Famous 18th Century British Artists & Painters

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 1 
William Blake
(Poet and Visual Artist of the Romantic Age)
William Blake
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Birthdate: November 28, 1757
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Soho, London, England
Died: August 12, 1827
William Blake, author of The Songs of Innocence and of Experience, was a prominent figure of the early phase of the Romantic Age, known as the pre-Romantic era. Known for his visual artistry and poetry, he was also a staunch abolitionist and a forerunner of the "free love" movement.
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J. M. W. Turner
(Romantic painter)
J. M. W. Turner
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Birthdate: April 23, 1775
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 19, 1851

J. M. W. Turner was an English printmaker, painter, and watercolorist best remembered for his imaginative landscapes and expressive colorizations. Intensely reclusive and eccentric throughout his life, Turner lived in poor health and squalor for the last few years of his life. He was portrayed by actor Timothy Spall in the 2014 biographical film, Mr. Turner.

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John Constable
(Romantic Painter)
John Constable
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Birthdate: June 11, 1776
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: East Bergholt
Died: March 31, 1837
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 4 
William Hogarth
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Birthdate: November 10, 1697
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 26, 1764
 5 
William Turner of Oxford
(Painter who specialised in watercolour landscapes)
William Turner of Oxford
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Birthdate: November 29, 1789
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom
Died: August 7, 1862

British landscape painter William Turner of Oxford is often mistaken for the famous painter J. M. W. Turner, who was also from England. Turner was a lifelong member of the Watercolor Society, founded by his mentor John Varley. Oxford from Hinksey Hill remains one of his best-known works.

 6 
Thomas Gainsborough
(Landscape painter)
Thomas Gainsborough
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Birthdate: May 14, 1727
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sudbury, England
Died: August 2, 1788
 7 
Henry Fuseli
(Former painter known for Painting, draughtsmanship)
Henry Fuseli
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Birthdate: February 7, 1741
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Zürich, Switzerland
Died: April 17, 1825

Swiss artist Henry Fuseli is remembered for the drama and sensuality showcased in his paintings. Though born to a landscape and portrait painter, he was initially taught theology. After leaving the country due to political risks, he made it to Britain and Italy. He later contributed to the Boydell Shakespeare Gallery.

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 8 
Angelica Kauffman
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Birthdate: October 30, 1741
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Chur, Switzerland
Died: November 5, 1807

One of the two women founder members of London’s Royal Academy, Angelica Kauffman was born to a painter father in Switzerland and was quite a prodigy, who mastered several languages and the arts of music and painting quite quickly. The history painter is best remembered for her landscapes and portraits.

 9 
Benjamin West
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Birthdate: October 10, 1738
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Springfield, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: March 11, 1820
 10 
Joseph Wright of Derby
(Painter, Artist)
Joseph Wright of Derby
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Birthdate: September 3, 1734
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Derby
Died: August 29, 1797
 11 
John Martin
(engraver, painter)
John Martin
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Birthdate: July 19, 1789
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Haydon Bridge
Died: February 17, 1854
 12 
Joshua Reynolds
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Birthdate: July 16, 1723
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Plympton, England
Died: February 23, 1792
 13 
William Etty
(Painter)
William Etty
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Birthdate: March 10, 1787
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: York
Died: November 13, 1849
 14 
Thomas Lawrence
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Birthdate: April 13, 1769
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bristol, England
Died: January 7, 1830
 15 
George Cruikshank
(Caricaturist)
George Cruikshank
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Birthdate: September 27, 1792
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 1, 1878
 16 
Godfrey Kneller
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Birthdate: August 8, 1646
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Free City of Lübeck
Died: October 19, 1723
 17 
Thomas Rowlandson
(Artist & Caricaturist of the Georgian Era)
Thomas Rowlandson
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Birthdate: July 13, 1757
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 21, 1827
 18 
Benjamin Haydon
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Birthdate: January 26, 1786
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Plymouth, England
Died: June 22, 1846
 19 
George Romney
(painter)
George Romney
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Birthdate: December 26, 1734
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lancashire
Died: November 15, 1802
 20 
Maria Cosway
(Artist)
Maria Cosway
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Birthdate: June 11, 1760
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: January 5, 1838
 21 
George Stubbs
(painter, non-fiction writer)
George Stubbs
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Birthdate: August 24, 1724
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Liverpool
Died: July 10, 1806
 22 
Grinling Gibbons
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Birthdate: April 4, 1648
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: August 3, 1721
 23 
Henry Raeburn
(Painter)
Henry Raeburn
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Birthdate: March 4, 1756
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Stockbridge, Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: July 8, 1823
 24 
Thomas Sully
(Portrait Painter)
Thomas Sully
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Birthdate: June 19, 1783
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Horncastle, England
Died: November 5, 1872
 25 
William Thornton
(Physician)
William Thornton
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Birthdate: May 20, 1759
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tortola, British Virgin Islands
Died: March 28, 1828

British-American William Thornton was initially trained in medicine and that is when he began drawing and sketching as part of his medical notes. He later won a contest for the design of the Library Company of Philadelphia's new hall. He also designed the Capitol in Washington, D.C.

 26 
John Flaxman
(Painter, Poet, Sculptor, Illustrator)
John Flaxman
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Birthdate: July 6, 1755
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: York
Died: December 7, 1826

John Flaxman was a British sculptor. He was a key figure in British and European Neoclassicism. Largely self-educated, he began his career as a modeler for potter Josiah Wedgwood's pottery. He then began sculpting grave monuments and earned a reputation as a prolific maker of funerary monuments. He was married to Anne Denman, who assisted him throughout his career. 

Philip James de Loutherbourg
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Birthdate: October 31, 1740
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Strasbourg
Died: March 11, 1812
 28 
Thomas Bewick
(Engraver)
Thomas Bewick
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Birthdate: August 10, 1753
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mickley, Northumberland, England
Died: November 8, 1828
 29 
John Sell Cotman
(British painter)
John Sell Cotman
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Birthdate: May 16, 1782
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Norwich, England
Died: May 24, 1842
 30 
John Opie
(Painter)
John Opie
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Birthdate: May 16, 1761
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Trevellas, England
Died: April 9, 1807
 31 
James Thornhill
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Birthdate: July 25, 1675
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Melcombe Regis, Weymouth, England
Died: May 4, 1734
 32 
Sir George Back
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Birthdate: November 6, 1796
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, England
Died: June 23, 1878
 33 
Thomas Girtin
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Birthdate: February 18, 1775
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London Borough of Southwark, England
Died: November 9, 1802
 34 
George Morland
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Birthdate: June 26, 1763
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 29, 1804
 35 
Eleanor Coade
(Businesswoman)
Eleanor Coade
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Birthdate: June 3, 1733
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Exeter, Devon, England
Died: November 16, 1821

Eleanor Coade was a British businesswoman known for her astute entrepreneurial, business, and marketing skills. She manufactured Neoclassical statues, architectural decorations, and garden ornaments. She created stoneware for many famous buildings, including St George's Chapel, The Royal Pavilion, Brighton, and Carlton House. She was one of the few women to run a highly successful business in the Georgian era. 

 36 
Charles Lock Eastlake
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Birthdate: November 17, 1793
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Plymouth, England
Died: December 24, 1865
 37 
John Hoppner
(Painter)
John Hoppner
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Birthdate: April 4, 1758
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Whitechapel, London, England
Died: January 23, 1810
 38 
Richard Cosway
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Birthdate: November 5, 1742
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tiverton, England
Died: July 4, 1821
 39 
Thomas Hudson
(Painter)
Thomas Hudson
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Birthdate: 1701 AD
Birthplace: Bideford, Devon, England
Died: January 26, 1779
 40 
John Robert Cozens
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Birthdate: 1752 AD
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 14, 1797
 41 
Francis Leggatt Chantrey
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Birthdate: April 7, 1781
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Norton, England
Died: November 25, 1841

Francis Leggatt Chantrey was an English sculptor who produced several statues and busts of notable figures during the Regency era. One of the most popular portrait sculptors of his time, Chantrey's best-remembered works include the statues of King George III, King George IV, and George Washington. Chantrey has displayed his works at prestigious exhibitions, such as the Royal Academy.

 42 
John Crome
(Artist)
John Crome
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Birthdate: December 22, 1768
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Norwich, England
Died: April 22, 1821
William-Henry Ireland
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Birthdate: August 2, 1775
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 17, 1835
 44 
Alexander Cozens
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Birthdate: 1717 AD
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: April 23, 1786

Landscape painter Alexander Cozens was the godchild of Russian Emperor Peter I but was often mistaken as his child. Born in Russia, he later moved too England, where he taught painting at Eton and trained luminaries such as the Prince of Wales. He introduced a style of painting landscapes from abstract blots.

 45 
Thomas Stothard
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Birthdate: August 17, 1755
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 27, 1834
 46 
Paul Storr
(Silversmith)
Paul Storr
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Birthdate: 1771 AD
Birthplace: London, England
Died: March 18, 1844

Paul Storr was an English goldsmith and silversmith. He worked predominantly in the Neoclassical style in vogue in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. One of the most prominent silversmiths of his era, he created several magnificent sculptural pieces for royalty. He collaborated with John Mortimer to found their joint venture, Storr and Mortimer, in 1822. 

 47 
Joseph Nollekens
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Birthdate: August 11, 1737
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 23, 1823

Joseph Nollekens was a British sculptor best remembered for his portrait busts. One of the most fashionable portrait sculptors of his generation, Nollekens was also widely regarded as the best English sculptor of the late-18th century. Joseph Nollekens' famous statue Faith in Wetheral Parish Church is considered his finest work.  

 48 
James Northcote
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Birthdate: October 22, 1746
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Plymouth, England
Died: July 13, 1831
 49 
George Vertue
(Engraver)
George Vertue
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Birthdate: 1684 AD
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 24, 1756
 50 
John Wesley Jarvis
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Birthdate: 1781 AD
Birthplace: South Shields, England
Died: January 14, 1839
Find out more about the greatest 18th Century British Painters, including J. M. W. Turner, John Constable, Thomas Gainsborough, Joshua Reynolds and Henry Fuseli