikhail Kalinin
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Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: November 19, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Russian
Died: June 3, 1946

Mikhail Kalinin was a Soviet politician and an Old Bolshevik revolutionary. From 1919 to 1946, Kalinin served as head of state of the Soviet Union. After Kalinin's death, three major cities of the Soviet Union were named or renamed in his honor.

 24 Grigory Zinoviev

Grigory Zinoviev
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Famous As: Bolshevik Revolutionary
Birthdate: September 23, 1883
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Russian
Died: August 25, 1936

Born to dairy farmers in Russia, Grigory Zinoviev was homeschooled and had started working at 14. An Old Bolshevik, he joined Russian revolutionary activities and became a close aide of Vladimir Lenin. Joseph Stalin later got him ousted from the party thrice. Zinoviev was eventually arrested and executed.

 25 Alexei Kosygin

Alexei Kosygin
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Famous As: Former Premier of the Soviet Union
Birthdate: February 20, 1904
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Russian
Died: December 18, 1980

Alexei Kosygin was a Soviet-Russian statesman who played an important role during the Cold War. From 1964 to 1980, Kosygin was the Premier of the Soviet Union, a position that enabled him to become one of the most influential policymakers in the Soviet Union during the mid-1960s. Today, Kosygin is considered a prominent figure in both Soviet and Russian history.

 26 Alexey Kosygin

Alexey Kosygin
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Famous As: Former Premier of the Soviet Union
Birthdate: February 21, 1904
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Russian
Died: December 18, 1980

 27 Lev Kamenev

Lev Kamenev
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Famous As: Revolutionary, Political Leader
Birthdate: July 18, 1883
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Russian
Died: August 24, 1936

A communist and an Old Bolshevic, Lev Kamenev was a close aide of Vladimir Lenin. Born to revolutionary parents, Kamenev was exiled but returned to Russia after the February Revolution. At the onset of the Great Purge, he was ousted from his party, arrested, and executed by a firing squad.

 28 Feodor I of Russia

Feodor I of Russia
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Birthdate: May 31, 1557
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Russian
Died: January 1, 1598

 29 Gennady Zyuganov

Gennady Zyuganov
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 26, 1944
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Russian

 30 Michael I of Russia

Michael I of Russia
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Birthdate: July 12, 1596
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Russian
Died: July 12, 1645

 31 Ivan V of Russia

Ivan V of Russia
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Famous As: monarch
Birthdate: August 27, 1666
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Russian
Died: January 29, 1696

 32 Andrei A. Gromyko

Andrei A. Gromyko
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 18, 1909
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Russian
Died: July 2, 1989

 33 Patriarch Kirill I of Moscow

Patriarch Kirill I of Moscow
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Famous As: Bishop
Birthdate: November 20, 1946
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Russian

 34 Feodor III of Russia

Feodor III of Russia
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Birthdate: June 9, 1661
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Russian
Died: May 7, 1682

 35 Yakov Sverdlov

Yakov Sverdlov
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 3, 1885
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Russian
Died: March 16, 1919

 36 Sergei Witte

Sergei Witte
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Famous As: politician
Birthdate: June 17, 1849
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Georgian, Russian
Died: March 13, 1915

 37 Viktor Zubkov

Viktor Zubkov
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Famous As: Politician, Entrepreneur, Economist
Birthdate: September 15, 1941
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Russian

 38 Aslan Maskhadov

Aslan Maskhadov
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Famous As: Political leader
Birthdate: September 21, 1951
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Russian
Died: March 8, 2005

 39 Pavel Grudinin

Pavel Grudinin
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 20, 1960
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Russian

Pavel Grudinin is a Russian entrepreneur and politician who was chosen by the Communist Party as the candidate for the 2018 presidential election, which was eventually won by Vladimir Putin. He is the recipient of the commemorative medal of the Russian Federation, which was created to commemorate the 850th anniversary of Moscow.

 40 Gennady Yanayev

Gennady Yanayev
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 26, 1937
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Russian
Died: September 24, 2010

 41 Eduard Limonov

Eduard Limonov
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Famous As: Writer, Dissident, Politician, Poet, Human rights activist, Journalist
Birthdate: February 22, 1943
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: French, Russian

 42 Ivan Savvidis

Ivan Savvidis
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: March 27, 1959
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Russian

 43 Vasili IV of Russia

Vasili IV of Russia
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Famous As: Monarch
Birthdate: September 22, 1552
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Russian
Died: September 12, 1612

 44 Sergei Ivanov

Sergei Ivanov
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Famous As: Politician, Diplomat
Birthdate: January 31, 1953
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Russian

 45 Vasili III of Russia

Vasili III of Russia
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Famous As: Grand prince
Birthdate: March 25, 1479
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Russian
Died: December 3, 1533

 46 Andrei Zhdanov

Andrei Zhdanov
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Famous As: politician, military personnel
Birthdate: February 14, 1896
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Russian
Died: August 31, 1948

 47 Vladimir Kryuchkov

Vladimir Kryuchkov
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Famous As: Lawyer
Birthdate: February 29, 1924
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Russian
Died: November 23, 2007

 48 Ivan Serov

Ivan Serov
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Birthdate: August 25, 1905
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Russian
Died: July 1, 1990

 49 Dmitry Yazov

Dmitry Yazov
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 8, 1924
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Russian
Died: February 25, 2020

 50 Imam Shamil

Imam Shamil
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Famous As: Political leader
Birthdate: June 26, 1797
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Saudi Arabian, Russian
Died: February 4, 1871