Famous People Born In 1744

Discover the most famous people born in 1744. The list includes people like Abigail Adams, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Mayer Amschel Rothschild, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, Elbridge Gerry and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, poets, soldiers and priests born in 1744. This list includes people from England, Germany, United States & France and many more countries.
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 1 
Abigail Adams
(Wife of Former US President John Adams and First Lady of the United States (1797 - 1801))
Abigail Adams
26
Listed In: First Ladies
Birthdate: 11th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Weymouth, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 28, 1818

Abigail Adams was the closest advisor and wife of the second president of the United States, John Adams. She is credited with influencing John Adams in many ways as the latter often sought the advice of his wife. Adams feature prominently in musicals, films, and TV series that discuss her husband. She has been portrayed by actresses like Laura Linney.

 2 
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
(Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland (1761 - 1818))
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
7
Birthdate: 19th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Mirow, Germany
Died: November 17, 1818
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III, reigned as the queen of Great Britain and Ireland from 1761 to 1818, and her reign saw the two kingdoms unite into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. An amateur art lover and botanist, she also expanded the Kew Gardens.
 3 
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
(Naturalist and Biologist Best Known for Proposing that Acquired Characteristics can be Inherited.)
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
2
Birthdate: 1st August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bazentin, France
Died: December 18, 1829

French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck acquired his love for plants while serving as a soldier in the French army. Following an injury, he quit his military career but retained his love for botany. He later taught zoology, studied the classification of invertebrates, and also coined the term biology.

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 4 
Elbridge Gerry
(Vice President of the United States (1813-14))
Elbridge Gerry
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 17th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Marblehead, Massachusetts, United States
Died: November 23, 1814
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 5 
Johann Gottfried Herder
(Philosopher, Theologian, Poet, and Literary Critic)
Johann Gottfried Herder
3
Birthdate: 25th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Morąg, Poland
Died: December 18, 1803

German philosopher Johann Gottfried Herder is best remembered as a significant figure of the Sturm und Drang literary movement. Born into poverty and largely self-educated till 17, he later became a disciple of Immanuel Kant and was associated with Enlightenment and Weimar Classicism. He was eventually ennobled.

 6 
Frederick William II of Prussia
(Former King of Prussia (1786 - 1797))
Frederick William II of Prussia
1
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 25th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Berlin Palace, Berlin
Died: November 16, 1797

Though he wasn’t a politically experienced ruler, Frederick William II’s reign as the king of Prussia proved to be beneficial for the country in terms of expansion. However, his excesses and his affinity for Protestantism made him unpopular. He patronized art and culture and even played the cello.

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 7 
Thomas Mifflin
(Politician)
Thomas Mifflin
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 10th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: January 20, 1800
 8 
Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos
(Spanish Neoclassical Statesman, Author, Philosopher and a Major Figure of the Age of Enlightenment in Spain)
Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 5th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Gijón, Spain
Died: November 27, 1811

An important figure of  the Spanish Enlightenment, statesman author Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos began his career as a criminal judge before returning to his native province, where he completed his best known work, arguing for agricultural reforms. As Minister of Justice he argued against Inquisition and as an important member of the Supreme Central Junta, actively opposed the French invasion.

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 9 
Thomas de Mahy, Marquis de Favras
(Military personnel)
Thomas de Mahy, Marquis de Favras
0
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 26th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Blois, France
Died: February 19, 1790
 10 
Ferdinand von Hompesch zu Bolheim
(Warrior monk)
Ferdinand von Hompesch zu Bolheim
0
Listed In: Soldiers
Birthdate: 9th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Zülpich, Germany
Died: May 12, 1805
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 11 
James McGill
(Scottish Canadian Businessman and Philanthropist, Best Known for Being the Founder of 'McGill University')
James McGill
0
Listed In: Philanthropists
Birthdate: 6th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland
Died: December 19, 1813

James McGill was a Scottish Canadian politician, philanthropist, and businessman best remembered for founding McGill University in Montreal, Canada. One of the most important members of the Château Clique, McGill was also one of the founding members of the famous gentleman's dining club, The Beaver Club.

 12 
Fabrizio Ruffo
(Cardinal and politician)
Fabrizio Ruffo
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 16th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: San Lucido, Italy
Died: December 13, 1827
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 13 
Anne Vallayer-Coster
(Painter)
Anne Vallayer-Coster
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 21st December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris, Kingdom of France
Died: February 28, 1818
 14 
Richard Lovell Edgeworth
(Politician)
Richard Lovell Edgeworth
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 31st May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bath, England
Died: June 13, 1817
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 15 
Karl Theodor Anton Maria von Dalberg
(Archbishop of Regensburg)
Karl Theodor Anton Maria von Dalberg
0
Listed In: Priests
Birthdate: 8th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Herrnsheim, Worms, Germany
Died: February 10, 1817

Among the many positions held by Karl Theodor Anton Maria von Dalberg, the most notable were those of the arch-chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire and the archbishop of Mainz. Though he wished to establish a national German church, his wishes were toned down by the pope.

 16 
Tapping Reeve
(Lawyer)
Tapping Reeve
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 1st October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Brookhaven, New York, United States
Died: December 13, 1823
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 17 
Marianna Martines
(Singer)
Marianna Martines
0
Listed In: Singers
Birthdate: 4th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: December 13, 1812
 18 
Giacomo Quarenghi
(Architect)
Giacomo Quarenghi
0
Birthdate: 21st September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rota d’Imagna, Italy
Died: February 1, 1817
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 19 
Gerard Lake, 1st Viscount Lake
(General)
Gerard Lake, 1st Viscount Lake
1
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 27th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Harrow, England
Died: February 20, 1808
 20 
Micaela Bastidas
(Peruvian Leader Who Campaigned Against the Spanish Rule in South America)
Micaela Bastidas
0
Listed In: Family Members
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Tamburco District, Peru
Died: May 18, 1781

Micaela Bastidas was a Peruvian leader who campaigned against the Spanish rule in South America. She was martyred during the Peruvian struggle for independence. Along with her husband José Gabriel Condorcanqui, Micaela Bastidas fought against the Spanish forces and suffered martyrdom when the revolt failed.

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Mayer Amschel Rothschild
6
Listed In: Bankers
Birthdate: 23rd February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany
Died: September 19, 1812
The Founding Father of International Finance, Mayer Amschel Rothschild, started what is known as the Rothschild dynasty, which shaped the trajectory of banking and finance in Europe. He had started off as a rare coins dealer and later expanded his banking business through his five sons.
 22 
Edward Hand
(Soldier)
Edward Hand
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 31st December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: King’s County, Ireland
Died: September 3, 1802
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 23 
Tomás Antônio Gonzaga
(Brazilian Poet)
Tomás Antônio Gonzaga
1
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 11th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Porto, Portugal
Died: 1810 AD

Tomás Antônio Gonzaga was a Brazilian poet who also served as the ombudsman and the ouvidor of the city of Ouro Preto. His life and career have been featured in many Brazilian films and telenovels. Popular actors like Eduardo Galvão, Luiz Linhares, and Gianfrancesco Guarnieri have played Tomás Antônio Gonzaga on-screen.

 24 
Henry James Pye
(Poet)
Henry James Pye
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 10th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Faringdon House, Faringdon, England
Died: August 11, 1813
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 25 
Nikolay Novikov
(Writer)
Nikolay Novikov
0
Birthdate: 8th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bronnitsky, Russia
Died: July 31, 1818
 26 
Honda Toshiaki
(Japanese Political Economist Who was Active During the Late Edo Period)
Honda Toshiaki
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Japan
Died: January 25, 1821

Honda Toshiaki was a Japanese political economist who was active during the late Edo period. Toshiaki, who studied mathematics, astronomy, and kendo in Edo, went on to open his own school at the age of 24. A polymath, Honda Toshiaki is also remembered for his literary works, Keisei Hisaku and Seiiki Monogatari.

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 27 
Patrick Ferguson
(British Military Personnel)
Patrick Ferguson
1
Birthdate: 4th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Pitfour, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Died: October 7, 1780
 28 
François-Joseph Bélanger
(Architect)
François-Joseph Bélanger
0
Birthdate: 12th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 1, 1818

François-Joseph Bélanger was a French decorator and architect. A popular exponent of the Neoclassic style, Bélanger held an important position within the Menus Plaisirs du Roi, overseeing its decorations and designs. François-Joseph Bélanger was also in charge of the coronation coach of Louis XVI and the funeral preparations for Louis XV.

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 29 
Friedrich Ludwig Schröder
(Actor)
Friedrich Ludwig Schröder
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 3rd November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Schwerin, Germany
Died: September 3, 1816
 30 
Heinrich Christian Boie
(Author)
Heinrich Christian Boie
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 19th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Meldorf, Germany
Died: February 25, 1806
 31 
Karl Ludwig von Knebel
(Poet)
Karl Ludwig von Knebel
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 30th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Franconia, Germany
Died: February 23, 1834
 32 
Okada Beisanjin
(Japanese Painter)
Okada Beisanjin
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Osaka, Osaka, Japan
Died: October 15, 1820

Japanese painter Okada Beisanjin, also referred to as Hikobe, was a noted bunjinga painter who excelled in painting landscapes in this style. He was the son of an affluent rice merchant and developed interest in painting at an early age, influenced by artists who were family friends. One of his notable paintings is Quiet man and the laid harp.

 33 
John Brand
(Antiquarian)
John Brand
0
Birthdate: 19th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Washington, England
Died: September 11, 1806

John Brand was a prominent antiquarian, author, and topographer of 18th-century England. His Observations on Popular Antiquities remains one of his most significant contributions to English folklore. Initially a shoemaker’s apprentice, he later also became a clergyman. He had also been the secretary of the Society of Antiquaries of London.

 34 
Pierre Méchain
(Astronomer)
Pierre Méchain
0
Listed In: Astronomers
Birthdate: 16th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Laon, France
Died: September 20, 1804

Born to a ceiling designer, Pierre Méchain had to quit studies due to poverty. However, his talent in math earned him work as a hydrographer. A surveyor and astronomer, who spent most of his time studying deep-sky objects, he also gained fame for measuring the meridian arc from Dunkirk to Barcelona.