Henry Campbell-Bannerman Biography
(Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1905-08))
Birthday: September 7, 1836 (Virgo)
Born In: Glasgow, Scotland
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman was a British politician who served as the prime Minister of the United Kingdom, representing the ‘Liberal Party.’ Henry was born in Glasgow, into a highly affluent family. His father ran his own successful company. After graduating from the ‘High School of Glasgow,’ he attended the ‘University of Glasgow’ and ‘Trinity College.’ After graduating college, he began working at his father’s company. He was made a partner in the firm in 1860. In 1868, after losing the by-elections as a ‘Liberal Party’ representative, Henry won the general election that year and entered the ‘House of Commons’ from the Stirling Burghs constituency. He represented the same constituency for the next 40 years. In February 1899, he became the leader of the ‘Liberal Party’ after serving as the secretary of state for war in the ‘Liberal Party’ cabinet twice. After losing the 1900 election, the ‘Liberal Party’ returned to score a landslide victory in the 1906 elections, and Henry became the prime minister of the United Kingdom. His government took many major steps, which were considered bold, such as providing free meals for all school children and allowing the local authorities to purchase agricultural lands from private landowners. He passed away on April 22, 1908.