Famous People From England
Chemists are scientists trained and specialized in the study of chemistry. Through their study, they investigate the chemical nature of substances, organic and inorganic, and examine their chemical properties including composition, structure and reactivity. Interestingly, the work of a chemist does not end in a school or college laboratory only. Chemicals are used in numerous industries, including medicines, pharmaceuticals and plastics; hence, the role of chemists is quite expansive. Every country today has a long list of chemists who actively contribute for the nation’s growth and advancement through their chemical researches. Britain is also one such country. It has been home to almost thirty Nobel laureates in chemistry alone. Each of them and many more have through their discoveries and findings developed better products and processes. Frederick Sanger, a British chemist, is the only chemist till date to have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry twice, in 1958 and 1980. When Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances, she became the first female British chemist to be lauded with the honor. Till date she retains the title as the only British woman to win Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Check this section to find out more about the life and works of British chemists.
Michael FaradayMichael Faraday
22 September 1791
Physicist & Chemist
Rosalind FranklinRosalind Franklin
25 July 1920

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733
Discoverer of Oxygen

Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law

Humphry DavyHumphry Davy
17 December 1778
Inventor of Davy Lamp

Henry CavendishHenry Cavendish
10 October 1731
Chaim WeizmannChaim Weizmann
27 November 1874
Former President of Israel

Frederick SangerFrederick Sanger
13 August 1918

Dorothy HodgkinDorothy Hodgkin
12 May 1910

William Henry BraggWilliam Henry Bragg
02 July 1862
Nobel Prize Winner in Physics
William RamsayWilliam Ramsay
02 October 1852

Aaron KlugAaron Klug
11 August 1926
Chemist & Biophysicist
Frederick SoddyFrederick Soddy
02 September 1877

Francis William AstonFrancis William Aston
01 September 1877
Chemist & Physicist

John CornforthJohn Cornforth
07 September 1917
Nobel Prize Winner Chemist
John KendrewJohn Kendrew
24 March 1917
Biochemist and Crystallographer

John E. WalkerJohn E. Walker
07 January 1941
Geoffrey Wilkinson Geoffrey Wilkinson
14 July 1921

Derek Harold Richard BartonDerek Barton
08 September 1918

Norman HaworthNorman Haworth
19 March 1883
Archer John Porter MartinArcher Martin
01 March 1910

Arthur Harden Arthur Harden
12 October 1865
Ronald George Wreyford NorrishRonald George Wreyford Norrish
09 November 1897

Robert Robinson Robert Robinson
13 September 1886

Peter MitchellPeter Mitchell
22 September 1920

Sir Harold W. KrotoSir Harold W. Kroto
07 October 1939
John A PopleJohn A Pople
31 October 1925
James LovelockJames Lovelock
26 July 1919
Biologist, Chemist, University teacher,

Joseph SwanJoseph Swan
31 October 1828
Chemist, Physicist, Inventor

Elias CanettiElias Canetti
25 July 1905
Writer, Aphorist, Playwright, Chemist, Essayist

John HerschelJohn Herschel
07 March 1792
Polymath, Mathematician, Astronomer, Chemist,
Martyn PoliakoffMartyn Poliakoff
16 December 1947
Chemist, University teacher

Continue Reading Below
William CrookesWilliam Crookes
17 June 1832
Chemist, Physicist, Psychic

Joseph BlackJoseph Black
16 April 1728
Chemist, Physicist, Scientist, University teacher

William Worrall MayoWilliam Worrall Mayo
31 May 1819
Chemist, Politician, Gynaecologist, Editor

Tim HuntTim Hunt
19 February 1943
Biochemist, Chemist
James DewarJames Dewar
20 September 1842
Physicist, Chemist, Inventor

Alexander ParkesAlexander Parkes
29 December 1813
Inventor, Chemist, Engineer
William Hyde WollastonWilliam Hyde Wollaston
06 August 1766
Chemist, Physicist, Engineer, Metallurgist

Harry KrotoHarry Kroto
07 October 1939
Chemist, University teacher

Martin FleischmannMartin Fleischmann
29 March 1927
William CullenWilliam Cullen
15 April 1710
Physician, Chemist, Farmer, Academic, University

Peter D. MitchellPeter D. Mitchell
29 September 1920
Biochemist, Chemist, University teacher
John PopleJohn Pople
31 October 1925
Mathematician, Chemist, University teacher

Stephen HalesStephen Hales
17 September 1677
Botanist, Physicist, Chemist

Cyril Norman HinshelwoodCyril Norman Hinshelwood
19 June 1897

George PorterGeorge Porter
06 December 1920
British chemist

Michael SmithMichael Smith
26 April 1932
Chemist, Scientist
Rodney Robert PorterRodney Robert Porter
08 October 1917

John James Richard MacleodJohn James Richard Macleod
06 September 1876

Walter HaworthWalter Haworth
19 March 1883
British chemist