Do you know Adam Smith? The guy who appears on the back of £20 note. That is right! He is the mastermind behind concepts of free trade, market competition and the morality of private enterprise and his famous book of economics titled “Wealth of Nations” is the cornerstone of all modern day economic policies? Such is the clout of an economist over a nation, its people and its financial system. Calvin Coolidge has rightly said, "Economy is the method by which we prepare today to afford the improvements of tomorrow." Since time immemorial, economists have been providing people with invaluable insights on economic policies, banking, and money at large. They have been the guiding force behind a country’s economic growth and progress. They are the reasons why a layman understands how a foreign and domestic market operates. They help taxpayers make reasoned and rational choices for short-term and long-term financial benefits. Above all, the economists teach us how to manage and use finite resources like time and money. Today we explore the timeline, trivia, and interesting facts on some of America’s most renowned economists in the biographies below.
Milton FriedmanMilton Friedman
31 July 1912
Economist, Statistician
Peter NavarroPeter Navarro
15 July 1949

Abhijit BanerjeeAbhijit Banerjee
21 February 1961

Alan GreenspanAlan Greenspan
06 March 1926
American economist

Thomas SowellThomas Sowell
30 June 1930

David KahnemanDaniel Kahneman
05 March 1934
American-Israeli psychologist
Ben BernankeBen Bernanke
13 December 1953

Benjamin GrahamBenjamin Graham
09 May 1894
Economist, Investor

Paul VolckerPaul Volcker
05 September 1927
Former Chair of the Federal Reserve
Richard ThalerRichard Thaler
12 September 1945
Nobel Prize Winner in Economics (2017)

Michael PorterMichael Porter
23 May 1947
Economist, Researcher, Author, Advisor, Speaker
Henry GeorgeHenry George
02 September 1839
Economist, Politician, Writer

Paul SamuelsonPaul Samuelson
15 May 1915

Thorstein VeblenThorstein Veblen
30 July 1857

Robert SolowRobert Solow
23 August 1924

Gary BeckerGary Becker
02 December 1930
Kenneth ArrowKenneth Arrow
23 August 1921
Economist & Political Theorist

Simon KuznetsSimon Kuznets
30 April 1901

Harry Max MarkowitzHarry Markowitz
24 August 1927

Gary CohnGary Cohn
27 August 1960
Investment Banker
Wassily LeontiefWassily Leontief
05 August 1906
Nobel Prize Winner in Economics

Myron ScholesMyron Scholes
01 July 1941
Robert C. MertonRobert C. Merton
31 July 1944

Robert Lucas Jr.Robert Lucas Jr.
15 September 1937

Douglass NorthDouglass North
05 November 1920
Lawrence KudlowLawrence Kudlow
20 August 1947
Director of the National Economic Council

William Forsyth SharpeWilliam F. Sharpe
16 June 1934
James TobinJames Tobin
05 March 1918

Robert FogelRobert Fogel
01 July 1926

John HarsanyiJohn Harsanyi
29 May 1920
Joseph E. StiglitzJoseph E. Stiglitz
09 February 1943
Economist & Author

Continue Reading Below
Lawrence R. KleinLawrence Klein
14 September 1920
William VickreyWilliam Vickrey
21 June 1914
Nobel Prize Winner in Economics

Theodore William Schultz Theodore Schultz
30 April 1902

Daniel Little McFaddenDaniel McFadden
29 July 1937

Emily Greene BalchEmily Greene Balch
08 January 1867
Social Activist
Herbert SimonHerbert Simon
15 June 1916
Economist, Political scientist, sociologist,
George Joseph StiglerGeorge Joseph Stigler
17 January 1911

Merton H. MillerMerton H. Miller
16 May 1923

Gerard DebreuGerard Debreu
04 July 1921

Paul KrugmanPaul Krugman
28 February 1953
Columnist, Economist, Essayist, Blogger,
Fareed ZakariaFareed Zakaria
20 January 1964
Journalist, Reporter, Essayist, Writer, Economist

Robert ReichRobert Reich
24 June 1946

Joseph StiglitzJoseph Stiglitz
09 February 1943
Economist, University teacher, Science writer,

Francis FukuyamaFrancis Fukuyama
27 October 1952
Writer, Political scientist, Blogger, Economist

Lawrence SummersLawrence Summers
30 November 1954
Frederick Winslow TaylorFrederick Winslow Taylor
20 March 1856
Tennis player, Engineer, Economist, Golfer,

Janet YellenJanet Yellen
13 August 1946
Mohamed A. El-ErianMohamed A. El-Erian
19 August 1958

Jeffrey SachsJeffrey Sachs
05 November 1954
Economist, University teacher

Scott AdamsScott Adams
08 June 1957
Comics artist, Economist, Journalist
Herbert A. SimonHerbert A. Simon
15 June 1916
Economist, Psychologist, Politician, Sociologist,

Dan ArielyDan Ariely
29 April 1967
Nouriel RoubiniNouriel Roubini
29 March 1958
Economist, Art collector, University teacher

Benoit MandelbrotBenoit Mandelbrot
20 November 1924
Mathematician, Economist, Professor, Scientist,

Elinor OstromElinor Ostrom
07 August 1933
Economist, Political scientist, University teacher

Paul WolfowitzPaul Wolfowitz
22 December 1943
Political scientist, Diplomat, Politician,

Robert J. ShillerRobert J. Shiller
29 March 1946
Economist, Writer, Educationist, University
Tyler CowenTyler Cowen
21 January 1962
Economist, Educationist, Writer, Blogger,

George P. ShultzGeorge P. Shultz
13 December 1920

Austan GoolsbeeAustan Goolsbee
18 August 1969

Greg MankiwGreg Mankiw
03 February 1958
Economist, Blogger
Irving FisherIrving Fisher
27 February 1867
Economist, Statistician

Peter R. OrszagPeter R. Orszag
16 December 1968
Economist, Banker, Politician
Hyman MinskyHyman Minsky
23 September 1919

Immanuel WallersteinImmanuel Wallerstein
28 September 1930
Economist, Geopolitician, Economic historian,

Eugene FamaEugene Fama
14 February 1939
Economist, Educationist, University teacher
Phil GrammPhil Gramm
08 July 1942

Jeremy RifkinJeremy Rifkin
26 January 1945
Economist, Sociologist, Writer, Prospectivist,
Steven D. LevittSteven Levitt
29 May 1967

Deirdre McCloskeyDeirdre McCloskey
11 September 1942
Economist, Professor, Teacher

Paul RomerPaul Romer
06 November 1955
James M. BuchananJames M. Buchanan
03 October 1919
Economist, University teacher

David D. FriedmanDavid D. Friedman
12 February 1945
Economist, Physicist, Blogger, Writer, University
John Forbes Nash, Jr.John Forbes Nash, Jr.
13 June 1928

Harry Dexter WhiteHarry Dexter White
09 October 1892

George AkerlofGeorge Akerlof
17 June 1940

Stanley FischerStanley Fischer
15 October 1943
Economist, Educationist, Writer, Professor, Banker
Thomas SchellingThomas Schelling
14 April 1921
Angus DeatonAngus Deaton
19 October 1945
Economist, Professor

Alan KruegerAlan Krueger
17 September 1960

James MillJames Mill
06 April 1773

William NordhausWilliam Nordhaus
31 May 1941
Jason FurmanJason Furman
18 August 1970

Friedrich ListFriedrich List
06 August 1789
Economist, University teacher, Journalist

Bryan CaplanBryan Caplan
08 April 1971
Economist, University teacher

Walt Whitman RostowWalt Whitman Rostow
07 October 1916
Economist, University teacher

Vernon L. SmithVernon L. Smith
01 January 1927
Economist, University teacher
Kevin HassettKevin Hassett
20 March 1962

Benjamin TuckerBenjamin Tucker
17 April 1854
Journalist, Philosopher, Economist, Translator,
Warren BennisWarren Bennis
08 March 1925
Writer, Economist, Psychologist

Thomas WoodsThomas Woods
01 August 1972
Historian, Writer, Economist
James HeckmanJames Heckman
19 April 1944
Economist, Statistician, University teacher,
Chris ArgyrisChris Argyris
16 July 1923
Economist, Psychologist, University teacher