Kublai Khan Biography
(Founder of the Yuan dynasty in Mongolia and China,)
Birthday: September 23, 1215 (Libra)
Born In: Mongolia
Kublai khan was a Mongol emperor who founded the Yuan or Mongol dynasty in Mongolia and China, and became the first emperor to rule over this dynasty in a reign that lasted from 1260 to 1294. A grandson of Genghis Khan, he is considered to be the greatest of the Mongol emperors after his illustrious grandfather. As the emperor of the Mongol dynasty, he was also the overlord of all the Mongol dominions that covered areas in Southern Russia and Persia. However, his real power was limited to China and Mongolia, and he was the first non-Han Emperor to conquer all of China. Kublai Khan was well known for his acceptance of different religions and he reorganized the government, establishing three separate branches to deal with civilian affairs, to supervise the military, and to keep a check on major officials. He greatly supported trade, science and arts and introduced the use of paper money in his empire to facilitate trade dealings. He established effective transportation systems within the empire, and ordered the creation of a new alphabet for the Mongol language. A much respected ruler, his reign lasted for over three decades over the period of which he established a vast, thriving empire. His death in 1294 marked the ending of an important era in Chinese history.