Famous People Who Died In 1884

Discover the most famous people died who died in the year 1884. This list includes people like Gregor Mendel, Allan Pinkerton, Cyrus McCormick, Bedrich Smetana, Paul Morphy and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, artists, novelists and emperors & kings who died in 1884. This list includes people from United States and many more countries.
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 1 
Gregor Mendel
(Know for Creating the science of Genetics)
Gregor Mendel
10
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: July 20, 1822
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hynčice, Vražné, Czechia
Died: January 6

A scientist, meteorologist, mathematician, and biologist, Gregor Mendel is considered the founder of the modern science of genetics. He conducted a series of experiments on pea plants between 1856 and 1863, establishing many rules of heredity. Besides his work on pea plants, he also described novel plant species and conducted experiments with hawkweed and honeybees.

 2 
Allan Pinkerton
(Founder of Pinkerton National Detective Agency)
Allan Pinkerton
11
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 25, 1819
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland
Died: July 1

A walk through the woods in Dundee, changed Allan Pinkerton’s life, as he bumped into a group of counterfeiters and reported them to the police. This incident inspired him to later become Chicago's first full-time detective. His agency’s logo, an unblinking eye, inspired the phrase “Private Eye.”

 3 
Bedrich Smetana
(Czech Composer Best Known for His Opera ‘The Bartered Bride’)
Bedrich Smetana
7
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: March 2, 1824
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Litomysl, Czechia
Died: May 12

Bedrich Smetana was a Czech composer remembered for his opera, The Bartered Bride. Considered the father of Czech music, Smetana was a prodigy whose first public performance came at age six. He then went on to establish himself as one of the most important composers of Czech music. Smetana has been honored with a Walk of Fame star in Vienna.

 4 
Cyrus McCormick
(Inventor of mechanical reaper)
Cyrus McCormick
6
Birthdate: February 15, 1809
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Shenandoah Valley
Died: May 13
 5 
Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany
(Politician)
Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 7, 1853
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Buckingham Palace, United Kingdom
Died: March 28
 6 
Cetshwayo
(King)
Cetshwayo
0
Birthdate: 1826 AD
Birthplace: Eshowe, Zulu Kingdom
Died: February 8
 7 
Arthur Wellesley, 2nd Duke of Wellington
(King)
Arthur Wellesley, 2nd Duke of Wellington
0
Birthdate: February 3, 1807
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Soho, London, England
Died: August 13
 8 
Ottilie Assing
(German-American Abolitionist, Freethinker, and Feminist)
Ottilie Assing
0
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: February 11, 1819
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: August 21

Ottilie Assing was a German-American abolitionist, freethinker, and feminist. She is best remembered for her friendship with American social reformer and abolitionist, Frederick Douglass. Apart from attending numerous conventions and meetings alongside Douglass, Ottilie Assing also translated many of his works to German.  

 9 
Elias Lönnrot
(Physician)
Elias Lönnrot
0
Birthdate: April 9, 1802
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Sammatti, Finland
Died: March 19
Height: 6'0" (183 cm)
 10 
La Paiva
(Investor)
La Paiva
0
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: May 7, 1819
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: January 21
 11 
Philippe Suchard
(Swiss chocolatier)
Philippe Suchard
0
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: October 9, 1797
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Boudry
Died: January 14
 12 
Marie Taglioni
(Ballet Dancer)
Marie Taglioni
0
Listed In: Dancers
Birthdate: April 23, 1804
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: April 22
 13 
Infanta Maria Anna of Portugal
(Queen)
Infanta Maria Anna of Portugal
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: July 21, 1843
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Necessidades Palace, Lisbon, Portugal
Died: February 5
 14 
William Wells Brown
(Abolitionist lecturer, novelist, playwright, and historian)
William Wells Brown
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: March 15, 1814
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lexington, Kentucky, United States
Died: November 6
 15 
Jules Bastien-Lepage
(Painter)
Jules Bastien-Lepage
0
Birthdate: November 1, 1848
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Damvillers, France
Died: December 10
 16 
Mirambo
(Warlord)
Mirambo
1
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: 1840 AD
Birthplace: Tanzania
Died: 1884 AD
 17 
Jean-Baptiste Dumas
(Chemist)
Jean-Baptiste Dumas
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: July 14, 1800
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Alès, France
Died: April 10

Jean-Baptiste Dumas was a 19th-century French chemist. He is best remembered for his works on organic analysis and synthesis. He is also credited with developing a method for the analysis of nitrogen in compounds. He was a member of the French Academy of Sciences and one of the founders of the École centrale des arts et manufactures. 

 18 
Gustave Le Gray
(Photographer)
Gustave Le Gray
0
Listed In: Photographers
Birthdate: August 30, 1820
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Villiers-le-Bel, France
Died: July 30
 19 
Juan Bautista Alberdi
(Former Member of the Chamber of Deputies of Argentina and Diplomat)
Juan Bautista Alberdi
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: August 29, 1810
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina
Died: June 19

Initially a member of the Generation of ’37 intellectual movement, Juan Bautista Alberdi opposed Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas and was thus exiled. He later studied law in Uruguay. He is best remembered for his iconic book Bases and Starting Points for the Political Organization of the Argentine Republic.

 20 
Fanny Elssler
(Austrian Ballet Dancer of the Romantic Period)
Fanny Elssler
1
Listed In: Dancers
Birthdate: June 23, 1810
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Gumpendorf, Vienna, Austria
Died: November 27

Fanny Elssler was an Austrian ballet dancer of the Romantic Period. Renowned for her beauty and dancing skills, Elssler captivated hearts wherever she performed. Her life and career inspired an eponymous silent film in 1920, where she was played by Lya Mara. Fanny Elssler was also portrayed by Lilian Harvey in the 1937 eponymous film.

 21 
George Moses Horton
(Poet)
George Moses Horton
3
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 1798 AD
Birthplace: Northampton, North Carolina
Died: 1884 AD
 22 
Frances Dana Barker Gage
(American Reformer, Feminist and Abolitionist)
Frances Dana Barker Gage
0
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: October 12, 1808
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Marietta, Ohio, United States
Died: November 10

Known for her involvement in various anti-slavery and women’s empowerment campaigns, Frances Dana Barker Gage was a prominent American social reformer. She was also associated with the farmers’ papers Ohio Cultivator and Field Notes. She also worked toward achieving women’s voting rights and property rights.

 23 
Odo Russell, 1st Baron Ampthill
(Diplomat)
Odo Russell, 1st Baron Ampthill
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: February 20, 1829
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: August 25
 24 
Hans Makart
(Painter)
Hans Makart
0
Birthdate: May 28, 1840
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Salzburg, Austria
Died: October 3

Austrian painter Hans Makart is best known for his colorful historical paintings. He also founded the Makartstil or Makart style of decorating public spaces. He designed furniture and clothes, too. His lack of factual accuracy and his reliance on female nudity were both despised by academics.

 25 
Antonio García Gutiérrez
(Writer)
Antonio García Gutiérrez
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: October 4, 1813
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chiclana, Spain
Died: August 26
 26 
Alfred Francis Russell
(Politician)
Alfred Francis Russell
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 25, 1817
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lexington, Kentucky, United States
Died: April 4
 27 
Emanuel Geibel
(Poet)
Emanuel Geibel
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: October 17, 1815
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lübeck, Germany
Died: April 6
 28 
Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps
(American Educator, Scientist, Author, and Editor)
Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: July 15, 1793
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Berlin, Connecticut, United States
Died: July 15

Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps was an American educator, scientist, author, and editor. She is best remembered for her botany writings, which influenced several other American women to be botanists like her daughter Augusta Newton Foote Arnold and contemporary Eunice Newton Foote. Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps' long life was dedicated to the education of women, especially young women.

 29 
Mary Gove Nichols
(Advocate)
Mary Gove Nichols
1
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: August 10, 1810
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Goffstown, New Hampshire, United States
Died: May 30
 30 
Robert Richard Torrens
(Writer)
Robert Richard Torrens
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 31, 1812
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Cork, Ireland
Died: August 31
 31 
Robert Campbell
(Jamaican-born emigrant from the United States to Nigeria)
Robert Campbell
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: May 7, 1829
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kingston, Jamaica
Died: January 19
 32 
Marie Bashkirtseff
(Russian Artist and Sculptor)
Marie Bashkirtseff
2
Birthdate: November 24, 1858
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Havrontsi, Ukraine
Died: October 31

Marie Bashkirtseff was a Ukrainian artist who worked and lived in Paris. Bashkirtseff emerged as an intellectual in Paris and produced works like The Meeting and In the Studio before succumbing to tuberculosis in 1884 at age 25. Although many of her works were destroyed by the Nazis, over 60 of her paintings are preserved in places like Musée d'Orsay. 

 33 
Judah P. Benjamin
(Politician)
Judah P. Benjamin
2
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: August 6, 1811
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Saint Croix, United States Virgin Islands
Died: May 6
 34 
Thomas Madiou
(Historian)
Thomas Madiou
0
Birthdate: April 30, 1814
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Port-au-Prince
Died: May 25
 35 
Paul Morphy
(American Chess Player)
Paul Morphy
4
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: June 22, 1837
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
Died: July 10
 36 
Mihály Táncsics
(Politician, Writer, Journalist)
Mihály Táncsics
0
Birthdate: April 21, 1799
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ácsteszér, Hungary
Died: June 28
 37 
Keshab Chunder Sen
(Indian Philosopher and Social Reformer Known for Incorporating Christian Theology in Hindu Framework)
Keshab Chunder Sen
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: November 19, 1838
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kolkata, India
Died: January 8

Keshab Chunder Sen was an Indian social reformer and philosopher. Although he was born a Hindu, Sen thought highly of Christian theology and wanted to incorporate the theology of Christian practice into the framework of Hindu thought. By the use of Christian missionary methods, Keshab Chunder Sen effected several social reforms in India.

 38 
Muteesa I of Buganda
(King)
Muteesa I of Buganda
0
Birthdate: 1837 AD
Birthplace: Mulago, Kampala, Uganda
Died: September 30
 39 
Karl Richard Lepsius
(Egyptologist)
Karl Richard Lepsius
1
Birthdate: December 23, 1810
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Naumburg, Germany
Died: July 10
 40 
Buenaventura Báez
(Politician)
Buenaventura Báez
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 14, 1812
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rincón, Puerto Rico
Died: March 14
 41 
Johann Gustav Droysen
(German Historian)
Johann Gustav Droysen
0
Birthdate: July 6, 1808
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Trzebiatów, Poland
Died: June 19

Johann Gustav Droysen was a German historian. His work pertaining to Alexander the Great was the first work that represented a new school of German thought that introduced the great man theory. Johann Gustav Droysen's book, History of Alexander the Great, remained the best work on the king of Macedonia for a long time.

 42 
Martha Bulloch Roosevelt
(Socialite)
Martha Bulloch Roosevelt
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: July 8, 1835
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hartford
Died: February 14
 43 
Charles Reade
(Novelist)
Charles Reade
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: June 8, 1814
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ipsden, England
Died: April 11
 44 
Hermann Kolbe
(Chemist)
Hermann Kolbe
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: September 27, 1818
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Elliehausen, Germany
Died: November 25
 45 
Noah Haynes Swayne
(Jurist)
Noah Haynes Swayne
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: December 7, 1804
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Frederick County, Virginia, United States
Died: June 8
 46 
Wendell Phillips
(Advocate)
Wendell Phillips
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: November 29, 1811
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: February 2
 47 
Thomas Chenery
(Journalist)
Thomas Chenery
0
Birthdate: 1826 AD
Birthplace: Barbados Island, Barbados
Died: February 11
 48 
Samuel D. Gross
(American Surgeon)
Samuel D. Gross
1
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: July 8, 1805
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Easton, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: May 6

American academic trauma surgeon Samuel David Gross served as professor of surgery at the University of Louisville and Jefferson Medical College, and as president of the AMA. His best-known work was perhaps the two-volume System of Surgery. He was portrayed in Thomas Eakins’ masterpiece, The Gross Clinic. His bronze-statue made by Alexander Stirling Calder presently finds place at Thomas Jefferson University.

 49 
Charles Adolphe Wurtz
(French Chemist Known for His Research on Organic Nitrogen Compounds, Hydrocarbons, and Glycols)
Charles Adolphe Wurtz
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: November 26, 1817
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Wolfisheim, France
Died: May 10

Born to a pastor, Charles-Adolphe Wurtz surprisingly studied medicine instead of theology. He later taught chemistry and became the first to chair the organic chemistry department at the Sorbonne. He is best remembered for his pathbreaking research on glycols and the synthesis of many significant compounds.

 50 
George Engelmann
(Known for His Study of Phylloxera Vastatrix)
George Engelmann
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: February 2, 1809
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany
Died: February 4

German-American botanist, physician, and meteorologist George Engelmann is known for his study of Phylloxera Vastatrix. He is also noted for his botanical monographs, particularly his two major works on cacti and A Monography of North American Cuscutineae. He played vital role in elucidating flora of the west of North America that till such time was not much known to Europeans.