Famous 18th Century Sculptors

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 1 Antonio Canova

Antonio Canova
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: November 1, 1757
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Possagno, Italy
Died: October 13, 1822

Antonio Canova was an Italian Neoclassical sculptor widely regarded as the greatest of the Neoclassical artists. He was famous for his marble sculptures. His work was inspired by the Baroque and the classical revival. His most notable works include Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss and Perseus Triumphant. Unlike many of his contemporaries, he refused to take in pupils. 

 2 Marie Tussaud

Marie Tussaud
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Famous As: Visual Artist, Wax Sculptor
Birthdate: December 7, 1761
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: April 16, 1850

Marie Tussaud was a French artist and sculptor best remembered for her wax sculptures. She founded Madame Tussauds, a wax museum, in London in 1835. The museum is a major tourist attraction today. As a young girl, she learned wax modeling from doctor cum wax modeler Philippe Curtius. In the ensuing years, she became a prominent sculptor.

 3 Bertel Thorvaldsen

Bertel Thorvaldsen
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Famous As: Former Sculptor
Birthdate: November 19, 1770
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: March 24, 1844

Bertel Thorvaldsen was a Danish sculptor and medallist. He was internationally famous and spent most of his life in Italy. He received his training at the Royal Danish Academy of Art and initially worked with his father, a woodcarver. He went on to become a famous sculptor and worked in a heroic neo-classicist style. He received many awards. 

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 4 Grinling Gibbons

Grinling Gibbons
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: April 4, 1648
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: August 3, 1721

 5 Antonio Corradini

Antonio Corradini
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: October 19, 1688
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: August 12, 1752

Antonio Corradini was an Italian Rococo sculptor from Venice best known for his sculpture Veiled Truth (also called Modesty or Chastity). After spending much of his career as a migrant artist traveling to different parts of Europe, he was made court sculptor for Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor in Vienna. He resumed traveling after the emperor’s death. 

 6 Jean-Antoine Houdon

Jean-Antoine Houdon
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Famous As: Neoclassical sculptor
Birthdate: March 25, 1741
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Versailles, France
Died: July 15, 1828

Jean-Antoine Houdon was a French sculptor best remembered for his statues and portrait busts of philosophers, political figures, and inventors. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, his sculptures were used as a reference for imprinting portraits of prominent personalities on various U.S. postage stamps.

 7 Aleijadinho

Aleijadinho
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: August 29, 1738
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ouro Preto, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died: November 18, 1814

Aleijadinho was a Brazilian architect and sculptor best remembered for his works in and on various churches of Brazil. Aleijadinho's works are generally considered some of the finest paradigms of Portuguese colonial architecture. Also among his best-known works are the famous Twelve Prophets, a set of soapstone sculptures at the Sanctuary of Bom Jesus of Matosinhos in Congonhas.

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 8 Franz Xaver Messerschmidt

Franz Xaver Messerschmidt
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: February 6, 1736
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Swabia, Germany
Died: August 19, 1783

German-Austrian Franz Xaver Messerschmidt was a court sculptor in Vienna but was later forced to move to Pressburg, now Bratislava, where he worked on a series of over 60 heads, made of either tin alloy or alabaster. The heads have peculiar expressions, but their meaning hasn’t yet been unearthed.

 9 John Flaxman

John Flaxman
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Famous As: Painter, Poet, Sculptor, Illustrator
Birthdate: July 6, 1755
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: York
Died: December 7, 1826

John Flaxman was a British sculptor. He was a key figure in British and European Neoclassicism. Largely self-educated, he began his career as a modeler for potter Josiah Wedgwood's pottery. He then began sculpting grave monuments and earned a reputation as a prolific maker of funerary monuments. He was married to Anne Denman, who assisted him throughout his career. 

 10 Francesco Queirolo

Francesco Queirolo
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: 1704 AD
Birthplace: Genoa, Italy
Died: 1762 AD

Through his stunningly realistic masterpiece, Il Disinganno, or Release from Deception, which he completed in 7 years, Italian sculptor Francesco Queirolo symbolically showed a man’s release from sins. The fisherman’s net in the sculpture is so intricately carved that people don’t believe it’s made out of marble.

 11 François-Thomas Germain

François-Thomas Germain
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Famous As: Silversmith
Birthdate: April 17, 1726
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 23, 1791

François-Thomas Germain was a French silversmith who worked for the European royalty, earning the title royal silversmith. His association with financiers in 1765 was considered a breach of guild regulations, resulting in his resignation and bankruptcy. Today, many of his works are showcased in museums across Europe. François-Thomas Germain was portrayed as the main antagonist in Assassin's Creed Unity (2014).

 12 Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach

Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: July 20, 1656
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: April 5, 1723

The Baroque architecture of Austrian architect, sculptor, and architectural-historian Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, who penned the influential book titled A Plan of Civil and Historical Architecture, greatly influenced the Habsburg Empire and shaped the architectural tastes of Austrian aristocracy for decades. Two of his major works include the Austrian National Library in Vienna, and the Holy Trinity Church in Salzburg.

 13 Patience Wright

Patience Wright
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: 1725 AD
Birthplace: Oyster Bay, New York, United States
Died: March 23, 1786

 14 Giuseppe Sanmartino

Giuseppe Sanmartino
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: 1720 AD
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: December 12, 1793

Giuseppe Sanmartino is best remembered for his stunning marble work Veiled Christ, a depiction of a deceased Christ under a shroud, that was left incomplete by Antonio Corradini. The statue earned him further commissions from Bourbons and various Neapolitan churches. He also worked on silver sculptures in his final days.

 15 Eleanor Coade

Eleanor Coade
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Famous As: Businesswoman
Birthdate: June 3, 1733
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Exeter, Devon, England
Died: November 16, 1821

Eleanor Coade was a British businesswoman known for her astute entrepreneurial, business, and marketing skills. She manufactured Neoclassical statues, architectural decorations, and garden ornaments. She created stoneware for many famous buildings, including St George's Chapel, The Royal Pavilion, Brighton, and Carlton House. She was one of the few women to run a highly successful business in the Georgian era. 

 16 Étienne Maurice Falconet

Étienne Maurice Falconet
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: December 1, 1716
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 24, 1791

Étienne Maurice Falconet is perhaps best remembered for his creation the Bronze Horseman, which depicted Czar Peter I of Russia on a horse. He developed the French Baroque style into Rococo art. Many of his works were made for the Sèvres Porcelain Factory. He also penned Reflections on Sculpture.

 17 David d'Angers

David d'Angers
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: March 12, 1788
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Angers, France
Died: January 4, 1856

 18 Jean-Baptiste Pigalle

Jean-Baptiste Pigalle
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: January 26, 1714
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Rueil-Malmaison, France
Died: August 20, 1785

 19 Antoine Coysevox

Antoine Coysevox
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: September 29, 1640
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: October 10, 1720

 20 François Girardon

François Girardon
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: March 10, 1628
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Troyes, France
Died: September 1, 1715

 21 Nicolai Abildgaard

Nicolai Abildgaard
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 11, 1743
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: June 4, 1809

Nicolai Abildgaard was a Danish neoclassical sculptor, history painter, and architect. He also served as a professor of anatomy, mythology, and painting at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen. Abildgaard also served as a royal history painter and was commissioned by the Danish government to produce large monumental pieces to decorate the Knights' Room at Christiansborg Palace. 

 22 Carlo Fontana

Carlo Fontana
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: April 22, 1638
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Novazzano, Switzerland
Died: February 5, 1714

Carlo Fontana was an Italian architect who worked closely with popular architects like Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Pietro da Cortona, working as a draughtsman for their architectural plans. He then started working independently and went on to design the Santa Maria sopra Minerva's Casanate library, the ribbed hemispherical dome for Montefiascone's duomo, and the casino in the Vatican.

 23 Gottfried Schadow

Gottfried Schadow
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: May 20, 1764
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: January 27, 1850

 24 Francis Leggatt Chantrey

Francis Leggatt Chantrey
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: April 7, 1781
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Norton, England
Died: November 25, 1841

Francis Leggatt Chantrey was an English sculptor who produced several statues and busts of notable figures during the Regency era. One of the most popular portrait sculptors of his time, Chantrey's best-remembered works include the statues of King George III, King George IV, and George Washington. Chantrey has displayed his works at prestigious exhibitions, such as the Royal Academy.

 25 Edmé Bouchardon

Edmé Bouchardon
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: May 29, 1698
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Chaumont, France
Died: July 27, 1762

 26 Claude Michel

Claude Michel
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: December 20, 1738
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Nancy, France
Died: March 29, 1814

 27 Andreas Schlüter

Andreas Schlüter
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Famous As: sculptor
Birthdate: May 20, 1664
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: April 30, 1714

 28 Nicolas Coustou

Nicolas Coustou
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: January 9, 1658
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: May 1, 1733

 29 William Rush

William Rush
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: July 4, 1756
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: January 17, 1833

 30 John Gibson

John Gibson
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: June 19, 1790
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Conwy, Wales
Died: January 27, 1866

 31 Paul Storr

Paul Storr
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Famous As: Silversmith
Birthdate: 1771 AD
Birthplace: London, England
Died: March 18, 1844

Paul Storr was an English goldsmith and silversmith. He worked predominantly in the Neoclassical style in vogue in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. One of the most prominent silversmiths of his era, he created several magnificent sculptural pieces for royalty. He collaborated with John Mortimer to found their joint venture, Storr and Mortimer, in 1822. 

 32 Manuel Tolsá

Manuel Tolsá
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: May 4, 1757
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Enguera, Spain
Died: December 24, 1816

Spanish-born sculptor and architect Manuel Tolsá is credited with introducing Neoclassical art to Mexico, then known as New Spain. His most iconic works include the construction of the College of Mines and the completion of the Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral. Apart from Neoclassical symmetry, he also used Baroque elements.

 33 Joseph Nollekens

Joseph Nollekens
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: August 11, 1737
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 23, 1823

Joseph Nollekens was a British sculptor best remembered for his portrait busts. One of the most fashionable portrait sculptors of his generation, Nollekens was also widely regarded as the best English sculptor of the late-18th century. Joseph Nollekens' famous statue Faith in Wetheral Parish Church is considered his finest work.  

 34 John Michael Rysbrack

John Michael Rysbrack
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: June 27, 1694
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: January 8, 1770

John Michael Rysbrack was a Flemish sculptor best remembered for his work in England where he was considered one of the leading sculptors of architectural decorations, portraits, and monuments in early and mid-18th century. John Michael Rysbrack is also remembered for running an influential workshop whose output left a significant impact on future English sculptors.

 35 Louis-François Roubiliac

Louis-François Roubiliac
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: August 31, 1702
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: January 11, 1762

 36 Peter Scheemakers

Peter Scheemakers
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: January 16, 1691
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: September 12, 1781

Peter Scheemakers was a Flemish sculptor who lived and worked for most part of his life in London. Scheemakers' church and public sculptures in a classicist style had a significant impact on the progression of modern sculpture in England. Peter Scheemakers is best remembered for executing a memorial to William Shakespeare which is part of Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey.

 37 Johann Joachim Kändler

Johann Joachim Kändler
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: June 15, 1706
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Arnsdorf, Germany
Died: May 18, 1775

 38 Egid Quirin Asam

Egid Quirin Asam
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: September 1, 1692
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Tegernsee, Germany
Died: April 29, 1750

 39 Andrea Brustolon

Andrea Brustolon
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: July 20, 1662
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Belluno, Italy
Died: October 25, 1732

Andrea Brustolon was an Italian sculptor who used wood to carve his sculptures in the Baroque style. He also used his skills to carve devotional sculptures. Such was his popularity that both contemporary and future sculptors  imitated his style; Valentino Panciera Besarel imitated Andrea Brustolon's style to make upholstered armchairs from the 1860s.

 40 Charles Cressent

Charles Cressent
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: December 16, 1685
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: France
Died: January 10, 1768

 41 Franz Anton Bustelli

Franz Anton Bustelli
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: April 12, 1723
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Locarno, Switzerland
Died: April 18, 1763

Not much is known about artist Franz Anton Bustelli’s early life, except that he worked at a porcelain factory. One of the greatest figures of the Rococo style of art, he created porcelain figures of gods, street vendors, and even Oriental characters. His signature style included the use of rich colors.

 42 Giacomo Serpotta

Giacomo Serpotta
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: March 10, 1656
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Palermo, Italy
Died: February 27, 1732

Giacomo Serpotta was an Italian sculptor who mainly worked in stucco. Historians believe that he was self-trained and had no direct exposure to the mainstream of Italian Baroque. He often collaborated with others, and his first major solo work is believed to be an equestrian statue cast of Charles II of Spain and Sicily. 

 43 Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne

Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: February 15, 1704
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 27, 1762

 44 Juste-Aurèle Meissonier

Juste-Aurèle Meissonier
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: March 17, 1695
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Turin, Italy
Died: July 31, 1750

Juste-Aurèle Meissonnier was a French painter, goldsmith, architect, sculptor, and furniture designer. Renowned for his spectacular decorative style, Juste-Aurèle Meissonnier worked for the nobility of France, Portugal, and Poland. His works are currently preserved at the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum in Manhattan, New York City, USA.

 45 Francisco Salzillo

Francisco Salzillo
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: May 12, 1707
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Murcia, Spain
Died: March 2, 1783

Francisco Salzillo was an 18th-century Spanish sculptor. He worked exclusively on religious themes and almost always used polychromed wood as his medium. Hundreds of the pieces he made are distributed throughout the Region of Murcia. Unfortunately, many of his works were destroyed during the Spanish Civil War. His great nativity scene is considered one of his masterpieces. 

 46 Augustin Pajou

Augustin Pajou
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: September 19, 1730
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 8, 1809

 47 Ignaz Günther

Ignaz Günther
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: November 22, 1725
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Altmannstein, Germany
Died: June 27, 1775

 48 Adam Friedrich Oeser

Adam Friedrich Oeser
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 17, 1717
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bratislava, Slovakia
Died: March 18, 1799

 49 Guillaume Coustou the Elder

Guillaume Coustou the Elder
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: April 25, 1677
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: February 22, 1746

 50 Georg Raphael Donner

Georg Raphael Donner
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: May 24, 1693
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: February 15, 1741