Mongolian

Find out more about the greatest Mongolians, including Genghis Khan, Kublai Khan, Batu Khan, Tolui and Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj.

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 1 
Genghis Khan
(Great Khan of the Mongol Empire (1206-1227))

Genghis Khan
11
Birthdate: 1158 AD
Birthplace: Khentii Mountains, Mongolia
Died: August 18, 1227

The founder and first Great Khan and Emperor of the Mongol Empire, Genghis Khan is often considered to be the greatest conqueror of all time. A brutal ruler, he enjoyed exceptional military successes and occupied a substantial portion of Central Asia and China. Besides his military accomplishments, he is also credited with revitalizing the Mongol Empire's writing system.

 2 
Subutai
(Military Leader)

Subutai
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1175 AD
Birthplace: Burkhan Khaldun, Mongolia
Died: 1248 AD

The chief military strategist of Genghis Khan and Ögedei Khan, Subutai went down in history for his sophisticated and coordinated movements, which helped him conquer 32 nations and win 65 battles. Born to a blacksmith, Subutai, with his humble birth, proved that meritocracy ruled in the Mongol Empire.

 3 
Kublai Khan
(Founder of the Yuan dynasty in Mongolia and China,)

Kublai Khan
5
Birthdate: September 23, 1215
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: February 18, 1294

Also known as the Emperor Shizu of Yuan, Kublai Khan served as the fifth khagan of the famous Mongol Empire. After the division of the empire, Kublai Khan founded the Yuan dynasty in China and ruled as the first Yuan emperor from 1271 until his death in 1294. Hence, he played an important role in re-creating a militarily powerful China.

 4 
Ogedei Khan
(Khagan of the Mongol Empire (1229-41))

Ogedei Khan
7
Birthdate: November 30, 1186
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Khamag Mongol
Died: December 11, 1241

Ogedei Khan became the second Khagan of the Mongol Empire after succeeding his father Genghis Khan. Under his reign, the empire continued its expansion and reached its farthest extent south and west. Considered to be Genghis Khan's favorite son, Ogedei Khan is credited for continuing on the path set by his legendary father.

 5 
Möngke Khan
(Khagan of the Mongol Empire (1251-59))

Möngke Khan
2
Birthdate: January 11, 1209
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Gobi Desert
Died: August 11, 1259

Möngke Khan reigned as the fourth khagan (emperor) of the Mongol Empire. He made several important reforms to improve the Mongol Empire's administration. Under his reign, the empire conquered Syria and Iraq and had conflicts with the Delhi Sultanate of India.

 6 
Hulagu Khan
(Mongol Ruler (1256-65))

Hulagu Khan
3
Birthdate: 1217 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: February 8, 1265
When Mangu Khan ordered Hulagu Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, to expand the Mongol empire, Hulagu didn’t disappoint him. After capturing north central Iran, he killed Al-Musta'sim, destroyed Baghdad, and conquered Syria, but was subdued by the Egyptians. Surprisingly, it is believed he had converted to Buddhism before death.

 7 
Güyük Khan
(Khagan of the Mongol Empire (1246-48))

Güyük Khan
6
Birthdate: March 19, 1206
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Khamag Mongol
Died: April 20, 1248
Güyük Khan was as aggressive in his expansion strategies as his grandfather Genghis Khan, but his premature death prevented any further Mongol invasion of Western Europe. A believer of Nestorianism, a Christian sect, he trusted his Christian advisors and was also known for his conflict with his cousin Batu.
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 8 
Khutulun
(Kaidu's daughter)

Khutulun
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1260 AD
Birthplace: Chagatai Khanate
Died: 1306 AD

Khutulun was a Mongol wrestler and noblewoman. The daughter of Kaidu, Khutulun is remembered for accompanying her father on his military campaigns. Khutulun finds mention in the writings of personalities like Rashid al-Din Hamadani and Marco Polo. 

 9 

Gana Bayarsaikhan
1
Listed In: Fashion
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia

 10 
Horloogiyn Choybalsan
(Political figure)

Horloogiyn Choybalsan
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 8, 1895
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: January 26, 1952

 11 
Kököchin
(Mongol princess)

Kököchin
0
Birthdate: 1275 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: May 31, 1296

 12 
Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal
(Prime Minister of Mongolia (1952–74))

Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: September 17, 1916
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Davst, Mongolia
Died: April 20, 1991

 13 
Demchugdongrub
(Military leader)

Demchugdongrub
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 8, 1902
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Sonid Right Banner, China

 14 
Arghun
(Ruler)

Arghun
2
Birthdate: March 8, 1259
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Beylagan, Azerbaijan
Died: March 10, 1291

 15 

Danashri
0
Birthdate: 1320 AD
Birthplace: Mongoli
Died: 1335 AD

 16 
Ibaqa Beki
(Princess)

Ibaqa Beki
0
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia

 17 
Liu Yunshan
(politician)

Liu Yunshan
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 0000 AD, 1947
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Tumed Right Banner

 18 

Öz Beg Khan
0
Birthdate: 1282 AD
Birthplace: Golden Horde
Died: 1341 AD

 19 
Damdin Sükhbaatar
(Army Leader)

Damdin Sükhbaatar
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 2, 1893
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Khuree, Qing Empire, Mongolia
Died: February 20, 1923

 20 
Bayan Khutugh
(Toghon Temür's wife)

Bayan Khutugh
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1324 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: 1365 AD

 21 
Börte
(Temüjin's first wife)

Börte
1
Birthdate: 1161 AD
Birthplace: Khentii, Mongolia
Died: 1230 AD

 22 

Töregene Khatun
0
Birthdate: 1185 AD
Birthplace: Mongol
Died: 1265 AD

 23 
Noble Consort Yu
(Qianlong Emperor's wife)

Noble Consort Yu
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: June 15, 1714
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: July 9, 1792

 24 
Batu Khan
(Ruler)

Batu Khan
1
Birthdate: 1205 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: 1255 AD

 25 

Saeid Mollaei
4
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: January 5, 1992
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tehran, Iran

Former Iranian judoka Saeid Mollaei had won a World Championship, among other titles, representing Iran but later defected to Mongolia, after being asked by Iran to lose in the 2019 World Championships to avoid a match against Israel. A black belt in judo, he later won an Olympic silver medal, representing Mongolia.

 26 
Jöchi
(Army Leader)

Jöchi
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1182 AD
Birthplace: Khamag Mongol
Died: January 31, 1227

 27 
Tolui
(Khagan of the Mongol Empire)

Tolui
1
Birthdate: 1192 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: 1232 AD

 28 
Möge Khatun
(Genghis Khan's wife)

Möge Khatun
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia

 29 
Uka (singer)
(Singer)

Uka (singer)
1
Listed In: Singers
Birthdate: November 6, 1982
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 30 
Berke
(Mongolian military commander and ruler of the Golden Horde)

Berke
1
Birthdate: 1208 AD
Birthplace: Burkhan Khaldun, Mongolia
Died: 1266 AD

 31 

Queen Noguk
0
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Yuan dynasty
Died: March 8, 1365

Dayan Khan
0
Birthdate: 1464 AD
Birthplace: Mongol Empire
Died: 1543 AD

 33 
Nambaryn Enkhbayar
(Former Prime Minister of Mongolia)

Nambaryn Enkhbayar
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 1, 1958
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ulaanbaatar

 34 
Yesui
(Noblewoman)

Yesui
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown

 35 

Khaltmaagiin Battulga
4
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 3, 1963
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ulaanbaatar, Mongolian People's Republic

 36 
Bogd Khan
(Mongolian head of state)

Bogd Khan
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1869 AD
Birthplace: Litang, Sichuan, Qing Dynasty
Died: May 20, 1924

 37 
Yesugen
(Genghis Khan's wife)

Yesugen
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia

 38 
Ariq Böke
(Prince)

Ariq Böke
1
Birthdate: 1219 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: 1266 AD

 39 
Chabi
(Khongirad empress)

Chabi
1
Birthdate: 1225 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: March 20, 1281

 40 

Princess Jeguk
0
Birthdate: June 28, 1259
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Mongol Empire
Died: May 21, 1297

 41 
Juerbiesu
(Yelü Zhilugu's wife)

Juerbiesu
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: MOngolia

 42 

Sükhbaataryn Yanjmaa
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 15, 1893
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Died: May 1, 1962

 43 
Modu Chanyu
(Military officer)

Modu Chanyu
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 0234 BC
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: 0174 BC

 44 
Noble Consort Ying
(Qianlong Emperor's wife)

Noble Consort Ying
0
Birthdate: March 7, 1731
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: March 14, 1800

 45 
Nambui
(Empress)

Nambui
0
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 1294 AD

 46 
Ligdan Khan
(Khan of Mongolia)

Ligdan Khan
0
Birthdate: 1588 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: 1634 AD

 47 
Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
(Politician, Writer, Journalist)

Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 30, 1963
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Zereg, Khovd

 48 
Tokhtamysh
(Khan of the Golden Horde)

Tokhtamysh
1
Birthdate: 1342 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 1406 AD

 49 
Esen Taiji
(Mongolian chief)

Esen Taiji
0
Birthdate: 1407 AD
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: 1455 AD

 50 

Oghul Qaimish
0
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 1251 AD