Famous British Chemists

Chemists are scientists trained and specialized in the study of chemistry. Through their study, they investigate the chemical nature of substances, organic and inorganic, and examine their chemical properties including composition, structure and reactivity. Interestingly, the work of a chemist does not end in a school or college laboratory only. Chemicals are used in numerous industries, including medicines, pharmaceuticals and plastics; hence, the role of chemists is quite expansive. Every country today has a long list of chemists who actively contribute for the nation’s growth and advancement through their chemical researches. Britain is also one such country. It has been home to almost thirty Nobel laureates in chemistry alone. Each of them and many more have through their discoveries and findings developed better products and processes. Frederick Sanger, a British chemist, is the only chemist till date to have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry twice, in 1958 and 1980. When Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances, she became the first female British chemist to be lauded with the honor. Till date she retains the title as the only British woman to win Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Check this section to find out more about the life and works of British chemists.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Michael Faraday

Michael Faraday
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Famous As: Physicist & Chemist
Birthdate: September 22, 1791
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British
Died: August 25, 1867

Michael Faraday was an English scientist known for his contribution to the study of electrochemistry and electromagnetism. Considered one of the most influential scientists ever, Faraday's inventions of electromagnetic rotary devices established the basis for electric motor technology. His research also helped understand the concept of the electromagnetic field. Ernest Rutherford called him one of the greatest scientific discoverers ever.

 2 Rosalind Franklin

Rosalind Franklin
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: July 25, 1920
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: April 16, 1958
Chemist and X-ray crystallographer Rosalind Franklin is remembered for her pathbreaking X-ray diffraction studies of DNA, which helped in the Nobel Prize-winning discovery of the double helix structure of DNA by Francis Crick, James Watson, and Maurice Wilkins later. She also worked on the molecular structures of viruses. 
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 3 Humphry Davy

Humphry Davy
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Famous As: Inventor of Davy Lamp
Birthdate: December 17, 1778
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: May 29, 1829

 4 Joseph Priestley

Joseph Priestley
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Famous As: Discoverer of Oxygen
Birthdate: March 24, 1733
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
Died: February 6, 1804

 5 William Henry Perkin

William Henry Perkin
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 12, 1838
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: July 14, 1907

 6 Henry Cavendish

Henry Cavendish
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 10, 1731
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British
Died: February 24, 1810

 7 Chaim Weizmann

Chaim Weizmann
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Famous As: Former President of Israel
Birthdate: November 27, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: November 9, 1952
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 8 Helen Sharman

Helen Sharman
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: May 30, 1963
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British

 9 Frederick Sanger

Frederick Sanger
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: August 13, 1918
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: November 19, 2013

 10 James Lovelock

James Lovelock
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Famous As: Biologist, Chemist, University teacher, Mythographer
Birthdate: July 26, 1919
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British

 11 Joseph Swan

Joseph Swan
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Famous As: Chemist, Physicist, Inventor
Birthdate: October 31, 1828
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British
Died: May 27, 1914

 12 Dorothy Hodgkin

Dorothy Hodgkin
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: May 12, 1910
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: July 29, 1994

 13 John Kendrew

John Kendrew
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Famous As: Biochemist and Crystallographer
Birthdate: March 24, 1917
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
Died: August 23, 1997

 14 John Herschel

John Herschel
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Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: March 7, 1792
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: May 11, 1871

 15 Martyn Poliakoff

Martyn Poliakoff
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Famous As: Chemist, University teacher
Birthdate: December 16, 1947
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British

 16 John Newlands

John Newlands
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: November 26, 1837
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: July 29, 1898

 17 Elias Canetti

Elias Canetti
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Famous As: Writer, Aphorist, Playwright, Chemist, Essayist
Birthdate: July 25, 1905
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: August 14, 1994

 18 Tim Hunt

Tim Hunt
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Famous As: Biochemist, Chemist
Birthdate: February 19, 1943
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British

 19 William Crookes

William Crookes
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: June 17, 1832
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: April 4, 1919

 20 Joseph Black

Joseph Black
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Famous As: Chemist, Physicist, Scientist, University teacher
Birthdate: April 16, 1728
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French, British, Scottish
Died: December 6, 1799

 21 Fraser Stoddart

Fraser Stoddart
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: May 24, 1942
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British, American

 22 Tomas Lindahl

Tomas Lindahl
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: January 28, 1938
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swedish, British

 23 James Dewar

James Dewar
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: September 20, 1842
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British, Scottish
Died: March 27, 1923

 24 William Henry Bragg

William Henry Bragg
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Famous As: Nobel Prize Winner in Physics
Birthdate: July 2, 1862
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: March 10, 1942

 25 William Worrall Mayo

William Worrall Mayo
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Famous As: Chemist, Politician, Gynaecologist, Editor
Birthdate: May 31, 1819
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British, American
Died: March 6, 1911

 26 Aaron Klug

Aaron Klug
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Famous As: Chemist & Biophysicist
Birthdate: August 11, 1926
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British

 27 Sir Harold W. Kroto

Sir Harold W. Kroto
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 7, 1939
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British
Died: April 30, 2016

 28 Frederick Soddy

Frederick Soddy
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Famous As: Radiochemist
Birthdate: September 2, 1877
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British
Died: September 22, 1956

 29 Alexander Parkes

Alexander Parkes
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Famous As: Inventor, Chemist, Engineer
Birthdate: December 29, 1813
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: June 29, 1890

 30 William Cullen

William Cullen
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Famous As: Physician, Chemist, Farmer, Academic, University teacher, Writer, Psychiatrist
Birthdate: April 15, 1710
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British, Scottish
Died: February 5, 1790

 31 Peter Mitchell

Peter Mitchell
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: September 22, 1920
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British
Died: April 10, 1992

 32 William Hyde Wollaston

William Hyde Wollaston
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Famous As: Chemist, Physicist, Engineer, Metallurgist
Birthdate: August 6, 1766
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: December 22, 1828

 33 Stephen Hales

Stephen Hales
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Famous As: Botanist, Physicist, Chemist
Birthdate: September 17, 1677
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British
Died: January 4, 1761

 34 Francis William Aston

Francis William Aston
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Famous As: Chemist & Physicist
Birthdate: September 1, 1877
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British
Died: November 20, 1945

 35 Martin Fleischmann

Martin Fleischmann
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 29, 1927
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
Died: August 3, 2012

 36 John A Pople

John A Pople
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 31, 1925
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British
Died: March 15, 2004

 37 Robert Robinson

Robert Robinson
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: September 13, 1886
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British
Died: February 8, 1975

 38 John E. Walker

John E. Walker
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: January 7, 1941
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British

 39 William Withering

William Withering
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: March 17, 1741
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: October 6, 1799

 40 George Porter

George Porter
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Famous As: British chemist
Birthdate: December 6, 1920
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: August 31, 2002

 41 Colin Pillinger

Colin Pillinger
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: May 9, 1943
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: May 7, 2014

 42 Geoffrey Wilkinson

Geoffrey Wilkinson
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: July 14, 1921
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: September 26, 1996

 43 John Maddox

John Maddox
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: November 27, 1925
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British, Welsh
Died: April 12, 2009

 44 Derek Barton

Derek Harold Richard Barton
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: September 8, 1918
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British
Died: March 16, 1998

 45 Sir Edward Frankland

Sir Edward Frankland
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: January 18, 1825
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: August 9, 1899

 46 William Henry

William Henry
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: December 12, 1774
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: September 2, 1836

 47 Edward Bancroft

Edward Bancroft
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: January 20, 1745
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British, American
Died: September 7, 1821

 48 William Prout

William Prout
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: January 15, 1785
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: April 9, 1850

 49 Norman Haworth

Norman Haworth
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 19, 1883
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: March 19, 1950

 50 Goldsworthy Gurney

Goldsworthy Gurney
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Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: February 14, 1793
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: February 28, 1875