Birthday: February 12, 1885
Died At Age: 61
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Also Known As: The Beast of Franconia, King of Nuremberg
Born in: Fleinhausen, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire
Famous as: A Member of National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP)
Spouse/Ex-: Adele Tappe, Kunigunde Roth
father: Friedrich Streicher
mother: Anna Weiss
children: Elmar Striecher, Lothar Streicher
Died on: October 16, 1946
place of death: Nuremberg, American Occupied Zone, German Realm
Cause of Death: Execution
Julius Streicher was a German politician and a member of NSDAP known for inciting German masses against the Jews. He wrote a number of anti-Semitic books aimed at brainwashing children from an early age against the supposed evils that Jewry posed. Due to his active role in the Nazi propaganda to eliminate the Jews from Germany and his unrelenting support to Adolf Hitler and his ideals, he was given the rightful title of ‘Jew-baiter Number One’ in his country. Streicher was accused of being a party to a number of Jew killings before the dawn of World War II. Even though Hitler considered him to be his right-hand man, he was often considered to be unstable and temperamental by some of the officials who served by his side. After the war, he was convicted of crimes against humanity and executed.
Childhood & Early Life
Julius Streicher was born on 12th February 1885, to Friedrich Streicher and Anna nee Weiss, in the town of Fleinhausen in Bavaria. His father worked as an elementary school teacher.
He followed in his father’s footsteps and began working as an elementary school teacher at the beginning of his career. In 1914, he joined the German army. By the year 1918, he was promoted to the post of lieutenant and had been awarded the Iron Cross.
Continue Reading Below
You May Like
After Germany was defeated in World War I, Streicher took to radical politics by enlisting his name in ‘Schutz-und-Trutz Bund’, a group that focused on working against the Bavarian republic. After being involved with this group, he began exhibiting anti-Semitic traits, which would later inevitably develop into a vicious propaganda.
Next, he co-founded the German Socialist Party called ‘Deutschsozialistische Partei’. However, its claim to follow socialist ideals was just a façade and they were actually focused towards were the spread of anti-Catholicism and anti-Semitic movement.
Perhaps the biggest role of Streicher in promoting the cause of intolerance against the Jews was his anti-Semitic newspaper called ‘Der Stürmer’. This newspaper promoted the feelings of hatred towards the Jewish people in the minds of Nazi Germans.
His attempts to influence the German mass in the most negative manner led to his suspension from teaching. He spent the next few years as the leader of local Nazi Party which operated outside of legal boundaries.
Streicher enjoyed a position at the Bavarian Parliament between the years 1924 to 1932. As soon as Hitler got out of jail, he made him the district leader or ‘Gauleiter’ of the then Middle Franconia.
One of his first duties as a member of National Socialist Party was to serve as the chairman of central committee to boycott agitation and repulse Jewish atrocity. In this capacity, Streicher organized the popular boycott of Jewish businesses for a day on 1st April, 1933.
He followed his success of publishing ‘Der Stürmer’ with another anti-Semitic book called ‘Giftpilz’ or ‘The Poisonous Mushroom’. In the book he went on to elaborate the hidden dangers of the Jewish religion.
He was accused of humiliating Reichmarschall Hermann Goering publicly. This led the Supreme Court of Germany to order Streicher to be permanently stripped of his leadership position in the party.
The US forces captured Streicher in May 1945 and brought him for trial in front of the International Military Tribunal. He was prosecuted for the numerous offences that he had committed against humanity and ultimately executed for his crimes on 16th October 1946 in Nuremberg.
Hitler considered Streicher’s services to be invaluable to his political career and hence bestowed the title of ‘Gauleiter’ upon him, which meant ‘district leader’, of the province of Middle Franconia.
Personal Life & Legacy
Streicher got married in 1913 to Kunigunde Roth, who was a baker’s daughter. They were blessed with two sons – Lothar and Elmar – from their marriage.
In May 1945, Streicher married his former secretary, Adele Tappe.
He was captured by the US Forces on May 1945. Streicher was executed on October 16, 1946 by International Military Tribune, Nuremberg.
He admitted that he was transformed after hearing Hitler speak at Munich in 1921. After he had joined forces with his new-found mentor and his Nazi Party, he had helped to almost double the strength of the party by adding his pool of supporters to it.
He had marched alongside Hitler in the Beer Hall Putsch and also braved the bullets of the police force in Munich. This act led Hitler to confess that he trusted him completely and that Hitler believed that he would go on to become one of his few confidants.