Famous 18th Century French Artists & Painters

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Find out more about the greatest 18th Century French Painters, including Jacques-Louis David, Eugène Delacroix, Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun, John James Audubon and Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres.
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 1 
Jacques-Louis David
5
Birthdate: August 30, 1748
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 29, 1825

Jacques-Louis David was a French painter. Widely regarded as the greatest painter of the Neoclassical era, David's works had a strong influence in France in the early-19th century. His works are often linked to the birth of Romanticism. Many of his pupils, such as Antoine-Jean Gros and Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, went on to become successful and popular painters.

Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
4
Birthdate: August 29, 1780
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Montauban, France
Died: January 14, 1867
 3 
Marie Tussaud
(French Wax Sculpture Artist and Founder of 'Madame Tussauds', the Wax Museum in London)
Marie Tussaud
4
Birthdate: December 1, 1761
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: April 16, 1850

Marie Tussaud was a French artist and sculptor best remembered for her wax sculptures. She founded Madame Tussauds, a wax museum, in London in 1835. The museum is a major tourist attraction today. As a young girl, she learned wax modeling from doctor cum wax modeler Philippe Curtius. In the ensuing years, she became a prominent sculptor.

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 4 
Jean-Antoine Watteau
(Former Painter whose notable works include Embarkation for Cythera, L'Enseigne de Gersaint)
Jean-Antoine Watteau
3
Birthdate: October 10, 1684
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Valenciennes, France
Died: July 18, 1721
 5 
Joseph Ducreux
(Former Painter who was a successful portraitist at the court of Louis XVI of France)
Joseph Ducreux
4
Birthdate: June 26, 1735
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nancy, France
Died: July 24, 1802
 6 
Jean-Honore Fragonard
5
Birthdate: April 5, 1732
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Grasse, France
Died: August 22, 1806
Elisabeth Vigee Le Brun
3
Birthdate: April 16, 1755
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: March 30, 1842
 8 
François Boucher
4
Birthdate: September 29, 1703
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 30, 1770
 9 
Tarrare
(Showman)
Tarrare
13
Birthdate: 1772 AD
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: 1798 AD
Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin
4
Birthdate: November 2, 1699
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 6, 1779
 11 
Hyacinthe Rigaud
(Former Catalan-French baroque painter most famous for his portraits of Louis XIV and other members of the French nobility)
Hyacinthe Rigaud
4
Birthdate: July 18, 1659
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Perpignan, France
Died: December 29, 1743
 12 
Jean-Baptiste Greuze
3
Birthdate: August 21, 1725
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Tournus, France
Died: March 4, 1805
Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson
3
Birthdate: January 29, 1767
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Montargis, France
Died: December 9, 1824
 14 
Antoine-Jean Gros
4
Birthdate: March 16, 1771
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: June 25, 1835
Adélaïde Labille-Guiard
2
Birthdate: April 11, 1749
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 24, 1803
 16 
Hubert Robert
(Painter)
Hubert Robert
4
Birthdate: May 22, 1733
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 15, 1808
Maurice Quentin de La Tour
2
Birthdate: September 5, 1704
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint-Quentin, France
Died: February 17, 1788
 18 
Jean-Antoine Houdon
(Neoclassical sculptor)
Jean-Antoine Houdon
2
Birthdate: March 25, 1741
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Versailles, France
Died: July 15, 1828

Jean-Antoine Houdon was a French sculptor best remembered for his statues and portrait busts of philosophers, political figures, and inventors. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, his sculptures were used as a reference for imprinting portraits of prominent personalities on various U.S. postage stamps.

 19 
Charlotte de Rothschild
2
Birthdate: May 6, 1825
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 20, 1899
Philip James de Loutherbourg
2
Birthdate: October 31, 1740
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Strasbourg
Died: March 11, 1812
 21 
Louis-Léopold Boilly
2
Birthdate: July 5, 1761
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: La Bassée, France
Died: January 4, 1845
 22 
Nicolas-Jacques Conté
2
Birthdate: August 4, 1755
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Aunou-sur-Orne, France
Died: December 6, 1805
 23 
Pierre-Paul Prud'hon
2
Birthdate: April 4, 1758
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Abbaye de Cluny, Cluny, France
Died: February 16, 1823
 24 
Jean-Marc Nattier
2
Birthdate: March 17, 1685
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 7, 1766
Guillaume Guillon-Lethière
2
Birthdate: January 10, 1760
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Sainte-Anne, Guadeloupe, France
Died: April 22, 1832
Merry-Joseph Blondel
2
 27 
Anne Vallayer-Coster
2
Birthdate: December 21, 1744
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris, Kingdom of France
Died: February 28, 1818
 28 
François-Thomas Germain
2
Birthdate: April 17, 1726
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 23, 1791

François-Thomas Germain was a French silversmith who worked for the European royalty, earning the title royal silversmith. His association with financiers in 1765 was considered a breach of guild regulations, resulting in his resignation and bankruptcy. Today, many of his works are showcased in museums across Europe. François-Thomas Germain was portrayed as the main antagonist in Assassin's Creed Unity (2014).

 29 
Jean-Baptiste Oudry
2
Birthdate: March 17, 1686
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Beauvais, France
Died: April 30, 1755
Pierre-Narcisse Guérin
2
Birthdate: March 13, 1774
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 6, 1833
 31 
Charles-André Van Loo
2
Birthdate: February 15, 1705
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Nice, France
Died: July 15, 1765
 32 
Vivant Denon
(Artist)
Vivant Denon
2
Birthdate: January 4, 1747
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Chalon-sur-Saône, France
Died: April 27, 1825
Jean-Baptiste Debret
2
Marie-Guillemine Benoist
2
 35 
Joseph Duplessis
2
Birthdate: September 22, 1725
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Carpentras, France
Died: April 1, 1802
Étienne Maurice Falconet
2
Birthdate: December 1, 1716
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 24, 1791

Étienne Maurice Falconet is perhaps best remembered for his creation the Bronze Horseman, which depicted Czar Peter I of Russia on a horse. He developed the French Baroque style into Rococo art. Many of his works were made for the Sèvres Porcelain Factory. He also penned Reflections on Sculpture.

 37 
Carle Vernet
(Painter)
Carle Vernet
1
Birthdate: August 14, 1758
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bordeaux, France
Died: November 17, 1836
Nicolas de Largillière
2
Birthdate: October 10, 1656
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: March 20, 1746
 39 
Jean François de Troy
1
Birthdate: January 27, 1679
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 26, 1752
 40 
David d'Angers
(Sculptor)
David d'Angers
2
Birthdate: March 12, 1788
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Angers, France
Died: January 4, 1856
 41 
Nicolas Lancret
1
Birthdate: January 22, 1690
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 14, 1743
 42 
Jean-Baptiste Pigalle
1
Birthdate: January 26, 1714
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Rueil-Malmaison, France
Died: August 20, 1785
 43 
François Girardon
1
Birthdate: March 10, 1628
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Troyes, France
Died: September 1, 1715
 44 
Edmé Bouchardon
1
Birthdate: May 29, 1698
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Chaumont, France
Died: July 27, 1762
 45 
Claude Michel
(Sculptor)
Claude Michel
1
Birthdate: December 20, 1738
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Nancy, France
Died: March 29, 1814
 46 
Jean-Baptiste Isabey
1
Birthdate: April 11, 1767
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Nancy, France
Died: April 18, 1855
Louis-François Lejeune
1
Birthdate: February 3, 1775
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: February 29, 1848
 48 
Nicolas Coustou
(Sculptor)
Nicolas Coustou
2
Birthdate: January 9, 1658
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: May 1, 1733
 49 
Charles-Nicolas Cochin
1
Birthdate: February 22, 1715
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 29, 1790
 50 
Claude Joseph Vernet
2
Birthdate: August 14, 1714
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Avignon, France
Died: December 3, 1789