Famous 18th Century British Artists & Painters

Find out more about the greatest 18th Century British Painters, including J. M. W. Turner, John Constable, Thomas Gainsborough, Joshua Reynolds and Henry Fuseli

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 William Blake

William Blake.
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Famous As: Painter, Poet
Birthdate: November 28, 1757
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: August 12, 1827
William Blake, author of The Songs of Innocence and of Experience, was a prominent figure of the early phase of the Romantic Age, known as the pre-Romantic era. Known for his visual artistry and poetry, he was also a staunch abolitionist and a forerunner of the "free love" movement.

 2 J. M. W. Turner

J. M. W. Turner.
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Famous As: Romanticist landscape painter
Birthdate: April 23, 1775
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 19, 1851

J. M. W. Turner was an English printmaker, painter, and watercolorist best remembered for his imaginative landscapes and expressive colorizations. Intensely reclusive and eccentric throughout his life, Turner lived in poor health and squalor for the last few years of his life. He was portrayed by actor Timothy Spall in the 2014 biographical film, Mr. Turner.

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 3 John Constable

John Constable.
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Famous As: Romantic Painter
Birthdate: June 11, 1776
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: East Bergholt
Died: March 31, 1837

 4 William Turner of Oxford

William Turner of Oxford.
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 12, 1789
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Black Bourton, Oxfordshire, England
Died: August 7, 1862

British landscape painter William Turner of Oxford is often mistaken for the famous painter J. M. W. Turner, who was also from England. Turner was a lifelong member of the Watercolor Society, founded by his mentor John Varley. Oxford from Hinksey Hill remains one of his best-known works.

 5 William Hogarth

William Hogarth.
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 10, 1697
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 26, 1764

 6 Thomas Gainsborough

Thomas Gainsborough.
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Famous As: Landscape painter
Birthdate: May 14, 1727
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sudbury, England
Died: August 2, 1788

 7 Henry Fuseli

Henry Fuseli
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: February 7, 1741
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Zürich
Died: April 16, 1825
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 8 Benjamin West

Benjamin West
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: October 10, 1738
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Springfield, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: March 11, 1820

 9 John Martin

John Martin
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Famous As: engraver, painter
Birthdate: July 19, 1789
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Haydon Bridge
Died: February 17, 1854

 10 Angelica Kauffman

Angelica Kauffman
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 30, 1741
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Chur, Switzerland
Died: November 5, 1807

One of the two women founder members of London’s Royal Academy, Angelica Kauffman was born to a painter father in Switzerland and was quite a prodigy, who mastered several languages and the arts of music and painting quite quickly. The history painter is best remembered for her landscapes and portraits.

 11 Joseph Wright of Derby

Joseph Wright of Derby
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Famous As: Painter, Artist
Birthdate: September 3, 1734
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Derby
Died: August 29, 1797

 12 William Etty

William Etty
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 10, 1787
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: York
Died: November 13, 1849

 13 Joshua Reynolds

Joshua Reynolds
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 16, 1723
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Plympton, England
Died: February 23, 1792

 14 George Stubbs

George Stubbs
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Famous As: painter, non-fiction writer
Birthdate: August 24, 1724
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Liverpool
Died: July 10, 1806

 15 George Cruikshank

George Cruikshank
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Famous As: Caricaturist
Birthdate: September 27, 1792
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 1, 1878

 16 Thomas Lawrence

Thomas Lawrence
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 13, 1769
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bristol, England
Died: January 7, 1830

 17 Godfrey Kneller

Godfrey Kneller
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 8, 1646
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Free City of Lübeck
Died: October 19, 1723

 18 Benjamin Haydon

Benjamin Haydon
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: January 26, 1786
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Plymouth, England
Died: June 22, 1846

 19 George Romney

George Romney
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Famous As: painter
Birthdate: December 26, 1734
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lancashire
Died: November 15, 1802

 20 Maria Cosway

Maria Cosway
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: June 11, 1760
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: January 5, 1838

 21 William Thornton

William Thornton
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: May 20, 1759
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tortola, British Virgin Islands
Died: March 28, 1828

British-American William Thornton was initially trained in medicine and that is when he began drawing and sketching as part of his medical notes. He later won a contest for the design of the Library Company of Philadelphia's new hall. He also designed the Capitol in Washington, D.C.

 22 Henry Raeburn

Henry Raeburn
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 4, 1756
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Stockbridge, Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: July 8, 1823

 23 Thomas Bewick

Thomas Bewick
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Famous As: Engraver
Birthdate: August 10, 1753
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mickley, Northumberland, England
Died: November 8, 1828

 24 Thomas Sully

Thomas Sully
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Famous As: Portrait Painter
Birthdate: June 19, 1783
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Horncastle, England
Died: November 5, 1872

 25 Philip James de Loutherbourg

Philip James de Loutherbourg
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 31, 1740
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Strasbourg
Died: March 11, 1812

 26 John Flaxman

John Flaxman
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Famous As: Painter, Poet, Sculptor, Illustrator
Birthdate: July 6, 1755
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: York
Died: December 7, 1826

John Flaxman was a British sculptor. He was a key figure in British and European Neoclassicism. Largely self-educated, he began his career as a modeler for potter Josiah Wedgwood's pottery. He then began sculpting grave monuments and earned a reputation as a prolific maker of funerary monuments. He was married to Anne Denman, who assisted him throughout his career. 

 27 John Sell Cotman

John Sell Cotman
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Famous As: British painter
Birthdate: May 16, 1782
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Norwich, England
Died: May 24, 1842

 28 John Opie

John Opie
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: May 16, 1761
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Trevellas, England
Died: April 9, 1807

 29 Sir George Back

Sir George Back
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: November 6, 1796
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, England
Died: June 23, 1878

 30 George Morland

George Morland
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 26, 1763
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 29, 1804

 31 Thomas Girtin

Thomas Girtin
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: February 18, 1775
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London Borough of Southwark, England
Died: November 9, 1802

 32 James Thornhill

James Thornhill
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 25, 1675
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Melcombe Regis, Weymouth, England
Died: May 4, 1734

 33 Eleanor Coade

Eleanor Coade
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Famous As: Businesswoman
Birthdate: June 3, 1733
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Exeter, Devon, England
Died: November 16, 1821

Eleanor Coade was a British businesswoman known for her astute entrepreneurial, business, and marketing skills. She manufactured Neoclassical statues, architectural decorations, and garden ornaments. She created stoneware for many famous buildings, including St George's Chapel, The Royal Pavilion, Brighton, and Carlton House. She was one of the few women to run a highly successful business in the Georgian era. 

 34 Charles Lock Eastlake

Charles Lock Eastlake
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 17, 1793
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Plymouth, England
Died: December 24, 1865

 35 William-Henry Ireland

William-Henry Ireland
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: August 2, 1775
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 17, 1835

 36 John Crome

John Crome
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: December 22, 1768
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Norwich, England
Died: April 22, 1821

 37 John Hoppner

John Hoppner
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 4, 1758
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Whitechapel, London, England
Died: January 23, 1810

 38 Richard Cosway

Richard Cosway
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 5, 1742
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tiverton, England
Died: July 4, 1821

 39 John Robert Cozens

John Robert Cozens
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Famous As: Draftsman
Birthdate: 1752 AD
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 14, 1797

 40 Thomas Hudson

Thomas Hudson
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1701 AD
Birthplace: Bideford, Devon, England
Died: January 26, 1779

 41 John Dyer

John Dyer
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1699 AD
Birthplace: Llanfynydd, Carmarthenshire, Wales
Died: December 15, 1757

Welsh poet and painter John Dyer is best remembered for his iconic poem Grongar Hill, which is held by many as a precursor of the Romantic movement in English literarure. He was a master of the Miltonic blank-verse. He had also been a priest in Catthorpe for 9 years.

 42 Francis Leggatt Chantrey

Francis Leggatt Chantrey
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: April 7, 1781
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Norton, England
Died: November 25, 1841

Francis Leggatt Chantrey was an English sculptor who produced several statues and busts of notable figures during the Regency era. One of the most popular portrait sculptors of his time, Chantrey's best-remembered works include the statues of King George III, King George IV, and George Washington. Chantrey has displayed his works at prestigious exhibitions, such as the Royal Academy.

 43 Alexander Cozens

Alexander Cozens
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1717 AD
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: April 23, 1786

 44 Thomas Stothard

Thomas Stothard
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 17, 1755
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 27, 1834

 45 Paul Storr

Paul Storr
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Famous As: Silversmith
Birthdate: 1771 AD
Birthplace: London, England
Died: March 18, 1844

Paul Storr was an English goldsmith and silversmith. He worked predominantly in the Neoclassical style in vogue in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. One of the most prominent silversmiths of his era, he created several magnificent sculptural pieces for royalty. He collaborated with John Mortimer to found their joint venture, Storr and Mortimer, in 1822. 

 46 Joseph Nollekens

Joseph Nollekens
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: August 11, 1737
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 23, 1823

Joseph Nollekens was a British sculptor best remembered for his portrait busts. One of the most fashionable portrait sculptors of his generation, Nollekens was also widely regarded as the best English sculptor of the late-18th century. Joseph Nollekens' famous statue Faith in Wetheral Parish Church is considered his finest work.  

 47 James Northcote

James Northcote
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 22, 1746
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Plymouth, England
Died: July 13, 1831

 48 George Vertue

George Vertue
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Famous As: Engraver
Birthdate: 1684 AD
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 24, 1756

 49 John Wesley Jarvis

John Wesley Jarvis
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1781 AD
Birthplace: South Shields, England
Died: January 14, 1839

 50 Joseph Highmore

Joseph Highmore
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Famous As: Illustrator
Birthdate: June 13, 1692
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London, England
Died: March 3, 1780