Croatia is a Roman Catholic country situated at the intersection of Central Europe, Southeast Europe and Mediterranean. Having a history that dates back to 7th century AD, Croatia, much like its European counterparts, faced suppression from the Ottoman Empire and was later merged into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. It was not until 1991 that Croatia gained complete independence and was adjudged as the Republic of Croatia. Over the years, Croatia’s strategic geographic location influenced the country’s art and culture so much so, giving it shades of both the western and eastern hemispheres. Though Croatian stalwarts dominated Croatia’s politics, economy, military, academics, science, medicine, and arts and entertainment since times immemorial, it was in the 19th century that Croatian culture witnessed unprecedented developments in all the fields, thus giving rise to a number of popular historical figures such as, Franjo Tudman, Tin Ujevic, Vlado Gotovac, Janica, Kostelic, Ivan Supek and so on, The country also boasts of having three Nobel Prize winners including Lavoslav Ružička and Vladimir Prelog in the field of chemistry and Ivo Andrić in the field of literature. Know more about the life and works of popular Croatians in this section.