Do you know Adam Smith? The guy who appears on the back of £20 note. That is right! He is the mastermind behind concepts of free trade, market competition and the morality of private enterprise and his famous book of economics titled “Wealth of Nations” is the cornerstone of all modern day economic policies? Such is the clout of an economist over a nation, its people and its financial system. Calvin Coolidge has rightly said, "Economy is the method by which we prepare today to afford the improvements of tomorrow." Since time immemorial, economists have been providing people with invaluable insights on economic policies, banking, and money at large. They have been the guiding force behind a country’s economic growth and progress. They are the reasons why a layman understands how a foreign and domestic market operates. They help taxpayers make reasoned and rational choices for short-term and long-term financial benefits. Above all, the economists teach us how to manage and use finite resources like time and money. Today we explore the timeline, trivia, and interesting facts on some of America’s most renowned economists in the biographies below.

Alan KruegerAlan Krueger
17 September 1960
Economist, University teacher

Fareed ZakariaFareed Zakaria
20 January 1964
Journalist, Reporter, Essayist, Writer, Economist
Paul KrugmanPaul Krugman
28 February 1953
Columnist, Economist, Essayist, Blogger,

Joseph StiglitzJoseph Stiglitz
09 February 1943
Economist, University teacher, Science writer,

Frederick Winslow TaylorFrederick Winslow Taylor
20 March 1856
Tennis player, Engineer, Economist, Golfer,
Francis FukuyamaFrancis Fukuyama
27 October 1952
Writer, Political scientist, Blogger, Economist

Janet YellenJanet Yellen
13 August 1946
Economist, Professor, Banker
Lawrence SummersLawrence Summers
30 November 1954
Economist, University teacher, Professor,

Scott AdamsScott Adams
08 June 1957
Comics artist, Economist, Journalist

Herbert A. SimonHerbert A. Simon
15 June 1916
Economist, Psychologist, Politician, Sociologist,

Jeffrey SachsJeffrey Sachs
05 November 1954
Economist, University teacher

Paul WolfowitzPaul Wolfowitz
22 December 1943
Political scientist, Diplomat, Politician,
Paul VolckerPaul Volcker
05 September 1927
Economist, Banker

Benoit MandelbrotBenoit Mandelbrot
20 November 1924
Mathematician, Economist, Professor, Scientist,

Peter R. OrszagPeter R. Orszag
16 December 1968
Economist, Banker, Politician

Thorstein VeblenThorstein Veblen
30 July 1857
Economist, Sociologist, Writer, University teacher
Elinor OstromElinor Ostrom
07 August 1933
Economist, Political scientist, University teacher

Paul RomerPaul Romer
06 November 1955
Hyman MinskyHyman Minsky
23 September 1919

Tyler CowenTyler Cowen
21 January 1962
Economist, Educationist, Writer, Blogger,

Robert J. ShillerRobert J. Shiller
29 March 1946
Economist, Writer, Educationist, University
James MillJames Mill

Immanuel WallersteinImmanuel Wallerstein
28 September 1930
Economist, Geopolitician, Economic historian,
Greg MankiwGreg Mankiw
03 February 1958
Economist, Blogger

Eugene FamaEugene Fama
14 February 1939
Economist, Educationist, University teacher

Mohamed A. El-ErianMohamed A. El-Erian
19 August 1958
Jeremy RifkinJeremy Rifkin
26 January 1945
Economist, Sociologist, Writer, Prospectivist,

David D. FriedmanDavid D. Friedman
12 February 1945
Economist, Physicist, Blogger, Writer, University
James M. BuchananJames M. Buchanan
03 October 1919
Economist, University teacher

Irving FisherIrving Fisher
27 February 1867
Economist, Statistician

Angus DeatonAngus Deaton
19 October 1945
Economist, Professor

Harry Dexter WhiteHarry Dexter White
09 October 1892
George AkerlofGeorge Akerlof
17 June 1940
Economist, Professor
Doug CaseyDoug Casey
Author, Economist

Thomas SchellingThomas Schelling
14 April 1921

Austan GoolsbeeAustan Goolsbee
18 August 1969

Stanley FischerStanley Fischer
15 October 1943
Economist, Educationist, Writer, Professor, Banker
George StiglerGeorge Stigler
17 January 1911

Deirdre McCloskeyDeirdre McCloskey
11 September 1942
Economist, Professor, Teacher

Walt Whitman RostowWalt Whitman Rostow
07 October 1916
Economist, University teacher

Paul Craig RobertsPaul Craig Roberts
03 April 1939
Economist, Conspiracy theorist, Journalist

Friedrich ListFriedrich List
06 August 1789
Economist, University teacher, Journalist
James HeckmanJames Heckman
19 April 1944
Economist, Statistician, University teacher,

Nouriel RoubiniNouriel Roubini
29 March 1958
Economist, Art collector, University teacher
Warren BennisWarren Bennis
08 March 1925
Writer, Economist, Psychologist

Bryan CaplanBryan Caplan
08 April 1971
Economist, University teacher

Benjamin TuckerBenjamin Tucker
17 April 1854
Journalist, Philosopher, Economist, Translator,
Jason FurmanJason Furman
18 August 1970

Raj ChettyRaj Chetty
04 August 1979
Economist, University teacher
Thomas WoodsThomas Woods
01 August 1972
Historian, Writer, Economist

Vernon L. SmithVernon L. Smith
01 January 1927
Economist, University teacher

Chris ArgyrisChris Argyris
16 July 1923
Economist, Psychologist, University teacher

Henry HazlittHenry Hazlitt
28 November 1894
Journalist, Economist, Philosopher
Fischer BlackFischer Black
11 January 1938
Economist, Mathematician

Robert AumannRobert Aumann
08 June 1930
Mathematician, Economist, Educationist, University
Alvin E. RothAlvin E. Roth
18 December 1951

Oliver E. WilliamsonOliver E. Williamson
27 September 1932
Economist, University teacher

Mancur OlsonMancur Olson
22 January 1932
Economist, Political scientist, University

Daniel YerginDaniel Yergin
06 February 1947
Historian, Economist, Writer
Edward LuttwakEdward Luttwak
04 November 1942
Economist, Geopolitician, Historian, Writer