Famous 18th Century Artists

Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Artists, including William Blake, Jacques-Louis David, Eugène Delacroix, Caspar David Friedrich and Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Francisco Goya

Francisco Goya.
4
Famous As: Painters
Birthdate: March 30, 1746
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Fuendetodos
Died: April 16, 1828
One of the most successful and distinguished artists of his time, Spanish painter Francisco Goya is regarded as both the first of the moderns and last of the Old Masters. His career was initially marked by Rococo style tapestry cartoons and Spanish aristocracy and royalty but later his works became pessimistic.

 2 J. M. W. Turner

Francisco Goya.
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Famous As: Romanticist landscape painter
Birthdate: April 23, 1775
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 19, 1851

J. M. W. Turner was an English printmaker, painter, and watercolorist best remembered for his imaginative landscapes and expressive colorizations. Intensely reclusive and eccentric throughout his life, Turner lived in poor health and squalor for the last few years of his life. He was portrayed by actor Timothy Spall in the 2014 biographical film, Mr. Turner.

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 3 Samuel Morse

Francisco Goya.
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 27, 1791
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Charlestown, Boston
Died: April 2, 1872

 4 Eugène Delacroix

Francisco Goya.
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 26, 1798
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Charenton-Saint-Maurice, Île-de-France, France
Died: August 13, 1863

Eugène Delacroix was a French Romantic artist who is widely regarded as the patriarch of the French Romantic school. As a muralist and painter, Delacroix's study of the optical effects of color inspired the work of the Impressionists. In fact, his work inspired a generation of impressionists.

 5 Jacques-Louis David

Francisco Goya.
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Famous As: Neoclassical Style Painter
Birthdate: August 30, 1748
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris
Died: December 29, 1825

Jacques-Louis David was a French painter. Widely regarded as the greatest painter of the Neoclassical era, David's works had a strong influence in France in the early-19th century. His works are often linked to the birth of Romanticism. Many of his pupils, such as Antoine-Jean Gros and Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, went on to become successful and popular painters.

 6 John James Audubon

Francisco Goya.
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Famous As: Naturalist, Painter, Ornithologist
Birthdate: April 26, 1785
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Les Cayes
Died: January 27, 1851

 7 John Constable

Francisco Goya.
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Famous As: Romantic Painter
Birthdate: June 11, 1776
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: East Bergholt
Died: March 31, 1837
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 8 Thomas Gainsborough

Francisco Goya.
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Famous As: Landscape painter
Birthdate: May 14, 1727
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sudbury, England
Died: August 2, 1788

 9 Hiroshige

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: painter
Birthdate: 1797 AD
Birthplace: Edo
Died: October 12, 1858

Best known for his landscape series like The Fifty-three Stations of the Tōkaidō and One Hundred Famous Views of Edo, Hiroshige was a well-known ukiyo-e master, whose death marked the decline of this genre of art.  His works, which were generally characterized by subtle use of graded colors and multiple impressions, were source of inspiration to many 19-century European painters.

 10 John Trumbull

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: War veterans
Birthdate: June 6, 1756
Sun Sign: Gemini
Died: November 10, 1843

 11 Joshua Reynolds

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 16, 1723
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Plympton, England
Died: February 23, 1792

 12 Gilbert Stuart

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Portrait painter, Painter
Birthdate: December 3, 1755
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: North Kingstown
Died: July 9, 1828

 13 Tarrare

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Showman
Birthdate: 1772 AD
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: 1798 AD

 14 Mikhail Lomonosov

Francisco Goya.
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Famous As: Scientist, Poet, Geologist, Astronomer
Birthdate: November 19, 1711
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lomonossowo, Russia
Died: April 15, 1765

Russian polymath Mikhail Lomonosov was born to a fisherman father and left his village later to satiate his hunger for knowledge. Apart from reforming Russian language and literature, he also made the first colored glass mosaic in his country and discovered the atmosphere of Venus. He loved simple life.

 15 Joseph Ducreux

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 26, 1735
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nancy
Died: July 24, 1802

 16 Henry Fuseli

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: February 7, 1741
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Zürich
Died: April 16, 1825

 17 François Boucher

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 29, 1703
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 30, 1770

 18 Giovanni Battista Piranesi

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: October 4, 1720
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: November 9, 1778

 19 Camille Corot

Francisco Goya.
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Famous As: French painter
Birthdate: July 16, 1796
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 22, 1875

French painter Camille Corot is remembered for his landscape paintings that paved the path for the Impressionist movement. Born into a milliner’s family, Corot was a poor student and shunned his family business to learn painting at 25. His works, however, were easy to replicate and led to many forgeries.

 20 John Singleton Copley

Francisco Goya.
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Famous As: Anglo-American painter
Birthdate: 1738 AD
Birthplace: Boston, United States
Died: September 9, 1815

 21 Benjamin West

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: October 10, 1738
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Springfield, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: March 11, 1820

 22 John Martin

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: engraver, painter
Birthdate: July 19, 1789
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Haydon Bridge
Died: February 17, 1854

 23 Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 2, 1699
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 6, 1779

 24 Joseph Wright of Derby

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter, Artist
Birthdate: September 3, 1734
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Derby
Died: August 29, 1797

 25 Angelica Kauffman

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 30, 1741
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Chur, Switzerland
Died: November 5, 1807

One of the two women founder members of London’s Royal Academy, Angelica Kauffman was born to a painter father in Switzerland and was quite a prodigy, who mastered several languages and the arts of music and painting quite quickly. The history painter is best remembered for her landscapes and portraits.

 26 William Etty

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 10, 1787
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: York
Died: November 13, 1849

 27 Charles Willson Peale

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 15, 1741
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chester
Died: February 22, 1827

 28 Utamaro

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: painter
Birthdate: 1753 AD
Birthplace: Edo
Died: 1806 AD

One of the most renowned ukiyo-e woodblock artists of Japan, Utamaro is remembered mostly for his portraits of women, such as The Seven Beauties of the Gay Quarters. However, after painting Toyotomi Hideyoshi’s wives and mistresses, he was punished for insulting the military leader, leading to the end of his career.

 29 Paul Delaroche

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter, Artist
Birthdate: July 17, 1797
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Paris
Died: November 4, 1856

 30 George Stubbs

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: painter, non-fiction writer
Birthdate: August 24, 1724
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Liverpool
Died: July 10, 1806

 31 Godfrey Kneller

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 8, 1646
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Free City of Lübeck
Died: October 19, 1723

 32 Thomas Rowlandson

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: caricaturist, painter, illustrator, artist, cartoonist
Birthdate: June 13, 1756
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London
Died: April 21, 1827

 33 Rembrandt Peale

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter, Curator
Birthdate: February 22, 1778
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bucks County
Died: October 3, 1860

 34 Francesco Hayez

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 10, 1791
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Venice
Died: December 21, 1881

 35 George Romney

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: painter
Birthdate: December 26, 1734
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lancashire
Died: November 15, 1802

 36 Jean-Baptiste Greuze

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 21, 1725
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Tournus, France
Died: March 4, 1805

 37 Rachel Ruysch

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 3, 1664
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: The Hague, Netherlands
Died: August 12, 1750

 38 Anton Raphael Mengs

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 22, 1728
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ústí nad Labem, Czechia
Died: June 29, 1779

 39 Giuseppe Castiglione

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Missionary
Birthdate: July 19, 1688
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: July 17, 1766

 40 Kunisada

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Designer
Birthdate: 1786 AD
Birthplace: Tokyo, Japan
Died: January 12, 1865

Kunisada was one of the most successful ukiyo-e woodblock artists of Japan. He is best remembered for his portraits of actors and erotic depictions of women. The Hours of the Yoshiwara and Shunga remain some of his best-known works. He had also illustrated for Nise murasaki inaka genji.

 41 Giovanni Paolo Panini

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 17, 1691
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Piacenza, Italy
Died: October 21, 1765

 42 Hubert Robert

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: May 22, 1733
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 15, 1808

 43 Philipp Otto Runge

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 23, 1777
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Wolgast
Died: December 2, 1810

 44 Bernardo Bellotto

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: January 30, 1721
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: November 17, 1780

 45 Jean-Étienne Liotard

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: December 22, 1702
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Geneva, Switzerland
Died: June 12, 1789

 46 Joseph Karl Stieler

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 1, 1781
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Mainz
Died: April 9, 1858

 47 Johann Zoffany

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 13, 1733
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany
Died: November 11, 1810

 48 David Wilkie

Francisco Goya
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Birthdate: November 18, 1785
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Fife
Died: June 1, 1841

 49 Yosa Buson

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: 1716 AD
Birthplace: Settsu Province, Japan
Died: January 17, 1784

Though born into an affluent Japanese family, Yosa Buson renounced his wealth and traveled far and wide to master painting and the art of haiku. His poetic experiments included mingling Chinese and Japanese poetry. He played a major role in popularizing the Nan-ga style of Japanese painting.

 50 Maurice Quentin de La Tour

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: September 5, 1704
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint-Quentin, France
Died: February 17, 1788