Joseph Goebbels Biography

(German Nazi Politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda (1933 – 1945))

Birthday: October 29, 1897 (Scorpio)

Born In: Rheydt, Mönchengladbach, Germany

Paul Joseph Goebbels was a German politician. He served as the minister for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda during Hitler’s rule over Germany. He played a crucial role in promoting Nazi Party’s philosophy and ideology of Hitler. Raised in a family with strict Catholic background, he could not serve in the military during the ‘World War I’ on account of his physical deformity. As the district leader of the ‘Nazi Party,’ he founded a weekly newspaper titled ‘The Attack.’ As the maker of the Fuhrer myth, he employed this paper to convey Nazi Party’s message to the German people. As part of his extensive media campaign for ‘World War II,’ he utilized radio, films, parades, and processions to propagate his message about ‘Nazi Party.’ As the director of the ‘Reich Chamber of Culture,’ he had total control over the cultural life of Germany. Due to the activities of this organization, a number of Jewish creative artists lost their occupation. ‘The Nazi Party’ considered modern art as immoral and took measures to seize this art form. Being a skilled propagandist, his effective application of ‘Reich Press Law’ caused the removal of a number of Jewish as well as non-Nazi newspaper and magazine editors in Germany. After learning about Germany’s defeat in the war, he committed suicide.

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Quick Facts

German Celebrities Born In October

Also Known As: Paul Joseph Goebbels

Died At Age: 47

Family:

Spouse/Ex-: Magda Ritschel (m. 1931–1945)

father: Fritz Goebbels

mother: Katharina Maria Goebbels

siblings: Elisabeth Goebbels, Hans Goebbels, Konrad Goebbels, Maria Goebbels

children: Hedwig Johanna Goebbels, Heidrun Elisabeth Goebbels, Helga Susanne Goebbels, Helmut Christian Goebbels, Hildegard Traudel Goebbels, Holdine Kathrin Goebbels

Born Country: Germany

Quotes By Joseph Goebbels Political Leaders

Height: 5'5" (165 cm), 5'5" Males

political ideology: National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP)

Died on: May 1, 1945

place of death: Berlin, Germany

Notable Alumni: University Of Heidelberg, University Of Freiburg, University Of Würzburg

Ancestry: Dutch German

City: Mönchengladbach, Germany

Cause of Death: Suicide

More Facts

education: University Of Bonn, University Of Freiburg, University Of Würzburg, University Of Heidelberg

  • 1

    What role did Joseph Goebbels play in the Nazi Party?

    Joseph Goebbels was the Minister of Propaganda in Nazi Germany, responsible for shaping public opinion and spreading Nazi ideology through media and other means.

  • 2

    How did Joseph Goebbels use propaganda to influence the German population?

    Goebbels utilized various propaganda techniques, such as censorship, manipulation of information, and mass media campaigns, to control public perception and garner support for the Nazi regime.

  • 3

    What impact did Joseph Goebbels' propaganda have on World War II?

    Goebbels' propaganda efforts played a significant role in fueling anti-Semitic sentiment, promoting militarism, and justifying Nazi aggression, contributing to the escalation of World War II.

  • 4

    How did Joseph Goebbels contribute to the persecution of Jews during the Holocaust?

    Goebbels played a key role in spreading anti-Semitic propaganda, inciting violence against Jewish communities, and implementing policies that led to the systematic extermination of millions of Jews in concentration camps.

  • 5

    What were the consequences of Joseph Goebbels' propaganda activities after World War II?

    Goebbels' propaganda legacy had lasting effects, as it contributed to the demonization of the Nazi regime, increased awareness of the dangers of propaganda, and influenced post-war efforts to regulate media and prevent similar abuses of power.

Childhood & Early Life

Joseph Goebbels was born on 29 October 1897, in Rheydt, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire, to Fritz, a factory clerk, and Katharina Maria, into a Catholic family. Due to a deformity in his right leg, he could not serve in the German Army during ‘World War I.’

He attended ‘Christian Gymnasium’ from where he completed his university entrance examination in 1917. The next year, he took admission into the ‘German Franciscan brother’s boarding school’ in Bleijerheide, Netherlands.

From June to October 1917, he worked as an office soldier in Rheydt’s ‘Patriotic Help Unit.’ In the meantime, he lost faith in Catholic religion and studied German literature and philosophy at the ‘University of Bonn.’ After attending ‘Wurzburg University,’ he took admission at ‘Freiburg University.’

He completed his Ph.D. on Wilhelm von Schutz, a romantic dramatist, from ‘Heidelberg University’ in 1921. After completing his studies, he tried to pursue a career in journalism. He also dreamt of becoming a novelist and playwright.

During this time, he penned ‘Michael,’ a semi-autobiographical novel. He gave up on his dream of becoming a novelist when several newspapers and publishing houses rejected his writings. Later, he worked as a bank clerk. After that, he also worked as a caller on the stock exchange for a brief period of time.

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Career

In the later part of 1924, he joined the ‘Nazi Party.’ At that time, the ‘Nazi Party’ was promoting German pride and anti-Semitism. Adolf Hitler was impressed with his works on German economy.

In 1926, he served as Nazi Party’s district leader in Berlin. In the next year, he founded ‘The Attack,’ a weekly newspaper, which he used to represent the party’s philosophy.

In 1928, he was elected to the German Parliament. Hitler made him the propaganda director of the ‘Nazi Party.’ In 1933, he served as minister for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda when Hitler served as the chancellor.

He utilized his authoritative power to supervise the content of the country’s newspapers, magazines, books, music, plays, films, radio, and fine arts. He used these medium to promote Hitler’s philosophy and to spread hatred against Jewish people.

In April 1933, with Hitler’s initiative, he took measures to boycott Jewish businesses. As part of his job, he organized a public ceremony at the ‘Opera House of Berlin’ to destroy “un-German” books. As a result of this destructive activity, a number of valuable books, written by personalities like Albert Einstein, Helen Keller, and H.G. Wells, were damaged.

In September 1933, he worked as the director of the ‘Reich Chamber of Culture.’ This institution was used to control the cultural life of Germany. This organization was instrumental in causing unemployment among Jewish artists. Moreover, the ‘Reich Press Law’ ordered the dismissal of Jewish and non-Nazi editors of German publishing houses.

In 1939, when the ‘World War II’ broke out, he took up the responsibility of inspiring German people to support the war. In order to do so, he effectively utilized the power of media.

The release of ‘The Eternal Jew,’ a propaganda film of the ‘Nazi Party’ in 1940, was his planned initiative to provoke hatred against Jewish groups. This film depicted Jews as worthless parasites.

Through the production of ‘Jud Suss,’ another propaganda film of the ‘Nazi Party,’ he attempted to project the Jews in bad light.

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By organizing ‘The Soviet Paradise,’ a Nazi propaganda exhibition, in 1942, he tried to expose the dishonesty of Jewish ‘Bolsheviks.’ In order to disrupt his attempt, Herbert Baum, a German-Jewish Resistance leader, attacked his exhibition. Interestingly, Goebbels decided to keep the news of this attack a secret. He continued his effort to campaign for the war.

In August 1944, he urged the Germans to support Germany’s war effort. After Hitler’s suicide on April 30, 1945, he became the chancellor of Germany.

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Personal Life & Legacy
He married Magda Ritschel on December 19, 1931. They had six children.

On May 1, 1945, he asked dentist Helmut Kunz to inject morphine into his children to render them unconscious. He then poisoned them with cyanide. Thereafter, he committed suicide along with his wife Magda.

Facts About Joseph Goebbels

Joseph Goebbels was known for his love of literature and was a published author himself, writing several novels and plays before he became heavily involved in Nazi propaganda.

Despite his role as the Minister of Propaganda in Nazi Germany, Goebbels had a deep admiration for the arts and culture, particularly film. He was known to have a keen interest in promoting German cinema during his tenure.

Goebbels was a skilled public speaker and had a talent for delivering powerful and persuasive speeches. His oratory skills played a significant role in advancing the Nazi propaganda machine.

He was one of the few high-ranking Nazi officials who remained loyal to Hitler until the very end, even accompanying him in his last days in the bunker before Hitler's suicide.

Goebbels had a close-knit family and was known to be a loving father to his six children, despite his ruthless and controversial actions as a Nazi propagandist.

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Article Title
- Joseph Goebbels Biography
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