Gemini Engineers

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 1 
E. Sreedharan
(Metro Man)
E. Sreedharan
16
Birthdate: June 12, 1932
Birthplace: Palakkad, Kerala

E. Sreedharan is an Indian politician and engineer who played a key role in the construction of the Delhi Metro and the Konkan Railway. Nicknamed the Metro Man, Sreedharan was honored with the prestigious Padma Vibhushan Award for changing the face of Indian public transport. In 2003, E. Sreedharan was included in Time magazine's list of Asia's Heroes.

 2 
George Stephenson
(Father of Railways)
George Stephenson
10
Birthdate: June 9, 1781
Birthplace: Wylam
Died: August 12, 1848

George Stephenson was a British mechanical and civil engineer. Stephenson is credited with pioneering rail transport which is widely regarded as one of the most prominent inventions of the 19th century. Regarded as the Father of Railways, George Stephenson is also credited with developing the standard rail gauge which is used by several railways around the world.

 3 
John Bardeen
(American Physicist, Engineer and the Only Person to Win the Nobel Prize in Physics Twice)
John Bardeen
7
Birthdate: May 23, 1908
Birthplace: Madison, Wisconsin, United States
Died: January 30, 1991

American engineer, physicist and Nobel laureate John Bardeen is the only person who received the Nobel Prize in Physics twice. He shared the first Nobel with William Shockley and Walter Brattain in 1956 for inventing the transistor, and the second with Leon N Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer in 1972 for proposing the BCS theory, a microscopic theory of superconductivity.

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 4 
Sundar Pichai
(CEO of Google Inc)
Sundar Pichai
25
Birthdate: June 10, 1972
Birthplace: Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

Sundar Pichai is the CEO of Google and its parent company Alphabet Inc. An alumnus of IIT, Stanford and Wharton, Pichai has come a long way, from innovating Google’s products such as Chrome, Google Drive and Google Apps to leading the software giant and being one of the most sought-after names in the tech industry.

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 5 
Dustin Moskovitz
(Entrepreneur)
Dustin Moskovitz
18
Birthdate: May 22, 1984
Birthplace: Gainesville, Florida, United States

Dustin Moskovitz is an Internet entrepreneur. He is credited with co-founding the popular social networking service, Facebook. In 2008, he co-founded a web and mobile application called Asana after quitting Facebook. One of the youngest self-made billionaires of all time, Dustin Moskovitz is also renowned for his philanthropic activities; he co-founded a philanthropic organization called Good Ventures in 2011.

 6 
John A. Roebling
3
Birthdate: June 12, 1806
Birthplace: Mühlhausen, Germany
Died: July 22, 1869
 7 
John Smeaton
(Civil Engineer)
John Smeaton
3
Birthdate: June 8, 1724
Birthplace: Austhorpe, Leeds, England
Died: October 28, 1792

John Smeaton was the first person to claim to be a civil engineer. One of his best-known creations was the Eddystone Lighthouse. He was also the first to use hydraulic lime in concrete. He not only won the Copley Medal but was also made a Fellow of The Royal Society.

 8 
Dennis Gabor
(Father of Holography)
Dennis Gabor
4
Birthdate: June 5, 1900
Birthplace: Budapest
Died: February 8, 1979

Dennis Gabor was a Hungarian-British physicist and electrical engineer best remembered for inventing holography. His invention earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physics in 1971. Gabor won several awards during his lifetime. After his demise, many awards are given in his honor. The Dennis Gabor Award and Gabor Medal are some of the awards that are named after him.

 9 
Piero Ferrari
(Entrepreneur, Engineer)
Piero Ferrari
7
Birthdate: May 22, 1945
Birthplace: Castelvetro di Modena
 10 
Frank Whittle
(British Pilot and Aviator Best Known for Inventing the 'Turbojet Engine')
Frank Whittle
3
Birthdate: June 1, 1907
Birthplace: Coventry, England
Died: August 9, 1996

Aviation engineer Frank Whittle entered the Royal Air Force as an apprentice and rose through the ranks to become a pilot. He invented the jet engine, though his idea of a plane that could fly at a phenomenal speed was initially laughed at. He was later knighted for his achievements.

 11 
Washington Roebling
(American Civil Engineer Who Supervised the Construction of the Brooklyn Bridge)
Washington Roebling
6
Birthdate: May 26, 1837
Birthplace: Saxonburg, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: July 21, 1926

Engineer Washington Roebling is largely remembered for co-designing the Brooklyn Bridge with his father, John Augustus. He also worked as part of the Union Army during the Civil War. A perfectionist, he was once found unconscious in a compressed-air chamber at work, and that affected him permanently.

 12 
Robert Stevenson
(Civil engineer)
Robert Stevenson
2
Birthdate: June 8, 1772
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland
Died: July 12, 1850

Glasgow-born civil engineer Robert Stevenson initially built lighthouses as part of the Scottish Lighthouse Board. Apart from constructing the Bell Rock Lighthouse in Scotland, he also invented the hydrophore and flashing lights. He was also the grandfather of writer Robert Louis Stevenson. He is part of the Scottish Engineering Hall of Fame.

 13 
Marc Tarpenning
(Engineer)
Marc Tarpenning
3
Birthdate: June 1, 1964
Birthplace: Sacramento, California, United States
 14 
Burt Rutan
(American Aerospace Engineer Who Designed the Record-Breaking Plane 'Voyager')
Burt Rutan
3
Birthdate: June 17, 1943
Birthplace: Estacada

Burt Rutan is an American former entrepreneur and aerospace engineer. He is best known for his ability to make strong, light, energy-efficient, and unusual-looking air and space craft. Burt Rutan is credited with designing historically significant aircrafts like the Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer, which set the world record for the longest and fastest nonstop circumnavigation flight in history.   

 15 
Robert Moog
(Founder of Moog Music and the Inventor of the First Commercial Synthesizer)
Robert Moog
3
Birthdate: May 23, 1934
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: August 21, 2005

Robert Moog was an engineering physicist widely regarded as the pioneer of electronic music.  He launched the first commercial synthesizer, the Moog synthesizer, in 1964. A few years later, he launched the Minimoog, which went on to become the most famous and influential synthesizer in history. He taught at the University of North Carolina in his later years. 

 16 
Bruce McCandless II
(The First Person to Complete an Untethered Spacewalk)
Bruce McCandless II
3
Birthdate: June 8, 1937
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: December 21, 2017

US Navy officer, aviator, and NASA astronaut Bruce McCandless II was the first person to complete an untethered spacewalk. He also contributed to the development of the Manned Maneuvering Unit. Post-retirement, he became a research scientist. He once sued singer Dido for using one of his space flight photos as an album cover.

 17 
Ward Cunningham
(Programmer, Computer scientist)
Ward Cunningham
3
Birthdate: May 26, 1949
Birthplace: United States of America
 18 
Peter Madsen
(Engineer)
Peter Madsen
5
Birthdate: June 12, 1942
Birthplace: Denmark
 19 
Otto Lilienthal
(German Aeronautical Engineer Who Completed Successful Glider Flights for the First Time)
Otto Lilienthal
3
Birthdate: May 23, 1848
Birthplace: Anklam, Germany
Died: August 10, 1896

German aeronautical engineer Otto Lilienthal became the first known person to use gliders for a successful flight. A mechanical engineer, he owned a shop and flight factory and developed gliders, with which he completed around 2,000 flights. Lilienthal, however, died after breaking his back in a glider crash.

 20 
Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot
(French Mechanical Engineer Who is Described as the Father of Thermodynamics)
Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot
3
Birthdate: June 1, 1796
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: August 24, 1832

Son of French Revolutionary leader and mathematician Lazare Carnot, Sadi Carnot was an engineer in the French army. He later laid down the Carnot cycle of heat engines. Much of his works were buried with him when he died of cholera at 36, due to the contagiousness of the disease.

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 21 
Glenn Curtiss
(American Aviation and Motorcycling Pioneer & Founder of the U.S. Aircraft Industry)
Glenn Curtiss
3
Birthdate: May 21, 1878
Birthplace: Hammondsport, New York, United States
Died: July 23, 1930

Glenn Curtiss was an American motorcycling and aviation pioneer. He is credited with founding the U.S. aircraft industry. He is also credited with forming the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company which merged with the Wright Aeronautical to form Curtiss-Wright Corporation in 1929. Glenn Curtiss’ company played a major role in the years leading up to the First World War.

 22 
Pier Luigi Nervi
(Engineer, Architect, Civil engineer, University teacher)
Pier Luigi Nervi
2
Birthdate: June 21, 1891
Birthplace: Sondrio
Died: January 9, 1979
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 23 
Lillian Moller Gilbreth
3
Birthdate: May 24, 1878
Birthplace: Oakland, California, United States
Died: January 2, 1972
 24 
James Buchanan Eads
(American Civil Engineer and Inventor Best Known for His 'Triple-Arch Steel Bridge' Over the Mississippi River)
James Buchanan Eads
2
Birthdate: May 23, 1820
Birthplace: Lawrenceburg, Indiana, United States
Died: March 8, 1887

Engineer James B. Eads spent most of his early life marine-salvaging along the Mississippi. Apart from building submarines, he also owned over 50 patents. He is best remembered for his triple-arch steel bridge over the Mississippi. He was the first American engineer to win the Royal Society of Arts’s Albert Medal.

 25 
Nandan Nilekani
(Founder of Infosys)
Nandan Nilekani
3
Birthdate: June 2, 1955
Birthplace: Bangalore

Infosys co-founder Nandan Nilekani is also the man behind the Indian biometric ID Aadhaar. Named to the Forbes list of India’s Richest in 2021, he also once teamed up with Ratan Tata to form Avanti Finance to help the poor get loans. He unsuccessfully contested as a Congress candidate, too.

 26 
Craig Federighi
(Engineer)
Craig Federighi
0
Birthdate: May 27, 1969
Birthplace: San Leandro, California, United States
 27 
James McDivitt
(USAF Pilot and NASA Astronaut Associated with Project Gemini and Project Apollo)
James McDivitt
3
Birthdate: June 10, 1929
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States
Died: October 13, 2022

US Air Force pilot and NASA astronaut James McDivitt was mainly associated with Project Gemini and Project Apollo. His Gemini 4 mission witnessed Ed White script history as the first US astronaut to complete a spacewalk. Post-retirement, he was associated with organizations such as Pullman Inc. and Rockwell International.

 28 
Gaspard-Gustave de Coriolis
(French Mathematician, Mechanical Engineer and Scientist Who First Described the 'Coriolis Force')
Gaspard-Gustave de Coriolis
2
Birthdate: May 21, 1792
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 19, 1843

French mathematician and physicist Gaspard-Gustave de Coriolis proposed what is now known as Coriolis force. While teaching at the École Polytechnique, Paris, he extended the scope of kinetic energy. His On the Calculation of Mechanical Action remains his most significant book. His name remains inscribed on the Eiffel Tower.

 29 
Andy Gavin
(Computer scientist, Novelist)
Andy Gavin
3
Birthdate: June 11, 1970
Birthplace: Washington, D.C., United States
 30 
Sergey Sobyanin
(Engineer, Jurist, Politician)
Sergey Sobyanin
3
Birthdate: June 21, 1958
Birthplace: Nyaksimvol
 31 
Jordan Mechner
(Programmer)
Jordan Mechner
3
Birthdate: June 4, 1964
Birthplace: New York City
 32 
Tim Paterson
(Computer Programmer Best Known for Creating '86-DOS', an Operating System for the 'Intel 8086')
Tim Paterson
3
Birthdate: June 1, 1956
Birthplace: United States
 33 
Milutin Milanković
(Serbian Climatologist Who Gave the Explanation of Earth's Climate Changes, Which Partly Explained the Ice Ages)
Milutin Milanković
3
Birthdate: May 28, 1879
Birthplace: Dalj, Croatia
Died: December 12, 1958

Milutin Milanković was a Serbian astronomer, mathematician, geophysicist, climatologist, and civil engineer. He is best remembered for his explanation of Earth's climate changes, which partly explained the ice ages. Milutin Milankovitch's biography inspired a 2007 documentary film titled A Traveler Through Distant Worlds and Times.

 34 
Shuji Nakamura
(Electronic engineer and prolific inventor specializing in the field of semiconductor technology)
Shuji Nakamura
3
Birthdate: May 22, 1954
Birthplace: Ikata, Ehime, Japan
 35 
Nigel Gresley
(Engineer)
Nigel Gresley
3
Birthdate: June 19, 1876
Birthplace: Edinburgh
Died: April 5, 1941

Nigel Gresley designed some of Britain’s most famous steam locomotive engines. He also invented the Gresley conjugated valve gear, which smoothened the running of engines. His A4 Mallard was the world’s fastest steam locomotive. He later won honors such as the CBE and was also knighted.

 36 
William Wesley Peters
(Engineer, Architect)
William Wesley Peters
3
Birthdate: June 12, 1912
Birthplace: Indiana
Died: July 17, 1991
After spending 2 years at MIT, William Wesley Peters joined Frank Lloyd Wright's Taliesin Fellowship, becoming his apprentice. He married Wright's step-daughter, Svetlana. He played a major role in designing the Guggenheim Museum and later chaired Taliesin Associated Architects. He also taught at the Frank Lloyd Wright School of Architecture.
 37 
Alan Cooper
(Computer scientist, Writer)
Alan Cooper
3
Birthdate: June 3, 1952
Birthplace: San Francisco
 38 
Ben Rich
(American engineer)
Ben Rich
3
Birthdate: June 18, 1925
Birthplace: Manila, Philippines
Died: January 5, 1995

Known as "the father of stealth," Ben Rich made a significant contribution to the development of the F-117 Nighthawk stealth fighter-bomber. Throughout his stint at Lockheed’s Skunk Works, he helped develop numerous military planes. The UCLA alumnus later received the Distinguished Service Cross for his work.

 39 
Richard Cobden
(Politician)
Richard Cobden
2
Birthdate: June 3, 1804
Birthplace: Heyshott, United Kingdom
Died: April 2, 1865
 40 
Charles Algernon Parsons
(Anglo-Irish Engineer Best Known for His Invention of the 'Compound Steam Turbine')
Charles Algernon Parsons
2
Birthdate: June 13, 1854
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 11, 1931

Copley Medal-winning engineer Charles Algernon Parsons revolutionized marine transport with his invention of a multi-stage steam turbine. His other inventions include a mechanical reducing gear. Apart from being named a Fellow of the Royal Society, he was also knighted and awarded an Order of Merit for his contributions.

Joseph Philippe Lemercier Laroche
6
Birthdate: May 26, 1887
Birthplace: Cap-Haïtien, Haiti
Died: April 15, 1912
 42 
Rob Pardo
(Entrepreneur, Engineer)
Rob Pardo
2
Birthdate: June 9, 1970
 43 
Alfonso Bialetti
(Italian Engineer Best Known for Inventing 'Moka Express' Coffeemaker)
Alfonso Bialetti
2
Birthdate: June 17, 1888
Birthplace: Montebuglio, Italy
Died: March 4, 1970

Alfonso Bialetti was an Italian engineer best remembered for inventing the famous Moka Express coffeemaker. The coffee pot, designed by Bialetti in 1933, has been a style icon ever since it achieved popularity during the 1950s. Alfonso Bialetti is also credited with founding Bialetti Industries, a giant kitchen-ware company.

 44 
Carl-Henric Svanberg
(Entrepreneur, Engineer, Economist)
Carl-Henric Svanberg
2
Birthdate: May 29, 1952
Birthplace: Porjus

Since 2012, Swedish businessman Carl-Henric Svanberg has led AB Volvo, the global trucks and construction equipment manufacturer, as its chairman. Previously he worked as the chairman of British oil and gas company BP plc and CEO of the Swedish telecommunication company Ericsson. Still earlier, as CEO, he led the Assa Abloy Group to become a global leader in its industry.

 45 
Blake Ross
(Computer scientist, Engineer, Programmer, Blogger)
Blake Ross
2
Birthdate: June 12, 1985
Birthplace: Miami
 46 
Frederick Emmons Terman
2
Birthdate: June 7, 1900
Birthplace: English, Indiana, United States
Died: December 19, 1982
 47 
Hannes Alfvén
(Physicist, Astronomer, Astrophysicist, Engineer, University teacher)
Hannes Alfvén
2
Birthdate: May 30, 1908
Birthplace: Norrköping
Died: April 2, 1995

Nobel Prize-winning Swedish electrical engineer Hannes Alfvén is best remembered for his research on plasma physics. He practically pioneered the field of magnetohydrodynamics, which deals with plasmas in magnetic fields. He also proposed the concept of plasma cosmology, challenging the big-bang model, and penned works such as Cosmic Plasma.

 48 
Resul Pookutty
(Sound designer, sound editor and audio mixer)
Resul Pookutty
5
Birthdate: May 30, 1971
Birthplace: Vilakkupara, Kerala, India

Resul Pookutty is an Indian film sound editor, sound designer, and audio mixer. He is best known for his work in the 2008 British drama film Slumdog Millionaire for which he received the Academy Award under the Best Sound Mixing category. He has also won other prestigious awards, such as the National Film Award for Best Audiography and Padma Shri. 

 49 
Fritz Hilpert
(Musician, Audio engineer, Record producer)
Fritz Hilpert
4
Birthdate: May 31, 1956
Birthplace: Amberg
 50 
Percy Hobart
(Military Engineer)
Percy Hobart
2
Birthdate: June 14, 1885
Birthplace: Nainital, India
Died: February 19, 1957