Famous 18th Century British Artists & Painters

Find out more about the greatest 18th Century British Painters, including J. M. W. Turner, John Constable, Thomas Gainsborough, Joshua Reynolds and Henry Fuseli
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 1 
William Blake
(English Poet Who is Considered a Seminal Figure in the History of the Poetry of the Romantic Age)
William Blake
18
Birthdate: November 28, 1757
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England, United Kingdom
Died: August 12, 1827
William Blake, author of The Songs of Innocence and of Experience, was a prominent figure of the early phase of the Romantic Age, known as the pre-Romantic era. Known for his visual artistry and poetry, he was also a staunch abolitionist and a forerunner of the "free love" movement.
 2 
J. M. W. Turner
(Romantic painter)
J. M. W. Turner
14
Birthdate: April 23, 1775
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 19, 1851

J. M. W. Turner was an English printmaker, painter, and watercolorist best remembered for his imaginative landscapes and expressive colorizations. Intensely reclusive and eccentric throughout his life, Turner lived in poor health and squalor for the last few years of his life. He was portrayed by actor Timothy Spall in the 2014 biographical film, Mr. Turner.

 3 
John Constable
(Romantic Painter)
John Constable
4
Birthdate: June 11, 1776
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: East Bergholt
Died: March 31, 1837
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 4 
William Hogarth
6
Birthdate: November 10, 1697
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 26, 1764
 5 
Thomas Gainsborough
(Landscape painter)
Thomas Gainsborough
5
Birthdate: May 14, 1727
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sudbury, England
Died: August 2, 1788
 6 
John Singleton Copley
(American Painter Known for His Work ‘Watson and the Shark’)
John Singleton Copley
3
Birthdate: July 3, 1738
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: September 9, 1815
 7 
Benjamin West
(Artist)
Benjamin West
3
Birthdate: October 10, 1738
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Springfield, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: March 11, 1820
 8 
Joseph Wright of Derby
(English Landscape and Portrait Painter)
Joseph Wright of Derby
3
Birthdate: September 3, 1734
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Derby, England
Died: August 29, 1797
 9 
John Martin
(engraver, painter)
John Martin
6
Birthdate: July 19, 1789
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Haydon Bridge
Died: February 17, 1854
 10 
Joshua Reynolds
(Painter)
Joshua Reynolds
6
Birthdate: July 16, 1723
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Plympton, England
Died: February 23, 1792
 11 
Thomas Lawrence
(Painter)
Thomas Lawrence
3
Birthdate: April 13, 1769
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bristol, England
Died: January 7, 1830
 12 
Godfrey Kneller
(Painter)
Godfrey Kneller
4
Birthdate: August 8, 1646
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Free City of Lübeck
Died: October 19, 1723
 13 
George Cruikshank
(Caricaturist)
George Cruikshank
3
Birthdate: September 27, 1792
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 1, 1878
 14 
Thomas Rowlandson
(Artist & Caricaturist of the Georgian Era)
Thomas Rowlandson
3
Birthdate: July 13, 1757
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 21, 1827
 15 
George Romney
(painter)
George Romney
3
Birthdate: December 26, 1734
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lancashire
Died: November 15, 1802
 16 
Grinling Gibbons
(Sculptor)
Grinling Gibbons
3
Birthdate: April 4, 1648
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: August 3, 1721
 17 
George Stubbs
(painter, non-fiction writer)
George Stubbs
3
Birthdate: August 24, 1724
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Liverpool
Died: July 10, 1806
 18 
Maria Cosway
(Artist)
Maria Cosway
3
Birthdate: June 11, 1760
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: January 5, 1838
 19 
Benjamin Haydon
(Painter)
Benjamin Haydon
3
Birthdate: January 26, 1786
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Plymouth, England
Died: June 22, 1846
 20 
William Thornton
(British-American Physician, Inventor, Painter and Architect Who Designed the 'United States Capitol')
William Thornton
5
Birthdate: May 20, 1759
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Jost van Dyke, British Virgin Islands, England
Died: March 28, 1828

British-American William Thornton was initially trained in medicine and that is when he began drawing and sketching as part of his medical notes. He later won a contest for the design of the Library Company of Philadelphia's new hall. He also designed the Capitol in Washington, D.C.

 21 
Henry Raeburn
(Painter)
Henry Raeburn
4
Birthdate: March 4, 1756
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Stockbridge, Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: July 8, 1823
 22 
William Turner of Oxford
(Painter who specialised in watercolour landscapes)
William Turner of Oxford
6
Birthdate: November 29, 1789
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom
Died: August 7, 1862

British landscape painter William Turner of Oxford is often mistaken for the famous painter J. M. W. Turner, who was also from England. Turner was a lifelong member of the Watercolor Society, founded by his mentor John Varley. Oxford from Hinksey Hill remains one of his best-known works.

 23 
Thomas Bewick
(Engraver)
Thomas Bewick
4
Birthdate: August 10, 1753
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mickley, Northumberland, England
Died: November 8, 1828
 24 
Thomas Sully
(Portrait Painter)
Thomas Sully
2
Birthdate: June 19, 1783
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Horncastle, England
Died: November 5, 1872
 25 
John Flaxman
(British Sculptor and Illustrator)
John Flaxman
2
Birthdate: July 6, 1755
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: York, England
Died: December 7, 1826

John Flaxman was a British sculptor. He was a key figure in British and European Neoclassicism. Largely self-educated, he began his career as a modeler for potter Josiah Wedgwood's pottery. He then began sculpting grave monuments and earned a reputation as a prolific maker of funerary monuments. He was married to Anne Denman, who assisted him throughout his career. 

 26 
Philip James de Loutherbourg
(Painter)
Philip James de Loutherbourg
2
Birthdate: October 31, 1740
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Strasbourg
Died: March 11, 1812
 27 
John Opie
(Painter)
John Opie
2
Birthdate: May 16, 1761
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Trevellas, England
Died: April 9, 1807
 28 
John Sell Cotman
(British painter)
John Sell Cotman
2
Birthdate: May 16, 1782
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Norwich, England
Died: May 24, 1842
 29 
James Thornhill
(Painter)
James Thornhill
3
Birthdate: July 25, 1675
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Melcombe Regis, Weymouth, England
Died: May 4, 1734
 30 
Sir George Back
(Artist)
Sir George Back
2
Birthdate: November 6, 1796
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, England
Died: June 23, 1878
 31 
George Morland
(Painter)
George Morland
2
Birthdate: June 26, 1763
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 29, 1804
 32 
Eleanor Coade
(Businesswoman)
Eleanor Coade
2
Birthdate: June 3, 1733
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Exeter, Devon, England
Died: November 16, 1821

Eleanor Coade was a British businesswoman known for her astute entrepreneurial, business, and marketing skills. She manufactured Neoclassical statues, architectural decorations, and garden ornaments. She created stoneware for many famous buildings, including St George's Chapel, The Royal Pavilion, Brighton, and Carlton House. She was one of the few women to run a highly successful business in the Georgian era. 

 33 
Thomas Girtin
(Artist)
Thomas Girtin
2
Birthdate: February 18, 1775
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London Borough of Southwark, England
Died: November 9, 1802
 34 
Charles Lock Eastlake
(Painter)
Charles Lock Eastlake
1
Birthdate: November 17, 1793
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Plymouth, England
Died: December 24, 1865
 35 
John Hoppner
(Painter)
John Hoppner
1
Birthdate: April 4, 1758
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Whitechapel, London, England
Died: January 23, 1810
 36 
Richard Cosway
(Painter)
Richard Cosway
2
Birthdate: November 5, 1742
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tiverton, England
Died: July 4, 1821
 37 
Thomas Hudson
(Painter)
Thomas Hudson
2
Birthdate: 1701 AD
Birthplace: Bideford, Devon, England
Died: January 26, 1779
 38 
William-Henry Ireland
(Poet)
William-Henry Ireland
1
Birthdate: August 2, 1775
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 17, 1835
 39 
John Robert Cozens
(Draftsman)
John Robert Cozens
1
Birthdate: 1752 AD
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 14, 1797
 40 
John Crome
(Artist)
John Crome
1
Birthdate: December 22, 1768
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Norwich, England
Died: April 22, 1821
 41 
Alexander Cozens
(British Landscape Painter)
Alexander Cozens
1
Birthdate: 1717 AD
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: April 23, 1786

Landscape painter Alexander Cozens was the godchild of Russian Emperor Peter I but was often mistaken as his child. Born in Russia, he later moved too England, where he taught painting at Eton and trained luminaries such as the Prince of Wales. He introduced a style of painting landscapes from abstract blots.

 42 
Thomas Stothard
(Painter)
Thomas Stothard
1
Birthdate: August 17, 1755
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 27, 1834
 43 
James Northcote
(Painter)
James Northcote
1
Birthdate: October 22, 1746
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Plymouth, England
Died: July 13, 1831
 44 
John Michael Rysbrack
(British Sculptor Known for His Busts and Funerary Monuments)
John Michael Rysbrack
1
Birthdate: June 27, 1694
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: January 8, 1770

John Michael Rysbrack was a Flemish sculptor best remembered for his work in England where he was considered one of the leading sculptors of architectural decorations, portraits, and monuments in early and mid-18th century. John Michael Rysbrack is also remembered for running an influential workshop whose output left a significant impact on future English sculptors.

 45 
Paul Storr
(English Goldsmith and Silversmith Working in the Neoclassical)
Paul Storr
1
Birthdate: 1770 AD
Birthplace: London, England
Died: March 18, 1844

Paul Storr was an English goldsmith and silversmith. He worked predominantly in the Neoclassical style in vogue in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. One of the most prominent silversmiths of his era, he created several magnificent sculptural pieces for royalty. He collaborated with John Mortimer to found their joint venture, Storr and Mortimer, in 1822. 

 46 
Joseph Nollekens
(British Sculptor)
Joseph Nollekens
1
Birthdate: August 11, 1737
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 23, 1823

Joseph Nollekens was a British sculptor best remembered for his portrait busts. One of the most fashionable portrait sculptors of his generation, Nollekens was also widely regarded as the best English sculptor of the late-18th century. Joseph Nollekens' famous statue Faith in Wetheral Parish Church is considered his finest work.  

 47 
John Wesley Jarvis
(Painter)
John Wesley Jarvis
1
Birthdate: 1781 AD
Birthplace: South Shields, England
Died: January 14, 1839
 48 
George Vertue
(Engraver)
George Vertue
1
Birthdate: 1684 AD
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 24, 1756
 49 
Joseph Highmore
(Illustrator)
Joseph Highmore
1
Birthdate: June 13, 1692
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London, England
Died: March 3, 1780
 50 
Peter De Wint
(Artist)
Peter De Wint
1
Birthdate: January 21, 1784
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stone, England
Died: January 30, 1849