Famous People Born In 1803

Discover the most famous people born in 1803. The list includes people like Ralph Waldo Emerson, Hector Berlioz, Christian Doppler, Joseph Paxton, Black Kettle and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, diplomats, inventors and civil rights activists born in 1803. This list includes people from United Kingdom, United States, France & Germany and many more countries.
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 1 
Ralph Waldo Emerson
(Famous For his Essay 'Nature' and Speech Entitled 'The American Scholar')
Ralph Waldo Emerson
20
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 25th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: April 27, 1882

Ralph Waldo Emerson was an American philosopher who led the transcendentalist movement that developed in the eastern United States in the 1820s and 1830s. He is credited with popularizing individualism through his numerous lectures and essays. Emerson influenced many thinkers and writers that followed him; he mentored Henry David Thoreau, who went on to become a leading transcendentalist.

 2 
Hector Berlioz
(French Composer and Conductor Known for His Work ‘Symphonie fantastique’, ‘Harold in Italy’ and ‘Roméo et Juliette’)
Hector Berlioz
12
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 11th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: La Côte-Saint-André, France
Died: March 8, 1869

Hector Berlioz was a French Romantic conductor and composer who was highly regarded in places like Russia, Britain, and Germany. Although he did not achieve fame as a composer, Berlioz became renowned internationally for his skills as a conductor. He also wrote musical journalism, which includes his influential work, Treatise on Instrumentation. 

 3 
Albert Sidney Johnston
(Military general)
Albert Sidney Johnston
1
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 2nd February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Washington, Kentucky
Died: April 6, 1862
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 4 
Black Kettle
(Leader)
Black Kettle
3
Birthdate: 7th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Black Hills
Died: November 27, 1868
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 5 
Christian Doppler
(Mathematician & Physicist)
Christian Doppler
3
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 29th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Salzburg, Austria
Died: March 17, 1853

Christian Doppler was an Austrian physicist and mathematician best remembered for describing a phenomenon which came to be known as the Doppler effect. The color of binary stars was explained by Doppler with the help of the Doppler effect. Christian Doppler's discovery of the Doppler effect is considered an important contribution to physics.

 6 
Robert Stephenson
(English Civil Engineer and Designer of Locomotives)
Robert Stephenson
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 16th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Willington Quay, Northumberland, England
Died: October 12, 1859
English civil engineer and locomotive designer Robert Stephenson is remembered for his railroad bridges, the most notable of them being the Britannia Bridge. He was the only son of rail transport pioneer George Stephenson. He had also been a mining engineer in Colombia and was knighted in Belgium, France, and Norway.
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 7 
James Brooke
(British Politician and Diplomat)
James Brooke
3
Birthdate: 29th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bandel, Hooghly, British India
Died: June 11, 1868

Born to an English judge in British India, James Brooke was educated in England and then served the Bengal Army. He later established the Brooke Raj, or the State of Sarawak, in Borneo and reigned as its first White Rajah. He was knighted and later handed over his Raj to his nephew.

 8 
Justus von Liebig
(German Chemist Who is Considered One of the Principal Founders of Organic Chemistry)
Justus von Liebig
1
Birthdate: 12th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Darmstadt, Germany
Died: April 18, 1873

German chemist Justus von Liebig is best known for his research on organic compounds and his contribution to biochemistry and agriculture. The Copley Medal-winning scientist initially studied pharmacy but later switched to chemistry. As a professor, he stressed on laboratory-based teaching of chemistry and separating it from pharmacy, opposing traditional methods.

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 9 
Joseph Paxton
(Gardener & Architect)
Joseph Paxton
0
Birthdate: 3rd August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bedfordshire
Died: June 8, 1865

Landscape gardener Joseph Paxton initially worked for the duke of Devonshire, serving as a head gardener at the duke’s Chatsworth estate. However, his greatest contribution perhaps remains the Crystal Palace for the 1851 Great Exhibition in London. He also represented Coventry as a member of parliament.

 10 
Sarah Childress Polk
(First Lady of the United States from 1845 to 1849)
Sarah Childress Polk
1
Listed In: First Ladies
Birthdate: 4th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Murfreesboro, Tennessee, United States
Died: August 14, 1891
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 11 
Adolphe Adam
(French Music Critic, Teacher, and Composer Best Remembered for His Ballets, 'Le corsaire' and 'Giselle')
Adolphe Adam
0
Birthdate: 24th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 3, 1856

Adolphe Adam was a French music critic, teacher, and composer. Best remembered for his ballets, Le corsaire and Giselle, Adam was a prolific composer for the theatre. Adolphe Adam is credited with developing the French form of opera along with his teacher Adrien Boieldieu and his older contemporary Daniel Auber.

 12 
Prosper Mérimée
(French Writer and One of the Pioneers of the 'Novella')
Prosper Mérimée
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 28th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 23, 1870

Prosper Mérimée was a French writer and one of the pioneers of narrative prose, which came to be known as a novella. A multi-talented personality, Mérimée was also a historian and archaeologist; he played a key role in the development of the process of architectural preservation. He was responsible for safeguarding several historic sites, such as the Cité de Carcassonne. 

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 13 
John Ericsson
(Swedish-American Inventor)
John Ericsson
1
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 31st July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Långbanshyttan, Värmland, Sweden
Died: March 8, 1889

Swedish-born American naval engineer and inventor John Ericsson is most remembered for designing and building the first armoured turret warship and developing the screw propeller. The warship – USS Monitor – is credited for keeping the Union (North) Navy stay protected during the American Civil War. His other inventions include the torpedo technology and solar machine.

 14 
Alexander Turney Stewart
(American Textile Merchant)
Alexander Turney Stewart
1
Listed In: Retailers
Birthdate: 12th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lisburn, North Ireland
Died: April 10, 1876

Scottish-Irish businessman Alexander Turney Stewart initially aspired to be a Presbyterian minister, before deviating to teaching and then eventually stepping into business. He began with trading textile and then launched a dry goods business, A. T. Stewart & Company, in New York, which he later expanded into an empire.

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 15 
Peter Chanel
(Priest)
Peter Chanel
1
Listed In: Priests
Birthdate: 12th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Montrevel-en-Bresse, France
Died: April 28, 1841
 16 
John Gorrie
(Physician)
John Gorrie
0
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 3rd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Nevis, Saint Kitts and Nevis
Died: June 29, 1855
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 17 
Arthur Cotton
(Engineer)
Arthur Cotton
0
Birthdate: 15th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Combermere, Cheshire, England
Died: July 24, 1899
 18 
Princess Alexandrine of Prussia
(Aristocrat)
Princess Alexandrine of Prussia
0
Birthdate: 23rd February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: April 21, 1892
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 19 
Susanna Moodie
(British-Born Canadian Author Who Wrote About Her Experiences as a Settler in Canada)
Susanna Moodie
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 6th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bungay, England
Died: April 8, 1885

English-Canadian writer Susanna Moodie is best known for her realistic depictions of her life in “the bush” or the wilderness of Canada, which was a British colony back in her time. Her most popular work remains Roughing it in the Bush. She had initially also penned several children’s stories.

 20 
Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony
(Regent)
Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony
1
Birthdate: 6th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dresden, Saxony, Germany
Died: May 18, 1829
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 21 
Sarah Helen Power Whitman
(Poet)
Sarah Helen Power Whitman
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 19th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Died: June 27, 1878
 22 
Gottfried Semper
(Architect)
Gottfried Semper
0
Listed In: Art Critics
Birthdate: 29th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Altona, Hamburg, Germany
Died: May 15, 1879
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 23 
Adele Foucher
(Writer)
Adele Foucher
0
Birthdate: 27th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: August 27, 1868
 24 
Ferenc Deák
(Statesman)
Ferenc Deák
0
Birthdate: 17th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Söjtör, Hungary
Died: January 28, 1876
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 25 
Orestes Brownson
(American Preacher and Philosopher)
Orestes Brownson
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 16th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Stockbridge, Vermont, United States
Died: April 17, 1876

American theological and philosophical writer Orestes Brownson had been through massive religious confusion in his early days, when he switched from Presbyterianism, to Universalism, to Unitarianism, before finally converting to Catholicism. His writings include The Convert and The American Republic. He also wrote extensively on Transcendentalism.

 26 
Fyodor Tyutchev
(Russian Poet and Diplomat)
Fyodor Tyutchev
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Ovstug, Russia
Died: 1873 AD

Born to an affluent landowner, Fyodor Tyutchev was homeschooled and grew up to represent his country as a diplomat in Germany. A nationalist and Pan-Slavist, he also became one of the most-quoted Russian poets. His love poems were inspired by his affair with his daughter’s governess.

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 27 
Prudence Crandall
(Connecticut's official State Heroine)
Prudence Crandall
3
Birthdate: 3rd September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rhode Island
Died: January 28, 1890
 28 
James Clarence Mangan
(Poet)
James Clarence Mangan
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 1st May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: June 20, 1849
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 29 
Jacques Charles François Sturm
(French Mathematician)
Jacques Charles François Sturm
0
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 29th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Geneva, Switzerland
Died: December 15, 1855
Copley Medal-winning French mathematician Jacques Charles François Sturm contributed immensely to the theory of equations with his Sturm’s theorem. His research covered compressible fluids and the speed of sound in water. His is one of the 72 names engrave on the Eiffel Tower. An asteroid was named after him too.
 30 
Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald
(Estonian Writer Regarded as 'Father of the National Literature for Estonia')
Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 26th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Jõepere, Estonia
Died: August 25, 1882

Estonian writer and physician Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald is regarded as father of the national literature for Estonia. He is best remembered for authoring the epic poem Kalevipoeg that is considered the Estonian national epic. It is considered that Kreutzwald wrote the first original Estonian book. He was also noted as a leader of the national awakening.

 31 
James Challis
(British Clergyman and Astronomer Famous in the History of Astronomy for His Failure to Discover the Planet 'Neptune')
James Challis
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 12th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Braintree, Essex, England
Died: December 3, 1882

Astronomer and physicist James Challis had been a professor of astronomy and the director of the Cambridge Observatory. Throughout his career, he published over 200 academic papers. Though he had observed Neptune a month before its official discovery, he had failed to identify as a separate planet.

 32 
Heinrich Daniel Ruhmkorff
(Inventor)
Heinrich Daniel Ruhmkorff
0
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 15th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hannover, Germany
Died: December 20, 1877
 33 
Gerrit P. Judd
(Physician)
Gerrit P. Judd
0
Birthdate: 23rd April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris, New York, United States
Died: July 12, 1873
 34 
John Williamson Nevin
(Theologian)
John Williamson Nevin
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 20th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Strasburg, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: June 6, 1886
 35 
Joao Maria Ferreira do Amaral
(Politician, Military personnel)
Joao Maria Ferreira do Amaral
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 4th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
Died: August 22, 1849

Joao Maria Ferreira do Amaral was a Portuguese politician and military officer. He was assassinated in 1849 by several Chinese men while he was serving as the Governor of Macau. His assassination triggered the Battle of Passaleão between China and Portugal.

 36 
Edward Bulwer-Lytton
(Writer)
Edward Bulwer-Lytton
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 25th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London, England
Died: January 18, 1873
 37 
Luiz Alves de Lima e Silva, duke de Caxias
(Military Officer)
Luiz Alves de Lima e Silva, duke de Caxias
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 25th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Duque de Caxias, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: May 7, 1880
 38 
Louis-Antoine Garnier-Pagès
(Politician)
Louis-Antoine Garnier-Pagès
0
Birthdate: 16th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Marseille, France
Died: October 31, 1878
 39 
Theodore Dwight Weld
(Abolitionist)
Theodore Dwight Weld
0
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: 23rd November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hampton, Connecticut, United States
Died: February 3, 1895
 40 
William Starling Sullivant
(Botanist)
William Starling Sullivant
1
Listed In: Botanists
Birthdate: 15th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Columbus, Ohio, United States
Died: April 30, 1873
 41 
Carlo Poerio
(Former Deputy of the Kingdom of Italy and Poet)
Carlo Poerio
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 13th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: April 27, 1867

The son of lawyer Baron Giuseppe Poerio and the brother of poet Alessandro Poerio, Carlo Poerio was a renowned Italian poet and revolutionary, known for his association with the Risorgimento and the 1848 Revolution. Once arrested, he was confined under inhumane conditions but was later released.

 42 
Egerton Ryerson
(Educator, minister known for Championing free schooling in Canada, influence in the design of the Canadian Indian residential school system)
Egerton Ryerson
1
Listed In: Educators
Birthdate: 24th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Walsh, Canada
Died: February 19, 1882
 43 
Christopher Memminger
(Politician)
Christopher Memminger
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 9th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Stuttgart-Vaihingen, Germany
Died: March 7, 1888
 44 
William Smith O'Brien
(Politician)
William Smith O'Brien
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 17th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dromoland Castle Hotel, Newmarket on Fergus, Ireland
Died: June 18, 1864
 45 
John Sutter
(Swiss Immigrant Known for Establishing 'Sutter's Fort' in the Area that Would Eventually Become Sacramento, California)
John Sutter
2
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 23rd February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kandern, Germany
Died: June 18, 1880

John Sutter, also known as Don Juan Sutter, was a German-born Swiss colonizer who established Sutter's Fort, or modern-day Sacramento, the capital of California. After one of his employees, a carpenter named James W. Marshall, found gold in his area in 1848, the California Gold Rush began.

 46 
Paul Cullen
(Cardinal)
Paul Cullen
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 29th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Narraghmore, County Kildare, Ireland
Died: October 24, 1878

Once the archbishop of Dublin, Paul Cullen was also the first Irish cardinal. Although he played a major role in the national movement of 1850–1852, he clashed with extreme nationalists and thus quit his clergy to step into politics. He supported papal infallibility at the First Vatican Council.

 47 
Charles Lucien Bonaparte
(French Ornithologist and Naturalist)
Charles Lucien Bonaparte
1
Listed In: Ornithologists
Birthdate: 24th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 29, 1857

Charles Lucien Bonaparte was a French ornithologist and naturalist. His father Lucien Bonaparte was the brother of Napoleon I, making Charles Lucien Bonaparte the emperor’s nephew. In Luigi Magni's 1990 Italian historical film In the Name of the Sovereign People, Charles was portrayed by Carlo Croccolo.

 48 
Henry Darcy
(French Engineer Who Made Several Important Contributions to Hydraulics)
Henry Darcy
0
Listed In: Civil Engineers
Birthdate: 10th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Dijon, France
Died: January 3, 1858

French engineer Henry Darcy had a difficult childhood, having lost his father at 14. Raised by his mother, he later joined the École Polytechnique. He proposed Darcy’s law, which explains the flow of fluids in porous media. He also designed the water supply system of Dijon, his native city.

 49 
Joseph Whitworth
(British Engineer, Entrepreneur, Inventor and Philanthropist Who Devised the 'British Standard Whitworth System')
Joseph Whitworth
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 21st December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Stockport, Cheshire, England
Died: January 22, 1887

Mechanical engineer Joseph Whitworth is best remembered for devising the British Standard Whitworth system for screw threads. He contributed a lot to the development of Owens College, introduced a scholarship, and left most of his fortunes to the people of Manchester. He was also made a baronet of the U.K.

 50 
Edgar Quinet
(French Poet, Historian, and Political Philosopher Known for His Contribution to the Developing Tradition of Liberalism in France)
Edgar Quinet
0
Birthdate: 17th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bourg-en-Bresse, France
Died: March 27, 1875

Edgar Quinet was a French historian and intellectual. His father wanted him to pursue a business career, but he choose to engage in literary pursuits. He wrote several books and lectures on topics ranging from politics to religion. He participated in the 1848 Revolution which overthrew King Louis-Philippe of France. He was married to Romanian writer Hermiona Asachi.