Famous Russian Revolutionaries

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 1 
Joseph Stalin
(Soviet Political Leader & Dictator Who Led the Soviet Union from 1922 Until His Death in 1953)
Joseph Stalin
8
Birthdate: December 18, 1878
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Gori, Georgia
Died: March 5, 1953

Controversial Russian dictator, Joseph Stalin, ruled the Soviet Union for around 25 years from 1929 to 1953 and is credited for making it a prominent industrial and military power of the world. During the Second World War, his army defeated the Nazis too. However, his regime was also one of terror and brutality where numerous Soviet citizens lost their lives.

 2 
Vladimir Lenin
(Russian Revolutionary & Politician Who Served as the First Head of Government of Soviet Russia)
Vladimir Lenin
4
Birthdate: April 22, 1870
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ulyanovsk, Russia
Died: January 21, 1924

Vladimir Lenin played a key role in the history of Russian politics by developing a political ideology called Leninism. During and after his lifetime, Lenin had a massive influence over international communist movement. He is widely regarded as one of the most influential and significant personalities of the 20th century.

 3 
Alexander Kerensky
(Minister-President of the Russian Republic (September 1917 - November 1917))
Alexander Kerensky
3
Birthdate: May 4, 1881
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ulyanovsk, Russia
Died: June 11, 1970

Alexander Kerensky was a Russian revolutionary and lawyer who played a major role in the Russian Revolution of 1917. Alexander Kerensky is often portrayed in films and TV series. In the 1971 epic historical drama film Nicholas and Alexandra, he was played by John McEnery. In the 2019 series The Last Czars, he was portrayed by Kestutis Cicenas.

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 4 
Peter Kropotkin
(Anarchist, Socialist & Historian)
Peter Kropotkin
3
Birthdate: December 9, 1842
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: February 8, 1921

Russian philosopher Peter Kropotkin was a passionate advocate of anarcho-communism. He was also an activist, revolutionary, economist, and sociologist. He was arrested and imprisoned for his activism in 1874. However, he managed to escape and lived in exile for over 40 years in different countries across Europe. He returned to Russia after the Russian Revolution in 1917. 

 5 
Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya
(Deputy Minister of Education in the Government of the Soviet Union 1929 – 1938)
Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya
3
Birthdate: February 26, 1869
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: February 27, 1939
 6 
Mikhail Bakunin
(Philosopher)
Mikhail Bakunin
3
Birthdate: May 30, 1814
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Russia
Died: July 1, 1876

Mikhail Bakunin was a Russian socialist and anarchist. He is credited with founding an anarchist school of thought called collectivist anarchism. Regarded as one of the most influential personalities of anarchism, Mikhail Bakunin has had a major influence on thinkers like Peter Kropotkin, Herbert Marcuse, Errico Malatesta, Neil Postman, E. P. Thompson, and A. S. Neill.    

 7 
Nikolai Bukharin
(General Secretary of the Executive Committee of the Communist International (1926-1929))
Nikolai Bukharin
3
Birthdate: October 9, 1888
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: March 15, 1938
Marxist economist Nikolai Bukharin was drawn toward the Bolshevik ideology while studying economics. Though a staunch communist and a chief ally of Joseph Stalin, Bukharin was later falsely accused of spying and engaging in counter-revolutionary activities. Following his execution, he was posthumously made a party member in 1988.
 8 
Fanny Kaplan
(Revolutionary)
Fanny Kaplan
3
Birthdate: February 10, 1890
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Volhynian Governorate
Died: September 3, 1918

Born into a poverty-stricken family of farmers, Fanny Kaplan was home-schooled. Later, while working as a milliner, she joined the Socialist Revolutionary Party and thus became part of radical politics. She developed anti-Bolshevik sentiments and attempted to assassinate Lenin. Though Lenin recovered, Kaplan was later executed.

 9 
Alexei Rykov
(Russian Bolshevik Revolutionary and Premier of the Soviet Union from 1924 to 1930)
Alexei Rykov
3
Birthdate: February 25, 1881
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saratov, Russia
Died: March 15, 1938

Alexei Rykov was a Russian Bolshevik revolutionary and a Soviet politician. He served as the  Premier of Russia and the Soviet Union in the 1920s. A key player in the 1905 Russian Revolution, he often came into political conflict with Vladimir Lenin. He oversaw the implementation of the "War Communism" economic policy during the Russian Civil War.

 10 
Yakov Yurovsky
(Soviet Era Executioner)
Yakov Yurovsky
3
Birthdate: June 19, 1878
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tomsk, Siberia, Russian Empire
Died: 1938 AD

Yakov Yurovsky was a Russian Old Bolshevik. Also a Soviet Revolutionary, he acted as the chief executioner of Emperor Nicholas II of Russia and his family on the night of 17 July 1918. A watchmaker by trade, he was a Chekist for a short time. In his later life, he allegedly expressed remorse over his role in the executions.

 11 
Lev Kamenev
(Revolutionary, Political Leader)
Lev Kamenev
3
Birthdate: July 18, 1883
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: August 24, 1936

A communist and an Old Bolshevic, Lev Kamenev was a close aide of Vladimir Lenin. Born to revolutionary parents, Kamenev was exiled but returned to Russia after the February Revolution. At the onset of the Great Purge, he was ousted from his party, arrested, and executed by a firing squad.

 12 
Grigory Zinoviev
(Soviet Revolutionary and Politician)
Grigory Zinoviev
3
Birthdate: September 23, 1883
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kirovohrad, Ukraine
Died: August 25, 1936

Born to dairy farmers in Russia, Grigory Zinoviev was homeschooled and had started working at 14. An Old Bolshevik, he joined Russian revolutionary activities and became a close aide of Vladimir Lenin. Joseph Stalin later got him ousted from the party thrice. Zinoviev was eventually arrested and executed.

 13 
Julius Martov
(Russian Revolutionary and Prominent Menshevik Leader)
Julius Martov
3
Birthdate: November 24, 1873
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: April 4, 1923

Russian revolutionary and politician Julius Martov was a prominent leader of the Mensheviks. A close associate of Vladimir Lenin since his initial political career, he later clashed with Lenin’s ideology of limiting party membership to an exclusive group. He spent his finals years in Berlin as an editor of Socialist Courier.

 14 
Alexandra Kollontai
(Russian Revolutionary and Diplomat & First Woman in History to Become an Official Member of a Governing Cabinet)
Alexandra Kollontai
3
Birthdate: March 31, 1872
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: March 9, 1952

Alexandra Kollontai was a Russian revolutionary, politician, and diplomat. She served as the People's Commissar for Welfare in Lenin’s government. A powerful figure, she became the first woman in history to become an official member of a governing cabinet. She was also one of the few women to play a prominent role during the Russian Revolution. 

 15 
Maxim Litvinov
(Russian Revolutionary and Former Soviet Ambassador to the United States (1941 - 1943))
Maxim Litvinov
3
Birthdate: July 17, 1876
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Białystok, Poland
Died: December 31, 1951

Soviet diplomat Maksim Litvinov believed in disarmament and was behind the adoption of the Kellogg–Briand Pact and the Litvinov Protocol. He had also been the Soviet Ambassador to the US and later served as the deputy commissar for foreign affairs. He was the grandfather of Russian-American author Pavel Litvinov.

 16 
Aleksandr Ulyanov
(Russian Revolutionary and Elder Brother of Vladimir Lenin)
Aleksandr Ulyanov
5
Birthdate: April 12, 1866
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Died: May 20, 1887

Russian revolutionary Aleksandr Ulyanov was the elder brother of Vladimir Lenin, who founded the Soviet Union. Though initially not interested in politics, he later became involved in St. Petersburg student politics and was part of a plot to kill Alexander III. He was hanged along with four of his comrades.

 17 
Natalia Sedova
(Second wife of Leon Trotsky, the Russian revolutionary)
Natalia Sedova
3
Birthdate: April 5, 1882
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Romny, Ukraine
Died: January 23, 1962
 18 
Sergey Nechayev
(Revolutionary)
Sergey Nechayev
2
Birthdate: October 2, 1847
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ivanovo, Russia
Died: December 3, 1882
 19 
Elena Stasova
(Politician)
Elena Stasova
2
Birthdate: October 3, 1873
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: December 31, 1966
 20 
Georgi Plekhanov
(Russian Philosopher, Marxist Theoretician and Founder of Social-Democratic Movement in Russia)
Georgi Plekhanov
3
Birthdate: December 11, 1856
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Gryazinsky District, Russia
Died: May 30, 1918

Russian revolutionary and Marxist theorist Georgi Plekhanov is remembered for establishing Liberation of Labour, the first Russian Marxist organization. One of his best-known works was Socialism and Political Struggle. He later went against the Bolsheviks and Lenin and criticized their policies. He supported the Entente powers during World War I.

 21 
Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova
(Revolutionary leader and founder of the Soviet Union)
Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova
0
Birthdate: March 6, 1835
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 25, 1916
 22 
Boris Savinkov
(Revolutionary)
Boris Savinkov
5
Birthdate: January 31, 1879
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kharkiv, Ukraine
Died: May 7, 1925
 23 
Andrei Bubnov
(Politician)
Andrei Bubnov
2
Birthdate: March 23, 1883
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ivanovo, Russia
Died: August 1, 1938
 24 
Viktor Chernov
(Political leader)
Viktor Chernov
2
Birthdate: December 7, 1873
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kamyshin, Russia
Died: April 15, 1952
 25 
Vera Zasulich
2
Birthdate: August 8, 1849
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Gzhatsky Uyezd
Died: August 8, 1919
 26 
Georgy Chicherin
(Revolutionary)
Georgy Chicherin
2
Birthdate: November 24, 1872
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tambov Governorate, Russian Empire
Died: July 7, 1936
 27 
Sophia Perovskaya
(Revolutionary)
Sophia Perovskaya
2
Birthdate: September 13, 1853
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: April 15, 1881
 28 
Adolph Joffe
(Russian Bolshevik Revolutionary and Former Ambassador of the Soviet Union to China (1922 - 1924))
Adolph Joffe
2
Birthdate: October 10, 1883
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Simferopol, Russia
Died: November 16, 1927

The son of an affluent Crimean Karaite merchant, Adolph Joffe grew up to be a Bolshevik politician and a revolutionary. He later represented the Soviet Union as its ambassador to China and Austria. A lifelong supporter of Leon Trotsky, he committed suicide after Trotsky was expelled from the Communist Party.

 29 
Pavel Axelrod
(Russian Marxist Revolutionary and One of the Founders of the 'Russian Social Democratic Party')
Pavel Axelrod
2
Birthdate: August 25, 1850
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Pochep, Russia
Died: April 16, 1928

Marxist revolutionary leader Pavel Axelrod was closely associated with the Russian Social-Democratic Workers’ Party and the Mensheviks. He was married to the daughter of satirist Isaac Kaminer. He went against the Bolshevik Revolution during World War I. He was exiled to Berlin in his final years and died there eventually.

 30 
Mikhail Markovich Borodin
(Bolshevik Revolutionary Who Served as an Advisor to the Chinese Leader Sun Yat-sen)
Mikhail Markovich Borodin
2
Birthdate: July 9, 1884
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Janavičy, Belarus
Died: May 29, 1951

Mikhail Markovich Borodin was a Bolshevik revolutionary and Third International agent. He is best remembered for his work in China where he served as an advisor to Sun Yat-sen and his political party Kuomintang. Mikhail Markovich Borodin also played an important role in the Northern Expedition before he was made to return to the Soviet Union.

 31 
Ivan Kalyayev
(Poet, Revolutionary)
Ivan Kalyayev
0
Birthdate: July 6, 1877
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: May 23, 1905
 32 
Vera Figner
(Revolutionary Whose Work to Free All Russian People Led to Her Involvement in the Assassination of 'Alexander II')
Vera Figner
1
Birthdate: July 7, 1852
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kazan, Russia
Died: June 15, 1942

Russian revolutionary Vera Figner was a major figure of the Populist (Narodnik) movement. Initially a medical student, she later left her studies midway to devote herself to politics. She also left her husband for her revolutionary cause and became associated with the Zemlya i Volya party.

 33 
Nikolai Rysakov
(Revolutionary)
Nikolai Rysakov
0
Birthdate: 1861 AD
Birthplace: Belozersky District, Russia
Died: April 15, 1881
 34 
Georgy Pyatakov
(Revolutionary)
Georgy Pyatakov
1
Birthdate: August 18, 1890
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Horodyshche, Ukraine
Died: January 30, 1937
 35 
Catherine Breshkovsky
(Political figure)
Catherine Breshkovsky
1
Birthdate: January 25, 1844
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ivanovo, Russia
Died: September 12, 1934
 36 
Nikolai Kibalchich
(Revolutionary)
Nikolai Kibalchich
0
Birthdate: October 19, 1853
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Krolevetsky Uyezd, Ukraine
Died: April 3, 1881
 37 
Nikolai Tchaikovsky
(Revolutionary)
Nikolai Tchaikovsky
1
Birthdate: January 7, 1851
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kirov, Russia
Died: April 30, 1926
 38 
Kondraty Ryleyev
1
Birthdate: September 29, 1795
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Batovo, Russia
Died: July 25, 1826