Birthday: November 17, 1902 (Scorpio)
Born In: Budapest, Hungary
Birthday: November 17, 1902 (Scorpio)
Born In: Budapest, Hungary
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Also Known As: E. P. Wigner, Eugene Paul Wigner, Eugene P. Wigner, Eugene Paul
Died At Age: 92
Spouse/Ex-: 2010), Amelia Frank (1936–1937; her death), Eileen Clare-Patton Hamilton (1 child), Mary Annette Wheeler (1941–1977; her death; 2 children)
siblings: Margit Wigner
place of death: Princeton, New Jersey, United States
City: Budapest, Hungary
education: Technical University of Berlin, Fasori Gimnázium
awards: Medal for Merit (1946) Franklin Medal (1950) Enrico Fermi Award (1958) Atoms for Peace Award (1959) Max Planck Medal (1961) Nobel Prize in Physics (1963) National Medal of Science (1969) Albert Einstein Award (1972) Wigner Medal (1978)
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Eugene Wigner was a Hungarian-American theoretical physicist known for his contributions to the development of quantum mechanics and nuclear physics.
The Wigner effect refers to the process of structural damage in materials, particularly metals, caused by the accumulation of defects due to radiation exposure. Eugene Wigner first described this phenomenon in the 1940s.
Wigner's friend is a thought experiment in quantum mechanics that explores the implications of the observer effect and the measurement problem. It involves a scenario where two observers, Wigner and his friend, make measurements on a quantum system, leading to questions about the nature of reality and quantum superposition.
Wigner's theorem, formulated by Eugene Wigner in 1931, is a fundamental result in the mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics. It establishes a one-to-one correspondence between symmetry transformations in quantum mechanics and unitary or anti-unitary operators.
Wigner's semicircle law is a result in random matrix theory, named after Eugene Wigner. It describes the distribution of eigenvalues of large random matrices and has applications in various fields such as quantum chaos and statistical mechanics.
Eugene Wigner was known for his love of playing the violin, and he often enjoyed performing in chamber music groups with other physicists.
Wigner was a firm believer in the power of intuition in scientific discovery, often attributing his own breakthroughs to sudden moments of insight.
Despite his groundbreaking work in nuclear physics, Wigner also had a keen interest in philosophy and was known for his thoughtful contemplations on the nature of reality.
Wigner was a strong advocate for scientific collaboration and exchange between nations, believing that shared knowledge could help promote peace and understanding in the world.
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