Famous People From England
Chemists are scientists trained and specialized in the study of chemistry. Through their study, they investigate the chemical nature of substances, organic and inorganic, and examine their chemical properties including composition, structure and reactivity. Interestingly, the work of a chemist does not end in a school or college laboratory only. Chemicals are used in numerous industries, including medicines, pharmaceuticals and plastics; hence, the role of chemists is quite expansive. Every country today has a long list of chemists who actively contribute for the nation’s growth and advancement through their chemical researches. Britain is also one such country. It has been home to almost thirty Nobel laureates in chemistry alone. Each of them and many more have through their discoveries and findings developed better products and processes. Frederick Sanger, a British chemist, is the only chemist till date to have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry twice, in 1958 and 1980. When Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances, she became the first female British chemist to be lauded with the honor. Till date she retains the title as the only British woman to win Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Check this section to find out more about the life and works of British chemists.
Michael FaradayMichael Faraday
22 September 1791
Physicist & Chemist
Rosalind FranklinRosalind Franklin
25 July 1920
Chemist

Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law

Humphry DavyHumphry Davy
17 December 1778
Inventor of Davy Lamp

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733
Discoverer of Oxygen

Henry CavendishHenry Cavendish
10 October 1731
Chemist
Chaim WeizmannChaim Weizmann
27 November 1874
Former President of Israel

Frederick SangerFrederick Sanger
13 August 1918
Biochemist

Dorothy HodgkinDorothy Hodgkin
12 May 1910
Biochemist

William RamsayWilliam Ramsay
02 October 1852
Chemist
William Henry BraggWilliam Henry Bragg
02 July 1862
Nobel Prize Winner in Physics

Aaron KlugAaron Klug
11 August 1926
Chemist & Biophysicist
Francis William AstonFrancis William Aston
01 September 1877
Chemist & Physicist

Frederick SoddyFrederick Soddy
02 September 1877
Radiochemist

John CornforthJohn Cornforth
07 September 1917
Nobel Prize Winner Chemist
John KendrewJohn Kendrew
24 March 1917
Biochemist and Crystallographer

Derek Harold Richard BartonDerek Barton
08 September 1918
Chemist
Norman HaworthNorman Haworth
19 March 1883
Chemist

Geoffrey Wilkinson Geoffrey Wilkinson
14 July 1921
Chemist

John E. WalkerJohn E. Walker
07 January 1941
Chemist
Archer John Porter MartinArcher Martin
01 March 1910
Chemist

Arthur Harden Arthur Harden
12 October 1865
Biochemist
Ronald George Wreyford NorrishRonald George Wreyford Norrish
09 November 1897
Chemist

Robert Robinson Robert Robinson
13 September 1886
Scientist

Peter MitchellPeter Mitchell
22 September 1920
Biochemist

Sir Harold W. KrotoSir Harold W. Kroto
07 October 1939
Chemist
John A PopleJohn A Pople
31 October 1925
Chemist
James LovelockJames Lovelock
26 July 1919
Biologist, Chemist, University teacher,

Joseph SwanJoseph Swan
31 October 1828
Chemist, Physicist, Inventor

John HerschelJohn Herschel
07 March 1792
Polymath, Mathematician, Astronomer, Chemist,

Helen SharmanHelen Sharman
30 May 1963
Chemist
Martyn PoliakoffMartyn Poliakoff
16 December 1947
Chemist, University teacher

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Elias CanettiElias Canetti
25 July 1905
Writer, Aphorist, Playwright, Chemist, Essayist

William CrookesWilliam Crookes
17 June 1832
Chemist, Physicist, Psychic

Joseph BlackJoseph Black
16 April 1728
Chemist, Physicist, Scientist, University teacher

James DewarJames Dewar
20 September 1842
Physicist, Chemist, Inventor
Tim HuntTim Hunt
19 February 1943
Biochemist, Chemist

Harry KrotoHarry Kroto
07 October 1939
Chemist, University teacher
Fraser StoddartFraser Stoddart
24 May 1942
Chemist

Tomas LindahlTomas Lindahl
28 January 1938
Scientist

William Henry PerkinWilliam Henry Perkin
12 March 1838
Chemist
William Worrall MayoWilliam Worrall Mayo
31 May 1819
Chemist, Politician, Gynaecologist, Editor

Alexander ParkesAlexander Parkes
29 December 1813
Inventor, Chemist, Engineer
John PopleJohn Pople
31 October 1925
Mathematician, Chemist, University teacher

William Hyde WollastonWilliam Hyde Wollaston
06 August 1766
Chemist, Physicist, Engineer, Metallurgist

Martin FleischmannMartin Fleischmann
29 March 1927
Chemist

William CullenWilliam Cullen
15 April 1710
Physician, Chemist, Farmer, Academic, University

Peter D. MitchellPeter D. Mitchell
29 September 1920
Biochemist, Chemist, University teacher
Stephen HalesStephen Hales
17 September 1677
Botanist, Physicist, Chemist

Cyril Norman HinshelwoodCyril Norman Hinshelwood
19 June 1897
Chemist

George PorterGeorge Porter
06 December 1920
British chemist

Michael SmithMichael Smith
26 April 1932
Chemist, Scientist
Rodney Robert PorterRodney Robert Porter
08 October 1917
Biochemist

John James Richard MacleodJohn James Richard Macleod
06 September 1876
Biochemist