Gemini Artists & Painters

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 1 
Paul Gauguin
(French Post-Impressionist Artist)
Paul Gauguin
15
Birthdate: June 7, 1848
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 8, 1903
French Post-Impressionist artist, sculptor, and writer Paul Gauguin was a major figure in the Symbolist movement. He had worked as a stockbroker and businessman before gaining fame as an artist. He influenced the French avant-garde and modern artists such as Pablo Picasso and also led the way for Primitivism.
 2 
Albrecht Durer
(German High Renaissance Painter Best Known for His Work ‘Meisterstiche’)
Albrecht Durer
10
Birthdate: May 21, 1471
Birthplace: Nuremberg, Germany
Died: April 6, 1528

Albrecht Durer was a German painter, theorist, and printmaker of the German Renaissance. During his 20s, Durer established his reputation as a popular printmaker across Europe, thanks to his high-quality woodcut prints. His popularity enabled him to work with major Italian artists like Leonardo da Vinci, Giovanni Bellini, and Raphael. Albrecht Durer also influenced generations of artists, especially in printmaking.

 3 
Diego Velázquez (Painter)
(Spanish Painter and Leading Artist in the Court of King Philip IV of Spain and Portugal)
Diego Velázquez (Painter)
4
Birthdate: June 6, 1599
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: August 6, 1660

Diego Velázquez was a Spanish painter who served as the most important artist in King Philip IV's court. The leading artist of the Spanish Golden Age, Velázquez's work served as a model for impressionist and realist painters of the 19th century. In the 20th century, personalities like Salvador Dalí and Pablo Picasso re-interpreted some of Velázquez's most iconic images.

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 4 
Egon Schiele
(Austrian Expressionist Painter, Draftsman, and Printmaker)
Egon Schiele
7
Birthdate: June 12, 1890
Birthplace: Tulln, Austria
Died: October 31, 1918

Egon Schiele was an Austrian painter whose work is well-known for its raw sexuality and intensity. An early exponent of Expressionism, Schiele was one of the early-20th century's most prominent figurative painters. His life and career inspired the 1980 biographical film Excess and Punishment, in which Schiele was played by German actor Mathieu Carrière. 

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 5 
Gustave Courbet
(French Painter and Leader of the 19th Century Realist Movement)
Gustave Courbet
5
Birthdate: June 10, 1819
Birthplace: Ornans, France
Died: December 31, 1877
Born to a farmer in eastern France, Gustave Courbet was initially gearing up to study law but later deviated to art. He started by copying Spanish painters and later rebelled against Romanticism, focusing on real-life subjects around him instead and thus developing 19th-century Realism.
 6 
John Constable
(Romantic Painter)
John Constable
4
Birthdate: June 11, 1776
Birthplace: East Bergholt
Died: March 31, 1837
 7 
Nicolas Poussin
(French Painter)
Nicolas Poussin
5
Birthdate: June 15, 1594
Birthplace: Near Les Andelys, Normandy, Kingdom of France (now France)
Died: November 19, 1665

The founder of the French Classical tradition, painter Nicolas Poussin was initially influenced by Venetian art but later deviated to antiquity. Most of his paintings showcased historical, mythological, biblical elements but some were also inspired by landscapes and poetry. The Death of the Virgin remains one of his best-known works.

 8 
Hirohiko Araki
(Japanese Manga Artist Known for His Long-Running Series ‘JoJo's Bizarre Adventure’)
Hirohiko Araki
5
Birthdate: June 7, 1960
Birthplace: Sendai, Miyagi, Japan

Hirohiko Araki is a Japanese manga artist best known for writing and illustrating the popular manga series JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, which has sold more than 100 million copies in Japan. Also a responsible citizen, Hirohiko Araki drew artwork depicting the Hiraizumi ruins in an attempt to raise awareness of the reconstruction efforts of the ruins, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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 9 
Donald Judd
(American Artist, Architect and Sculptor)
Donald Judd
4
Birthdate: June 3, 1928
Birthplace: Excelsior Springs, Missouri, United States
Died: February 12, 1994

Donald Judd was an American artist widely regarded as one of the most prominent international exponents of minimalism. He is credited with founding a contemporary art museum named Chinati Foundation which houses the collection of popular artists like Carl Andre, Ilya Kabakov, Richard Long, and John Wesley. Judd also contributed as a teacher at many academic institutions in the USA.

 10 
Mary Cassatt
(Painter)
Mary Cassatt
5
Birthdate: May 22, 1844
Birthplace: Allegheny
Died: June 14, 1926
 11 
Henri Rousseau
(Painter)
Henri Rousseau
4
Birthdate: May 21, 1844
Birthplace: Laval, France
Died: September 2, 1910
Height: 5'10" (178 cm)
 12 
John Everett Millais
7
Birthdate: June 8, 1829
Birthplace: Southampton, Hampshire, England
Died: August 13, 1896
 13 
Édouard-Henri Avril
(French Painter, Commercial Artist and Illustrator of Erotic Literature)
Édouard-Henri Avril
5
Birthdate: May 21, 1849
Birthplace: Algiers, French Algeria
Died: July 28, 1928

Before he revolutionized 19th-century erotica as Paul Avril, Édouard-Henri Avril was a soldier. An injury sustained in the Franco-Prussian War cut short his military life, and he was pushed into Paris sex salons to study art. His most notable works, such as the illustrations for Fanny Hill, were largely banned.

 14 
Charles Rennie Mackintosh
5
Birthdate: June 7, 1868
Birthplace: Townhead, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Died: December 10, 1928

Charles Rennie Mackintosh was a Scottish architect, designer, and artist. He was married to fellow artist Margaret Macdonald, and they both were influential on the European design movements Art Nouveau and Secessionism. Mackintosh is considered one of the most important figures of Modern Style (British Art Nouveau style). In his later years, he worked largely as a watercolorist. 

 15 
Christy Brown
(Writer)
Christy Brown
4
Birthdate: June 5, 1932
Birthplace: Crumlin, Dublin, Ireland
Died: September 7, 1981
 16 
Devendra Banhart
(American Singer-Songwriter and Visual Artist and a Pioneer of Psychedelic Folk Music)
Devendra Banhart
4
Birthdate: May 30, 1981
Birthplace: Houston, Texas, United States

Born in the US, to a Venezuelan mother and an American father, American singer-songwriter Devendra Banhart grew up to be a major pillar of the New Weird America movement of psychedelic folk music. He is known for his lo-fi recordings and is also a talented visual artist who experiments with mixed media.

 17 
Vanessa Bell
(Painter)
Vanessa Bell
6
Birthdate: May 30, 1879
Birthplace: London
Died: April 7, 1961
 18 
Terry Fator
(Ventriloquist)
Terry Fator
4
Birthdate: June 10, 1965
Birthplace: Dallas, Texas, USA
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 19 
Lisa Hanawalt
(Cartoonists)
Lisa Hanawalt
4
Birthdate: June 19, 1983
Birthplace: Palo Alto, California, United States
Height: 5'3" (160 cm)
 20 
Djuna Barnes
(Artist)
Djuna Barnes
4
Birthdate: June 12, 1892
Birthplace: Storm King Mountain, New York, United States
Died: June 18, 1982
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 21 
Jill Gibson
(Painter, Photographer, Singer, Songwriter)
Jill Gibson
4
Birthdate: June 18, 1942
Birthplace: Los Angeles
 22 
John Trumbull
(War veterans)
John Trumbull
5
Birthdate: June 6, 1756
Died: November 10, 1843
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 23 
Judith Kerr
(Writer and illustrator whose books sold more than 10 million copies around the world)
Judith Kerr
4
Birthdate: June 14, 1923
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: May 22, 2019
 24 
Gerald Scarfe
(Caricaturist, Illustrator, Designer, Animator, Artist, Postage stamp designer, Painter)
Gerald Scarfe
3
Birthdate: June 1, 1936
Birthplace: St John's Wood
 25 
Walter Sickert
(Painter)
Walter Sickert
5
Birthdate: May 31, 1860
Birthplace: Munich
Died: January 22, 1942

Part of the Camden Town Group of painters, who showcased both Impressionist and Post-Impressionist art, German-born British painter Walter Sickert liked painting both people and scenes. His work Jack the Ripper's Bedroom gave rise to speculations that he could have been either the killer or his accomplice.

 26 
Larry D. Alexander
(Visual Artist Best Known for His Elaborate Pen-and-Ink Drawings and Crosshatching Technique)
Larry D. Alexander
4
Birthdate: May 30, 1953
Birthplace: Dermott, Arkansas, United States
 27 
Kevin Eastman
(American Comic Book Artist and Writer)
Kevin Eastman
4
Birthdate: May 30, 1962
Birthplace: Portland, Maine, United States
 28 
Andre Derain
(French Artist, Painter, Sculptor and Co-founder of 'Fauvism')
Andre Derain
3
Birthdate: June 10, 1880
Birthplace: Garches, France
Died: September 8, 1954

Andre Derain is considered a co-founder of Fauvism, along with fellow artist Henri Matisse, who was one of his classmates at the Académie Carriere. He also created theatrical décor for Ballets Russes and woodcut book illustrations for authors such as Antonin Artaud and André Breton.

 29 
Kurt Schwitters
(German Artist Best Known for His Collages and Relief Constructions)
Kurt Schwitters
3
Birthdate: June 20, 1887
Birthplace: Hanover, Germany
Died: January 8, 1948

German artist and poet Kurt Schwitters, known for collage, artist's book, installation, sculpture and poetry, is noted for his collages and relief-constructions. Schwitters planned a Dada section in Hanover and the Merz art-style traces back to him, which he found by chance while forming a collage with the German word Kommerz. One of his notable works is Das Undbild, 1919.

 30 
Patrisse Cullors
(Artist)
Patrisse Cullors
6
Birthdate: June 20, 1983
Birthplace: Los Angeles, California, U.S.
 31 
Ralph McQuarrie
(Illustrator)
Ralph McQuarrie
3
Birthdate: June 13, 1929
Birthplace: Gary, Indiana, United States
Died: March 3, 2012
 32 
Henry Ossawa Tanner
(American Artist and the First Painter to Gain International Acclaim)
Henry Ossawa Tanner
3
Birthdate: June 21, 1859
Birthplace: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: May 25, 1937

Henry Ossawa Tanner was an American artist best remembered as the first African-American painter to achieve international fame. Widely regarded as the best African American painter of all time, Henry's work was influential during his lifetime. The works of other painters like William Edouard Scott and Norman Rockwell were influenced by Henry Ossawa Tanner's technique.

 33 
LeRoy Neiman
(Artist, Painter)
LeRoy Neiman
3
Birthdate: June 8, 1921
Birthplace: Saint Paul
Died: June 20, 2012
 34 
Ellsworth Kelly
(Sculptor, Painter, Artist)
Ellsworth Kelly
3
Birthdate: May 31, 1923
Birthplace: Newburgh (city), New York
Died: December 27, 2015

Ellsworth Kelly was an American sculptor, painter, and printmaker best remembered for his association with Color Field painting, hard-edge painting, and minimalism. Over the course of his illustrious career, Kelly was honored with several prestigious awards, such as the National Medal of Arts and Edward MacDowell Medal.

 35 
Christo Vladimirov Javacheff
(Artist)
Christo Vladimirov Javacheff
0
Birthdate: June 13, 1935
Birthplace: Gabrovo, Bulgaria
Died: May 31, 2020
 36 
Jeanne-Claude
(Artist)
Jeanne-Claude
4
Birthdate: June 13, 1935
Birthplace: Casablanca, Morocco
Died: November 18, 2009
 37 
Chanel Miller
(She was known anonymously after she was sexually assaulted on the campus)
Chanel Miller
0
Birthdate: June 12, 1992
Birthplace: Palo Alto, California, United States
 38 
Greta Zimmer Friedman
(Dental assistant)
Greta Zimmer Friedman
3
Birthdate: June 5, 1924
Birthplace: Wiener Neustadt, Austria
Died: September 8, 2016
 39 
John Baldessari
(American Conceptual Artist Known for Found Photography and Appropriated Images)
John Baldessari
3
Birthdate: June 7, 1931
Birthplace: National City, California, United States
Died: January 2, 2020
Height: 6'7" (201 cm)
 40 
Franz Kline
(Abstract Expressionist Artist)
Franz Kline
3
Birthdate: May 23, 1910
Birthplace: Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: May 13, 1962

Franz Kline of the New York School is counted among the most significant artists of the Abstract Expressionist movement. Labelled as an action painter, Kline’s etched a niche with his seemingly spontaneous and intense style that focused more on actual brushstrokes and use of canvas instead on figures or imagery as exemplified in his masterpiece, Number 2 (1954).

 41 
Barbara Parkins
(Actress, Singer)
Barbara Parkins
1
Birthdate: May 22, 1942
Birthplace: Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Canadian-American actor Barbara Parkins was a 60s’ icon and is best remembered as Betty Anderson from the series Peyton Place and Anne Welles from the film Valley of the Dolls. The Emmy-nominated actor is now a wildlife activist and a photographer. She has also appeared in Playboy magazine.

 42 
Lars Vilks
(Swedish Visual Artist and Activist Known for the Controversy Surrounding His Drawings of 'Muhammad')
Lars Vilks
3
Birthdate: June 20, 1946
Birthplace: Helsingborg, Sweden
Died: October 3, 2021

Swedish artist Lars Vilks created a major controversy with one of his drawings that showed Prophet Muhammad's head set on a dog's body. Previously, his 2 sculptures, Nimis and Arx, set in the Kullaberg nature reserve, were attacked by vandals. He died in a traffic accident in southern Sweden.

 43 
Robert W. Chambers
(Novelist)
Robert W. Chambers
3
Birthdate: May 26, 1865
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: December 16, 1933
 44 
Domenico Ghirlandaio
(Painter)
Domenico Ghirlandaio
3
Birthdate: June 2, 1448
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: January 11, 1494
 45 
John Bauer
(Swedish Painter and Illustrator)
John Bauer
3
Birthdate: June 4, 1882
Birthplace: Jönköping, Sweden
Died: November 20, 1918

Swedish painter John Bauer, best known for his portraits of dense forests and fairy tale creatures, first gained fame with the release of his book Amongst Gnomes and Trolls. Part of the Romantic nationalistic movement, he was inspired by both the Italian Renaissance and Sami cultures. He died in a shipwreck.

 46 
Natalya Goncharova
(Russian artist)
Natalya Goncharova
3
Birthdate: June 3, 1881
Birthplace: Nagayevo, Russia
Died: October 17, 1962

Natalya Goncharova was a Russian avant-garde painter, writer, illustrator, costume designer, and set designer. A member of avant-garde groups like Jack of Diamonds and Donkey's Tail, Goncharova influenced several unconventional artists in Russia and Paris. Goncharova also had a successful career as a costume designer; she designed costumes for the Ballets Russes.

 47 
Karl Blossfeldt
(German Photographer and Sculptor Best Known for His Close-up Photographs of Plants and Living Things)
Karl Blossfeldt
3
Birthdate: June 13, 1865
Birthplace: Schielo, Germany
Died: December 9, 1932

Karl Blossfeldt was a German photographer, artist, sculptor, and teacher. He is best remembered for his work Urformen der Kunst, a collection of close-up photos of animals and plants. The book became highly influential and Blossfeldt's works were used as teaching tools in Berlin. Blossfeldt also served as a professor at the United State Schools for Fine and Applied Art. 

 48 
Jim Dine
(American Artist Whose œUvre Extends Over Sixty Years)
Jim Dine
3
Birthdate: June 16, 1935
Birthplace: Cincinnati, Ohio, United States

Jim Dine is an American artist who focuses on painting, printmaking, drawing, photography, and sculpting. Throughout his career, Dine has been linked with many art movements, including Neo-Dada, Pop Art, and Abstract Expressionism. Over the years, Jim Dine’s work has been displayed in various museums like the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA).

 49 
Adah Isaacs Menken
(Actress)
Adah Isaacs Menken
3
Birthdate: June 15, 1835
Birthplace: Bordeaux, France
Died: August 10, 1868
 50 
Carl Larsson
(Swedish Painter Known for His Watercolors of Idyllic Family Life)
Carl Larsson
3
Birthdate: May 28, 1853
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: January 22, 1919

Part of the Arts and Crafts movement of the late 19th century, Swedish painter Carl Larsson is best remembered for his iconic painting Midvinterblot, or Midwinter Sacrifice. Born to a poor casual laborer, he had a tough childhood and began working as an illustrator at age 18.