Famous People From England
Chemists are scientists trained and specialized in the study of chemistry. Through their study, they investigate the chemical nature of substances, organic and inorganic, and examine their chemical properties including composition, structure and reactivity. Interestingly, the work of a chemist does not end in a school or college laboratory only. Chemicals are used in numerous industries, including medicines, pharmaceuticals and plastics; hence, the role of chemists is quite expansive. Every country today has a long list of chemists who actively contribute for the nation’s growth and advancement through their chemical researches. Britain is also one such country. It has been home to almost thirty Nobel laureates in chemistry alone. Each of them and many more have through their discoveries and findings developed better products and processes. Frederick Sanger, a British chemist, is the only chemist till date to have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry twice, in 1958 and 1980. When Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances, she became the first female British chemist to be lauded with the honor. Till date she retains the title as the only British woman to win Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Check this section to find out more about the life and works of British chemists.
Michael FaradayMichael Faraday
22 September 1791
Physicist & Chemist
Rosalind FranklinRosalind Franklin
25 July 1920
Chemist

Humphry DavyHumphry Davy
17 December 1778
Inventor of Davy Lamp

Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733
Discoverer of Oxygen

Chaim WeizmannChaim Weizmann
27 November 1874
Former President of Israel
Henry CavendishHenry Cavendish
10 October 1731
Chemist

Frederick SangerFrederick Sanger
13 August 1918
Biochemist

Dorothy HodgkinDorothy Hodgkin
12 May 1910
Biochemist
William Henry BraggWilliam Henry Bragg
02 July 1862
Nobel Prize Winner in Physics

William RamsayWilliam Ramsay
02 October 1852
Chemist
Aaron KlugAaron Klug
11 August 1926
Chemist & Biophysicist

Frederick SoddyFrederick Soddy
02 September 1877
Radiochemist

Francis William AstonFrancis William Aston
01 September 1877
Chemist & Physicist

John CornforthJohn Cornforth
07 September 1917
Nobel Prize Winner Chemist

John KendrewJohn Kendrew
24 March 1917
Biochemist and Crystallographer
Norman HaworthNorman Haworth
19 March 1883
Chemist

Derek Harold Richard BartonDerek Barton
08 September 1918
Chemist

Geoffrey Wilkinson Geoffrey Wilkinson
14 July 1921
Chemist

John E. WalkerJohn E. Walker
07 January 1941
Chemist
Archer John Porter MartinArcher Martin
01 March 1910
Chemist

Arthur Harden Arthur Harden
12 October 1865
Biochemist
Ronald George Wreyford NorrishRonald George Wreyford Norrish
09 November 1897
Chemist

Robert Robinson Robert Robinson
13 September 1886
Scientist

Peter MitchellPeter Mitchell
22 September 1920
Biochemist
Sir Harold W. KrotoSir Harold W. Kroto
07 October 1939
Chemist

John A PopleJohn A Pople
31 October 1925
Chemist
Helen SharmanHelen Sharman
30 May 1963
Chemist

James LovelockJames Lovelock
26 July 1919
Biologist, Chemist, University teacher,

Joseph SwanJoseph Swan
31 October 1828
Chemist, Physicist, Inventor
John HerschelJohn Herschel
07 March 1792
Polymath

Continue Reading Below
James DewarJames Dewar
20 September 1842
Chemist
Martyn PoliakoffMartyn Poliakoff
16 December 1947
Chemist, University teacher

Elias CanettiElias Canetti
25 July 1905
Writer, Aphorist, Playwright, Chemist, Essayist

William CrookesWilliam Crookes
17 June 1832
Chemist

Joseph BlackJoseph Black
16 April 1728
Chemist, Physicist, Scientist, University teacher
William Worrall MayoWilliam Worrall Mayo
31 May 1819
Chemist, Politician, Gynaecologist, Editor
William Henry PerkinWilliam Henry Perkin
12 March 1838
Chemist

Tim HuntTim Hunt
19 February 1943
Biochemist, Chemist

Fraser StoddartFraser Stoddart
24 May 1942
Chemist

William CullenWilliam Cullen
15 April 1710
Physician, Chemist, Farmer, Academic, University
Alexander ParkesAlexander Parkes
29 December 1813
Inventor, Chemist, Engineer

William Hyde WollastonWilliam Hyde Wollaston
06 August 1766
Chemist, Physicist, Engineer, Metallurgist

Harry KrotoHarry Kroto
07 October 1939
Chemist, University teacher

John PopleJohn Pople
31 October 1925
Mathematician, Chemist, University teacher

Stephen HalesStephen Hales
17 September 1677
Botanist, Physicist, Chemist
Tomas LindahlTomas Lindahl
28 January 1938
Scientist

George PorterGeorge Porter
06 December 1920
British chemist
Martin FleischmannMartin Fleischmann
29 March 1927
Chemist

William WitheringWilliam Withering
17 March 1741
Botanist

Cyril Norman HinshelwoodCyril Norman Hinshelwood
19 June 1897
Chemist
Rodney Robert PorterRodney Robert Porter
08 October 1917
Biochemist

Colin PillingerColin Pillinger
09 May 1943
Scientist
Michael SmithMichael Smith
26 April 1932
Chemist, Scientist

William ProutWilliam Prout
15 January 1785
Chemist

John Frederic DaniellJohn Frederic Daniell
12 March 1790
Chemist

Alexander John ForsythAlexander John Forsyth
28 December 1768
Inventor

John MayowJohn Mayow
24 May 1640
Chemist
Goldsworthy GurneyGoldsworthy Gurney
14 February 1793
Surgeon

Edward BancroftEdward Bancroft
20 January 1745
Physician

John RoebuckJohn Roebuck
1718 AD
Inventor

Alexander William WilliamsonAlexander William Williamson
01 May 1824
Chemist
Warren De la RueWarren De la Rue
15 January 1815
Astronomer

Frederick AbelFrederick Abel
17 July 1827
Chemist
Charles HatchettCharles Hatchett
02 January 1765
Chemist

Henry Edward ArmstrongHenry Edward Armstrong
06 May 1848
Chemist

Joseph Henry GilbertJoseph Henry Gilbert
01 August 1817
Chemist
William HenryWilliam Henry
12 December 1774
Chemist

William CookworthyWilliam Cookworthy
12 April 1705
Pharmacist
Nevil SidgwickNevil Sidgwick
08 May 1873
Chemist

Frederic KippingFrederic Kipping
16 August 1863
Chemist

William Hume-RotheryWilliam Hume-Rothery
15 May 1899
Metallurgist
Friedrich PanethFriedrich Paneth
31 August 1887
Chemist

John James Richard MacleodJohn James Richard Macleod
06 September 1876
Biochemist
Thomas Edward ThorpeThomas Edward Thorpe
08 December 1845
Chemist

George Thomas BeilbyGeorge Thomas Beilby
17 November 1850
Chemist

Percy GilchristPercy Gilchrist
27 December 1851
Chemist

Sir Edward FranklandSir Edward Frankland
18 January 1825
Chemist
Sir William de Wiveleslie AbneySir William de Wiveleslie Abney
24 July 1843
Astronomer