Mongolian

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Find out more about the greatest Mongolians, including Genghis Khan, Kublai Khan, Batu Khan, Tolui and Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj.
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 1 
Genghis Khan
(Great Khan of the Mongol Empire (1206 - 1227))
Genghis Khan
13
Birthdate: 1158 AD
Birthplace: Khentii Mountains, Mongolia
Died: August 18, 1227

The founder and first Great Khan and Emperor of the Mongol Empire, Genghis Khan is often considered to be the greatest conqueror of all time. A brutal ruler, he enjoyed exceptional military successes and occupied a substantial portion of Central Asia and China. Besides his military accomplishments, he is also credited with revitalizing the Mongol Empire's writing system.

 2 
Subutai
(Military Leader)
Subutai
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1175 AD
Birthplace: Burkhan Khaldun, Mongolia
Died: 1248 AD

The chief military strategist of Genghis Khan and Ögedei Khan, Subutai went down in history for his sophisticated and coordinated movements, which helped him conquer 32 nations and win 65 battles. Born to a blacksmith, Subutai, with his humble birth, proved that meritocracy ruled in the Mongol Empire.

 3 
Kublai Khan
(Founder of the Yuan dynasty in Mongolia and China,)
Kublai Khan
10
Birthdate: September 23, 1215
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: February 18, 1294

Also known as the Emperor Shizu of Yuan, Kublai Khan served as the fifth khagan of the famous Mongol Empire. After the division of the empire, Kublai Khan founded the Yuan dynasty in China and ruled as the first Yuan emperor from 1271 until his death in 1294. Hence, he played an important role in re-creating a militarily powerful China.

 4 
Ogedei Khan
(2nd Khagan-Emperor of the Mongol Empire)
Ogedei Khan
7
Birthdate: November 30, 1186
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Khamag Mongol
Died: December 11, 1241

Ogedei Khan became the second Khagan of the Mongol Empire after succeeding his father Genghis Khan. Under his reign, the empire continued its expansion and reached its farthest extent south and west. Considered to be Genghis Khan's favorite son, Ogedei Khan is credited for continuing on the path set by his legendary father.

 5 
Möngke Khan
(Khagan of the Mongol Empire (1251-59))
Möngke Khan
2
Birthdate: January 11, 1209
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Gobi Desert
Died: August 11, 1259

Möngke Khan reigned as the fourth khagan (emperor) of the Mongol Empire. He made several important reforms to improve the Mongol Empire's administration. Under his reign, the empire conquered Syria and Iraq and had conflicts with the Delhi Sultanate of India.

 6 
Hulagu Khan
(Mongol Ruler (1256-65))
Hulagu Khan
5
Birthdate: 1217 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: February 8, 1265
When Mangu Khan ordered Hulagu Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, to expand the Mongol empire, Hulagu didn’t disappoint him. After capturing north central Iran, he killed Al-Musta'sim, destroyed Baghdad, and conquered Syria, but was subdued by the Egyptians. Surprisingly, it is believed he had converted to Buddhism before death.
 7 
Güyük Khan
(Khagan of the Mongol Empire (1246-48))
Güyük Khan
6
Birthdate: March 19, 1206
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Khamag Mongol
Died: April 20, 1248
Güyük Khan was as aggressive in his expansion strategies as his grandfather Genghis Khan, but his premature death prevented any further Mongol invasion of Western Europe. A believer of Nestorianism, a Christian sect, he trusted his Christian advisors and was also known for his conflict with his cousin Batu.
 8 
Khutulun
(Mongol Noblewoman, Wrestler and Daughter of Kaidu)
Khutulun
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1260 AD
Birthplace: Chagatai Khanate
Died: 1306 AD

Khutulun was a Mongol wrestler and noblewoman. The daughter of Kaidu, Khutulun is remembered for accompanying her father on his military campaigns. Khutulun finds mention in the writings of personalities like Rashid al-Din Hamadani and Marco Polo. 

 9 
Gana Bayarsaikhan
2
Listed In: Fashion
Birthplace: Mongolia
 10 
Horloogiyn Choybalsan
(Political figure)
Horloogiyn Choybalsan
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 8, 1895
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: January 26, 1952
 11 
Kököchin
(Mongol princess)
Kököchin
0
Birthdate: 1275 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: May 31, 1296
 12 
Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal
(Prime Minister of Mongolia (1952–74))
Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: September 17, 1916
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Davst, Mongolia
Died: April 20, 1991
 13 
Demchugdongrub
(Military leader)
Demchugdongrub
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 8, 1902
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Sonid Right Banner, China
 14 
Danashri
0
Birthdate: 1320 AD
Birthplace: Mongoli
Died: 1335 AD
 15 
Ibaqa Beki
(Princess)
Ibaqa Beki
0
Birthplace: Mongolia
 16 
Arghun
(Ruler)
Arghun
3
Birthdate: March 8, 1259
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Beylagan, Azerbaijan
Died: March 10, 1291
 17 
Öz Beg Khan
0
Birthdate: 1282 AD
Birthplace: Golden Horde
Died: 1341 AD
 18 
Bayan Khutugh
(Toghon Temür's wife)
Bayan Khutugh
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1324 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: 1365 AD
 19 
Damdin Sükhbaatar
(Army Leader)
Damdin Sükhbaatar
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 2, 1893
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Khuree, Qing Empire, Mongolia
Died: February 20, 1923
 20 
Börte
(Temüjin's first wife)
Börte
1
Birthdate: 1161 AD
Birthplace: Khentii, Mongolia
Died: 1230 AD
 21 
Liu Yunshan
(politician)
Liu Yunshan
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1947
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Tumed Right Banner
 22 
Möge Khatun
(Genghis Khan's wife)
Möge Khatun
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthplace: Mongolia
 23 
Batu Khan
(Ruler)
Batu Khan
1
Birthdate: 1205 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: 1255 AD
 24 
Noble Consort Yu
(Qianlong Emperor's wife)
Noble Consort Yu
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: June 15, 1714
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: July 9, 1792
 25 
Töregene Khatun
0
Birthdate: 1185 AD
Birthplace: Mongol
Died: 1265 AD
 26 
Jöchi
(Army Leader)
Jöchi
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1182 AD
Birthplace: Khamag Mongol
Died: January 31, 1227
 27 
Saeid Mollaei
5
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: January 5, 1992
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tehran, Iran

Former Iranian judoka Saeid Mollaei had won a World Championship, among other titles, representing Iran but later defected to Mongolia, after being asked by Iran to lose in the 2019 World Championships to avoid a match against Israel. A black belt in judo, he later won an Olympic silver medal, representing Mongolia.

 28 
Tolui
(Khagan of the Mongol Empire)
Tolui
1
Birthdate: 1192 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: 1232 AD
 29 
Berke
(Mongolian military commander and ruler of the Golden Horde)
Berke
1
Birthdate: 1208 AD
Birthplace: Burkhan Khaldun, Mongolia
Died: 1266 AD
 30 
Uka (singer)
(Singer)
Uka (singer)
1
Listed In: Singers
Birthdate: November 6, 1982
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
 31 
Yesui
(Noblewoman)
Yesui
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthplace: Unknown
 32 
Queen Noguk
0
Birthplace: Yuan dynasty
Died: March 8, 1365
Dayan Khan
0
Birthdate: 1464 AD
Birthplace: Mongol Empire
Died: 1543 AD
 34 
Yesugen
(Genghis Khan's wife)
Yesugen
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthplace: Mongolia
 35 
Bogd Khan
(Mongolian head of state)
Bogd Khan
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1869 AD
Birthplace: Litang, Sichuan, Qing Dynasty
Died: May 20, 1924
 36 
Nambaryn Enkhbayar
(Former Prime Minister of Mongolia)
Nambaryn Enkhbayar
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 1, 1958
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ulaanbaatar
 37 
Khaltmaagiin Battulga
5
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 3, 1963
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ulaanbaatar, Mongolian People's Republic
 38 
Ariq Böke
(Prince)
Ariq Böke
1
Birthdate: 1219 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: 1266 AD
 39 
Chabi
(Khongirad empress)
Chabi
1
Birthdate: 1225 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: March 20, 1281
 40 
Altan Khan
(Chief)
Altan Khan
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1507 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: 1582 AD
 41 
Modu Chanyu
(Military officer)
Modu Chanyu
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 0234 BC
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: 0174 BC
 42 
Noble Consort Ying
(Qianlong Emperor's wife)
Noble Consort Ying
1
Birthdate: March 7, 1731
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: March 14, 1800
 43 
Juerbiesu
(Yelü Zhilugu's wife)
Juerbiesu
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthplace: MOngolia
 44 
Princess Jeguk
0
Birthdate: June 28, 1259
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Mongol Empire
Died: May 21, 1297
 45 
Sükhbaataryn Yanjmaa
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 15, 1893
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Died: May 1, 1962
 46 
Nambui
(Empress)
Nambui
0
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 1294 AD
 47 
Ligdan Khan
(Khan of Mongolia)
Ligdan Khan
0
Birthdate: 1588 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: 1634 AD
 48 
Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
(Politician, Writer, Journalist)
Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 30, 1963
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Zereg, Khovd
 49 
Tokhtamysh
(Khan of the Golden Horde)
Tokhtamysh
1
Birthdate: 1342 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 1406 AD
 50 
Oghul Qaimish
0
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 1251 AD