Famous People Who Died In 1883

Discover the most famous people died who died in the year 1883. This list includes people like Karl Marx, Richard Wagner, Sojourner Truth, Peter Cooper, Dayanand Saraswati and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, military leaders, artists and composers who died in 1883. This list includes people from United States, France, Germany & United Kingdom and many more countries.
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 1 
Karl Marx
(Philosopher & Economist - Famous for His Theory of 'Marxism' )
Karl Marx
124
Birthdate: May 5, 1818
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Trier, Germany
Died: March 14

Karl Marx, the philosopher, economist, political theorist and socialist revolutionary, is best-known for the 1848 pamphlet, The Communist Manifesto and the three-volume Das Kapital. His theories, called Marxism, maintained that class conflict leads to the development of human societies and that internal tension were inherent in capitalism, which would ultimately be replaced by the socialist mode of production.

 2 
Richard Wagner
(Known for His Operas and Music Dramas ‘Der Ring des Nibelungen’ and ‘Tristan und Isolde’)
Richard Wagner
36
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: May 22, 1813
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: February 13
German composer and conductor Richard Wagner is best remembered for his operas and music dramas. He explored the concept of Gesamtkunstwerk, which combined many forms of art, including the visual, poetic, and musical. He also established the opera house Bayreuth Festspielhaus, which hosted his works The Ring and Parsifal.
 3 
Sojourner Truth
(Abolitionist and Women's Rights Activist)
Sojourner Truth
16
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: 1797 AD
Birthplace: Rifton, New York, United States
Died: November 26

Sojourner Truth was an American women's rights activist and abolitionist. Born into slavery, Truth escaped to freedom in 1826. She then approached the court to recover her son, subsequently becoming the first black woman to emerge successful against a white man in such a case. In 2014, she was named in Smithsonian's 100 Most Significant Americans of All Time list.

 4 
Édouard Manet
(French Modernist Painter Known for His Work ‘The Luncheon on the Grass’ and ‘Olympia’)
Édouard Manet
6
Birthdate: January 23, 1832
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, Francece
Died: April 30

Édouard Manet was a French painter who played a key role in the transition to Impressionism from Realism in the 19th-century. Manet was one of the first artists from his generation to paint modern life. His early masterworks, such as Olympia, served as rallying points for young and aspiring impressionist painters. His works continue to influence painters around the world.

 5 
Gustave Doré
(Artist Best Known for His Prolific Output of Wood-Engravings and Illustrated Texts)
Gustave Doré
1
Birthdate: January 6, 1832
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: January 23

Best known for his wood-engraving, Gustave Doré was a child prodigy who began his artwork at the tender age of 5. A master lithographer and caricaturist, he began his career with Journal pour Rire. He also worked on commissions from authors such as Cervantes, Milton, and Dante.

 6 
Ivan Turgenev
(Novelist, Short Story Writer, Poet & Popularizer of Russian Literature in the West)
Ivan Turgenev
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: November 9, 1818
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Oryol, Russia
Died: September 3

It is believed Russian novelist Ivan Turgenev was highly inspired by his dominant mother in his younger days and thus created strong female characters in his novels later. He is remembered for popularizing Russian literature and realism in the West. One of his most notable works was Father and Sons.

 7 
Samuel Mudd
(Physician, Farmer, Politician)
Samuel Mudd
0
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: December 20, 1833
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Charles County
Died: January 10
 8 
Joseph Plateau
(Belgian Physicist & Mathematician - One of the First People to Demonstrate the Illusion of a Moving Image)
Joseph Plateau
2
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: October 14, 1801
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Brussels
Died: September 15

Belgian physicist and mathematician Joseph Plateau was a pioneer of the modern animation and movie industry, as he invented the phenakistiscope, the world’s first device to create an illusion of motion through images. He also laid down the structure of soap films through Plateau's laws.

 9 
Peter Cooper
(Industrialist & Inventors)
Peter Cooper
2
Birthdate: February 12, 1791
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York City
Died: April 4
 10 
J. Marion Sims
(Surgeon)
J. Marion Sims
6
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: January 25, 1813
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lancaster County, South Carolina, United States
Died: November 13

Known as The Father of Modern Gynaecology, J. Marion Sims is remembered for developing a surgical method to deal with vesicovaginal fistula, a childbirth-related complication. However, since his experiments were conducted on Black slave-women, without anesthesia, they were later deemed unethical. He had also headed the American Gynecological Society.

 11 
Josiah Henson
(Abolitionist)
Josiah Henson
9
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: June 15, 1789
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Charles County, Maryland, United States
Died: May 5

Josiah Henson was an American abolitionist, author, and minister. Henson escaped to Upper Canada after being born into slavery and founded a settlement for other fugitive slaves in Kent County. Josiah Henson's autobiography about his escape from slavery is said to have inspired Harriet Beecher Stowe's title character in her novel Uncle Tom's Cabin.

 12 
Matthew Webb
(British Swimmer Known for Swimming the English Channel)
Matthew Webb
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: January 19, 1848
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dawley, Shropshire, England
Died: July 24
 13 
Carl Wilhelm Siemens
(German-British Electrical Engineer and Businessman)
Carl Wilhelm Siemens
0
Birthdate: April 4, 1823
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Gehrden, Germany
Died: November 19

German-British inventor and electrical engineer, who revolutionized the steel-making and glass-making industries, is best remembered for using the Siemens-Martin process to create the regenerative furnace. His achievements earned him accolades such as the Albert Medal. He was a Fellow of The Royal Society and was knighted shortly before his death.

 14 
Tu Duc
(Emperor of Vietnam)
Tu Duc
0
Birthdate: September 22, 1829
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Hue, Vietnam
Died: July 17
 15 
James Young (Chemist)
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: July 13, 1811
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Glasgow
Died: May 13

Born to a carpenter in Glasgow, James Young initially assisted his father but later gained an interest in chemistry. He grew up to invent a process of extracting oil from coal and oil shales. Owing to his paraffin oil company, which he owned, he later earned the nickname Paraffin Young.

 16 
Dayanand Saraswati
(Indian Philosopher, Social Leader and Founder of the 'Arya Samaj', a Reform Movement of the Vedic Dharma)
Dayanand Saraswati
6
Birthdate: February 12, 1824
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Gujarat, India
Died: October 30

Dayananda Saraswati was an Indian social leader and philosopher. He is credited with founding an influential Hindu reform movement known as Arya Samaj. He is also credited with popularizing the term Swaraj which was used as a powerful tool by leaders like Lokmanya Tilak and Mahatma Gandhi during India’s freedom struggle. Saraswati influenced people like Bhagat Singh and Madam Cama.

 17 
Morning Star
(Chief)
Morning Star
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1810 AD
Birthplace: Montana, United States
Died: 1883 AD
 18 
Edward FitzGerald
(Poet, Writer)
Edward FitzGerald
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: March 31, 1809
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bredfield House
Died: June 14
 19 
Emir Abdelkader
(Military Leader)
Emir Abdelkader
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: September 6, 1808
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: El Guettana, Algeria
Died: May 26
 20 
Robert Moffat
(British missionary)
Robert Moffat
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: December 21, 1795
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Ormiston, Scotland
Died: August 9
 21 
Montgomery Blair
(lawyer, judge)
Montgomery Blair
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 10, 1813
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Franklin County
Died: July 27
 22 
Hendrik Conscience
(Novelist Best Known for His Romantic Nationalist Novel, 'The Lion of Flanders (1838)')
Hendrik Conscience
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: December 3, 1812
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: September 10

Belgian romantic novelist Hendrik Conscience was one of the pioneers of the Flemish novel. Best remembered for his historical fiction The Lion of Flanders, he had also penned tales on urban and rural life. He had also been a local politician, a museum curator, and a district commissioner.

 23 
Pierre Auguste Cot
(Former painter of the Academic Classicism school)
Pierre Auguste Cot
0
Birthdate: February 17, 1837
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bédarieux, France
Died: August 2
 24 
Arnold Toynbee
(English Economic Historian)
Arnold Toynbee
0
Birthdate: August 23, 1852
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Savile Row, London, England, United Kingdom
Died: March 9

The son of a surgeon, economist Arnold Toynbee studied at Balliol College and later taught there, too. He was a prominent social reformer who spoke for the working class and supported trade unions. Unfortunately, he died of exhaustion and breakdown after being overworked. Toynbee Hall was named after him.

 25 
Grigol Orbeliani
(Poet)
Grigol Orbeliani
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: October 2, 1804
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Tbilisi, Georgia
Died: March 21
 26 
Butrus al-Bustani
(Syria's First Nationalist and Founder of the Bi-Weekly Magazine 'Al-Jinan')
Butrus al-Bustani
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 1819 AD
Birthplace: Beirut, Lebanon
Died: May 1

Arabic scholar Butrus al-Bustani is best remembered for an Arabic dictionary and an Arabic encyclopaedia that he had penned. He also launched the political and literary review al-Jinān, or The Shield. Himself a Christian, he later became the first Syrian nationalist and worked toward cultural harmony in Syria.

 27 
Cyprian Norwid
(Poet Known for His Work 'Vade-mecum' & 'Promethidion')
Cyprian Norwid
0
Birthdate: September 24, 1821
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Głuchy, Poland
Died: May 23

Cyprian Norwid was a Polish poet, painter, dramatist, and sculptor. Although he did not find much success and monetary gains during his lifetime, Norwid is now regarded as a nationally esteemed poet. His works were rediscovered and popularized by the members of the Young Poland art movement. Cyprian Norwid is now counted among the four most prominent Polish Romantic poets.

 28 
Giovanni Matteo Mario
(Italian Nobleman and Opera Singer)
Giovanni Matteo Mario
0
Listed In: Singers
Birthdate: October 17, 1810
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cagliari, Italy
Died: December 11

Italian nobleman Giovanni Matteo Mario was a talented opera singer who had a flourishing career in London and Paris. He was the opera partner of popular soprano Giulia Grisi. Initially an officer in the Piedmontese Guard, he later left the army for his passion, opera. However, he suffered in poverty in his final days.

 29 
Elisabeth Dieudonné Vincent
(Businesswoman)
Elisabeth Dieudonné Vincent
0
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: 1798 AD
Birthplace: Jeremie, Haiti
Died: November 29
 30 
Thomas Story Kirkbride
(Physician)
Thomas Story Kirkbride
0
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: July 31, 1809
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Morrisville, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: December 16
 31 
John Graham Chambers
(Sportsman)
John Graham Chambers
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: February 12, 1843
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Llanelli, Wales
Died: March 4
 32 
Friedrich von Flotow
(German Composer)
Friedrich von Flotow
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: April 27, 1812
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Mecklenburg, Germany
Died: January 24
 33 
François Lenormant
(Archaeologist)
François Lenormant
0
Birthdate: January 17, 1837
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 9
 34 
Olive Soulouque
(Princess)
Olive Soulouque
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: November 29, 1842
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Second Empire of Haiti
Died: July 23
 35 
John Colenso
John Colenso
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: January 24, 1814
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died: June 20
 36 
Prince Charles of Prussia
(Prince)
Prince Charles of Prussia
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: June 29, 1801
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Charlottenburg Palace, Berlin, Germany
Died: January 21
 37 
James T. Rapier
(American Politician)
James T. Rapier
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 13, 1837
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Florence, Alabama, United States
Died: May 31
 38 
Thomas Mayne Reid
(Novelist)
Thomas Mayne Reid
0
Birthdate: April 4, 1818
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ballyroney, Ireland
Died: October 22
 39 
Mercedes de Jesus Molina
(Missionary)
Mercedes de Jesus Molina
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: September 24, 1828
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Baba, Los Ríos, Ecuador
Died: June 12
 40 
Alexander Hamilton Stephens
(Governor of Georgia (1882-83))
Alexander Hamilton Stephens
4
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 11, 1812
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Crawfordville, Georgia, United States
Died: March 4
Height: 5'7" (170 cm)
 41 
Mampuru II
(KIng)
Mampuru II
0
Birthplace: Africa
Died: November 22
 42 
Henry John Stephen Smith
(Mathematician)
Henry John Stephen Smith
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: November 2, 1826
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: February 9
 43 
Henri Martin
(Historian)
Henri Martin
0
Birthdate: February 20, 1810
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint-Quentin, France
Died: December 14
 44 
Jenny Longuet
(French Political Journalist & Daughter of Karl Marx)
Jenny Longuet
2
Birthdate: May 1, 1844
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris, Kingdom of France
Died: January 11
 45 
Henri, Count of Chambord
(King of France)
Henri, Count of Chambord
1
Birthdate: September 29, 1820
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Tuileries Palace, Paris, France
Died: August 24
 46 
General Tom Thumb
(American Dwarf Who Achieved Great Fame as a Performer Under Circus Pioneer P. T. Barnum)
General Tom Thumb
52
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 4, 1838
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bridgeport, Connecticut, United States
Died: July 15

General Tom Thumb was a dwarf best remembered as a performer in P. T. Barnum's circus. He achieved significant fame as a performer and has been portrayed by several actors in films, such as The Mighty Barnum and Jules Verne's Rocket to the Moon. In the 2017 movie The Greatest Showman, General Tom Thumb was played by Sam Humphrey.

 47 
Ranavalona II
(Queen of Madagascar from 1868 to 1883)
Ranavalona II
0
Birthdate: 1829 AD
Birthplace: Madagascar
Died: July 13
 48 
Lydia E. Pinkham
(Businesswoman)
Lydia E. Pinkham
1
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: February 9, 1819
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lynn, Massachusetts, United States
Died: May 17
 49 
Arthur Kennedy
(7th Governor of Hong Kong)
Arthur Kennedy
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 5, 1809
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: County Down, Ireland
Died: June 3
 50 
Victor de Laprade
(French Author)
Victor de Laprade
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: January 13, 1812
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Montbrison, France
Died: December 13