Famous Russian Revolutionaries

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Leon Trotsky

Leon Trotsky
17
Famous As: People's Commissar of Military and Naval Affairs of the Soviet Union (1918-1925)
Birthdate: November 7, 1879
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bereslavka, Ukraine
Died: August 21, 1940

A Russian politician, political theorist, and revolutionary, Leon Trotsky developed a political ideology called Trotskyism, which eventually had a considerable impact on Russian politics. He also played a vital role in leading the Red Army to victory in the Russian Civil War.

 2 Vladimir Lenin

Vladimir Lenin
2
Famous As: 1st & Founding head of government of Soviet Russia (1917-1924) and Soviet Union (1922-24)
Birthdate: April 22, 1870
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ulyanovsk, Russia
Died: January 21, 1924

Vladimir Lenin played a key role in the history of Russian politics by developing a political ideology called Leninism. During and after his lifetime, Lenin had a massive influence over international communist movement. He is widely regarded as one of the most influential and significant personalities of the 20th century.

 3 Alexander Kerensky

Alexander Kerensky
3
Famous As: Minister-President of the Russian Republic (1917)
Birthdate: May 4, 1881
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ulyanovsk, Russia
Died: June 11, 1970

Alexander Kerensky was a Russian revolutionary and lawyer who played a major role in the Russian Revolution of 1917. Alexander Kerensky is often portrayed in films and TV series. In the 1971 epic historical drama film Nicholas and Alexandra, he was played by John McEnery. In the 2019 series The Last Czars, he was portrayed by Kestutis Cicenas.

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 4 Peter Kropotkin

Peter Kropotkin
3
Famous As: Anarchist, Socialist & Historian
Birthdate: December 9, 1842
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: February 8, 1921

Russian philosopher Peter Kropotkin was a passionate advocate of anarcho-communism. He was also an activist, revolutionary, economist, and sociologist. He was arrested and imprisoned for his activism in 1874. However, he managed to escape and lived in exile for over 40 years in different countries across Europe. He returned to Russia after the Russian Revolution in 1917. 

 5 Mikhail Bakunin

Mikhail Bakunin
3
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: May 30, 1814
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Russia
Died: July 1, 1876

Mikhail Bakunin was a Russian socialist and anarchist. He is credited with founding an anarchist school of thought called collectivist anarchism. Regarded as one of the most influential personalities of anarchism, Mikhail Bakunin has had a major influence on thinkers like Peter Kropotkin, Herbert Marcuse, Errico Malatesta, Neil Postman, E. P. Thompson, and A. S. Neill.    

 6 Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya

Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya
3
Famous As: Deputy Minister of Education in the Government of the Soviet Union 1929 – 1938
Birthdate: February 26, 1869
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: February 27, 1939

 7 Mikhail Kalinin

Mikhail Kalinin
3
Famous As: Mayor of Saint Petersburg
Birthdate: November 19, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Verkhnyaya Troitsa, Russia
Died: June 3, 1946

Mikhail Kalinin was a Soviet politician and an Old Bolshevik revolutionary. From 1919 to 1946, Kalinin served as head of state of the Soviet Union. After Kalinin's death, three major cities of the Soviet Union were named or renamed in his honor.

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 8 Yakov Yurovsky

Yakov Yurovsky
3
Famous As: Soviet Era Executioner
Birthdate: June 19, 1878
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tomsk, Siberia, Russian Empire
Died: 1938 AD

Yakov Yurovsky was a Russian Old Bolshevik. Also a Soviet Revolutionary, he acted as the chief executioner of Emperor Nicholas II of Russia and his family on the night of 17 July 1918. A watchmaker by trade, he was a Chekist for a short time. In his later life, he allegedly expressed remorse over his role in the executions.

 9 Anastas Mikoyan

Anastas Mikoyan
3
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: November 25, 1895
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Sanahin, Alaverdi, Armenia
Died: October 21, 1978

Anastas Mikoyan was an Armenian Communist revolutionary. He was an Old Bolshevik. He held several high governmental posts during Joseph Stalin’s rule but began to lose favor towards the end of his regime. He once again regained his power during Nikita Khrushchev’s rule and served as the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet. He also wrote several memoirs.  

 10 Nikolai Bukharin

Nikolai Bukharin
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 9, 1888
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: March 15, 1938
Marxist economist Nikolai Bukharin was drawn toward the Bolshevik ideology while studying economics. Though a staunch communist and a chief ally of Joseph Stalin, Bukharin was later falsely accused of spying and engaging in counter-revolutionary activities. Following his execution, he was posthumously made a party member in 1988.

 11 Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky

Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky
3
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: September 11, 1877
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Minsk, Belarus
Died: July 20, 1926

Bolshevik revolutionary Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky, also known as Iron Felix, was born into a Polish noble family. Though Lenin considered him a hero, he often disagreed with Lenin’s views. He had been the director of Cheka. He died of a heart attack after finishing a 2-hour speech.

 12 Alexei Rykov

Alexei Rykov
3
Famous As: Premier of the Soviet Union (1924-30)
Birthdate: February 25, 1881
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saratov, Russia
Died: March 15, 1938

Alexei Rykov was a Russian Bolshevik revolutionary and a Soviet politician. He served as the  Premier of Russia and the Soviet Union in the 1920s. A key player in the 1905 Russian Revolution, he often came into political conflict with Vladimir Lenin. He oversaw the implementation of the "War Communism" economic policy during the Russian Civil War.

 13 Alexandra Kollontai

Alexandra Kollontai
3
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: March 31, 1872
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: March 9, 1952

Alexandra Kollontai was a Russian revolutionary, politician, and diplomat. She served as the People's Commissar for Welfare in Lenin’s government. A powerful figure, she became the first woman in history to become an official member of a governing cabinet. She was also one of the few women to play a prominent role during the Russian Revolution. 

 14 Lev Kamenev

Lev Kamenev
3
Famous As: Revolutionary, Political Leader
Birthdate: July 18, 1883
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: August 24, 1936

A communist and an Old Bolshevic, Lev Kamenev was a close aide of Vladimir Lenin. Born to revolutionary parents, Kamenev was exiled but returned to Russia after the February Revolution. At the onset of the Great Purge, he was ousted from his party, arrested, and executed by a firing squad.

 15 Grigory Zinoviev

Grigory Zinoviev
3
Famous As: Politician, Revolutionary
Birthdate: September 23, 1883
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kirovohrad, Ukraine
Died: August 25, 1936

Born to dairy farmers in Russia, Grigory Zinoviev was homeschooled and had started working at 14. An Old Bolshevik, he joined Russian revolutionary activities and became a close aide of Vladimir Lenin. Joseph Stalin later got him ousted from the party thrice. Zinoviev was eventually arrested and executed.

 16 Natalia Sedova

Natalia Sedova
3
Famous As: Second wife of Leon Trotsky, the Russian revolutionary
Birthdate: April 5, 1882
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Romny, Ukraine
Died: January 23, 1962

 17 Maksim Litvinov

Maksim Litvinov
3
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: July 17, 1876
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Białystok, Russian Empire
Died: December 31, 1951

Soviet diplomat Maksim Litvinov believed in disarmament and was behind the adoption of the Kellogg–Briand Pact and the Litvinov Protocol. He had also been the Soviet Ambassador to the US and later served as the deputy commissar for foreign affairs. He was the grandfather of Russian-American author Pavel Litvinov.

 18 Yemelyan Pugachev

Yemelyan Pugachev
3
Famous As: Leader of Pugachev Rebellion
Birthdate: 1742 AD
Birthplace: Volgograd Oblast, Russia
Died: January 21, 1775

Yemelyan Pugachev, a Cossack leader, was a significant figure of the peasant rebellion in Russia. Impersonating Emperor Peter III, who had been deposed by Queen Catherine and killed, Pugachev gathered a group of peasants and besieged several major Russian cities, but was eventually sent to Moscow, where he was executed.

 19 Aleksandr Ulyanov

Aleksandr Ulyanov
5
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: April 12, 1866
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Died: May 20, 1887

Russian revolutionary Aleksandr Ulyanov was the elder brother of Vladimir Lenin, who founded the Soviet Union. Though initially not interested in politics, he later became involved in St. Petersburg student politics and was part of a plot to kill Alexander III. He was hanged along with four of his comrades.

 20 Sergey Kirov

Sergey Kirov
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: March 27, 1886
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Urzhum, Russia
Died: December 1, 1934

Communist leader and Bolshevik revolutionary Sergey Kirov was assassinated in Leningrad by a Communist Party member in 1934, leading Joseph Stalin to initiate the Great Purge, which was geared toward decimating anti-Stalinist Communists. However, it was later hinted that Stalin may have himself ordered Kirov’s assassination.

 21 Sergey Nechayev

Sergey Nechayev
2
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: October 2, 1847
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ivanovo, Russia
Died: December 3, 1882

 22 Alexander Israel Helphand

Alexander Israel Helphand
5
Famous As: Theoretician
Birthdate: September 8, 1867
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Berazino, Belarus
Died: December 12, 1924

Initially inspired by Marxist ideals, Alexander Israel Helphand later got involved in revolutionary activities and was arrested. He escaped to Germany, where he later negotiated Lenin’s re-entry into Russia in a sealed train through Germany from Switzerland, where Lenin was exiled. Nevertheless, Helphand wasn’t allowed by Lenin to re-enter Russia.

 23 Georgi Plekhanov

Georgi Plekhanov
3
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: November 29, 1856
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Gryazinsky District, Russia
Died: May 30, 1918

Russian revolutionary and Marxist theorist Georgi Plekhanov is remembered for establishing Liberation of Labour, the first Russian Marxist organization. One of his best-known works was Socialism and Political Struggle. He later went against the Bolsheviks and Lenin and criticized their policies. He supported the Entente powers during World War I.

 24 Elena Stasova

Elena Stasova
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 3, 1873
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: December 31, 1966

 25 Andrei Bubnov

Andrei Bubnov
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: March 23, 1883
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ivanovo, Russia
Died: August 1, 1938

 26 Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova

Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova
0
Famous As: Revolutionary leader and founder of the Soviet Union
Birthdate: March 6, 1835
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 25, 1916

 27 Viktor Chernov

Viktor Chernov
2
Famous As: Political leader
Birthdate: December 7, 1873
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kamyshin, Russia
Died: April 15, 1952

 28 Vera Zasulich

Vera Zasulich
2
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: August 8, 1849
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Gzhatsky Uyezd
Died: August 8, 1919

 29 Adolph Joffe

Adolph Joffe
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 10, 1883
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Simferopol, Russia
Died: November 16, 1927

 30 Georgy Chicherin

Georgy Chicherin
2
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: November 24, 1872
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tambov Governorate, Russian Empire
Died: July 7, 1936

 31 Sophia Perovskaya

Sophia Perovskaya
2
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: September 13, 1853
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: April 15, 1881

 32 Pavel Axelrod

Pavel Axelrod
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 25, 1850
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Chernigov Governorate, Russian Empire
Died: April 16, 1928

Marxist revolutionary leader Pavel Axelrod was closely associated with the Russian Social-Democratic Workers’ Party and the Mensheviks. He was married to the daughter of satirist Isaac Kaminer. He went against the Bolshevik Revolution during World War I. He was exiled to Berlin in his final years and died there eventually.

 33 Dokka Umarov

Dokka Umarov
3
Famous As: Militant
Birthdate: April 13, 1964
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kharsenoy, Chechnya, Russia
Died: September 7, 2013

Chechen separatist Dokka Umarov later declared himself the emir of the Islamic Caucasus Emirate. Though a civil engineer by profession, he continued to indulge in criminal activities while working in Russia. He was eventually poisoned, and his body was found in a remote Russian area.

 34 Mikhail Markovich Borodin

Mikhail Markovich Borodin
2
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: July 9, 1884
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Janavičy, Belarus
Died: May 29, 1951

 35 Ivan Kalyayev

Ivan Kalyayev
0
Famous As: Poet, Revolutionary
Birthdate: July 6, 1877
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: May 23, 1905

 36 Fanny Kaplan

Fanny Kaplan
3
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: February 10, 1890
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Volhynian Governorate
Died: September 3, 1918

Born into a poverty-stricken family of farmers, Fanny Kaplan was home-schooled. Later, while working as a milliner, she joined the Socialist Revolutionary Party and thus became part of radical politics. She developed anti-Bolshevik sentiments and attempted to assassinate Lenin. Though Lenin recovered, Kaplan was later executed.

 37 Vera Figner

Vera Figner
1
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: July 1, 1852
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kazan, Russia
Died: June 15, 1942

Russian revolutionary Vera Figner was a major figure of the Populist (Narodnik) movement. Initially a medical student, she later left her studies midway to devote herself to politics. She also left her husband for her revolutionary cause and became associated with the Zemlya i Volya party.

 38 Nikolai Rysakov

Nikolai Rysakov
0
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: 1861 AD
Birthplace: Belozersky District, Russia
Died: April 15, 1881

 39 Georgy Pyatakov

Georgy Pyatakov
1
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: August 18, 1890
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Horodyshche, Ukraine
Died: January 30, 1937

 40 Catherine Breshkovsky

Catherine Breshkovsky
1
Famous As: Political figure
Birthdate: January 25, 1844
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ivanovo, Russia
Died: September 12, 1934

 41 Nikolai Kibalchich

Nikolai Kibalchich
0
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: October 19, 1853
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Krolevetsky Uyezd, Ukraine
Died: April 3, 1881

 42 Boris Savinkov

Boris Savinkov
5
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: January 31, 1879
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kharkiv, Ukraine
Died: May 7, 1925

 43 Nikolai Tchaikovsky

Nikolai Tchaikovsky
1
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: January 7, 1851
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kirov, Russia
Died: April 30, 1926

 44 Kondraty Ryleyev

Kondraty Ryleyev
1
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: September 29, 1795
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Batovo, Russia
Died: July 25, 1826