Famous 18th Century Artists

Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Artists, including William Blake, Jacques-Louis David, Eugène Delacroix, Caspar David Friedrich and Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 William Blake

William Blake
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Famous As: Painter, Poet
Birthdate: November 28, 1757
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: August 12, 1827
William Blake, author of The Songs of Innocence and of Experience, was a prominent figure of the early phase of the Romantic Age, known as the pre-Romantic era. Known for his visual artistry and poetry, he was also a staunch abolitionist and a forerunner of the "free love" movement.

 2 Francisco Goya

Francisco Goya
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Famous As: Painters
Birthdate: March 30, 1746
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Fuendetodos
Died: April 16, 1828
One of the most successful and distinguished artists of his time, Spanish painter Francisco Goya is regarded as both the first of the moderns and last of the Old Masters. His career was initially marked by Rococo style tapestry cartoons and Spanish aristocracy and royalty but later his works became pessimistic.

 3 J. M. W. Turner

J. M. W. Turner
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Famous As: Romanticist landscape painter
Birthdate: April 23, 1775
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 19, 1851

J. M. W. Turner was an English printmaker, painter, and watercolorist best remembered for his imaginative landscapes and expressive colorizations. Intensely reclusive and eccentric throughout his life, Turner lived in poor health and squalor for the last few years of his life. He was portrayed by actor Timothy Spall in the 2014 biographical film, Mr. Turner.

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 4 Katsushika Hokusai

Katsushika Hokusai
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: October 31, 1760
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Edo, Tokyo, Japan
Died: May 10, 1849

Katsushika Hokusai was a Japanese printmaker, ukiyo-e painter, and artist of the Edo period. He is best known as the creator of the monumental Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji, a series of landscape prints, which includes the iconic print, The Great Wave off Kanagawa. He is credited with transforming the ukiyo-e art form to include a much broader style of art.

 5 Samuel Morse

Samuel Morse
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 27, 1791
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Charlestown, Boston
Died: April 2, 1872

 6 John Constable

John Constable
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Famous As: Romantic Painter
Birthdate: June 11, 1776
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: East Bergholt
Died: March 31, 1837

 7 John James Audubon

John James Audubon
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Famous As: Naturalist, Painter, Ornithologist
Birthdate: April 26, 1785
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Les Cayes
Died: January 27, 1851
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 8 Marie Tussaud

Marie Tussaud
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Famous As: Visual Artist, Wax Sculptor
Birthdate: December 7, 1761
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: April 16, 1850

Marie Tussaud was a French artist and sculptor best remembered for her wax sculptures. She founded Madame Tussauds, a wax museum, in London in 1835. The museum is a major tourist attraction today. As a young girl, she learned wax modeling from doctor cum wax modeler Philippe Curtius. In the ensuing years, she became a prominent sculptor.

 9 Grandma Moses

Grandma Moses
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Famous As: Painter, Illustrator
Birthdate: September 7, 1860
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: New York
Died: December 13, 1961

Anna Mary Robertson, better known as Grandma Moses, revolutionized American folk art with her iconic depictions of American rural life. After spending 15 years of her life working as a housekeeper, she deviated toward embroidery. A bout of arthritis made her switch to painting in her late 70s.

 10 Thomas Gainsborough

Thomas Gainsborough
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Famous As: Landscape painter
Birthdate: May 14, 1727
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sudbury, England
Died: August 2, 1788

 11 Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres

Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 29, 1780
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Montauban, France
Died: January 14, 1867

 12 E. T. A. Hoffmann

E. T. A. Hoffmann
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: January 24, 1776
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Königsberg, Germany
Died: June 25, 1822

E. T. A. Hoffmann was a German author, jurist, artist, composer, and music critic. His stories served as an inspiration and laid the foundation for The Tales of Hoffmann by Jacques Offenbach. The Nutcracker by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is also based on Hoffmann's The Nutcracker and the Mouse King. Hoffmann is among the most influential authors of the Romantic Movement.

 13 John Trumbull

John Trumbull
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Famous As: War veterans
Birthdate: June 6, 1756
Sun Sign: Gemini
Died: November 10, 1843

 14 Hiroshige

Hiroshige
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Famous As: painter
Birthdate: 1797 AD
Birthplace: Edo
Died: October 12, 1858

Best known for his landscape series like The Fifty-three Stations of the Tōkaidō and One Hundred Famous Views of Edo, Hiroshige was a well-known ukiyo-e master, whose death marked the decline of this genre of art.  His works, which were generally characterized by subtle use of graded colors and multiple impressions, were source of inspiration to many 19-century European painters.

 15 Gilbert Stuart

Gilbert Stuart
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Famous As: Portrait painter, Painter
Birthdate: December 3, 1755
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: North Kingstown
Died: July 9, 1828

 16 Joseph Ducreux

Joseph Ducreux
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 26, 1735
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nancy
Died: July 24, 1802

 17 Giovanni Battista Piranesi

Giovanni Battista Piranesi
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: October 4, 1720
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: November 9, 1778

Italian architect, artist, and archaeologist Giovanni Battista Piranesi is best known for his 16-print series name The Prisons. His remarkable etchings of the famous landmarks of Rome exhibited his unique etching technique, which involved contrasts of light and shade. He made about 2,000 plates throughout his life.

 18 Henry Fuseli

Henry Fuseli
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: February 7, 1741
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Zürich
Died: April 16, 1825

 19 Tarrare

Tarrare
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Famous As: Showman
Birthdate: 1772 AD
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: 1798 AD

 20 Canaletto

Canaletto
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Famous As: Painter, Landscape Artist
Birthdate: October 18, 1697
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: April 19, 1768

Canaletto was an Italian painter who achieved popularity in England as his works were largely appreciated by King George III. Regarded as one of the most prominent representatives of the 18th-century Venetian school, Canaletto was also renowned for his skills as a printmaker.

 21 Antonio Canova

Antonio Canova
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: November 1, 1757
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Possagno, Italy
Died: October 13, 1822

Antonio Canova was an Italian Neoclassical sculptor widely regarded as the greatest of the Neoclassical artists. He was famous for his marble sculptures. His work was inspired by the Baroque and the classical revival. His most notable works include Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss and Perseus Triumphant. Unlike many of his contemporaries, he refused to take in pupils. 

 22 François Boucher

François Boucher
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 29, 1703
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 30, 1770

 23 Elisabeth Vigee Le Brun

Elisabeth Vigee Le Brun
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 16, 1755
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: March 30, 1842

 24 John Singleton Copley

John Singleton Copley
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Famous As: Anglo-American painter
Birthdate: 1738 AD
Birthplace: Boston, United States
Died: September 9, 1815

 25 Benjamin West

Benjamin West
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: October 10, 1738
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Springfield, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: March 11, 1820

 26 John Martin

John Martin
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Famous As: engraver, painter
Birthdate: July 19, 1789
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Haydon Bridge
Died: February 17, 1854

 27 Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin

Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 2, 1699
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 6, 1779

 28 Joshua Reynolds

Joshua Reynolds
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 16, 1723
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Plympton, England
Died: February 23, 1792

 29 Angelica Kauffman

Angelica Kauffman
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 30, 1741
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Chur, Switzerland
Died: November 5, 1807

One of the two women founder members of London’s Royal Academy, Angelica Kauffman was born to a painter father in Switzerland and was quite a prodigy, who mastered several languages and the arts of music and painting quite quickly. The history painter is best remembered for her landscapes and portraits.

 30 William Etty

William Etty
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 10, 1787
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: York
Died: November 13, 1849

 31 Charles Willson Peale

Charles Willson Peale
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 15, 1741
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chester
Died: February 22, 1827

 32 Joseph Wright of Derby

Joseph Wright of Derby
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Famous As: Painter, Artist
Birthdate: September 3, 1734
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Derby
Died: August 29, 1797

 33 Utamaro

Utamaro
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Famous As: painter
Birthdate: 1753 AD
Birthplace: Edo
Died: 1806 AD

One of the most renowned ukiyo-e woodblock artists of Japan, Utamaro is remembered mostly for his portraits of women, such as The Seven Beauties of the Gay Quarters. However, after painting Toyotomi Hideyoshi’s wives and mistresses, he was punished for insulting the military leader, leading to the end of his career.

 34 Paul Delaroche

Paul Delaroche
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Famous As: Painter, Artist
Birthdate: July 17, 1797
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Paris
Died: November 4, 1856

 35 Thomas Lawrence

Thomas Lawrence
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 13, 1769
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bristol, England
Died: January 7, 1830

 36 Godfrey Kneller

Godfrey Kneller
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 8, 1646
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Free City of Lübeck
Died: October 19, 1723

 37 Thomas Rowlandson

Thomas Rowlandson
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Famous As: caricaturist, painter, illustrator, artist, cartoonist
Birthdate: June 13, 1756
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London
Died: April 21, 1827

 38 Benjamin Haydon

Benjamin Haydon
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: January 26, 1786
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Plymouth, England
Died: June 22, 1846

 39 Francesco Hayez

Francesco Hayez
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 10, 1791
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Venice
Died: December 21, 1881

 40 George Romney

George Romney
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Famous As: painter
Birthdate: December 26, 1734
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lancashire
Died: November 15, 1802

 41 George Stubbs

George Stubbs
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Famous As: painter, non-fiction writer
Birthdate: August 24, 1724
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Liverpool
Died: July 10, 1806

 42 Antoine-Jean Gros

Antoine-Jean Gros
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 16, 1771
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: June 25, 1835

 43 Heinrich Lossow

Heinrich Lossow
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 10, 1843
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: May 19, 1897

 44 Jean-Baptiste Greuze

Jean-Baptiste Greuze
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 21, 1725
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Tournus, France
Died: March 4, 1805

 45 Sarah Goodridge

Sarah Goodridge
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 5, 1788
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Templeton, Massachusetts, United Stafes
Died: December 28, 1853

 46 Maria Cosway

Maria Cosway
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: June 11, 1760
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: January 5, 1838

 47 Edward Hicks

Edward Hicks
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 4, 1780
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Langhorne, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: August 23, 1849

Initially a Quaker preacher, folk painter Edward Hicks is best remembered for his work The Peaceable Kingdom and its 100 versions. His interest in painting perhaps stemmed for his early years as a coach painter. He mostly depicted the landscapes of New York and Pennsylvania. His works also featured animals.

 48 Rembrandt Peale

Rembrandt Peale
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Famous As: Painter, Curator
Birthdate: February 22, 1778
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bucks County
Died: October 3, 1860

 49 Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson

Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: January 29, 1767
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Montargis, France
Died: December 9, 1824

 50 Giuseppe Castiglione

Giuseppe Castiglione
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Famous As: Missionary
Birthdate: July 19, 1688
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: July 17, 1766